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La Follette-Bulwinkle Act

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

La Follette-Bulwinkle Act
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to impose additional duties upon the United States Public Health Service in connection with the investigation and control of the venereal diseases.
NicknamesVenereal Diseases Control and Prevention Act of 1938
Enacted bythe 75th United States Congress
EffectiveMay 24, 1938
Citations
Public lawPub.L. 75–540
Statutes at Large52 Stat. 439
Codification
Acts amendedChamberlain-Kahn Act
Titles amended42 U.S.C.: Public Health and Social Welfare
U.S.C. sections created42 U.S.C. ch. 1, subch. I §§ 25a-25e
Legislative history

La Follette-Bulwinkle Act or Venereal Diseases Control and Prevention Act of 1938 sanctioned federal assistance to U.S. states establishing preventive healthcare for venereal diseases. The United States federal statute commissioned the United States Public Health Service for demonstrations, investigations, and studies as related to the control, prevention, and treatment of opportunistic infections. The public law amended the Army Appropriations Act of 1918 appending the judicial context which created the Division of Venereal Diseases within the Bureau of the Public Health Service.

Passage

The bill was introduced into the U.S. Senate by Robert M. La Follette Jr. of Wisconsin and supported in the House by Alfred L. Bulwinkle of North Carolina. The S. 3290 legislation was passed during the 75th United States Congressional session and enacted into law by the 32nd President of the United States Franklin Roosevelt on May 24, 1938.

Sections of the Act

The Title 42 Section 25 codified law was penned as five sections establishing federal rulings for the Public Health Service enforcement to control and eradicate venereal diseases in the United States as determined by the Surgeon General of the United States.

42 U.S.C. § 25a ~ Assistance to U.S. states
42 U.S.C. § 25b ~ Basis and determination of annual allotments
42 U.S.C. § 25c ~ Quarterly allotments
42 U.S.C. § 25d ~ Prescribe the rules and regulations
42 U.S.C. § 25e ~ Provisions not to limit or supersede existing functions

Approval of Wonder Drug

After the discovery of Penicillium at London's St. Mary's Hospital in 1928, the United States Congress appealed for the antibacterial discovery seeking to diminish the peril of bacterial infection among sexually exploratory populaces.[1]

The 79th United States Congress passed the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act Penicillin Amendment on July 6, 1945.[2] The United States public law required the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to certify and test penicillin samplings validating the effectiveness, potency, purification, and safety of the antibiotic drugs.

Communicable Diseases & Public Health Service Act

The 1960s sexual revolution movement prompt the United States Congress to draft amendments for the Public Health Service Act authorizing control, prevention, and vaccination assistance for communicable diseases. The United States statutes were enacted into law by the 37th President of the United States Richard Nixon and the 38th President of the United States Gerald Ford.

Communicable Diseases Legislative Policies
  • Communicable Disease Control Amendments of 1970[3]
  • Communicable Disease Control Amendments of 1972[4]
  • Disease Control Amendments of 1976[5][6]

In popular culture

By 1914, American exploitation films were produced promoting awareness about hygiene and venereal disease.

Damaged Goods (1914)
Is Your Daughter Safe? (1927)
Damaged Lives (1933)
The Road to Ruin (1934)
Sex Madness (1938)
Sex Hygiene (1942)
To the People of the United States (1943)
Mom and Dad (1945)

See also

August von Wassermann Social hygiene movement
Birth control movement in the United States Thomas Parran Jr.
History of syphilis Tuskegee syphilis experiment
John Friend Mahoney Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test
Mann Act World War II U.S. Military Sex Education

19th & 20th Century Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Organizations

American School Hygiene Association Hospital for Tropical Diseases
American Sexual Health Association London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

19th & 20th Century Medicinal Treatments

Arsphenamine Magic Bullet
Blue mass Mercuric Chloride
Calomel Neosalvarsan
Guaiacum Sulfonamide

Opportunistic Infectious Diseases

Chlamydia trachomatis Neisseriaceae
Gram-negative bacteria Proteobacteria
Herpesviridae Spirochaete
Neisseria gonorrhoeae Treponema pallidum

References

  1. ^ Gaynes, Robert (May 2017). "The Discovery of Penicillin - New Insights After More Than 75 Years of Clinical Use" (PDF). Emerging Infectious Diseases. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 23 (5): 849–853. doi:10.3201/eid2305.161556.
  2. ^ "Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act Penicillin Amendment ~ P.L. 79-139" (PDF). 59 Stat. 463 ~ House Bill 3266. USLaw.Link. July 6, 1945.
  3. ^ "Communicable Disease Control Amendments of 1970 ~ P.L. 91-464" (PDF). 84 Stat. 988 ~ Senate Bill 2264. U.S. Government Printing Office. October 16, 1970.
  4. ^ "Communicable Disease Control Amendments of 1972 ~ P.L. 92-449" (PDF). 86 Stat. 748 ~ Senate Bill 3442. U.S. Government Printing Office. September 30, 1972.
  5. ^ "Disease Control Amendments of 1976 ~ P.L. 94-317" (PDF). 90 Stat. 695 ~ Senate Bill 1466. U.S. Government Printing Office. June 23, 1976.
  6. ^ "S. 1466 ~ Disease Control Amendments of 1976". P.L. 94-317 ~ 90 Stat. 695. Congress.gov. April 17, 1975.

External links

This page was last edited on 17 December 2019, at 03:37
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