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Krka monastery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Krka
Manastir Krka - Crkva Sv.arhanđela Mihaila.JPG
Krka monastery
Monastery information
Full nameManastir Krka, Манастир Крка
OrderSerbian Orthodox
Established1345
People
Founder(s)Jelena Nemanjić Šubić
Site
Locationnear Kistanje, Croatia
Public accessYes

The Krka Monastery (Serbian: Манастир Крка, romanizedManastir Krka; Croatian: Samostan Krka) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery dedicated to the Archangel Michael, located near the river Krka, 3 km east of Kistanje, in central Dalmatia, Croatia. It is the best known monastery of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Croatia and it is officially protected as part of the Krka National Park.

History

The oldest extant mention of the monastery was in 1345[citation needed], when it is listed as an endowment of princess Jelena Nemanjić Šubić, half-sister of the Serbian emperor Dušan and wife of Mladen III Šubić Bribirski, Croatian duke of Skradin and Bribir. The monastery was built on top of a Roman site, and Roman burial catacombs exist beneath a part of the church.

The current church of St. Archangel was erected in 1422 on the location of an earlier Gothic structure. Ottoman Turks devastated the church around 1530 but it was restored on several occasions. Other monastery buildings (18th–19th century), the church, and the belfry are situated around a rectangular cloister with arcades.

In mid-17th century monks were forced to flee from the Ottomans and found shelter in Zadar, where pope Innocent X in 1655 gave them two churches, that had previously been in possession of Franciscans of the Third Order, named "Glagolitians" (glagoljaši) . In a subsequent agreement with the Franciscans, the monks declared that they "live in the service of the Greek Church, the old illyrian language."[1]

After Operation Storm in 1995 the monastery was looted, but not significantly, as it was protected by the Croatian authorities, abandoned, and the seminary shut down and relocated to Divčibare and, later, Foča. The monks returned in 1998, however, and the seminary reopened in 2001.[2]

Architectural features

Iconostasis of the monastery
Iconostasis of the monastery

The belltower of this monastery was built in the Romanesque style.[1][3] The complex also includes a chapel of Saint Sava built in the 19th century, under the tutelage of the Serbian Orthodox Bishop of Dalmatia Stefan Knežević, as well as a new building of the seminary and an additional dormitory building. The monastery has its archives and a library with a variety of ancient books and valuable items from the 16th to the 20th century, a collection of wooden icons (St. John the Baptist from the 14th or 15th century, work by the so-called Master of the Tkon Crucifix), silverware and embroideries.

See also

Literature

  • dr. Marko Japundžić: Tragom hrvatskoga glagolizma, KS, Zagreb, 1995., p. 51-54, 978-953-151-060-1

References

  1. ^ a b (in Croatian)Vjesnik In one contract with the Franciscans, the monks of the Krka monastery declared "that they live in the service of the Greek Church of the old Illyrian language" ("žive u službi grčke Crkve staroga ilirskoga jezika").
  2. ^ http://www.eparhija-dalmatinska.hr/Manastiri-Krka-L.htm
  3. ^ Enciklopedija likovnih umjetnosti, 3, Zagreb, 1964., p. 251

External links

  • Website of the Monastery (in English)
  • (in Croatian) Pravoslavni manastir sv. Arhanđela Mihaila na rijeci Krki sagrađen je na temeljima katoličkoga samostana
  • (in Croatian) Banac, Ivo [1] : The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics, Cornell University Press, 1988, ISBN 978-0-8014-9493-2

This page was last edited on 25 May 2021, at 22:31
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