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Laconia, New Hampshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Laconia, New Hampshire
Main Street in Laconia
Main Street in Laconia
Official seal of Laconia, New Hampshire
Seal
Motto(s): 
City on the Lakes
Location in Belknap County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°31′39″N 71°28′13″W / 43.52750°N 71.47028°W / 43.52750; -71.47028
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyBelknap
Incorporated1855
VillagesDowntown
Lakeport
Weirs Beach
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager government
 • MayorAndrew Hosmer
 • City Council
 • City ManagerScott Myers
Area
 • Total26.11 sq mi (67.63 km2)
 • Land19.87 sq mi (51.46 km2)
 • Water6.24 sq mi (16.17 km2)  24.54%
Elevation
502 ft (153 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total15,951
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
16,581
 • Density834.43/sq mi (322.18/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03246, 03247, 03249
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-40180
GNIS feature ID0867917
Websitewww.cityoflaconianh.org

Laconia is a city in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 15,951 at the 2010 census[3] and an estimated 16,581 as of 2019.[4] It is the county seat of Belknap County.[5] Laconia, situated between Lake Winnipesaukee and Winnisquam Lake, includes the villages of Lakeport and Weirs Beach. Each June, for nine days, beginning on the Saturday of the weekend before Father's Day and ending on Father's Day, the city hosts Laconia Motorcycle Week, also more simply known as "Bike Week", one of the country's largest rallies, and each winter, the Laconia World Championship Sled Dog Derby. The city has been the site of the state's annual Pumpkin Festival since 2015,[6] and it is the home of Lakes Region Community College.

Name

Laconia is named after the Greek region of Laconia[7] (Greek: Λακωνία, Lakonía, Greek pronunciation: [lakoˈni.a]) in the southeastern part of the Peloponnese peninsula. The word "laconic" is derived from the name of the region by analogy—to speak in a concise way, as the Spartans were reputed by the Athenians to do.[8]

History

Webster Square, c. 1915
Webster Square, c. 1915

A large Abenaki Indian settlement called Acquadocton Village once existed at the point now known as The Weirs, named by colonists for fishing weirs[9] discovered at the outlet of the Winnipesaukee River. Early explorers had hoped to follow the Piscataqua River north to Lake Champlain in search of the great lakes and rivers of Canada mentioned in Indian folklore. About 1652, the Endicott surveying party visited the area, an event commemorated by Endicott Rock, a local landmark.[10] A fort would be built at Laconia in 1746.[10] But ongoing hostilities between the English, French, and their respective Native American allies prevented settlement until 1761, after which it remained for many years a part of Meredith and Gilford called Meredith Bridge.

Beginning in 1765, lumber and grist mills were established on Mill Street, with taverns built soon thereafter on Parade Street.[10] About 1822, the courthouse was built, which would become county seat at the creation of Belknap County in 1840. In 1823, the Belknap Mill was built to manufacture textiles; in operation by 1828, the structure is today a museum listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is the oldest unaltered brick textile mill in the country.[11] Local industry produced lumber, textiles, shoes, hosiery, knitting machinery and needles. But the city's largest employer would be the Laconia Car Company, builder of rail, trolley and subway cars. Started in 1848, it lasted until the 1930s.[12] The railroad entered town in 1849, carrying both freight and an increasing number of summer tourists to popular Weirs Beach.

In 1855, Laconia was incorporated as a town from land in Meredith Bridge, Lakeport, Weirs and part of Gilmanton. The name was probably derived from the old Laconia Company, formed by Captain John Mason and the Masonian Proprietors to sell parcels of land during the colonial era. The Great Fire of 1860 destroyed most of Main Street from Mill to Water streets, followed by the Great Lakeport Fire of 1903, a blaze so fierce that fire companies were brought by train from as far away as Dover.[13] Laconia was incorporated as a city in 1893.[10]

Geography

Laconia is located northwest of the geographic center of Belknap County. The city lies at the center of New Hampshire's Lakes Region, and all or part of four major bodies of water lie within its limits: Lake Winnipesaukee, Winnisquam Lake, Opechee Bay and Paugus Bay (sometimes counted as an arm of Winnipesaukee, but historically a separate body of water).

Laconia contains three main villages. Downtown Laconia, where the Belknap County Courthouse is located, can be found in the southern tip of the city, along the Winnipesaukee River between Opechee Bay to the north and Winnisquam Lake to the southwest. Lakeport, located between Opeechee Bay and Paugus Bay, is near the geographic center of the city. Weirs Beach, around the channel connecting Paugus Bay with Lake Winnipesaukee, lies at the northern edge of the city.

U.S. Route 3 passes through parts of the city, bypassing downtown but passing through Weirs Beach. New Hampshire Route 11 bypasses the city in a concurrency with US 3. The two highways lead southwest from Laconia to Tilton and Franklin. New Hampshire Route 11A represents the old routes 11 and 3 through downtown as Court Street and Union Avenue, but then turns east on Gilford Avenue to lead to Gilford and West Alton. New Hampshire Route 106 runs north-south through downtown, leading south to Concord and north to Meredith. New Hampshire Route 107 leads southeast from downtown towards Gilmanton and Pittsfield. Route 107 turns north in downtown and follows Union Avenue (former Route 3) to a junction with US 3 near the north end of the Laconia Bypass. US 3 continues north along the east shore of Paugus Bay, through Weirs Beach and into Meredith. Route 11 leads east from the Laconia Bypass past Glendale and into Alton. New Hampshire Route 11B leads east from Weirs Beach into Gilford.

The former Boston and Maine Railroad White Mountain Branch, originally built as the Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad, enters Laconia at the Belmont town line near Lake Winnisquam and runs north through the city, through Lakeport and along Paugus Bay to Weirs Beach and Meredith.[14] Purchased by the State of New Hampshire in 1975, the tracks are actively used for freight purposes by the New England Southern Railroad and for tourist train service by the Plymouth & Lincoln Railroad between Meredith and Lakeport, with occasional service out of Laconia. The line is also a vital active link to the National rail network for the tourist operator to ship and receive equipment for their own use and also to perform contract work at the railroad's Lincoln repair shops.[15]

Laconia Municipal Airport is located just east of the city limits in Gilford.[16]

A recreational trail called the W.O.W. Trail (WinnipesaukeeOpecheeWinnisquam) links several parts of the city, following the railroad tracks from Winnisquam Lake, skirting the downtown area, and running to Lakeport.[17] A desire to extend the trail to Weirs Beach has been contested by residents in private communities abutting the rail corridor.[18] The proposed removal of active rail for said extension is contested also by railroad companies actively using the tracks and the State of New Hampshire Bureau of Rail and Transit.[15]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.6 square miles (68.8 km2), of which 20.0 square miles (51.9 km2) are land and 6.5 square miles (16.9 km2) are water, comprising 24.54% of the city.[19] Laconia is drained by the Winnipesaukee River. It is bounded in the southwest by Winnisquam Lake, and by Lake Winnipesaukee in the northeast. Laconia lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.[20] The highest point in Laconia is a 960-foot (290 m) hill in the northern part of the city, west of Paugus Bay's Pickerel Cove and just east of Route 106.

Adjacent municipalities

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,806
18702,30927.9%
18803,79064.1%
18906,14362.1%
19008,04230.9%
191010,18326.6%
192010,8977.0%
193012,47114.4%
194013,4848.1%
195014,7459.4%
196015,2883.7%
197014,888−2.6%
198015,5754.6%
199015,7431.1%
200016,4114.2%
201015,951−2.8%
Est. 201916,581[2]3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]

As of the census[22] of 2000, there were 16,411 people, 6,724 households, and 4,168 families residing in the city. The population density was 809.3 people per square mile (312.4/km2). There were 8,554 housing units at an average density of 421.8 per square mile (162.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.79% White, 0.55% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.99% of the population.

There were 6,724 households, out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 22.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,796, and the median income for a family was $45,307. Males had a median income of $31,714 versus $22,818 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,540. About 7.5% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Laconia city vote
by party in presidential elections
[23]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 53.02% 4,303 40.70% 3,303 6.28% 510
2012 48.95% 3,859 49.95% 3,938 1.10% 87
2008 46.83% 3,750 52.67% 4,218 0.50% 40
2004 54.53% 4,286 44.67% 3,511 0.80 % 63
2000 53.76% 3,814 42.49% 3,015 3.75% 266
1996 45.21% 2,842 45.58% 2,865 9.21% 579
1992 43.68% 3,033 34.42% 2,390 21.89% 1,520

Laconia is governed by a mayor-council and city manager system. The Mayor and council are elected in a citywide vote, while the city manager is hired by the council. The council consists of six members who are elected from the six single-member wards.

In the New Hampshire Senate, Laconia is in the 7th District, represented by Republican Harold F. French. On the New Hampshire Executive Council, Laconia is in the 1st District, represented by Democrat Michael J. Cryans. In the United States House of Representatives, Laconia is in New Hampshire's 1st congressional district, represented by Democrat Chris Pappas.

Laconia is a fairly independent or swing city at the presidential level.

Education

Laconia High School, seen from Union Ave.
Laconia High School, seen from Union Ave.

Laconia's public school system is run by the Laconia School District, School Administrative Unit 30.

Public schools

Laconia School District has one public high school, one middle school and three elementary schools:

  • Laconia High School
  • Laconia Middle School (formerly Memorial Middle School)
  • Elm Street Elementary School
  • Pleasant Street Elementary School
  • Woodland Heights Elementary School
Private schools

There are two parochial schools within the city limits of Laconia:

  • Laconia Christian Academy, serving grades K-12
  • Holy Trinity Catholic School, serving grades K-8
Post-secondary schools

There is one area institution of higher education with a total enrollment of approximately 1000 students:

Culture

Memorial of Keewakwa Abenaki Keenahbeh in Opechee Park, which stands at a height of 36 ft.  During the dedication ceremonies in September 1984 more than 3,000 attended, which included an estimated 100 members of the Pennacook tribe.[24]
Memorial of Keewakwa Abenaki Keenahbeh in Opechee Park, which stands at a height of 36 ft. During the dedication ceremonies in September 1984 more than 3,000 attended, which included an estimated 100 members of the Pennacook tribe.[24]

Sports

Laconia is home to the Winnipesaukee Muskrats of the New England Collegiate Baseball League (NECBL). The franchise began play in 2010 at Robbie Mills Field in Laconia.[25]

Laconia Motorcycle Week

One of the largest motorcycle rallies in the world takes place in Laconia during nine days in June, ending on Father's Day. Founded in 1923, attendance was 375,000 in 2004 and 188,000 in 2010. Events include races, shows, and a motorcycle hill climb competition.

Laconia Multicultural Festival

Held annually, the Laconia Multicultural Festival is a community event that highlights the music, arts, crafts and cuisine of cultural artists.[26] The festival was created by former Mayor Matthew Lahey and former Police Chief Bill Baker in 2000.

New Hampshire Pumpkin Festival

After the city council of Keene, New Hampshire, rejected the permit for their annual Pumpkin Festival to be held there following riots in the city's neighborhoods in 2014, it was announced that Laconia would host the festival for the city's first time in 2015.[6] The twenty-fifth New Hampshire Pumpkin Fest was held on October 24, 2015, with fewer than ten thousand jack-o'-lanterns lit.[27] The festival has continued to be held in Laconia annually since.

Sites of interest

Media references

The Jack Reacher novel, Past Tense, was set in and around Laconia.[28]

Notable people

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ United States Census Bureau, U.S. Census website, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ a b Sexton, Adam (April 24, 2015). "It's official: Laconia will host this year's pumpkin festival". WMUR-TV. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
  7. ^ "laconia NH - Community Profile | Economic & Labor Market Information Bureau | NH Employment Security". www.nhes.nh.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-22.
  8. ^ "Definition of LACONIC". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 2020-04-22.
  9. ^ "The Illustrated Laconian: History and Industries of Laconia, N. H. (Descriptive of the City and Its Manufacturing and Business Interests)".
  10. ^ a b c d "Laconia History | Laconia, NH". www.laconianh.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-22.
  11. ^ National Trust for Historic Preservation. "Historic Belknap Mill". Retrieved July 27, 2016
  12. ^ "Laconia Car Company". www.midcontinent.org. Retrieved 2020-04-22.
  13. ^ "Laconia: Great Lakeport Fire Of 1903". WMUR. 2020-01-02. Retrieved 2020-04-22.
  14. ^ https://www.bmrrhs.org/abandonment-notices
  15. ^ a b https://www.laconiadailysun.com/news/local/wow-trail-backers-look-to-pick-up-steam/article_8e332f6c-f058-11e9-930a-ef70bd807e04.html
  16. ^ "KLCI - Laconia Municipal Airport - Laconia, New Hampshire". laconiaairport.com. Retrieved 2020-04-22.
  17. ^ "wowtrail". wow1. Retrieved 2019-01-24.
  18. ^ "South Down, Long Bay gearing up to fight WOW Trail extension". The Laconia Daily Sun. Retrieved 2019-01-24.
  19. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Laconia city, New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 7, 2011.
  20. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  21. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  22. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  23. ^ http://sos.nh.gov/ElectResults.aspx
  24. ^ "Keewakwa Abenaki Keenahbeh - Whispering Giant Sculptures on Waymarking.com". Groundspeak, Inc. June 28, 2006. Retrieved 2016-09-13.
  25. ^ "STORY | NECBL : Winnipesaukee Muskrats - Pointstreak Sites". winnipesaukeemuskrats.pointstreaksites.com. Retrieved 2020-04-22.
  26. ^ "Laconia Multicultural Festival". Laconia Multicultural Festival. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  27. ^ Paula Tracy; Kristen Carosa (October 25, 2015). "First Laconia Pumpkin Fest does not break Keene's world record". WMUR.com. WMUR-TV. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
  28. ^ "Past Tense: A Jack Reacher Novel". www.publishersweekly.com. Retrieved 2020-04-22.

External links

This page was last edited on 27 July 2020, at 00:26
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