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Kosovo Pomoravlje

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kosovo Pomoravlje

  • Косовско Поморавље / Kosovsko Pomoravlje  (Serbian)
    Anamorava or Anamoravë  (Albanian)

Binač Pomoravlje[1]
Valley
CountryKosovo
Area
 • Total650 km2 (250 sq mi)
Bridge over a small river flowing through a town
The Binač Morava flows through Vitina.

Kosovo Pomoravlje (Serbian: Косовско Поморавље / Kosovsko Pomoravlje, "Pomoravlje of Kosovo") or Anamorava (Albanian: Anamoravë), is a valley in Kosovo[a], in the southern part of the District of Gjilan surrounding the Binač Morava River. It stretches eastward to the Preševo Valley in southern Serbia. The mountains in this region, rising to an altitude of 1,000–1,200 metres (3,300–3,900 ft), border the Skopska Crna Gora region in neighboring Macedonia north of Skopje.[2] Gjilan, Kosovska Kamenica, Novo Brdo and Vitina are municipalities located in the region. The region gave its name to Kosovo-Pomoravlje District. It is known for recording the lowest temperature in Kosovo: −32.5 °C (−26.5 °F), on 25 January 1963.[3]

Location

Kosovo-Pomoravlje District was a district of Serbia until 1999. After the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo took control in 1999, it was transformed into the District of Gjilan. Pomoravlje is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) long and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) wide. It is bordered by the Skopska Crna Gora mountains in the south and the Goljak in the north, and borders Kosovo field in the west. On the east, it borders the Morava Valley. The region's largest cities are Gjilan and Bujanovac.

Name

The region is known as Kosovsko Pomoravlje (Косовско Поморавље, "Morava Valley of Kosovo") in Serbian and as Lugina e Anamoraves Binçes[citation needed] ("Valley of Binač Morava") in Albanian. Its name is derived from the Binač Morava River, which flows through northern Macedonia, eastern Kosovo and southern Serbia as part of the Great Morava river system.

Geography

Old castle seen from downhill, with power lines in the foreground
Pogragja Castle (Gjilan), next to the Binač Morava

The region includes part of the valley and the Karadak and Koznik mountains. Gjilan has six municipalities and 287 smaller settlements.[4] The spa in Klokot has several thermal springs valued for their medicinal qualities.[5]

Climate

Lake with rolling, wooded hills on the opposite shore
Lake Gjilan in Kosovo

At an altitude of 410 metres (1,350 ft) above sea level, the region has a continental climate with light winds (usually from the northeast). Rainfall is light, and winter often brings snow from the west; northern and western winds tend to bring rain. The region's average annual temperature is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). January's average is −0.9 °C (30.4 °F), and July's is 20.7 °C (69.3 °F).[6][7][better source needed]

Hydrography

River map
The Morava river system

Tributaries of the Morava river system include the Karadak and Lapušnica rivers. The Preševo Valley is a corridor between the Morava and Vardar valleys, and the Morava valley's wetlands are home to many species of birds.

Transportation

Rail traffic passes through the valley near the tributaries.[8][citation needed]

Notes

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 14 later withdrew their recognition.

References

  1. ^ "Binacko Pomoravlje" [Binač Pomoravlje]. bioreference.net. Binačko Pomoravlje (Биначко Поморавље) is a large basin around the river of Binačka Morava;, most of which is located in the southeast of the Serbian province of Kosovo and Metohija, southeastern from Kosovo.
  2. ^ Robert Elsie (15 November 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-0-8108-7483-1.
  3. ^ in Gnjilane - AccuWeather Forecast for Gjilan Kosovo
  4. ^ Академик Божидар Видоески, Говорот на Скопска Црногорија: МЈ, 1954, V, 1, стр.1-30; 2, стр. 109-196: 2 к
  5. ^ "Komunat në rajonin e Gjilanit".
  6. ^ in Gnjilane - Ravine of Lapushnica (Gjilan)- AccuWeather Forecast for Gjilan Kosovo
  7. ^ Riza Çavolli: Geography Regional in Kosovo:,publisher ETMMK, Prishtina, 1997.
  8. ^ -Transporti nė Kosovė Transportation - Kosovo Pomoravlje

Bibliography

  • Urošević, Atanasije (1935). "Горња Морава и Изморник". СЕ3 51, Насеља и порекло становништва 28. Belgrade.
  • Urošević, Atanasije (1931). "Гњилане". Гласник Географског друштва, св. XVII. Belgrade.
  • Urošević, Atanasije (1935). Gornja Morava i izmornik. Mlada Srbnja.

External links

This page was last edited on 1 July 2019, at 16:00
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