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Lael Brainard
Lael Brainard (14438068496).jpg
Member of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors
Assumed office
June 16, 2014
PresidentBarack Obama
Donald Trump
Preceded byElizabeth Ashburn Duke
Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs
In office
April 20, 2010 – November 8, 2013
PresidentBarack Obama
Preceded byDavid McCormick
Succeeded byNathan Sheets
Personal details
Born (1962-01-01) January 1, 1962 (age 58)
Hamburg, West Germany (now Germany)
Political partyDemocratic
(m. 1998)
EducationWesleyan University (BA)
Harvard University (MA, PhD)

Lael Brainard (born 1962) is an American economist and member of the U.S. Federal Reserve's Board of Governors, where she serves as Administrative Governor and Chair of the Committees on Financial Stability, Federal Reserve Bank Affairs, Consumer and Community Affairs, and Payments, Clearing and Settlements.[1][2] She previously served as the United States Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs and as Counselor to the Secretary of the Treasury from 2009 to 2013 where she received the Alexander Hamilton Award for her service.[2][3][4] She was a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution from 2001 to 2009 and Vice President and Director of the Global Economy and Development Program from 2006 to 2009.[5] She served as Deputy National Economic Adviser and Deputy Assistant to the President from 1998 to 2000.[2] She previously was a member of the faculty at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Sloan School of Management and worked at McKinsey & Company.[2] She was awarded the Harvard GSAS Centennial Medal and the New York Association of Business Economics William F. Butler Award in 2019.[6][7]

Early life and education

Brainard grew up as the child of a U.S. foreign-service officer in Poland, also known as Polish People's Republic and Germany before the fall of the Berlin Wall.[8] She graduated with university honors from Wesleyan University with a bachelor of arts degree from the College of Social Studies.[2] Brainard received masters and doctoral degrees in economics from Harvard University, where she was a National Science Foundation Fellow.[2] She is the recipient of a Harvard GSAS Centennial Medal, White House Fellowship and a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship and was a Marshall Scholar elect.

Professional career

Private sector

Brainard started her career at McKinsey & Company advising corporate clients on strategic challenges and she has also worked on microenterprise in West Africa.[9]

Brainard served as Assistant and Associate Professor of Applied Economics at the MIT Sloan School of Management from 1990 to 1996[2] where her publications made important contributions on the relationship between offshore production, trade, and jobs; the measurement of structural and cyclical unemployment in the U.S. economy; and strategic trade policy.[9]

Brainard was a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution from 2001 to 2009 and Vice President and Director of the Global Economy and Development Program from 2006 to 2009.[5]

White House

Brainard served as Deputy National Economic Adviser and Chair of the Deputy Secretaries Committee on International Economics during the Clinton administration.[2]

As Deputy Director of the National Economic Council, she helped build a new White House organization to address global economic challenges such as the Asian financial crisis and China's accession to the World Trade Organization.[9] As the U.S. Sherpa to the G8, she helped shape the 2000 G8 summit that, for the first time, included leaders of the poorest nations and laid the foundations for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.[5]


Brainard, far right, at a briefing for President Obama before the 2012 G20 Los Cabos summit
Brainard, far right, at a briefing for President Obama before the 2012 G20 Los Cabos summit

On March 23, 2009, President Obama nominated Brainard to serve as Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs.[10][11] Reuters News Service reported on December 23, 2009, that the Senate Finance Committee had approved Brainard to become the "Treasury Department's top global diplomat, a job that would give her a key role in the bid to push China toward a flexible currency".[12] The Senate confirmed her in a 78-19 vote on April 20, 2010.[13] Brainard managed the Office of International Affairs at the Treasury Department with responsibilities including the euro area crisis and currency relations with China.[14][15]

During this time, she was the U.S. Representative to the G-20 Finance Deputies and G-7 Deputies and was a member of the Financial Stability Board. She received the Alexander Hamilton Award for her service.[2] She left her post in the US Treasury in November 2013.[4][16]

Federal Reserve Board

Brainard speaks in 2018
Brainard speaks in 2018

Brainard has been serving as a member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System since 2014.[17][18][19] Brainard serves as Chair of the Committee on Financial Stability, the Committee on Federal Reserve Bank Affairs, the Committee on Consumer and Community Affairs, the Committee on Payments, Clearing and Settlements, and the Subcommittee on Smaller Regional and Community Banking Organizations.[1]

Brainard was nominated to the Federal Reserve Board of Governors in January 2014.[20] She was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 61-31 on June 12, 2014, and began her term on June 16, 2014.[21][22]


Brainard is co‑editor of Too Poor For Peace? (2007);[23] co-editor of Offshoring White Collar Work (2006);[24] editor of Transforming the Development Landscape: the Role of the Private Sector (2006)[25] and Security by Other Means: Foreign Assistance, Global Poverty and American Leadership (2006);[26] and coauthor of The Other War: Global Poverty and the Millennium Challenge Corporation (2004).[27]


  1. ^ a b "The Fed - Board Members". Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "The Fed - Lael Brainard". Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  3. ^ "Lael Brainard Confirmed as Under Secretary for International Affairs". Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  4. ^ a b "Brainard to leave Treasury". Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  5. ^ a b c "Lael Brainard to Hold the Bernard L. Schwartz Chair in International Economics". Brookings. 2001-11-30. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  6. ^ "Fearless Advocates, Tireless Leaders, Harvard's Centennial Medalists Have Made a Dramatic Impact on Society". Retrieved 2020-07-02.
  7. ^ "New York Association of Business Economics". Retrieved 2020-07-02.
  8. ^ "Treasury Official Lael Brainard Steps Down, as White House Considers Her for Fed PostDow Jones". Dow Jones. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  9. ^ a b c "Lael Brainard - Global Philanthropy Forum". Global Philanthropy Forum. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  10. ^ "President Obama Announces Additional Treasury Department Nominations". 2009-03-23. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  11. ^ "Presidential Nominations Sent to the Senate, 3/23/09". 2009-03-23. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  12. ^ "Senate panel OKs Lael Brainard for Treasury post". Reuters. 23 December 2009.
  13. ^ "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th  Congress - 2nd  Session". Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  14. ^ "International Affairs". Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  15. ^ Lowrey, Annie (2012). "Lael Brainard Is Washington's Financial Envoy to Euro Crisis". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  16. ^ "Treasury Officials". Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  17. ^ Appelbaum, Binyamin (2016-07-25). "Lael Brainard, Donning a Global Lens, Champions Low Rates at Fed". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  18. ^ "Brainard Drops A Policy Bomb - Tim Duy's Fed Watch". Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  19. ^ "Lael Brainard just gave the most important Fed speech since the crisis". Credit Writedowns. 2018-03-08. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  20. ^ Puzzanghera, Jim (10 January 2014). "Obama to nominate Stanley Fischer, 2 others to Federal Reserve seats". LA Times. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  21. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress - 2nd Session, Vote 189". Senate Bill Clerk. June 12, 2014. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  22. ^ "FRB: Lael Brainard". Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  23. ^ Brainard, Lael; Chollet, Derek, eds. (2007-05-03). Too Poor for Peace?: Global Poverty, Conflict, and Security in the 21st Century. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 9780815713753.
  24. ^ Brainard, Lael; Collins, Susan M. (2005). "Offshoring White-Collar Work: Editors' Summary". Brookings Trade Forum: ix–xxx. JSTOR 25058760.
  25. ^ Werker, Eric D. (2007-12-01). "Review of Transforming the Development Landscape: The Role of the Private Sector, edited by Lael Brainard". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  26. ^ Brainard, Lael, ed. (2007-01-10). Security by Other Means: Foreign Assistance, Global Poverty, and American Leadership. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 9780815713616.
  27. ^ "The Other War: Global Poverty and the Millennium Challenge Account". Foreign Affairs (November/December 2003). 2009-01-28. ISSN 0015-7120. Retrieved 2018-04-08.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
David McCormick
Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs
Succeeded by
Nathan Sheets
This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 15:43
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