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Lee Patrick (actress)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lee Patrick
LEEPatrick.jpg
Patrick circa 1940
Born(1901-11-22)November 22, 1901
New York City, U.S.
DiedNovember 21, 1982(1982-11-21) (aged 80)
OccupationActress
Years active1922–1975
Spouse(s)
Thomas Wood
(m. 1937)

Lee Patrick (November 22, 1901 – November 21, 1982) was an American actress whose career began in 1922 on the New York stage with her role in The Bunch and Judy which headlined Adele Astaire and featured Adele's brother Fred Astaire.[1]

Patrick continued to perform in dozens of roles on the stage for the next decade, frequently in musicals and comedies, but also in dramatic parts like her 1931 performance as Meg in Little Women. She began to branch out into films in 1929. For half a century she created a credible body of cinematic work, her most memorable being as Sam Spade's assistant Effie in The Maltese Falcon (1941), and her reprise of the role in the George Segal comedy sequel The Black Bird (1975). Her talents were showcased in comedies such as the Jack Benny film George Washington Slept Here (1942) and as one of the foils of Rosalind Russell in Auntie Mame (1958). Dramatic parts such as an asylum inmate in The Snake Pit (1948) and as Pamela Tiffin's mother in the Summer and Smoke (1961) were another facet of her repertoire. She played numerous guest roles in American television, but became a staple for that medium during the two-year run of Topper. As Henrietta Topper, her comedic timing played well against Leo G. Carroll as her husband, and against that of the two ghosts played by Robert Sterling and Anne Jeffreys. Patrick lent her voice to various animated characters of The Alvin Show in the early 1960s.

Personal life

Patrick was born on November 22, 1901, in New York City. By 1937, Patrick married newsman-writer Tom Wood of "The Lighter Side of Billy Wilder", and remained married 45 years, until her death. They had no children. During her career in Hollywood, she was not in good standing with gossip columnist Louella Parsons, and this conflict kept her career stuck in the "B" ranks. Wood wrote a frank piece on Parsons which did not go over well with the columnist.[citation needed]

Patrick was a Republican and was supportive of Dwight Eisenhower's campaign during the 1952 presidential election.[2] She was an Episcopalian.[3]

Acting career

Stage

Patrick debuted on Broadway in November 1922 in the ensemble of The Bunch and Judy, which ran for eight weeks.[4] In September 1924 she returned to Broadway in an 8-week run of The Green Beetle at the Klaw Theatre, portraying the lead characters' daughter who escaped a murder attempt.[5]

The Undercurrent[6] was only the first of 5 plays in which Patrick honed her talent in 1925. The Backslapper (1925) was a political drama that ran for 33 performances with Patrick in a supporting role as Mrs. Kennedy.[7] Patrick performed more comedy later in 1925: Bachelors' Brides was a farce in which she played a guardian angel;[8] It All Depends was another comedy,[9] The farce A Kiss in a Taxi completed Patrick's stage work of 1925.[10]

Lee Patrick in Inner Sanctum
Lee Patrick in Inner Sanctum

The Shelf (1926) ran for 32 performances.[11] Patrick acted in three plays in 1927: the 12-performance comedy Baby Mine;[12] the equally brief The Matrimonial Bed;[13] and Nightstick,[14] an 84-performance run through January 1928. The 24-performance The Common Sin was the only other play she did in 1928.[15]

June Moon gave Patrick her longest run of her stage career, 273 performances in 1929 and 1930,[16] and 48 performances in 1933.[17] She rounded out 1930 with the 13-performance run of Room of Dreams.[18] Privilege Car was her first play of 1931,[19] but she soon was on stage in the musical Friendship[20] and finished out that year with 17 performances as Meg in Little Women[21] One of the briefest plays of her career was The Girl Outside in 1932, which ran for 8 performances;[22] however, that one came on the heels of Blessed Event that had run for 115 performances.[23]

After Shooting Star in 1933,[24] and Slightly Delirious, her only play of 1934,[25] Patrick began to look towards a film career. Knock on Wood[26] and Abide With Me[27] did not fare much better for her. She had a long run of 169 performances in Stage Door in 1936–1937,[28] but only did one more Broadway play after that, the comedy Michael Drops In.[29]

Feature films

Lobby card for Crashing Hollywood with Lee Patrick (left) and Lee Tracy (far right)
Lobby card for Crashing Hollywood with Lee Patrick (left) and Lee Tracy (far right)
Cast of Inner Sanctum L-R Nana Bryant, Billy House, Lee Patrick and Dale Belding
Cast of Inner Sanctum L-R Nana Bryant, Billy House, Lee Patrick and Dale Belding

Patrick had the starring role in her first film, Strange Cargo, an early American sound production for Pathé released on March 31, 1929. In this remake of producer Benjamin Glazer's Missing Man,[30] British actor George Barraud played her leading man.[31] It was another six years before she made another film: The Casino Murder Case for MGM. She had a bit part as a nurse in the film, which brought her together for the first time with Leo G. Carroll, with whom two decades later she worked on the television series Topper.[32]

She remained in Hollywood and appeared in Border Cafe (1937). Over the next several years, she played numerous supporting roles, without attracting much critical attention. Patrick appeared in The Maltese Falcon (1941) as Effie Perine, the loyal and quick-thinking secretary of Humphrey Bogart's Sam Spade.[33] Perine was one of Patrick's more enduring film characterizations. The same year, she appeared in a leading role as an intelligent, crime-solving nurse in The Nurse's Secret.

Her other films include The Sisters (1938), Footsteps in the Dark (1941), Now, Voyager (1942), Mrs. Parkington (1944), Gambler's Choice (1944), Mildred Pierce (1945), Wake Up and Dream (1946), Caged (1950), There's No Business Like Show Business (1954), Vertigo (1958), Auntie Mame (1958), Pillow Talk (1959), Summer and Smoke (1961), and 7 Faces of Dr. Lao (1964).[33]

In the mid-1960s, Lee retired to travel and paint in Orange County, California, but was coaxed back one more time to Hollywood. Her final film role was a reprise of the character Effie Perine in The Black Bird, a spoof of the Maltese Falcon, starring George Segal as Sam Spade, Jr., who in the storyline was forced to continue his father's work and to keep his increasingly sarcastic secretary; the film attempted to turn its revered predecessor into a comedy.[33] The only actor joining her from the original cast was Elisha Cook Jr. The film premiered May 9, 1976.

Television

Cast of Topper Standing-Anne Jeffreys, Robert Sterling. Seated-Leo G. Carroll, Buck (the dog who played Neil), Lee Patrick
Cast of Topper Standing-Anne Jeffreys, Robert Sterling. Seated-Leo G. Carroll, Buck (the dog who played Neil), Lee Patrick

Patrick appeared on television in the sitcom Topper (1953–1955) with Leo G. Carroll, Anne Jeffreys, and Robert Sterling.[34]

She made several appearances as the mother of Ida Lupino in the sitcom Mr. Adams and Eve (1957–1958). In 1962 she played Mrs. Carreway, who mistook Marshal Micah Torrance to be her long lost husband, in The Rifleman episode “Guilty Conscience.” In 1963, she appeared as Aunt Wilma Howard in the episode "Skeleton in the Closet" of the sitcom The Real McCoys.[35]

In 1965, she appeared as Mrs. Ashton Durham in the episode "It's a Dog's World" of Hazel and as Cora Prichard in an episode titled "Noblesse Oblige" during the show's final season. She turned in a voice performance as Mrs. Frumpington in an episode of the animated series The Alvin Show, which may be heard on the soundtrack LP by David Seville and The Chipmunks. Patrick made three appearances on I Married Joan.[36][37]

Death

Patrick died suddenly on November 21, 1982, from a heart seizure at Laguna Beach, California, a day before her 81st birthday.[38][39]

Acting credits

Stage

Plays (26)
Opening date Closing date Title Role Theatre Notes Refs
Nov 28, 1922 Jan 20, 1923 The Bunch and Judy Ensemble Globe Theatre Adele Astaire headlined as Judy, Fred Astaire played dual roles in the play; Music by Jerome Kern; lyrics Anne Caldwell [40]
Sep 02, 1924 Oct 1924 The Green Beetle Elsie Chandos Klaw Theatre Written by John Willard [41]
Feb 03, 1925 Feb 1925 The Undercurrent Helen Mills Cort Theatre Written by William H. McMaster [42]
Apr 11, 1925 May 1925 The Backslapper Mrs. Kennedy Hudson Theatre Written by Paul Dickey and Mann Page [43]
May 28, 1925 Jun 1925 Bachelors' Brides Mary Bowing/Percy's Guardian Angel Cort Theatre Written by Charles Horace Malcolm [8]
Aug 10, 1925 Aug 1925 It All Depends Maida Spencer Vanderbilt Theatre Written by Kate McLauren [9]
Aug 25, 1925 Oct 1925 A Kiss in a Taxi Angele Ritz Theatre Claudette Colbert appeared as Ginette in her second play; Adaptation by Clifford Grey from the French play by Maurice Hennequin and Pierre Veber [10]
Sep 27, 1926 Oct 1926 The Shelf Caroline Wendham Morosco Theatre Written by Dorrance Davis [11]
Jun 09, 1927 Jun 1927 Baby Mine Zoie Hardy Chapin's 46th Street Theatre Humphrey Bogart appeared in the male lead as Alfred Hardy; written by Margaret Mayo [12]
Oct 12, 1927 Oct 1927 The Matrimonial Bed Juliette Corton Ambassador Theatre Adapted by Seymour Hicks from the French play by André Mouëzy-Éon and Yves Mirande [13]
Nov 10, 1927 Jan 1928 Nightstick Joan Manning Selwyn Theatre Written by John Wray, J. C. Nugent, Elliott Nugent and Elaine Sterne Carrington [14]
Oct 15, 1928 Nov 1928 The Common Sin "Bobo" Aster Forrest Theatre Written by Willard Mack [15]
Oct 09, 1929 Jun 04, 1930 June Moon Eileen Broadhurst Theatre Based on the Ring Lardner short story "Some Like Them Cold"; the play was written by Lardner and George S. Kaufman [16]
Nov 05, 1930 Nov 1930 Room of Dreams Jacqueline Emontin Empire Theatre Written by Ernest Raoul Weiss [18]
Mar 03, 1931 Apr 1931 Privilege Car Mayme Taylor 48th Street Theatre Written by Edward J. Foran and Williard Keefe [19]
Aug 31, 1931 Sep 1931 Friendship Louise Dale Fulton Theatre George M. Cohan headlined as Joe Townsend, and his daughter Helen Cohan appeared as Jean; written and produced by Cohan [20]
Dec 07, 1931 Dec 1931 Little Women Meg Playhouse Theatre Jessie Royce Landis appeared as Jo; adapted from the Louisa May Alcott book by Marian de Forest [21]
Feb 12, 1932 May 1932 Blessed Event Gladys Price Longacre Theatre Written by Manuel Seff and Forrest Wilson [23]
Oct 24, 1932 Oct 1932 The Girl Outside The Girl Little Theatre Written by John King Hodges and Samuel Merwyn [22]
May 15, 1933 Jun 1933 June Moon Eileen Ambassador Theatre Reprise of the play written by Ring Lardner and George S. Kaufman [17]
Jun 12, 1933 Jun 1933 Shooting Star Flo Curtis Selwyn Theatre Written by Noel Pierce and Bernard C. Schoenfeld [24]
Dec 31, 1934 Jan 1935 Slightly Delirious Millicent Hargraves Little Theatre Written by Bernard J. McOwen and Robert F. Adkins [25]
May 28, 1935 Jun 1935 Knock on Wood Pat Moran Cort Theatre Written by Allen Rivkin [26]
Nov 21, 1935 Dec 1935 Abide With Me Julia Field Ritz Theatre Written by Clare Boothe Brokaw (Luce) [27]
Oct 22, 1936 Mar 1937 Stage Door Judith Canfield Music Box Theatre Written by George S. Kaufman and Edna Ferber [28]
Dec 27, 1938 Jan 1939 Michael Drops In Nan McNeil John Golden Theatre Written by William DuBois [29]

Film

Key to studio abbreviations
20th 20th Century-Fox CP Columbia Pictures FC Film Classics
MGM Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Par Paramount Path Pathé
RP Republic Pictures RKO RKO Radio UA United Artists
Uni Universal WB Warner Bros.
Feature films (70)
Year Title Role Director Producer Distributor Other cast members Notes Refs.
1929 Strange Cargo Diana Foster Benjamin Glazer, Arthur Gregor Benjamin Glazer Path George Barraud [33][44]
1935 The Casino Murder Case Nurse Edwin L. Marin Edwin L. Marin MGM Paul Lukas [32]
1937 Border Cafe Ellie Lew Landers Robert Sisk RKO Harry Carey, Marjorie Lord [45]
You Can't Beat Love Minor Role Christy Cabanne Robert Sisk RKO Preston Foster (scenes deleted) [33]
Music for Madame Nora Burns John G. Blystone Jesse L. Lasky RKO Nino Martini [33]
Danger Patrol Nancy Donovan Lew Landers Maury M. Cohen RKO Harry Carey [46]
1938 Crashing Hollywood Goldie Tibbets Lew Landers Cliff Reid RKO Lee Tracy [47]
Night Spot Flo Bradley Christy Cabanne Robert Sisk RKO Allan Lane [48]
Maid's Night Out Kissing Milk Customer Ben Holmes Robert Sisk RKO Joan Fontaine, Allan Lane Uncredited [33]
Condemned Women Anna 'Big Annie' Barry Lew Landers Robert Sisk RKO Louis Hayward [49]
Law of the Underworld Dorothy Palmer Lew Landers Robert Sisk RKO Chester Morris [50]
The Sisters Flora Gibbon Anatole Litvak Anatole Litvak WB Errol Flynn, Bette Davis [33]
1939 Fisherman's Wharf Stella Bernard Vorhaus Sol Lesser RKO Bobby Breen, Leo Carrillo [51]
Invisible Stripes Molly Lloyd Bacon Hal B. Wallis, Jack L. Warner WB George Raft, William Holden [52]
1940 Saturday's Children Florrie Sands Vincent Sherman Hal B. Wallis WB John Garfield, Anne Shirley, Claude Rains [53]
Ladies Must Live Mary Larrabee Noel M. Smith William Jacobs, Bryan Foy WB George Reeves, Roscoe Karns [54]
Money and the Woman Martha Church William K. Howard William Jacobs, Bryan Foy WB Jeffrey Lynn, Brenda Marshall, John Litel [55]
City for Conquest Gladys Anatole Litvak William Cagney WB James Cagney [56]
South of Suez Delia Snedeker Lewis Seiler Bryan Foy WB George Brent, George Tobias [57]
Father is a Prince Tess Haley Noel M. Smith William Jacobs, Bryan Foy WB Grant Mitchell, Nana Bryant [58]
1941
Honeymoon for Three Mrs. Pettijohn Lloyd Bacon Hal B. Wallis WB Ann Sheridan [59]
Footsteps in the Dark Blondie White Lloyd Bacon Hal B. Wallis WB Errol Flynn [60]
The Nurse's Secret Ruth Adams Noel M. Smith Bryan Foy WB Regis Toomey [61]
Million Dollar Baby Josie La Rue Curtis Bernhardt Hal B. Wallis WB Ronald Reagan [62]
Kisses for Breakfast Betty Trent Lewis Seiler Harlan Thompson WB Jane Wyatt [63]
The Smiling Ghost Rose Fairchild Lewis Seiler Kenneth Gamet WB Alexis Smith [64]
The Maltese Falcon Effie Perine John Huston Hal B. Wallis WB Humphrey Bogart, Mary Astor, Gladys George, Peter Lorre, Sydney Greenstreet [33][65]
Dangerously They Live Nurse Johnson Robert Florey Bryan Foy WB John Garfield [66]
1942 In This Our Life Betty Wilmoth John Huston Hal B. Wallis WB Bette Davis, Olivia de Havilland [67][33]
Somewhere I'll Find You Eve "Evie" Manning Wesley Ruggles Pandro S. Berman MGM Clark Gable, Lana Turner [33]
Now, Voyager 'Deb' McIntyre Irving Rapper Hal B. Wallis WB Bette Davis, Paul Henreid. Claude Rains, Gladys Cooper [33][68]
George Washington Slept Here Rina Leslie William Keighley Jerry Wald WB Jack Benny, Ann Sheridan [69]
A Night to Remember Polly Franklin Richard Wallace Samuel Bischoff CP Loretta Young, Brian Aherne [70]
1943 Jitterbugs Dorcas Malcolm St. Clair Sol M. Wurtzel 20th Stan Laurel, Oliver Hardy [71]
Nobody's Darling Miss Pennington Anthony Mann Harry Grey RP Louis Calhern [72]
Larceny with Music Agatha Parkinson Edward C. Lilley Edward C. Lilley Uni Leo Carrillo, Kitty Carlisle, William Frawley [73]
1944 Moon Over Las Vegas Mrs. Blake Jean Yarbrough Jean Yarbrough Uni Anne Gwynne, David Bruce [74]
Gambler's Choice Fay Lawrence Frank McDonald William H. Pine, William C. Thomas Par Chester Morris, Nancy Kelly [75]
Mrs. Parkington Madeleine Parkington Swann Tay Garnett Leon Gordon MGM Greer Garson, Walter Pidgeon [33][76]
Faces in the Fog Cora Elliott John English Armand Schaefer RP Jane Withers [77]
1945 Keep Your Power Dry Gladys Hopkins Edward Buzzell George Haight MGM Lana Turner, Agnes Moorehead, Natalie Schafer [78]
See My Lawyer Sally Evans Edward F. Cline Edmund L. Hartmann Uni Ole Olsen [79]
Over 21 Mrs. Foley Charles Vidor Sidney Buchman CP Irene Dunne [80]
Mildred Pierce Maggie Binderhof Michael Curtiz Jerry Wald WB Joan Crawford [33][81]
1946 The Walls Came Tumbling Down Susan Lothar Mendes Albert J. Cohen CP Edgar Buchanan [82]
Strange Journey Mrs. Lathrop James Tinling Sol M. Wurtzel 20th Paul Kelly [83]
Wake Up and Dream The Blonde Lloyd Bacon Walter Morosco 20th John Payne, June Haver [84]
1947 Mother Wore Tights Lil Walter Lang Lamar Trotti 20th Betty Grable [85]
1948 Singin' Spurs Clarissa Bloomsbury Ray Nazarro Colbert Clark CP Hoosier Hot Shots, Jay Silverheels [86]
Big Sister Blues Karen Saunders Alvin Ganzer Harry Grey Par John Ridgely Short
Inner Sanctum Ruth Bennett Lew Landers Richard B. Morros, Samuel Rheiner, Walter Shenson FC Charles Russell [87]
The Snake Pit Asylum inmate Anatole Litvak Robert Bassler, Anatole Litvak, Darryl F. Zanuck 20th Olivia de Havilland [33]
1949 The Doolins of Oklahoma Melissa Price Gordon Douglas Harry Joe Brown CP Randolph Scott [88]
1950 Caged Elvira Powell John Cromwell Jerry Wald WB Eleanor Parker, Agnes Moorehead, Ellen Corby, Hope Emerson [33]
The Lawless Jan Dawson Joseph Losey William H. Pine, William C. Thomas Par Macdonald Carey [89]
The Fuller Brush Girl Claire Simpson Lloyd Bacon S. Sylvan Simon CP Lucille Ball [90]
1951 Tomorrow Is Another Day Janet Higgins Felix E. Feist Henry Blanke WB Ruth Roman [91]
1953 Take Me to Town Rose Douglas Sirk Leonard Goldstein, Ross Hunter Uni Ann Sheridan [92]
1954 There's No Business Like Show Business Marge Walter Lang Sol C. Siegel 20th Ethel Merman, Donald O'Connor, Marilyn Monroe [93]
1958 Vertigo Car Owner Mistaken for Madeleine Alfred Hitchcock Alfred Hitchcock Par James Stewart, Kim Novak [33]
Auntie Mame Doris Upson Morton DaCosta Morton DaCosta WB Rosalind Russell [33][94]
1959 Pillow Talk Mrs. Walters Michael Gordon Ross Hunter, Martin Melcher Uni Rock Hudson, Doris Day [33]
1960 Visit to a Small Planet Rheba Spelding Norman Taurog Norman Taurog Par a Jerry Lewis comedy [95]
1961 Goodbye Again Mme Fleury Anatole Litvak Anatole Litvak UA Ingrid Bergman, Anthony Perkins Uncredited [96]
Summer and Smoke Mrs. Ewell Peter Glenville Paul Nathan, Hal B. Wallis Par Laurence Harvey, Geraldine Page [33]
1962 A Girl Named Tamiko Mary Hatten John Sturges Joseph H. Hazen, Hal B. Wallis Par Laurence Harvey, France Nuyen [97]
1963 Wives and Lovers Mrs. Swenson John Rich Edward Anhalt Par Janet Leigh [98]
1964 7 Faces of Dr. Lao Mrs. Howard T. Cassan George Pal George Pal MGM Tony Randall [33][99]
The New Interns Housekeeper John Rich Robert Cohn CP Michael Callan, Barbara Eden [98]
1975 The Black Bird Effie David Giler George Segal, Ray Stark, Lou Lombardo, Michael Levee CP George Segal, Stéphane Audran (final film role) [33][100]

Television

Television episodes (38)
Year Title Role Notes Refs.
1948 Public Prosecutor Mrs. Farrell The Case of the Comic Strip Murder [101]
1949 Your Show Time The Tenor
1951 Racket Squad Virginia Langley The Case of the Vain Woman
1952 Mark Saber Mrs. Gaunt The Case of the Midnight Murder
Boss Lady Aggie Recurring role, all 12 episodes [102]
1953 The Backbone of America Ethel TV film [103]
I Married Joan Miss Everett Broken Toe [104]
I Married Joan Mrs. Murdock Uncredited, Neighbors [105]
The Abbott and Costello Show Grocery Store Customer Hillary's Birthday
Mr. and Mrs. North Maggie McGinness The Man Who Came to Murder
General Electric Theater Hired Mother
1953–1955 Topper Henrietta Topper Recurring role, run of the series [106]
1955 Kings Row Mrs. Johnson Mail Order Bride
1957 Matinee Theatre Aesop and Rhodope
The Lineup Julia Wyatt The Honolulu Treasure Case
Those Whiting Girls Dolly What Price Publicity?
The 20th Century-Fox Hour Emmie Wasey The Marriage Broker
Mr. Adams and Eve Connie Drake That Magazine [107]
Mr. Adams and Eve Connie Drake The Mothers [107]
Mr. Adams and Eve Connie Drake This Is Your Life [107]
Circus Boy Minerva Murdock Counterfeit Clown
The Adventures of Hiram Holliday Mrs. Primrose Hiram's Holiday
1958 The Thin Man Eva Clark Jittery Juror
1959 Hawaiian Eye Pearl Blake Second Day of Infamy
Wagon Train Mrs. Elliot Swinbourne Steele The Steele Family Story
Lawman The Chef Mary Young
1960 Lawman Bess Harper The Old War Horse
The Untouchables Lelah Dolan Jack 'Legs' Diamond
The Chevy Mystery Show Mrs. Endicott The Machine Calls It Murder
The Dennis O'Keefe Show Aunt Millie Go Home Aunt Millie [108]
1961 Pete and Gladys Phoebe Lover Go Away
77 Sunset Strip Nona Rumson Strange Bedfellows
Harrigan and Son Alice Finley Shall We Dance?
The Real McCoys Clarissa Webster George's Housekeeper
1961–1962 The Alvin Show Voice
1962 The Rifleman Mrs. Leota Carreway Guilty Conscience
Follow the Sun Phyllis Curran Run, Clown, Run
Follow the Sun Lila Chicago Style
Adventures in Paradise Millicent The Baby Sitters
1963 The Real McCoys Aunt Wilma Skeleton in the Closet
1964 The Farmer's Daughter Geraldine Addison Scandal in Washington
Summer Playhouse Miss Birch August 29, 1964 episode
1965 The Donna Reed Show Maudie Baker The Gladiators
Hazel Cora Noblesse Oblige [109]
Hazel Mrs. Durham It's a Dog's Life [109]

Citations

Notes

  1. ^ "Eugene Register-Guard - Google News Archive Search".
  2. ^ Motion Picture and Television Magazine, November 1952, page 34, Ideal Publishers
  3. ^ Morning News, January 10, 1948, Who Was Who in America (Vol. 2)
  4. ^ Hischak (2009), p. 61
  5. ^ Hischak (2009), p. 179
  6. ^ Hischak (2009), p. 487
  7. ^ Hischak (2009), p. 32;
  8. ^ a b "Bachelors' Brides". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "It All Depends". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  10. ^ a b "A Kiss in a Taxi". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  11. ^ a b "The Shelf". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Baby Mine". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  13. ^ a b "The Matrimonial Bed". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  14. ^ a b "Nightstick". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  15. ^ a b "The Common Sin". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  16. ^ a b "June Moon". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  17. ^ a b "June Moon". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  18. ^ a b "Room of Dreams". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  19. ^ a b "Privilege Car". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  20. ^ a b "Friendship". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  21. ^ a b "Little Women". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  22. ^ a b "The Girl Outside". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  23. ^ a b "Blessed Event". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  24. ^ a b "Shooting Star". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  25. ^ a b "Slightly Delirious". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  26. ^ a b "Knock on Wood". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  27. ^ a b "Abide With Me". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  28. ^ a b "Stage Door". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  29. ^ a b "Michael Drops In". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  30. ^ Fleming (2009), p. 311-312
  31. ^ "Strange Cargo". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  32. ^ a b "The Casino Murder Case". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Nissen (2006), pp. 146–152
  34. ^ "Favorites of TV Returning This Week". Asbury Park Press at Newspapers.com. October 1, 1055. p. 11 – via Newspapers.com (subscription required). Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  35. ^ "TV listings – The Real McCoys". Detroit Free Press. April 14, 1963. p. 75, col. 1 – via Newspapers.com (subscription required). Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  36. ^ "Lee Patrick, Film, TV Actress, Dies at 71". The Los Angeles Times. November 26, 1982. p. 69 – via Newspapers.com (subscription required). Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  37. ^ Fischer, Stuart (2014). "The Alvin Show". Kids' TV: The First Twenty-Five Years. Open Road Media. ISBN 978-1-4976-3390-2. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  38. ^ "Bulletin Journal - Google News Archive Search".
  39. ^ "Lee Patrick, 71; Starred in TV's Topper Series". Philadelphia Daily News. November 27, 1982. p. 14 – via Newspapers.com (subscription required). Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  40. ^ "The Bunch and Judy". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  41. ^ "The Green Beetle". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  42. ^ "The Undercurrent". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  43. ^ "The Backslapper". IBDB. The Broadway League. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  44. ^ Fleming (2009), p. 132
  45. ^ Pitts (2013), p.38
  46. ^ Pitts (2013), p.76
  47. ^ "Crashing Hollywood". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  48. ^ "Night Spot". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  49. ^ "Condemned Women". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. AFI. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
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References

External links

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