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Kolomoki Mounds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kolomoki Mounds
Kolomoki-temple-mound.jpg
Temple Mound
Nearest cityBlakely, Georgia
Coordinates31°28′17.28″N 84°55′45.72″W / 31.4714667°N 84.9293667°W / 31.4714667; -84.9293667
ArchitectUnknown
NRHP reference #66000280
Significant dates
Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHLJuly 19, 1964[2]

The Kolomoki Mounds is one of the largest and earliest Woodland period earthwork mound complexes in the Southeastern United States[3] and is the largest in Georgia. Constructed from 350CE to 600CE, the mound complex is located in southwest Georgia, in present-day Early County near the Chattahoochee River.[2]

The mounds were designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1964.[2][4] Seven of the eight mounds are protected as part of Kolomoki Mounds State Historic Park.[5]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Aerial View Of Kolomoki Mounds, Georgia - Built 1500 Years Ago
  • ✪ KOLOMOKI MOUNDS - SPIRITUAL GATHERING AT TEMPLE MOUND
  • ✪ Kolomoki Mounds St Park
  • ✪ Kolomoki Mounds, Georgia
  • ✪ Kolomoki: Secrets of the Mounds

Transcription

Hey guys, let's take a look at the aerial view of Kolomoki Mounds in Georgia. This site has a total of 8 mounds and it is the largest Mound complex in this state. It covers about 300 acres of land. The site is so large, my quadcopter cannot cover all the mounds. I am only gonna show 2 of them, the largest and the most important ones. Archeologists estimate these mounds were constructed from 350 CE to 600 CE. This is the biggest mound in the complex and is called the Temple mound. It is 56 feet tall;at the base it is 325 feet wide and 200 feet long. In the center, you can see the stairway. The top of the mound was carefully built into a flat area; it would be perfect for helicopters to land here today. It is hard not to think of Mayan Pyramids like Chichen Itza and Palenque because they are also flat topped pyramids, and this mound could have had a large wooden structure on top of it. Believe it or not, the Mayas believe that their ancestors came from the north. So, you can't help but think - is there a connection between Mound Builders and the Mayas? Some archaeologists theorize that Kolomoki was the center of population and activity of a large province that runs through many states today. This could have even been the capital of the mound builder kingdom. The large rectangular area in front of the temple mound is called the Plaza. It could have been used for a variety of purposes. Evidence of a large pole set in a deep pit was found, which shows the mound builders played some kind of a ball game and used it as a goal post. Other Native American tribes improved this in the later centuries into games like Chunkey. The second largest mound at the Kolomoki complex is this conical mound, commonly referred to as Mound D. The conical mound is 20 feet tall, and has a diameter of one hundred feet. This is positioned at the exact center of the Kolomoki site. There are many different types of mounds, for example effigy mounds with animal shapes, temple mounds, with tall, flat platforms, but mounds like these just look like a cone. These are usually burial mounds. Archeologists discovered 77 skeletons here, and locals say at least a dozen of them were giants over 7 feet tall. What looks like a pile of dirt fooled people for a long time. Archaeologists were surprised when they excavated this mound and realized it is the most elaborately constructed mound. Beneath the dirt, is a house like structure with multiple floors built with perfectly arranged wooden logs. The logs were placed upright and mounded with dirt to support them. After placing the dead inside this log house, it was then covered with rocks. Layering of many burials, cremations and log scaffolding continued for several layers, including a mass cremation at the top. One surprising fact is that all the skulls of the mound builders faced directly to the east. The mounds and the mound builders were somehow sending a message to the Gods. These mounds themselves have a strange connection to astronomical events. For example, 3 mounds form the central axis of the site,and align perfectly with the sun at the spring equinox. Two other mounds are aligned with the sun at the summer solstice. This casts a lot of doubt to the standard idea that the Mound Builders could not even read or write. How did they come up with such a large complex with perfect astronomical alignments without reading or writing? Planning of the site requires great vision and remember we are talking about 1500 years ago. It is built on an elevated land surrounded by 3 sides of water. The creeks and lake would not only offer supplies of fresh water, but it would also act as a defense mechanism against intruders. In addition to this, there used to be a protective earthen wall that ran all around the complex, but this wall has been plowed down by early European settlers. The Etowah mounds, which is about 200 miles away is similar in so many of these features. If you get a chance, don't forget to visit this historic landmark. I am Praveen Mohan; I hope this video was of some value to you. Please subscribe and I'll talk to you soon.

Contents

Site characteristics

Kolomoki Mounds State Park is an important archaeological site as well as a scenic recreational area. Kolomoki, covering some three hundred acres, is one of the larger preserved mound sites in the USA.

In the early millennium of the Common Era, Kolomoki, with its surrounding villages, burial mounds, and ceremonial plaza, was a center of population and activity in North America. The eight visible mounds of earth in the park were built between 250-950 CE by peoples of the Swift Creek and Weeden Island cultures. These mounds include Georgia's oldest great temple mound, built on a flat platform top; two burial mounds, and four smaller ceremonial mounds.

As with other mound complexes, the people sited and built the earthworks according to a complex cosmology. Researchers have noted that several mounds are aligned according to astronomical events. For example, mounds A, D, and E, which form the central axis of the site, align with the sun at the spring equinox. Mounds F and D form an alignment with the sun at the summer solstice.

Soils at the Park are mostly dark red sandy loams or loamy sands of the Americus, Greenville, and Red Bay series. Some pale brown sands of the Troup series occur on the western shores of Kolomoki Lake, and at the northern end of the lake is brown or dark gray alluvial loam of the Herod-Muckalee soil association.

Archaeological features

Temple Mound

The Temple Mound is 56 feet (17 m) high and measures 325 by 200 feet (61 m) at the base. Research indicates that it would have taken over two million basket loads carried by individual workers, each holding one cubic foot of earth, to build this mound. The southern half of the mound is three feet higher and was probably the temple platform. From the top of the steps, most of the Kolomoki Archaeological Area can be viewed. Approximately 1,500 - 2,000 residents lived in a village of thatched houses that were built around the large plaza in the center of the complex. It was a place for public ceremonial activities and rituals, including games.

Mound D

Mound D is one of the eight visible mounds at the Kolomoki site. It is a conical mound that is 20 feet (6.1 m) high from the ground. It is centrally located at Kolomoki. Archeologists discovered the remains of 77 burials and ceremonial pottery here. The effigy pottery discovered was shaped in various animal and bird shapes, such as deer, quail and owls.

Mound D was constructed in several stages, each time increasing in size. It began as a square-platform mound that was about 6 feet (1.8 m) tall. This original platform mound was built from yellow clay. Sixty pottery vessels were placed on the east wall including the above effigy pottery.

After many subsequent burials and the addition of more yellow clay in layers, the mound was shaped as a larger circular mound about 10 feet (3.0 m) tall. These burials took place on the eastern side of the mound, and the skulls face eastward, the direction of the rising sun, apparently for religious reasons. Burial objects made from iron and copper and pearl beads were included as ceremonial objects with the burials. Finally, the entire mound was covered with red clay.

Museum

The park's museum was built to incorporate part of an excavated mound; it provides an authentic setting for viewing artifacts. The museum features a film about how this mound was built and excavated.

In March 1974, a thief entered the museum at the park and stole more than 129 ancient pots and effigies, numerous arrowheads, and other treasures. Every artifact on display was stolen. Several years later, many of the pieces were recovered by police and dealers in Miami and St. Augustine, Florida. But, with more than 70 relics still missing, the Georgia Department of Natural Resources (DNR) has sought public help in recovering these artifacts. Archeologists believe the pots are somewhere in Georgia or Florida, perhaps held by dealers or private collectors.[6]

Park Manager Matt Bruner said,

These pieces are an important part of North American history and should be properly protected for future generations to study. They have significant meaning to the Native American people because many were used during burial ceremonies, plus they represent some of the finest craftsmanship of the Kolomoki culture.[6]

He emphasized that the state is more interested in recovering the pots than prosecuting the people who have them.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b c "Kolomoki Mounds". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
  3. ^ "Kolomoki Mounds Historic Park". Georgia Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  4. ^ Francine Weiss and Cecil McKithan (September 1981) National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Kolomoki Mounds, National Park Service and Accompanying two photos, undated
  5. ^ New Georgia Encyclopedia
  6. ^ a b Georgia State Parks & Historic Sites

External links

This page was last edited on 10 May 2019, at 13:24
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