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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kybartai
City
Eucharistic Saviour Church
Eucharistic Saviour Church
Flag of Kybartai

Flag
Coat of arms of Kybartai

Coat of arms
Kybartai is located in Lithuania
Kybartai
Kybartai
Location of Kybartai
Coordinates: 54°37′20″N 22°46′0″E / 54.62222°N 22.76667°E / 54.62222; 22.76667
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionSuvalkija
County
Marijampole County flag.svg
Marijampolė County
MunicipalityVilkaviškis district municipality
EldershipKybartai eldership
Capital ofKybartai eldership
First mentioned1561
Granted city rights1856
Population (2011)
 • Total5,631
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Kybartai (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city in Marijampolė County, Lithuania. It is located 20 km (12 mi) west of Vilkaviškis and is on the border of Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • Virtualus Kybartų turas / Virtual Tour of Kybartai, Lithuania
  • Sausio 13 || Kybartai
  • Hepeningas - Kybartai

Transcription

History

Kybartai was founded under the reign of Sigismund I the Old by the colonization efforts of his wife, Bona Sforza. In 1561, it was listed in the land-register of Jurbarkas and Virbalis.

Verzhbolovo Railway Station in Kybartai at about 1900
Verzhbolovo Railway Station in Kybartai at about 1900

When in 1861 a branch of the Saint Petersburg – Warsaw Railway was built from Vilnius to the Prussian border, where it was linked to Prussian Eastern Railway, the Russian border station near the village of Kybartai was named after the neighbouring town of Verzhbolovo (Вержболово), Lithuanian Virbalis, German Wirballen. Meanwhile, Kybartai has become a town bigger than Virbalis and the now Lithuanian border station is called Kybartai, too. The German station of the Prussian Eastern Railway on the western side of the frontier was Eydtkuhnen, today it is the Russian border station and called Chernyshevskoye (Чернышевское).

On June 30, 1941, an Einsatzgruppe of Germans and a few Lithuanian policemen perpetrated a mass execution of the local Jewish population. 106–116 men were murdered in a sand quarry.[1]

From July to Autumn 1941, other Jews from the town were assassinated with hundreds of victims from the nearby town of Virbalis on another execution site.[2]

Persons born in Kybartai


References


This page was last edited on 28 September 2018, at 15:12
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