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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

City of Lebanon, Ohio
Broadway Street
Broadway Street
Location of Lebanon, Ohio
Location of Lebanon, Ohio
Location of Lebanon in Warren County
Location of Lebanon in Warren County
Coordinates: 39°25′36″N 84°12′45″W / 39.42667°N 84.21250°W / 39.42667; -84.21250
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyWarren
Area
 • Total12.83 sq mi (33.22 km2)
 • Land12.82 sq mi (33.20 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation768 ft (234 m)
Population
 • Total20,033
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
20,659
 • Density1,611.84/sq mi (622.35/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
45036
Area code(s)513
FIPS code39-42364[5]
GNIS feature ID1042462[2]
WebsiteCity website

Lebanon is a city in and the county seat of Warren County, Ohio, United States, in the state's southwestern region,[6] within the Cincinnati metropolitan area. The population was 20,033 at the 2010 census. The city has a community arts center, symphony orchestra and chorus.

History

Lebanon is in the Symmes Purchase. The first European settler in what is now Lebanon was Ichabod Corwin uncle of Ohio Governor Thomas Corwin who came to Ohio from Bourbon County, Kentucky and settled on the north branch of Turtle Creek in March 1796. The site of his cabin is now on the grounds of Berry Intermediate School on North Broadway and is marked with a monument erected by the Warren County Historical Society.

The town was laid out in September 1802 on land owned by Ichabod Corwin, Silas Hurin, Ephraim Hathaway, and Samuel Manning in Sections 35 and 35 of Town 5, Range 3 North and Sections 5 and 6 of Town 4, Range 3 North of the Between the Miami Rivers Survey. Lebanon was named after the Biblical Lebanon because of the many juniper or Eastern Red cedar trees there, similar to the Lebanon Cedar.[7] It is known today as "The Cedar City".

City legend has it that Lebanon didn't grow as large as Cincinnati or Dayton because of the 'Shaker Curse.' During their migration, the Shakers decided an area outside of town was a suitable place for them to create a homeland for themselves. There was a disagreement with some of the locals and it was said the Shakers placed a curse on the city to hinder the city's prosperity. In reality, the Shakers thrived in the area, and built a settlement about 4 miles west of Lebanon called Union Village.[8] A local man, Malchalm Worley was their first convert. Since the Shakers did not engage in procreation, they relied on converts to increase their numbers. By 1900, there were almost no Shakers left in Ohio.[9]

The city is one of the few in the nation to once operate a government-run cable television and telephone service, as well as being a fiber-to-the-neighborhood Internet service provider. Controversial since it began operation in 1999, the Lebanon telecommunications system had struggled to recover its expenses and had accumulated over $8 million in debt. However, residents in the area at the time paid up to 50% less for the aforementioned services than neighboring communities, therefore saving over $40 million of the residents' money. In the 2006 general election, however, voters approved the sale of this city-run telecommunications system to Cincinnati Bell.[citation needed]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.97 square miles (33.59 km2), of which 12.96 square miles (33.57 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18201,079
18301,1658.0%
18401,52831.2%
18502,08836.6%
18602,55922.6%
18702,7497.4%
18802,703−1.7%
18903,05012.8%
19002,867−6.0%
19102,698−5.9%
19203,39625.9%
19303,222−5.1%
19403,89620.9%
19504,81823.7%
19605,99324.4%
19707,93432.4%
19809,62021.3%
199010,4538.7%
200016,96262.3%
201020,03318.1%
2019 (est.)20,659[4]3.1%
Sources:[5][11][12][13][14][15][16]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 20,033 people, 7,436 households, and 5,213 families living in the city. The population density was 1,545.8 inhabitants per square mile (596.8/km2). There were 7,920 housing units at an average density of 611.1 per square mile (235.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.7% White, 2.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.6% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population.

There were 7,436 households, of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.9% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.12.

The median age in the city was 34.7 years. 29.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.5% were from 25 to 44; 23.9% were from 45 to 64; and 10.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 16,962 people living in the city. The population density was 1,440.6 people per square mile (556.4/km2). There were 6,218 housing units at an average density of 528.1 per square mile (204.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.98% White, 6.36% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.

There were 5,887 households, out of which 40.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.2% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 36.8% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,856, and the median income for a family was $52,578. Males had a median income of $40,361 versus $27,551 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,897. About 4.7% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Prisons operated by the Ohio Department of Corrections in the area include Lebanon Correctional Institution and Warren Correctional Institution.

Arts and culture

Events

  • Lebanon Blues Festival
  • Lebanon Country Music Festival
  • Warren County Fair
  • Country Applefest
  • Horse Drawn Carriage Parade and Christmas Festival
  • Third Friday block party on Mulberry Street

Landmarks and attractions

The Golden Lamb Inn, photographed November 15, 1936.
The Golden Lamb Inn, photographed November 15, 1936.

The Golden Lamb Inn

The Golden Lamb Inn is located in Lebanon on the corner of S. Broadway and Main St. It is recognized as Ohio's oldest inn, having been established in 1803 and has been visited by 12 presidents.[17]

Warren County Historical Society and Harmon Museum of Art and History

The Warren County Historical Museum is recognized as one of the nation's most outstanding county museums. It includes the Harmon Museum, housed in Harmon Hall, a three-story, 28,000-square-foot building with displays and exhibits of art and artifacts from prehistoric eras to the mid-20th century.[18]

Glendower Historic Mansion

The Glendower Historic Mansion, owned by the Warren County Historical Society, was erected circa 1845. It provides a classic example of residential Greek Revival architecture and a natural setting for many elegant Empire and Victorian furnishings from Warren County's past.

Lebanon Mason Monroe Railroad

Lebanon is home to the Lebanon Mason Monroe Railroad, where passengers follow an old stage coach route passing meadow, pasture, a rippling creek and wildflowers along the way.[19]

Countryside YMCA

The largest YMCA in the U.S.[20] consists of: four basketball gyms, two weight rooms, five indoor pools, one outdoor pool, tennis courts, baseball fields, racquetball courts, preschool and daycare, gymnastics center, outdoor soccer fields, five aerobics rooms, senior citizen center, two waterparks (one inside, one outside), sports medicine center, rock climbing wall, two indoor tracks, outdoor track, acres of forest and trails, pond, outdoor playground, locker rooms, outdoor volleyball, and flag football fields.

Harmon Golf Club

Harmon Golf Club is a nine-hole, par 36 public golf course located on South East Street. It was built in 1912.

Education

Lebanon City Schools operates public schools:

  • Bowman Primary School (K-2)
  • Donovan Elementary School (3-4)
  • Berry Intermediate School (5-6)
  • Lebanon Junior High School (7-8)
  • Lebanon High School (9-12)

The city is served by a lending library, the Lebanon Public Library.[21]

Media

Print

  • Today's Pulse (based in Liberty Township, Butler County)

Television

  • Channel 6 - The Lebanon Channel City Cable[22]
  • Broadcast television from Cincinnati and Dayton markets

Infrastructure

Highways

Notable people

In popular culture

The 1978 movie Harper Valley PTA with Barbara Eden and the 1994 movie Milk Money with Ed Harris and Melanie Griffith were both shot in Lebanon. The Village Ice Cream Parlor contains memorabilia from both movies.

In October 2013, a Hallmark Channel movie titled The Christmas Spirit was filmed in Lebanon.[24] In 2014, the movie Carol, starring Cate Blanchett, was partially filmed in Lebanon.[25]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 183.
  8. ^ "Text Timeline". www.historiclebanonohio.com. Retrieved Feb 18, 2020.
  9. ^ "Shakers - Ohio History Central". ohiohistorycentral.org. Retrieved Feb 18, 2020.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  11. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Ninth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 1870. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. 1880. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  13. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  15. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  16. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Homepage". The Golden Lamb. Archived from the original on 21 November 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  18. ^ "Warren County Historical Society Home". Warren County Historical Society. Retrieved Feb 18, 2020.
  19. ^ "Lebanon Mason Monroe Railroad". Lebanon Mason Monroe Railroad. Retrieved Feb 18, 2020.
  20. ^ "About Us - History and Opportunities | Countryside YMCA". countrysideymca.org. Retrieved Feb 18, 2020.
  21. ^ "Homepage". Lebanon Public Library. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  22. ^ "Lebanon, OH - Official Website - Channel 6". Mar 30, 2012. Archived from the original on March 30, 2012. Retrieved Feb 18, 2020.
  23. ^ http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_action=doc&p_docid=0F504F41A7D42079&p_docnum=1
  24. ^ http://www.wcpo.com/news/local-news/hallmark-channel-the-christmas-spirit-television-movie-being-filmed-in-lebanon Archived 2013-10-05 at the Wayback Machine, Scott Wegener, "Hallmark Channel 'The Christmas Spirit' television movie being filmed in Lebanon", WCPO.com, 2013-Oct-14, Retrieved 2013-Oct-14
  25. ^ http://www.daytondailynews.com/news/news/blanchett-to-film-in-lebanon/nd6tc

Further reading

  • Elva R. Adams. Warren County Revisited. [Lebanon, Ohio]: Warren County Historical Society, 1989.
  • The Centennial Atlas of Warren County, Ohio. Lebanon, Ohio: The Centennial Atlas Association, 1903.
  • John W. Hauck. Narrow Gauge in Ohio. Boulder, Colorado: Pruett Publishing, 1986. ISBN 0-87108-629-8
  • Josiah Morrow. The History of Warren County, Ohio. Chicago: W.H. Beers, 1883. (Reprinted several times)
  • Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. 6th ed. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme, 2001. ISBN 0-89933-281-1
  • William E. Smith. History of Southwestern Ohio: The Miami Valleys. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing, 1964. 3 vols.
  • Warren County Engineer's Office. Official Highway Map 2003. Lebanon, Ohio: The Office, 2003.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 20:42
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