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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Koźle
Kosel in 1st half of 18th century
Kosel in 1st half of 18th century
Koźle is located in Poland
Koźle
Koźle
Coordinates: 50°20′7″N 18°8′45″E / 50.33528°N 18.14583°E / 50.33528; 18.14583
Country Poland
VoivodeshipOpole
CountyKędzierzyn-Koźle
Urban GminaKędzierzyn-Koźle
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

Koźle (German: Cosel) is a district of Kędzierzyn-Koźle (since 1975), Poland and is at the junction of the Kłodnica and Oder rivers, c. 50 km southeast of Opole. The district has a Roman Catholic church, a medieval chateau, remains of a 19th-century fortress and a high school. Koźle's industries include a shipyard and an inland port.

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Transcription

History

First mentioned in the 12th century Gesta principum Polonorum, from 1281 to 1355 Koźle was the seat of an independent Piast duchy. In 1532 it was absorbed to Bohemia, it was besieged several times during the Thirty Years War, and it became a Prussian possession by the 1742 Treaty of Breslau. Frederick II converted it into a fortress[1] which held against Austrian sieges in 1758, 1759, 1760 and 1762. In 1807 it almost withstood[specify] a siege by the Von Deroy brigade of the Bavarian Army, which was allied with Napoleon. The Poles[specify] captured the part of the town east of the Oder during the 1921 Third Silesian Uprising. The Cosel district had a subcamp of Auschwitz III (Monowitz) which operated from April 1, 1944 to January 26, 1945.[2] As part of Silesia, it was among territories obtained by Poland after World War II. However, 6,000 bomb craters were recorded in the Koźle Basin ranging from 16 feet (4.9 m) to 49 feet (15 m) in diameter, as American and British bombers dropped a total of 39,137 bombs in the region starting from February 1943, which was used by the German government for industrial fuel production.[3]

Notable residents

  • Theodor von Scheve (1851–1922), chess master
  • Georg Kaul (1873–1933), politician
  • Erna von Dobschütz (1876–1963), painter
  • Georg Rasel (1882–1945), German artist
  • Kurt Liese (1882–1945), German general
  • Moritz Hadda (1887–1942), Jewish-German architect
  • Heinrich Tischler (1892–1938), German painter
  • Irene Eisinger (1903–1994), singer
  • Georg Wahl (1920–2013), equestrian
  • Hanno von Graevenitz (1937–2007), German diplomat
  • Ullrich Libor (1940–), German sportsman
  • Mathias Fischer (1971–), sportsman

References

  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cosel" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 213.
  2. ^ "6.DV-BEG - Einzelnorm" (in German). Bundesministeriaum der Justiz. Archived from the original on 2009-04-23. Retrieved 2009-12-03.
  3. ^ "6,000 WWII-era bomb craters mapped in Poland". Live Science. 17 March 2021.

Media related to Kędzierzyn-Koźle at Wikimedia Commons


This page was last edited on 29 March 2021, at 03:48
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