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Langstrothdale

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yockenthwaite - A Yorkshire Dales hamlet in Langstrothdale
Yockenthwaite - A Yorkshire Dales hamlet in Langstrothdale

Langstrothdale is a scenic valley in the Yorkshire Dales in North Yorkshire, England. The uppermost course of the River Wharfe runs through it, but Wharfedale does not begin until the Wharfe meets Cray Gill, downstream of Hubberholme.[1] The name Langstrothdale derives from Old English and translates as 'long marsh' or 'marshy ground'.[2]

The dale was first colonised by Anglians in the seventh century, with Norse invaders arriving later. In Norman times, many of the isolated settlements were allowed to remain, but were prevented from expanding by an arcane ruling known as the 'Forest Law'.[3] At that time, Langstrothdale was well forested, and the upper northern part of the dale (which is now moorland) was a royal hunting forest known as Langstrothdale Chase[4] or as the 'Forest of Langstroth'.[5]

The dale became part of the lands owned by the Clifford family and in 1604, due to the then Earl of Clifford's 'extravagances', the lands were sold to pay off his debts. This allowed many Dalesfolk to purchase their own farmsteads.[5]

In the age before mass transportation, the road through the dale was part of a packhorse route from Lancaster to Newcastle-upon-Tyne.[6]

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Transcription

Settlements

References

  1. ^ "OL30" (Map). Yorkshire Dales Northern & Central Area. 1:25,000. Explorer. Ordnance Survey. 2016. ISBN 9780319263358.
  2. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 287. ISBN 0-19-869103-3.
  3. ^ Porter, Lindsey; Hanks, Martyn (1997). Yorkshire Dales & Moors : youth hosteller's walking guide (1 ed.). Ashbourne: Landmark. p. 104. ISBN 1-901522-41-5.
  4. ^ Speight 1900, p. 499.
  5. ^ a b Speight 1900, p. 491.
  6. ^ "Restoration saves ruined farm". Craven Herald. 29 October 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2017.

Bibliography

  • Speight, Harry (1900). Upper Wharfedale, being a complete account of the history, antiquities and scenery of the picturesque valley of the Wharfe, from Otley to Langstrothdale. London: Elliot Stock. OCLC 7225949.


This page was last edited on 16 May 2018, at 21:55
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