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Lake Charles, Louisiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lake Charles, Louisiana
City of Lake Charles
Clockwise from top: Downtown Lake Charles, L'Auberge du Lac Casino, McNeese State University, John McNeese statue, Lake Charles City Court, Henderson Bayou
Clockwise from top: Downtown Lake Charles, L'Auberge du Lac Casino, McNeese State University, John McNeese statue, Lake Charles City Court, Henderson Bayou
Flag of Lake Charles, Louisiana

Flag
Official seal of Lake Charles, Louisiana

Seal
Official logo of Lake Charles, Louisiana

Logo of Lake Charles
Nickname(s): 
The Lake Area
Location of Lake Charles in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Lake Charles in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Lake Charles in Louisiana
Lake Charles, Louisiana (the US)
Coordinates: 30°12′53″N 93°12′31″W / 30.21472°N 93.20861°W / 30.21472; -93.20861[1]
Country United States
State Louisiana
ParishCalcasieu
FoundedMarch 7, 1861 as Charleston
RenamedMarch 16, 1867 as Lake Charles
Founded byCharles Sallier
Named forCharles Sallier
Government
 • MayorNicholas E. "Nic" Hunter (Republican)
 • City Council[2]
Area
 • City44.90 sq mi (116.30 km2)
 • Land42.12 sq mi (109.08 km2)
 • Water2.79 sq mi (7.22 km2)
Elevation
12-19 ft (6 m)
Population
 • City71,993
 • Estimate 
(2016)[4]
76,848
 • Density1,824.59/sq mi (705.00/km2)
 • Urban
132,977
 • Metro
194,138
Demonym(s)Lake Charlesian
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CST)
ZIP Codes
70601, 70602, 70605, 70606, 70607, 70609, 70615, 70616, 70629
Area Code337
FIPS code22-41155
Websitewww.cityoflakecharles.com

Lake Charles (French: Lac Charles) is the fifth-largest incorporated city in the U.S. state of Louisiana, located on Lake Charles, Prien Lake, and the Calcasieu River. Founded in 1861 in Calcasieu Parish, it is a major industrial, cultural, and educational center in the southwest region of the state.

As of the 2010 census, the population was 71,993.[5] Lake Charles is the principal city of the Lake Charles Metropolitan Statistical Area, having a population of 202,040.[6] It is the larger principal city of the Lake Charles-Jennings Combined Statistical Area, with a population of 225,235. The 2010 population of the five-parish area of Southwest Louisiana was 292,619.[7]

It is considered a regionally significant center of petrochemical refining, gaming, tourism, and education, being home to McNeese State University and Sowela Technical Community College. Because of the lakes and waterways throughout the city, metropolitan Lake Charles is often referred to as the Lake Area.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ What to do in Lake Charles, LA: History, Food and Nature (2018 vlog)
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  • ✪ GOLDEN NUGGET CASINO HOTEL IN LAKE CHARLES, LOUISIANA
  • ✪ Lake Charles, Louisiana during Mardi Gras 2018
  • ✪ L'auberge Casino Resort in Lake Charles, Louisiana

Transcription

Today we have a very busy day ahead We started by driving to Sulphur, which is a nearby city in southwestern Louisiana And there are two very interesting things you can do here One is to explore the Creole Nature Trail, which is where you can see all the amazing wildlife in Louisiana And then you can also go explore the Boudin Trail, which is related to food, totally different I'll explain more when we get there But here, what is cool is that we stop at this Adventure Point and it's like a place where you stop for information, where you can learn all about the Creole Nature Trail and also about the Cajun culture This is where you learn how to catch a crab. Look at this. This is supposed to be chicken and then there's a crab You know, in real life the crab would be fighting a little bit more, but it should be that simple This is how to pronounce the words in Cajun French, which is different, so let's see Calcasieu I'm trying. I'm trying to speak it. I'm trying to learn! Calcasieu _ Getting there _ You're getting there The one that most people have problems with is Boudin. Boudin Have you tried that yet? I did. I loved! Our first night here.... Loved Boudin. You can have it frozen and take it home in dry ice It takes 4-6 hours to drive the main part of the trail (depending on stops) So now let's try some boudin There are over 30 mom and pops making it their own, their own way. And we're going to one of the best ones now. They all have those little stickers in their windows, like certified boudin stop So we're gonna get to see it made and maybe try some cracklins too It's really, really... Those down-home flavors, so... That's where we're headed next Cool! Right here, two places side by side, to try boudin Things you only find in Louisiana. Crawfish, crab and shrimp oil What's this here for? Is it oil? Yes! So it's a seasoning, so you basically... When you're cooking or boiling crawfish and pour it in there, and it seasons the water, that you boil it in. Ah, interesting! Ok! Here they have this big window where you can see them preparing the boudin inside He's blending the seasoning a little bit. Some people do boudin blanc, which is real white. Steak shrimp's are white. The Boudin Trail has 7 other stops in Sulphur and 27 in nearby cities Recipes vary. That's why the idea to try various boudins Come hungry Boudin is cajun rice sausage. Very popular here in southwestern Louisiana. Sorry for the noise, I guess their fridge just started Just like in the first day that we had. It's so delicious. What makes your boudin special here? It's just family recipe. Just good quality product. Try to make sure everything we use is fresh ingredients. Gotta make sure it's as fresh as we can What is the one people like most here? Is it the regular? The hot? Probably the regular mild. That's our most common seller Most popular You get a few that like it spicy. You get a few that like your smoke But normally it's the mild and then like the boudin balls. Boudin balls is a big seller Which would basically be the boudin rolled into a ball and then deep-fried, the batter... Ok. Good to know. Thank you. I love this. I actually forgot to mention the most important ingredient in boudin: pork! You guys probably realized the amount of French words here in Louisiana. That's because of the French colonization. And then there's also Creole French Talking about history, we're gonna tour a neighborhood that has the most beautiful historical constructions in Lake Charles. The name of this place? Charpentier - That's carpenter in French Most of the houses are from the late 1800s So now we're picking up a historian to explain us everything We are not really part of the deep South, we're more sort of where the South meets the West For a long part of Louisiana's history, this part of Louisiana wasn't even part of the state This was no man's land. This was officially the frontier between the United States and the empire of Spain It's been a place that's always been very interesting and a little bit of unusual We'll see a lot of architecture that is wood base. And now it is, it's not a museum It's an actual living neighborhood. People live there and you can see construction projects You can see people putting their trash out because today happens to be trash day You'll be seeing all sorts of things. Not just Mardi Gras, life goes on through Mardi Gras At the time this area was being developed, it was very rural and very away from the rest of Louisiana There were no commercial architects in Lake Charles until the 20th century And because of that, these houses were built by carpenters using pattern books They would use a pattern because... "Oh, I like that porch, I like those windows,..." Here's a good example of that. This house would be much more at home in New England. It has shakes And that's a Lake Charles thing. We have a lot of shakes because we produce shakes here And that makes a difference This house is a fabulous house. A particularly wonderful house here It's called... locally called the Flanders house And it's the product of two great lumber families marrying their first born children and putting the absolute best in the house. You'll notice the shingled corners here. The tympanum are all shingled This is a great house inside too, its central hallway... It's a fabulous, fabulous property. And one of the signature properties of Lake Charles. A very photographed house There are 400 buildings here. Not all buildings contribute to the historic district. But most of the buildings do. The blue on top of the porch is a very southern thing That blue ceiling fights the... supposedly fights mud dauber nests and paper wasps from putting their nests there. It's supposed to keep it clean At the time of the great fire, the jailer in 1910 happened to be Reid. And when the jail burned down downtown, he had to do something with the prisoners So he decided to take matters into his own hand. He brought them here to this house Put them up in the attic for 11 months And that's where they lived. So it was a temporary jail for Calcasieu Parish for a long time There is a story. A local ghost in this neighborhood is the ghost of that of one of the prisoners who tried to make an escape by jumping from the top window from the attic. He got out of his shackles He jumped out of the window and died, unfortunately But around April 23rd every year, this neighborhood for the last one hundred years or so has reported that they hear the sound of breaking glass and a long pitiable scream, so they assume that it's the ghost of the prisoner that tried to make an escape from the temporary jail here at Calcasieu Parish Anyway, that's kind of cool. Just a little sidelight there for you Wow, that was a lot of information, huh? Our guide is a true expert in Louisiana's history We're now going to dig deeper into the music and Mardi Gras culture in Lake Charles But I'm gonna save that for the next vlog. Want to follow our road trip through southern USA? Then subscribe to my channel Arsène Pujo was the first congressman from this corner of Louisiana And Arsène Pujo in 1914 was the... he was the... He broke the tie which created the income tax to help pay for World War I. So when you're paying your taxes you can thank the Pujos because they created that. Again, you'll notice... _ Nice... _ Yeah...

Contents

History

Ryan Street in Lake Charles, 1903
Ryan Street in Lake Charles, 1903

On March 7, 1861, Lake Charles was officially incorporated as the town of Charleston, Louisiana.[8] Lake Charles was originally founded by merchant and tradesmen Marco Eliche (or Marco de Élitxe) as an outpost —- a Sephardic Jewish trader of either Basque-Spanish or Venetian-Italian origins. He had arrived to Louisiana after hitchhiking and was invited onto a Spanish vessel due to his determination and loyalty to volunteer and work freely for the Spanish Empire. Long before incorporation and even before the Louisiana Purchase, other names for Lake Charles were known as Porte du Lafitte (Port of Jean Lafitte) or Rivière Lafitte (River Lafitte/Lafitte's River); among many other names now lost. Eliche had also founded other outposts and towns in Louisiana prior; most notably (Marksville) - which is honorarily named after him. There are also urban tales he had planned to name the settlement Nouveau Cadix (New Cádiz)", after the city in Spain - but this is uncertain.[citation needed]

The town was first incorporated in 1857 as Charleston after an early settler, Charles Sallier. Ten years later, on March 16, 1867, Charleston was reincorporated as the City of Lake Charles.[9] In 1910, a fire, known as the "Great Fire of 1910", devastated much of the city.

A view of Downtown Lake Charles, circa 1917
A view of Downtown Lake Charles, circa 1917

However, Lake Charles soon rebuilt itself and continued to grow and expand in the twentieth century. The Charleston Hotel was completed in 1929, during the administration of Mayor Henry J. Geary.[10] During and after World War II, Lake Charles experienced industrial growth with the onset of the petrochemical refining industries. The city grew to a high of some 75,000 people in the early 1980s, but with local economic recession, the population declined.

Current

With the advent of the gaming, manufacturing, and aviation maintenance industries, the city rebounded with a population of 71,993 as of 2010.

Geography

Henderson Bayou
Henderson Bayou

Lake Charles, located on a level plain about 30 miles (48 km) from the Gulf of Mexico, has an elevation of 13 feet (4.0 m),[11] and is located on the banks of the Calcasieu River in southwestern Louisiana. It borders both Lake Charles and Prien Lake. Contraband Bayou, Henderson Bayou, and English Bayou flow through the city. Oak trees and pine trees dot the landscape, as the lumber industry, once the main economic engine of the area, can attest to. The Calcasieu Ship Channel, which allows large ocean-going vessels to sail up from the Gulf, also borders the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau,[12] the city has a total area of 44.8 square miles (116.0 km2), of which 42.0 square miles (108.9 km2) is land and 2.7 square miles (7.1 km2), or 6.12%, is water.[13]

Climate

Lake Charles is tied with Port Arthur, Texas, and Astoria, Oregon, as the most humid city in the contiguous United States, and the second-most humid measured location behind unincorporated Quillayute, Washington. The average relative humidity in Lake Charles is 90% in the morning, and 72% in the afternoon.[14]

Climate data for Lake Charles Regional Airport, Louisiana (1981–2010 normals,[15] extremes 1895–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 88
(31)
88
(31)
94
(34)
95
(35)
100
(38)
106
(41)
103
(39)
107
(42)
105
(41)
103
(39)
92
(33)
89
(32)
107
(42)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 76.1
(24.5)
77.4
(25.2)
81.7
(27.6)
86.4
(30.2)
91.7
(33.2)
94.8
(34.9)
96.3
(35.7)
97.6
(36.4)
95.2
(35.1)
90.0
(32.2)
83.6
(28.7)
78.1
(25.6)
98.4
(36.9)
Average high °F (°C) 61.4
(16.3)
64.6
(18.1)
71.4
(21.9)
77.9
(25.5)
84.6
(29.2)
89.3
(31.8)
91.1
(32.8)
91.9
(33.3)
88.2
(31.2)
80.8
(27.1)
71.6
(22)
63.5
(17.5)
78.1
(25.6)
Average low °F (°C) 42.3
(5.7)
45.5
(7.5)
51.3
(10.7)
58.2
(14.6)
66.6
(19.2)
72.7
(22.6)
74.6
(23.7)
74.1
(23.4)
69.1
(20.6)
59.4
(15.2)
50.7
(10.4)
44.1
(6.7)
59.1
(15.1)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 26.2
(−3.2)
29.8
(−1.2)
34.4
(1.3)
42.4
(5.8)
53.9
(12.2)
65.3
(18.5)
69.9
(21.1)
68.2
(20.1)
55.4
(13)
42.5
(5.8)
34.6
(1.4)
27.7
(−2.4)
23.3
(−4.8)
Record low °F (°C) 12
(−11)
3
(−16)
14
(−10)
30
(−1)
40
(4)
51
(11)
60
(16)
59
(15)
45
(7)
30
(−1)
23
(−5)
11
(−12)
3
(−16)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.23
(133)
3.46
(88)
3.66
(93)
3.33
(85)
5.20
(132)
6.85
(174)
5.63
(143)
4.86
(123)
5.26
(134)
4.90
(124)
4.43
(113)
4.68
(119)
57.49
(1,460)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 9.6 8.7 7.7 6.6 7.7 10.7 11.6 11.0 9.1 7.8 8.3 9.7 108.5
Source: NWS Lake Charles Office[16][17][18]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880838
18903,442310.7%
19006,68094.1%
191011,44971.4%
192013,08814.3%
193015,79120.7%
194021,20734.3%
195041,27294.6%
196063,39253.6%
197077,99823.0%
198075,226−3.6%
199070,580−6.2%
200071,7571.7%
201071,9930.3%
Est. 201676,848[4]6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census, the population was 71,993.[5] In 2010, the population density was 1,711.8 people per square mile (689.7/km²). There were 32,469 housing units. The racial makeup of the city was 47% White, 47% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.47% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.

There were 28,228 households, out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.13.

In 2010,[19] the population was spread out with 27% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 20 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 25% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. The percentage of males was 45.7% versus 54.3% for females.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,001. The per capita income for the city was $22,855. 20.9% of the population was below the poverty line.

Economy

Swimming in polluted Lake Charles opposite the Olin Mathieson chemical plant in 1972.  Cleanup efforts to Lake Charles' waterways have been so successful that Prien Lake now supports both recreational and commercial fishing, and has a safe public beach.[20][21]
Swimming in polluted Lake Charles opposite the Olin Mathieson chemical plant in 1972. Cleanup efforts to Lake Charles' waterways have been so successful that Prien Lake now supports both recreational and commercial fishing, and has a safe public beach.[20][21]

The top employer, the Calcasieu Parish School System, employs approximately 5,000 workers. The second-largest employer is L'Auberge Casino Resort, which has 2,400 workers.

Industry and manufacturing

Downtown Lake Charles, with Capital One Tower to the left
Downtown Lake Charles, with Capital One Tower to the left

Several petrochemical plants and an oil refinery are located nearby along the Calcasieu Ship Channel. Turner Industries, Westlake Chemical Corporation, and Citgo each employ over a thousand engineers.[22] The Trunkline LNG terminal, immediately southwest of Lake Charles, is one of the United States' few liquified natural gas terminals. It has facilities for LNG receipt, storage, and re-gasification. Other industrial companies include PPG Industries, Phillips 66, Sasol, and W. R. Grace. Local industry also includes a number of manufacturing companies. Chennault International Airport hosts AAR Corp, which services airplanes, and a Northrop Grumman facility. The Shaw Group has a manufacturing facility which manufactures and exports parts for nuclear power plants.[23]

Commerce and retail

With small businesses, big box stores, and a regional mall, Lake Charles serves as the shopping and retail hub of the five-parish area. Prien Lake Mall, which serves nearly 300,000 people is anchored by four department stores: Dillard's, Sears, Kohl's, and JCPenney. It has over 80 retail options. Retailers include Talbots, Gap, Aéropostale, Bath & Body Works, Ulta Beauty, Express, American Eagle, Buckle, Hollister, and Coach.[24] The Lake Charles Power Center is a shopping area that has 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2) of shopping space.[25] The Cottage Shop District supports approximately a dozen small businesses.[26] L'Auberge du Lac Casino Resort offers upscale clothing boutiques.[27]

Casinos

L'Auberge du Lac Casino
L'Auberge du Lac Casino
Golden Nugget Lake Charles
Golden Nugget Lake Charles

Lake Charles has the biggest casino market in the state of Louisiana.[28] The L'Auberge du Lac Casino Resort is a 242 acres (98 ha), 26-story hotel in Lake Charles. It has nearly 1000 guest rooms, as well as a casino, golf course, spa, and meeting center.[29] A second casino, the Golden Nugget Lake Charles, opened in late 2014 next to L'Auberge du Lac.[30] The casino resort has more than 740 guest rooms, a casino, golf course, meeting space, retail corridor and a private beach and marina.[31]





Culture

Arts, Culture & Theatre

Historic City Hall Arts and Cultural Center
Historic City Hall Arts and Cultural Center

Lake Charles has a strong Creole & Cajun culture because of its location in south Louisiana. The city has its own symphony orchestra, the Lake Charles Symphony. It was founded in 1938 and hosts concerts at the Rosa Hart Theatre,[32] which has a capacity of over 2,000.[33]

The Lake Charles Little Theatre is now in its 91st season.[34]

Lake Charles is home to a number of museums and art galleries. The largest, the Imperial Calcasieu Museum, features a permanent historical exhibit with artifacts and an art gallery.[35] Its grounds are home to the Sallier oak tree, which is around 400 years old.[36] The Historic City Hall Arts and Cultural Center is used as exhibition space; moving art exhibits are displayed at this public art gallery each month.[37] It also hosts the Charlestown Farmers' Market, which provides a venue for local farmers and merchants to sell goods.[38] The USS Orleck Naval Museum, a naval destroyer from 1945, is open for public tours as a veterans memorial and museum. It is located on the river in North Lake Charles.[39]

The Central School Arts and Humanities Center, located in the historical Charpentier District, is owned by the city. Charpentier is French for carpenter, a reference to the carpenter-architects who built the mixed-style homes in the district. Central School features the Black Heritage Art Gallery, which is on the Louisiana African American Heritage Trail[40] as well as the Mardi Gras Museum of Imperial Calcasieu, which features extravagant costumes and an interactive float. It has the largest collection of Mardi Gras memorabilia in the South.[41] Other studios and cultural activities include the Art Associates Gallery, Studio 347 Gallery, the Lake Charles Symphony, and the Lake Charles Community Band.

McNeese State University annually produces the Banners Series, a series of various musical and theatrical performances. Banners also hosts lectures and presentations from notable persons and academics. Local theaters include the Lake Charles Little Theatre, the Artists Civic Theatre and Studio (ACTS), and the Children's Theatre.


Cultural references

Williams at the Fillmore NYC, October 2009
Williams at the Fillmore NYC, October 2009
Ha*Ash at the Irving Plaza NYC, October 2018
Ha*Ash at the Irving Plaza NYC, October 2018
  • Lake Charles is mentioned in Jack Kerouac's On the Road. After leaving Sal Paradise in Mexico, Dean Moriarty's car breaks down in Lake Charles.
  • Ha*Ash is a mexican-american pop-country duo composed of sisters Hanna Nicole (born June 25, 1985) and Ashley Grace (born January 29, 1987). Combining a mixture of Latin pop, rock, country and singer-songwriter style, the duo is an international success [42]
  • Lucinda Williams, singer and songwriter, wrote the song Lake Charles, about her hometown.[43]
  • Lake Charles is mentioned as the traveler's destination in the song "Up on Cripple Creek" by The Band





Louisiana Pirate Festival Formally Contraband Days

Many festivals are held at the Civic Center. The most popular, The Louisiana Pirate Festival, is hosted on the Civic Center grounds and lakefront. The Pirate Festival is a twelve-day annual festival held during the first two weeks of May. The celebrations are filled with savory Cajun food, family fun, and live entertainment, including several national acts. The festival is regularly attended by more than 200,000 people, making it one of the largest celebrations in Louisiana. In a reference to the legends of piracy on the lake and Contraband Bayou, the festival begins when the pirate Jean Lafitte[8] and his crew capture the city and force the mayor to walk the plank.

Mardi Gras

Mardi Gras parade in downtown Lake Charles.
Mardi Gras parade in downtown Lake Charles.


Mardi Gras Museum of Imperial Calcasieu
Mardi Gras Museum of Imperial Calcasieu

Mardi Gras in Lake Charles has a long history dating back to 1882, when Momus, King of Mardi Gras, landed his royal yacht at the foot of Pujo Street downtown. Throughout the two World Wars, Mardi Gras was downsized which led to a lack of participation by the area's youth. However, an interest to redevelop the festivities arose, and the first Mardi Gras Ball in Lake Charles was staged in 1964. The full revival of Mardi Gras in Lake Charles was not realized until 1979, when several Krewe captains formed the "Krewe of Krewes", with the primary purpose of parading and promoting Mardi Gras for local residents. In 1985, Mardi Gras of Imperial Calcasieu, Inc. was formed by a group of civic-minded volunteers to further aid in the preservation of this festival.[44] Mardi Gras in Lake Charles regularly draws in crowds of 150,000.


Cultural events

Lake Charles Boardwalk
Lake Charles Boardwalk

Some of the city's cultural events include the Martin Luther King Festival, Livestock Show & Rodeo, Black Heritage Festival, Garden Festival, Palm Sunday Tour of Homes, Downtown at Sundown, Memorial Day Avenue of Flags, Crawfish Festival, Asian/American Culturefest, Cajun French, Creole, Zydeco Music & Zydeco Trail Rides, Food Festivals, Marshland Festival, Gatorman Triathlon, Music & Food Festival, Arts Fest, and Riverside Fall Festival.[45][46][47][48]

Recreation

The city has 31 parks, many of which include playground equipment, athletic facilities, and walking paths.[49] Shiver-Me-Timbers Millennium Park, located downtown, was built entirely by volunteers in 2000. Adventure Cove, a state-of-the-art park, was also built by volunteers, and is specifically designed for handicapped children.[50] Hunting and fishing are popular with both residents and visitors to the Lake Area.[51] An All-American Road, the Creole Nature Trail - Louisiana's Outback - brings tourists to Lake Charles and throughout Southwest Louisiana.

Sports

Cowboy Stadium
Cowboy Stadium

Lake Charles is home to the McNeese Cowboys, whose football team hosts games at Cowboy Stadium which has a seating capacity of 17,410.[52] Burton Coliseum hosts the McNeese basketball teams.

Lake Charles has been home to minor-league baseball teams, indoor football teams, a minor-league ice hockey team and soccer teams.

Golf is popular at the city's Mallard Cove Golf Course. Other golf courses include Gray Plantation Golf Course, Lake Charles Country Club Golf Course, the Contraband Bayou Golf Club, and the Country Club at Golden Nugget. Gray Plantation Golf Course is featured on Louisiana's Audubon Golf Trail.[53]

South Lake Charles Little League has had nationally winning teams televised on ESPN.

Education

Universities and colleges

Entrance Plaza and Shearman Fine Arts Center at McNeese State University
Entrance Plaza and Shearman Fine Arts Center at McNeese State University

The city has one university and one community college. McNeese State University, located on a 121-acre (0.49 km2) main campus lined with oak trees in the heart of Lake Charles, is a four-year public university in the University of Louisiana System. Contraband Bayou flows through the campus. McNeese was founded in 1939 and named after educator John McNeese. It offers over 80 majors, and includes the colleges of Business, Education, Engineering and Engineering Technology, Liberal Arts, Nursing, Science, Honors College, and the Doré School of Graduate Studies. The university is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.[54] Other properties include a 65-acre (260,000 m2) athletic plant and student apartment complex, the Louisiana Environmental Research Center, Burton Coliseum, the 503-acre (2.04 km2) MSU Farm, and nearly 1,600 acres (6.5 km2) of donated farm property used for research, farming, and ranching.[55] Over 8,500 students attend the university.[56]

Sowela Technical Community College offers associate degrees, technical diplomas, and certificate programs, as well as general education courses that can transfer to four-year universities.[57] Finally, Delta School of Business and Technology specializes in vocational courses.[58]

Libraries

Central Library
Central Library

Four libraries are located in the city. The largest, with over 400,000 volumes, is Frazar Memorial Library on the campus of McNeese State University.[59] The first library, Carnegie Memorial Library, was financed by Andrew Carnegie and opened in 1904.[60] It also houses the Southwest Louisiana Genealogical and Historical Library. This along with Central Library and Epps Memorial Library is part of the Calcasieu Parish Public Library, which has thirteen locations throughout Calcasieu Parish.[61]

Primary and secondary schools

Lake Charles' public schools are operated by the Calcasieu Parish Public School System. There are two charter schools, and a number of private schools as well.

Government and politics

Lake Charles City Court
Lake Charles City Court

The City of Lake Charles is governed by a mayor-council form of government. The elected officials include the Mayor, the Clerk of Court, and seven City Council members. Each council member represents a particular district within the city limits. One council member is elected president and presides over each meeting. The mayor serves a four-year term. The current mayor is Nic Hunter[62] The city attorney is appointed by the mayor.

The Lake Charles Police Department or L.C.P.D. (not to be confused with T.J. Hooker's initials) provides law enforcement and protection for the city. The Police Chief is appointed for a six-year term,[63] and the Fire Chief is appointed as well.[64] The Lake Charles Fire Department consists of eight fire stations with fifteen fire companies.[65] McNeese State University also has its own security, the McNeese Police Department.[66]

The Lake Charles City Court's jurisdiction covers all within the city limits as well as Ward 3 in Calcasieu Parish.[67] The Fourteenth Judicial District Court, located in downtown Lake Charles, covers Calcasieu Parish and includes nine judges who preside over family, juvenile, civil, and criminal trials.[68] Lake Charles is home to a United States District Court, located downtown.[69] The Louisiana Third Circuit Court of Appeals is headquartered in the city.[70]

Lake Charles is served by Clay Higgins of Louisiana's 3rd congressional district. Much of the city is represented by Senator Ronnie Johns of District 27 in the Louisiana State Senate; however, Dan Morrish's District 25 includes some neighborhoods of south Lake Charles.

Crime

The violent crime rate In Lake Charles is one of the highest in the nation, across communities of all sizes (both large and small). Violent offenses tracked included rape, murder and non-negligent manslaughter, armed robbery, and aggravated assault, including assault with a deadly weapon.[71] The overall crime rate in Lake Charles is 67% higher than the national average. For every 100,000 people, there are 13.11 daily crimes that occur in Lake Charles.[72]

Media

Print

The most widely distributed, daily newspaper is The American Press. Other popular periodicals include Lagniappe Magazine, The Jambalaya News, Gumbeaux Magazine, and Thrive Magazine. The Contraband is McNeese State University's student newspaper.

Television

Major television network affiliates include KPLC 7, an NBC affiliate also operating the area's CW affiliate on its DT2 subchannel, KSWL-LD 17, a CBS affiliate, KLTL 18, a PBS member station, KWWE-LD 19, a MyNetworkTV/MeTV affiliate, and KVHP 29, a Fox affiliate also operating the area's ABC affiliate on its DT2 subchannel.

Radio

KBYS 88.3 Oldies, KRVS 88.7 Npr, KRLR 89.1 K-Love, KYLC 90.3, KOJO (FM) 91.1, KBAN 91.5, KTSR 92.1 Classic Rock, KHLA 92.9 Classic Hits, KPPM-LP 93.5 Black Gospel, KSMB 94.5 Top40(Chr), KYKZ 96.1 Country, KQLK 97.9 Country, W252AQ 98.3, KNGT 99.5 Country, KELB-LP 100.5, KKGB 101.3 Mainstream Rock, KYBG 102.1 Classic Hits, KAJN-FM 102.9 Contemporary Christian, KBIU 103.3 Chr, KLCJ 104.1 Oldies, KKMY 104.5 Rhythmic Top 40, KZWA 104.9 Urban Adult Contemporary, KIOC 106.1 Active Rock, KJMH 107.5 Urban, KLVI 560 News/Talk, KJEF 1290 Cajun Music, KEZM 1310 Sports, KAOK 1400 Talk, KLCL 1470 Urban Adult Contemporary, KXZZ 1580 Sports, KHB42 162.400 NOAA Weather Radio

Infrastructure

Roads

Israel LaFleur Bridge
Israel LaFleur Bridge

The city's streets are laid out primarily in a grid pattern. Interstate 10 passes through Lake Charles, connecting the city with Houston to the west and New Orleans to the east. The Calcasieu River Bridge crosses the Calcasieu River and part of lake. Featuring decorative flintlock pistols on the railing, it is 135 feet (41 m) high. About 50,000 vehicles pass over it daily.[73] Despite its age of over 60 years, it is considered safe by the Louisiana DOTD.[74]

Interstate 210 is an interstate highway bypass that loops through the southern portion of the city. The curving Israel LaFleur Bridge goes over the Calcasieu Ship Channel. This bridge has a 96% rating even after withstanding recent hurricanes. The loop has served Lake Charles commuters for 40 years, and carries about 40,000 vehicles per day.[75]

Other major highways include U.S. Highway 90, which runs parallel with Interstate 10, and U.S. Highway 171, which connects the city to the north with Moss Bluff, DeRidder, and Shreveport. Highway 165, which runs northeast to Alexandria terminates at Highway 90 just a few miles east of the city. Louisiana Highway 14 ends at a junction with Highway 90, and runs south then east of the city.

Interstate 10 crossing the Calcasieu River Bridge between Lake Charles and Westlake

Airports

Lake Charles Regional Airport terminal
Lake Charles Regional Airport terminal

Lake Charles is served by two airports. Lake Charles Regional Airport,[76] located south of the city, provides commercial airline service to Houston and Dallas. Chennault International Airport,[77] while a fully operational airport, is an industrial and maintenance center. The latter airport, a former Strategic Air Command US Air Force base during the Cold War, is named for Maj. Gen. Claire Chennault, the aviator famous for commanding the Flying Tigers fighter group during World War II.

Seaports

The Port of Lake Charles is the thirteenth-busiest seaport in the United States, the fourth-largest liner service seaport in the U.S. Gulf, and a major West Gulf container load center. The City Docks in Lake Charles are the main hub of shipping activity.[78] The Calcasieu Ship Channel provides direct access to the Gulf of Mexico 34 miles (55 km) downstream. The ship channel, which has a projected depth of 40 feet (12 m) and a bottom width of 400 feet (120 m), intersects the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway just north of Calcasieu Lake.[79]

Public transportation

Lake Charles Transit, the city's bus system, provides five routes throughout the city.[80] It has one Greyhound bus station, and the Amtrak station serves the Sunset Limited train route.

Utilities

Electrical needs are provided by the energy company Entergy. The city provides drinking water and sewage service to residents within city limits. Water is treated at six water treatment facilities in the city.[81]

Healthcare and medicine

Lake Charles is served by two hospitals: Christus St. Patrick Hospital and Lake Charles Memorial Hospital. Christus St. Patrick Hospital operates the Lake Area Medical Center campus in south Lake Charles, and Lake Charles Memorial Hospital operates a birthing hospital called Lake Charles Memorial Hospital for Women.

Religion

Christianity is the predominant religion in the Lake Area. Roman Catholicism is the largest individual denomination, claiming about 50% of the population. Lake Charles is also home to various Protestant Christian denominations, the largest being the Southern Baptist congregation with 30%.[82] There is a ward of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Lake Charles. There are also religious communities from other faiths such as Islam, Judaism and Eastern Orthodox Christianity.

Films

Lake Charles is featured or mentioned in The Drowning Pool, The Beyond, A Taste of Louisiana with Chef John Folse & Co., Passion Fish, Good Eats, UFC 22: There Can Be Only One Champion, UFC 24: First Defense, Blue Vinyl,[83] Little Chenier, Mercy,[84] Split Ends, All Over But to Cry, Film Hustle, Good Boy,[85][86] and 10 Cloverfield Lane.

  • In the 1969 classic film Easy Rider, the as yet unfinished I-210 Israel LaFleur Bridge can be seen in the background of a motorcycle scene with Dennis Hopper and Peter Fonda travelling West through Lake Charles, La. on the I-10 Interstate.

Sister cities

See also

References

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External links

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