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Latvian Railways

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Latvijas dzelzceļš
TypeState-owned joint-stock company
IndustryTransport, transit, logistics
Key people
Māris Kleinbergs (board chairman)
RevenueEUR 183,3 million (2019)[1]
EUR 32 430 (2019)[2]
Number of employees
9950 (Group), 6265 (JSC Latvijas dzelzceļš ) 31.12.2019.[3]

Joint-stock company Latvian Railway (Latvian: Latvijas dzelzceļš or LDz) was established on September 2, 1991 and is seen as the successor of the Latvijas dzelzceļš railway board which was established on August 5, 1919.

Latvijas dzelzceļš is a state-owned company and 100% of its shares are owned by the state. The company’s shareholder is the Ministry of Transport.

The state-owned joint-stock company Latvijas dzelzceļš is the manager of the public railway infrastructure in Latvia and the controlling company of the Latvijas dzelzceļš Group. The company provides public railway infrastructure, service facility operator (freight wagon assembly handling, wagon maintenance and inspection, maintenance and development of passenger stations and stops), electricity distribution and trade, real estate rental, information technology, electronic communications, as well as other principal services.

The mission of the Latvijas dzelzceļš Group is to safely, efficiently and sustainably manage and develop Latvia’s railway infrastructure, while providing competitive railway and logistics services that serve in the interests of the Latvian national economy and society.

The vision of the Latvijas dzelzceļš Group is to become an efficient, competitive company providing high added value to customers by responding flexibly to changes in the transport sector.

Latvijas dzelzceļš is one of the largest employers in Latvia - employees who have been working for the company for several generations are its foundation. A professional team of railwaymen allows the Group to achieve its goals, adapt to market changes and work in conditions of high competition, while ensuring a consistently high level of traffic safety.

Since 2016, state-owned joint-stock company Latvijas dzelzceļš has been preparing a sustainability report, which was initially prepared based on the international GRI (Global Reporting Initiative) guidelines, but since 2018 the report has been prepared taking into account the basic requirements of the GRI standard. An independent audit company provides its conclusion on the annual report. All sustainability reports are available at:

The Latvijas dzelzceļš Group includes the parent company – state joint-stock company Latvijas dzelzceļš, and six subsidiaries:

  • SIA LDZ CARGO - operates rail cargo and international passenger transport;
  • SIA LDZ Loģistika - logistics and multimodal transport services company;
  • SIA LDZ Infrastruktūra - infrastructure construction and maintenance company;
  • SIA LDZ Ritošā Sastāva Serviss - rolling stock repair and maintenance company;
  • SIA LDZ Apsardze – security service company;
  • Joint-stock LatRailNet - determines the infrastructure tariff and the allocation of railway infrastructure capacity.

State-owned joint-stock company Latvijas dzelzceļš also operates the Latvian Rail History Museum, with exhibitions both in Riga and Jelgava.

Railway history of Latvia

On September 12, 1861, the first independent railway line in the territory of Latvia, which connected Riga with Daugavpils, was handed over for general use. On December 15, 1862, the construction of the railway between St. Petersburg and Warsaw was completed, creating the first railway junction in Daugavpils in the territory of Latvia. By 1880, 800 km of rail-lines were built in Latvia.

In the period up to 1900, in parallel with the construction of new state-funded railways, the previously built private railways were bought out and concentrated within state-run structures. The Riga-Orla Railway Administration becomes the largest railway operator in the territory of Latvia, and 500 km of railway lines have been transferred to its management. The other railways are supervised by the Russian Northwestern Railway and Liepaja - Romna Railway administrations.

In 1904, the 1,094-kilometer-long Moscow-Ventspils railway line was put into operation, a significant part of which - between Zilupe and Ventspils (a length of 456 kilometers), is located in the territory of Latvia. Consequently, all major Latvian ports are connected by railway lines.

At the beginning of the 20th century, large-scale reconstruction works of the Riga railway junction began. New railway stations and connecting lines are built, and a new bridge over the Daugava is constructed. Due to the beginning of the First World War, the reconstruction of the Riga passenger station is not completed.

World War I caused significant damage to railway infrastructure, but the total length of railway lines in the four years of the war increased from 1941 to 2763 kilometers, mainly at the expense of military narrow-gauge railways.

On August 5, 1919, with the establishment of the Latvian Railway Board, the Latvian state takes over the management of almost all railways located in the territory of Latvia. Narrow gauge railway lines remain in private hands, only one of which continues to be operated by a private legal entity.

It only takes a few years to completely rebuild the railway infrastructure in Latvia. Already in 1925, the construction of new railways are started, stations and trains are modernized, and the Riga passenger station is provided with an electrical interlocking device for switches and signals - the first train safety device of this type in the Baltic States.

By 1940, 840-kilometers of new railway lines are built, more than 200 iron bridges are constructed, as well as 130 new station buildings, while infrastructure destroyed during the war was completely restored.

During the Second World War, the Latvian railway network was again severely damaged: most railway bridges and many station buildings were destroyed, and irreversible damage was caused to the tracks, as well as to the communications and signaling facilities.

In the period until 1950, the railway industry was completely revived in key areas and a period of development began, which included electrification of railways on suburban passenger routes, construction of new bridges, transition to diesel cargo trains and long-distance passenger transport, improvement of rolling stock safety, etc.

Along with the development of Ventspils port and the USSR industrialization policy in general from the 1960s to 80s, the volume of cargo transportation grows rapidly in the coming years. Electric and diesel trains manufactured in Riga run on all suburban and local traffic routes, serving more and more passengers. Since 1963, the railways of Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania and the Kaliningrad region have been supervised by the Baltic Railway Administration (Pribaltiyskaya railway), whose top management is located in Riga.

History of Latvijas dzelzceļš Group

On January 1, 1992, the supervision and operation of all public railways in the territory of Latvia was transferred to the state enterprise Latvijas dzelzceļš . At this moment, the restored Latvian state-owned company has at its disposal 2364 kilometers of railway lines and 23,000 employees.

In 1993, the state enterprise Latvijas dzelzceļš becomes state-owned joint-stock company Latvijas dzelzceļš , whose shares are fully owned by the Latvian state.

In accordance with the restructuring program of the state-owned joint-stock company Latvijas dzelzceļš , the first subsidiary of the Latvijas dzelzceļš Group - Pasažieru Vilciens, was established in 2001 on the basis of the company's structural units Elektrovilciens and Dīzeļvilciens, which has been an independent state-owned joint-stock company since 2008.

In 2003, a subsidiary SIA Dzelzceļa Apsardze was established, which in 2007 was renamed SIA LDZ Apsardze.

In connection with Latvia’s accession to the European Union, based on the restructuring program of the state-owned joint-stock company Latvijas dzelzceļš, the Group's subsidiaries were established in 2005: SIA LDZ Cargo, SIA LDZ Infrastruktūra and SIA LDZ Ritošā Sastāva Serviss.

By separating logistics services from cargo services, in 2008 the subsidiary SIA LDZ Loģistika was established.

In accordance with the amendments to the Law on Railways of the Republic of Latvia, in order to ensure the essential functions of the infrastructure manager within the Latvijas dzelzceļš Group, joint-stock LatRailNet was established in 2010.

The directors of Latvijas Dzelzceļš

Staņislavs Baiko (from 1991 to 1994)

Vitolds Kūliņš (1994)

Andris Zorgevics (from 1994 to 2005)

Uģis Magonis (from 2005 to 2014)

Aivars Strakšas (from 2014 to 2015)

Edvīns Bērziņš (from 2015 to 2019)

Māris Kleinbergs (from 2019)

The main task of Latvijas dzelzceļš in the field of the Group's management is to ensure the development and competitiveness of the Group's business directions, achieving better results than would be possible if each business direction operated separately, while ensuring the operation of subsidiaries in the interests of the national economy.

Domestic routes

Frequency of commuter trains, 2016
Frequency of commuter trains, 2016

Passenger services are operated by Pasažieru vilciens. The passenger lines with current service are:

Lines where passenger services have been suspended in recent years include:

  • Rīga – Reņģe (Border of Lithuania)
  • Rīga – Ērgļi
  • Jelgava – Meitene (Border of Lithuania)
  • Jelgava – Krustpils
  • Kārsava (Border of Russia) – Rēzekne – Daugavpils – Zemgale (Border of Lithuania)
  • Eglaine (Border of Lithuania) – Daugavpils – Indra (Border of Belarus)

1 Electrified to Tukums 2 Electrified to Jelgava 3 Electrified to Aizkraukle 4 Whole line is electrified

International routes

International overnight services to/from Riga are operated by Latvijas Ekspresis (Latvia Express). There are rail links with Russia, Lithuania, Belarus, and Estonia.

Freight services

Latvian railways carry a large quantity of freight cargo, and freight trains operate over the whole current passenger network, and a number of lines currently closed to passenger services.

All railways with closed lines
All railways with closed lines

Other services

There is a narrow gauge railway between Gulbene and Alūksne, operated by the company SIA "Gulbenes - Alūksnes bānītis" under government contract,[4] using Russian and Polish built heritage rolling stock. Three narrow gauge trains a day operate on the 33 km route between the two towns. As of 2019, the service has been extended to two daily trains in both directions.[5]

Rolling stock

A RVR train in Riga.
A RVR train in Riga.

Diesel locos


  • M62 – 33 locos
  • 2M62 – 40 locos
  • 2M62U – 30 locos[6]
  • 2TE10M – 10 locos
  • 2TE10U – 14 locos



  • ČME3M, ČME3MB (ChME3) – 57 locos[7]
  • TEM2 – 7 locos
  • TGK2V – 1 loco
  • TGM3 – 1 loco
  • TGM23, TGM23B – 2 locos


  • ER2 – 32 trains
  • ER2T – 6 trains (7113-7118)
  • ER2M – 1 train (No 605)
  • Škoda Vagonka EMUs – 32 trains ordered[8][9][10]


  • DR1A – 31 trains
  • DR1AM – 10 trains
  • AR2 (railbus) – 1 train (used by workers on Jelgava-Krustpils line)

See also


  1. ^ Ilgtspējas un gada pārskats 2019
  2. ^ Ilgtspējas un gada pārskats 2019
  3. ^ Ilgtspējas un gada pārskats 2019
  4. ^ "About Company - Bānītis". Retrieved 2019-12-21.
  5. ^ "Timetable - Bānītis". Retrieved 2019-12-21.
  6. ^ "2M62UM". LDz Ritošā sastāva serviss. 2017-01-30. Retrieved 2019-12-21.
  7. ^ "ČME3M". LDz Ritošā sastāva serviss. 2014-11-19. Retrieved 2019-12-21.
  8. ^ "Latvian EMU order goes to Skoda after tender re-evaluation". International Railway Journal. 2019-02-15. Retrieved 2020-08-29.
  9. ^ "Latvian EMU order finally signed". International Railway Journal. 2019-07-30. Retrieved 2020-08-29.
  10. ^ "ŠKODA VAGONKA WON A CONTRACT FOR THE SUPPLY OF ELECTRIC TRAINS FOR LATVIA | Škoda Transportation a.s." 2019-07-30. Retrieved 2019-12-21.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 16:57
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