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Kosovo field (Kosovo)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Approximate extent of the Kosovo field plain.
Approximate extent of the Kosovo field plain.

The Kosovo field (Serbian: Косово поље / Kosovo polje, Albanian: Fusha e Kosovës, German: Amselfeld, Hungarian: Rigómező) is a large karst field (polje), a plain located in the eastern part of Kosovo (Kosovo proper). It is mostly known for being the battlefield of the Battle of Kosovo (1389) between the Serbian and Ottoman armies, and many other battles.

Geography

The large karst field is directed northwest–south. The plain stretches from Mitrovica southwards including Obilić, Kosovo Polje (which lies in the centre), Lipljan, and almost to Kaçanik. The region of Kosovo stretches roughly from Ferizaj (Uroševac) to Vučitrn.[1]

It is situated 500–600 m above sea level.[2]

In the central part, to the west, is the Drenica valley.

History

Medieval

The field of Kosovo was in the province of Dardania
The field of Kosovo was in the province of Dardania

The region was an economic hub of the early Eastern Roman Empire in the province of Dardania. Praevalitana (the region before the valley), a province that bordered Dardania was named after the fact that it was located directly to the west of the field. A reference to the field may appear in the early Christian cult of Florus and Laurus of the 4th century AD, which was recorded no earlier than the 6th century AD. In the recorded version in Constantinople, the geographical location of Ulpiana, which was a settlement in the field of Kosovo, is described in Greek as Eucharis Koilas (the Gracious Valley).[3]

Disposition of troops on the Kosovo Field during the Battle of Kosovo.
Disposition of troops on the Kosovo Field during the Battle of Kosovo.

The Kosovo field was the site of the Battle of Kosovo in June 1389, the battlefield northwest of Pristina where the Serbian army fought the Ottoman army.[4] It is for this field, and the battle, that the Kosovo region and contemporary Kosovo, and in turn the historical Kosovo Vilayet and Yugoslav Kosovo and Metohija is named. The modern city of Kosovo Polje is also named after the field.

Serbian ruler Stefan Lazarević (1389–1427) erected a marble column with inscriptions on the field, in memory of his father.[5]

Another Battle of Kosovo (1448) was fought between the Ottoman Empire and Kingdom of Hungary.

Modern history

In 1877, the Kosovo Vilayet was established by the Ottoman Empire.

During World War I the Serbian army retreated to the Kosovo plain by November 1915, then under attack from both sides, the army withdrew across the mountains into Albania.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Dr. Dragan Ćukić (31 December 1971). Kosovo: Znamenitosti i lepote. Uros Maksimovic. pp. 9–. GGKEY:9UYXYK4U200.
  2. ^ Salihu, Salih, Heinrich Grausgruber, and Peter Ruckenbauer. "Agronomic and quality performance of international winter wheat genotypes grown in Kosovo." Cereal Research Communications 34.2 (2006): 957-964.

    Kosovo plain (Rrafshi i Kosovés), which lies 500–600 in above sea level, and is characterised by a longtime annual precipitation of 640 mm year", and a longtime annual mean temperature of 10°C.

  3. ^ Rizos, Efthymios (2017). "Martyrs from the northwest Balkans in the Byzantine ecclesiastical tradition: patterns and mechanisms of cult transfer". The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity Conference. Verlag Bernhard Albert Greiner: 17. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  4. ^ John K. Cox (1 January 2002). The History of Serbia. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-0-313-31290-8.
  5. ^ Michael Grünbart (30 December 2007). Material Culture and Well-Being in Byzantium (400-1453): Proceedings of the International Conference (Cambridge, 8-10 September 2001). Austrian Academy of Sciences Press. p. 197. ISBN 978-3-7001-3602-6.
  6. ^ Ian V. Hogg (1995). Battles: A Concise Dictionary. Harcourt Brace. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-15-600397-1.

This page was last edited on 28 June 2020, at 07:54
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