To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Laura Seddon Greeting Card Collection

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Laura Seddon Greeting Card Collection
First commercially made Christmas card
Laura Seddon Greeting Card Collection
LocationSir Kenneth Green Library, Manchester Metropolitan University, England
Coordinates53°28′14″N 2°14′19″W / 53.47053°N 2.23872°W / 53.47053; -2.23872
WebsiteMMU Special Collections – Victorian Ephemera

Laura Seddon Greeting Card Collection is a collection of greeting cards now in the Manchester Metropolitan University, in the Sir Kenneth Green Library, on the All Saints Campus.[1]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/1
    1 294
  • 3 easy step birthday greeting card | idea of making birthday card



The collection consists of a section of 32,000 Victorian and Edwardian greeting cards by major publishers of the day. It includes cards printed by hand like those produced by Sockl and Nathan and also mass-produced cards (a subsequent production method) like those produced by Marcus Ward & Co and Raphael Tuck & Sons. Some of the cards hold special significance, like Britain's first commercially produced Christmas card[2] dating from 1843.[3]

The collection is catalogued in Laura Seddon's book A Gallery of Greetings.[4] Another section of the collection includes 450 Valentine's Day cards dating from the early nineteenth century, which Seddon also catalogued.[5] The cards vary from loving to crude and show a different side to the Victorian values that might be expected. The cards include fake wedding certificates, cards that make references to haliotis and others that suggest that the recipient may face being "left on the shelf".[6]


Laura Seddon got the idea for this collection after attending a presentation by Sir Harry Page, a Manchester City Council treasurer, where she saw his collection which included 276 bound scrap-albums created between 1752 and 1935. Page's aim had been to avoid collections of press cuttings but to try to find writings, paintings, "the prints and scraps" which had been gathered together by "young ladies". He had gathered many of these but his collection had spread its focus but always retaining a discernment.[7]

Page's meta-collection suggested to Seddon that she might create her own collection. She decided to focus on early greeting cards from both the Victorian and Edwardian periods.[2]

The card collection was curated by Laura Seddon over a period of twenty years initially using George Buday's book "History of the Christmas Card".[8] The collection became so important that she was able to donate it to the Manchester Metropolitan University. Seddon became an Honorary Fellow of the University in 1992 in recognition of her donation and achievement. Together with the Sir Harry Page collection (which was purchased by this University),[7] these makes up the two Victorian Ephemera collections of the MMU Special Collections.[9]


  1. ^ Michelle Higgs (1999). Christmas Cards. (p.39, 40), Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9780747804260. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  2. ^ a b Susie Stubbs (10 May 2013). "Small Museums #1: Manchester Metropolitan University's Special Collections". Creative Tourist. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  3. ^ Higgs, Michelle (1999). Christmas cards : from the 1840s to the 1940s. Buckinghamshire (Cromwell House, Church Street, Princes Risborough): Shire Publications Ltd. p. 6. ISBN 0747804265.
  4. ^ Laura Seddon (1992). A Gallery of Greetings: A Guide to the Seddon Collection of Greetings Cards in Manchester Polytechnic Library. Manchester Polytechnic Library. ISBN 9780901276384. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  5. ^ Laura Seddon (1996). Victorian Valentines: A Guide to the Laura Seddon Collection of Valentine Cards in Manchester Metropolitan University Library. Manchester Metropolitan University. ISBN 9780901276544. Retrieved 8 November 2013.
  6. ^ Valentine cards reveal Britain’s relationship history, Manchester Metropolitan University, retrieved 22 November 2013
  7. ^ a b Scraps on Albums, Birkbeck College, 2006, retrieved 22 November 2013
  8. ^ Bulletin 32-36. Printing Historical Society. 1992.
  9. ^ "Links to other organisation". The Ephemera Society. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 15:09
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.