To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

The Nightingale (opera)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Nightingale
Opera by Igor Stravinsky
Solovey by A. Benois 01.jpg
Set design for the premiere by Alexandre Benois
Descriptionconte lyrique
Native title
  • the composer
  • Stepan Mitusov
Based on"The Nightingale"
by Hans Christian Andersen
26 May 1914 (1914-05-26)

The Nightingale (Russian: Соловей – Solovyei; French: Le Rossignol) is a Russian conte lyrique in three acts by Igor Stravinsky. The libretto, based on the 1843 tale "The Nightingale" by Hans Christian Andersen, was written by the composer and Stepan Mitusov. It was first performed on 26 May 1914 by the Ballets Russes at the Palais Garnier in Paris.

Stravinsky had begun work on the opera in 1908, but put it aside for several years after he had received the commission from Sergei Diaghilev for the ballet The Firebird. He completed it in 1914, after he had completed his other two major ballets for Diaghilev, Petrushka and The Rite of Spring. Because the time between the writing of the first and second acts extended over six years, stylistically the work reflects Stravinsky's significantly changed approach to composition, and this can clearly be detected when performances are given. Stravinsky subsequently turned aside from large productions to concentrate on chamber music and the piano.

Performance history

For the opera's premiere, the singers were in the pit and their roles were mimed and danced on stage. The mise-en-scène was by Alexandre Benois (who also designed the sets and costumes) and Alexandre Sanine, and the choreography by Boris Romanov.[1] Stravinsky later prepared a symphonic poem, Le chant du rossignol (The Song of the Nightingale), using music from the opera, in 1917, as a separate concert work.

After its founding in 1956, The Santa Fe Opera in Santa Fe, New Mexico presented many operas by Stravinsky during its first decade, including—during its opening season in 1957—The Rake's Progress. Additionally, several performances of The Nightingale, with Stravinsky himself conducting in 1962 were part of his 80th birthday celebrations; other stagings took place in 1963, 1969, 1970, and 1973.[2]

In 2014, the opera was paired with Mozart's The Impresario (Der Schauspieldirektor) for a new production given by the Santa Fe company in which the action took place in Paris in the 1920s.[3] The cast included Anthony Michaels-Moore, Brenda Rae, Meredith Arwady, and Erin Morley.[4]

In 2017/2018, the Canadian Opera Company performed the opera in Toronto along with other short works by Stravinsky as "The Nightingale and Other Short Fables," reviving a 2011 production by Robert Lepage that premiered in Toronto before touring to New York. [5]


Role Voice type Premiere cast, 26 May 1914[6]
(Conductor: Pierre Monteux)
Nightingale (Соловей) coloratura soprano Aurelia Dobrovolska
Fisherman (Рыбак) tenor Aleksandr Varfolomejev
Cook (Кухарочка) soprano Maria Brian
Emperor (Император) bass Pjotr Pavel Andrejev
Chamberlain (Камергер) bass Aleksandr Belianin
Bonze (Бонза) bass Nikolaj Goulajev
Death (Смерть) contralto Elisabeth Petrenko
1st Japanese emissary (Японский посол 1) soprano Mamsina
2nd Japanese emissary (Японский посол 2) bass Vasilj Saranov
3rd Japanese emissary (Японский посол 3) tenor Fodor Ernst


Time: Ancient times
Place: China.

The Fisherman acts as commentator on the story's events.[7]

Act 1

At the seashore just before sunrise, a Fisherman hears the song of the Nightingale, which causes him to forget his troubles. The Cook has brought officials from the court of the Emperor to hear the Nightingale, telling of the beauty of its singing. However, the Nightingale is nowhere to be heard. The Court Chamberlain promises the Cook a position as private cook to the Emperor, if she can find the Nightingale, who finally appears, and receives an invitation from the Cook and the Chamberlain to sing for the Emperor. The Nightingale accepts the invitation, but says that its sweetest song is in the forest.

Act 2

Courtiers festoon the palace with lanterns in advance of the singing of the Nightingale. The Cook describes the Nightingale to the courtiers noting that it is small, gray and virtually invisible, but its song causes its listeners to cry. A procession denotes the Emperor's arrival. He commands the Nightingale to sing, and its singing touches him so deeply that he offers the bird a reward of a golden slipper to wear about its neck. Later, three Japanese emissaries offer the Emperor a mechanical nightingale, which begins to sing. The Emperor is delighted by this novelty. Taking insult at this, the genuine bird flies away, and the angered emperor orders it banished from his realm. He names the mechanical bird "first singer".

Act 3

The Emperor is ill and near death; the figure of Death appears in the Emperor's chamber. The ghosts of the Emperor's past deeds visit him while he calls for his court musicians, but the genuine Nightingale has reappeared, in defiance of the imperial edict, and has begun to sing. Death hears the Nightingale's song and is greatly moved, and asks it to continue, which it does on condition that Death returns to the emperor his crown, sword and standard. Death assents and gradually removes himself from the scene as the Nightingale continues to sing. The Emperor slowly regains his strength, and on seeing the Nightingale, offers it the "first singer" post at court. The Nightingale says that it is satisfied with the Emperor's tears as reward, and promises to sing for him each night from dusk until dawn.


Year Cast:
The Nightingale,
The Emperor,
The Cook,
The Bonze,
The Fisherman,
The Chamberlain
Orchestra and Chorus
1990 Phyllis Bryn Julson,
Neil Howlett,
Felicity Palmer,
Elizabeth Laurence,
Michael George,
Ian Caley,
John Tomlinson
Pierre Boulez,
BBC Symphony Orchestra and BBC Singers
Audio CD: Erato Disques
Cat: 4509-98955-2 (plus other pieces)[8]
1997 Olga Trifonova,
Paul Whelan,
Pippa Longworth,
Sally Burgess,
Andrew Greenan,
Robert Tear,
Stephen Richardson
Robert Craft,
Philharmonia Orchestra and London Voices
Audio CD: Naxos,
Cat: 8557501
plus The Rite of Spring[9]
1999 Natalie Dessay,
Albert Schagidullin,
Marie McLaughlin,
Violeta Urmana,
Maxime Mikhailov,
Vsevolod Grivnov,
Laurent Naouri
James Conlon,
Orchestra and Chorus of Opéra National de Lyon
Audio CD: EMI Classics
Cat: 7243 5 56874 2 5
plus Renard



  1. ^ Official program of the premiere.
  2. ^ Santa Fe Opera's performance database
  3. ^ Details of the 2014 production on
  4. ^ James Keller, "Songbirds at the Opera: The Impresario and Le rossignol, The Santa Fe New Mexican, 18 July 2014
  5. ^ Details of the production
  6. ^ Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Le Rossignol, 26 May 1914". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
  7. ^ M.D. Calvocoressi, "M. Igor Stravinsky's Opera: The Nightingale", The Musical Times, 55 (856), 372–374.
  8. ^ Recording source:
  9. ^ Recording source: CD Universe


  • Taruskin, Richard, (1998), "The Nightingale" in Stanley Sadie, (Ed.), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, Vol. Three, pp. 604—605. London: Macmillan Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-333-73432-7 ISBN 1-56159-228-5
  • Walsh, Stephen, "The Nightingale", in Amanda Holden (Ed.), The New Penguin Opera Guide, New York: Penguin Putnam. pp. 906—907. ISBN 0-14-029312-4
This page was last edited on 12 July 2020, at 16:51
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.