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Law on the Expiration of the Punitive Claims of the State

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Law on the Expiration of the Punitive Claims of the State (Spanish: Ley de Caducidad de la Pretensión Punitiva del Estado), called in short the Expiry Law (Spanish: Ley de Caducidad) granted an amnesty of sorts to the military who eventually committed crimes against humanity during the civic-military dictatorship of Uruguay. It was implemented as an ad-hoc solution to a political crisis with the background of military resistance to the Uruguayan redemocratization process in course.

This law was proposed by the first government of Julio María Sanguinetti, co-written by legislators of the two main political parties, Colorado and National, supported by the main opposition leader, Wilson Ferreira Aldunate, and heavily opposed by the Broad Front and other political and social organizations. It was passed by the Uruguayan Parliament on 22 December 1986 and published with the number 15848.[1]

This law was extremely controversial in nature, and was kept in force for a long time:[2] in 1989 and 2009, Uruguayans voted in referendums and decided twice to keep the law, which detractors considered as plain impunity.[3] Finally, in 2011 it was repealed by the law number 18831[4].

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Rent increases and tenants rights if you're facing a set in rent increase you're probably feeling upset and frustrated but don't panic it's true that except in rent control jurisdictions once the lease providing for a fixed rent expires tenants can be subject to rent increases by landlords at just about any time but you still have legal rights and your landlord still has legal responsibilities landlords cannot increase your rent on the basis of illegal discrimination such as race veteran status sex or religion it is also illegal to increase your rent in retaliation for exercising any of your legal or contractual rights under the lease agreement such as requesting reasonable repairs or notifying local government authorities of uninhabitable conditions in your apartment in fact tenants can often challenge such illegal rent increases before a court or local rent authority in those cases tenants may be able to recover damages including punitive damages from the landlord each state and even some cities has its own laws and procedural requirements that a landlord must follow to get a rent increase some of the laws and rules specify how much the rent may be increased others set out the minimum advance notice required some jurisdictions even have rules that specify how the notice must be given to you and the information it must contain whatever your jurisdiction's rules however petty they may seem if your landlord has not precisely followed every one of them you may have recourse to postpone modify or even invalidate a notice of rent increase be sure you have all the facts about your situation and keep detailed notes about all communications that you have with your landlord including in person phone email and snail mail if you think your rent increase may be unlawful or are unsure if your landlord followed proper procedure in your area then seek out legal advice from an experienced attorney who represents tenants in your area


  1. ^ Francisco Gallinal (28 February 2009). "La ley de caducidad". El País. Archived from the original on 12 August 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010. (in Spanish)
  2. ^ "Uruguay Annual Report 2011". Amnesty International. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  3. ^ "A brief history of Uruguay's Expiry Law". London School of Economics. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
  4. ^ "Law No. 18831". Parliament of Uruguay. Retrieved 19 November 2017. (in Spanish)

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This page was last edited on 22 March 2018, at 04:57
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