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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Replica of the skull of "La Brea Woman" on display, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History
Replica of the skull of "La Brea Woman" on display, Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History

La Brea Woman is the name for the only human whose remains have ever been found in the La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles. The remains, first discovered in the pits in 1914, were the partial skeleton of a woman[1] At around 18-25 years of age at death, she has been dated at 10,220–10,250 cal yr BP.[2]

Museum display

The remains consisted of a cranium, mandible, and post-cranial remains, and were recovered from Pit 10 at the Rancho La Brea tar pits.[3]

They used to be on display in the George C. Page Museum, alongside a life-sized model thought to resemble the woman. The exhibit was removed around 2004. The curator, John M. Harris, was concerned that this display of historic remains might offend Native Americans or attract unwanted attention to its Native American origins, thereby triggering a demand for their return.[4][5][6][7]

In 2009, California forensic artist Melissa R. Cooper created a facial reconstruction based on her skull. The images resulted in controversy regarding their display in addition to ethical questions about the museum’s reason for keeping La Brea Woman in hiding.[8]

Associated dog remains

Human bones were found associated with remains of a domestic dog, and so were interpreted to have been ceremonially interred.[9] In 2016, it was discovered that the dog remains were only 3,000 years old, disproving the idea that it was ceremonially interred with her.[10]

See also


  1. ^ J.C. Merriam (1914) Preliminary report on the discovery of human remains in an asphalt deposit at Rancho La Brea, Science 40: 197-203
  2. ^ Fuller, Benjamin; Southon, John; Fahrni, Simon; Harris, John (March 9, 2016). "Tar Trap: No Evidence of Domestic Dog Burial with "La Brea Woman". PaleoAmerica. 2 (1): 56–59. doi:10.1179/2055557115Y.0000000011.
  3. ^ Technical report for power plant construction. CULTURAL RESOURCES. California Energy Commission, Sacramento, California, December 2000
  4. ^ Wilentz, Amy (20 August 2006). "L.A. Woman". Los Angeles Times.
  5. ^ Arnie Cooper (May 27, 2010). "Sticky Situation at the Tar Pits". LA Weekly.
  6. ^ Burbank, Jon (March 1, 1999). "Tar pits still slowly releasing victims". The Japan Times. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  7. ^ Murphy, William S (April 4, 1987). "La Brea Tar Pits Facility Will Celebrate 10th Anniversary". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
  8. ^ David Ng (November 24, 2009). "The skeleton that the Page Museum doesn't want you to see". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  9. ^ R.L. Reynolds (1985) Domestic dog associated with human remains at Rancho La Brea, Bulletin, Southern California Academy of Sciences 84(2): 76-85
  10. ^ Fuller, Benjamin T.; Southon, John R.; Fahrni, Simon M.; Harris, John M.; Farrell, Aisling B.; Takeuchi, Gary T.; Nehlich, Olaf; Richards, Michael P.; Guiry, Eric J.; Taylor, R. E. (2016). "Tar Trap: No Evidence of Domestic Dog Burial with "La Brea Woman"". Paleoamerica. 2: 56–59. doi:10.1179/2055557115Y.0000000011.
This page was last edited on 28 May 2019, at 02:45
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