To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kitanemuk
Total population
50 (2000)[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( California)
Languages
Kitanemuk language
Religion
animism
Related ethnic groups
Serrano and Tongva[1]

The Kitanemuk are an indigenous people of California. They traditionally lived in the Tehachapi Mountains and the Antelope Valley area of the western Mojave Desert of southern California, United States. Today some Kitanemuk people are enrolled in the federally recognized Tejon Indian Tribe of California.

Language

The Kitanemuk traditionally spoke the Kitanemuk language, a Uto-Aztecan language, probably akin to that of the Takic branch and to the Serrano language in particular, as well as the Tongva and Vanyume languages.[1] Alice Anderton reconstructed the dead language in 1988 from Harrington's notes.[2]

Population

Estimates for the pre-contact populations of most native groups in California have varied substantially. Alfred L. Kroeber (1925:883) proposed a population of 1,770 for the Kitanemuk, together with the Serrano and Tataviam, as 3,500. Thomas C. Blackburn and Lowell John Bean (1978:564) estimated the Kitanemuk alone as 500-1,000.

The combined population of the Kitanemuk, Serrano, and Tataviam in 1910 had fallen to only 150 persons, according to Kroeber.

History

The Kitanemuk were first contacted by the Franciscan missionary-explorer Francisco Garcés in 1769.[1] Some Kitanemuk were recruited and relocated for the Spanish missions of Mission San Fernando Rey de España in the San Fernando Valley, Mission San Gabriel Arcángel in the San Gabriel Valley, and perhaps Mission San Buenaventura at the coast in Ventura County. Therefore, they are sometimes grouped with the Mission Indians.

In 1840, a smallpox epidemic hit the Kitanemuk.[1] Beginning in the 1850s, they were associated with the reservations at Fort Tejon and Tule River. By 1917, some Kitanemuks lived on Tejon Ranch and other lived on the Tule River Reservation,[1] located in Tulare County, California.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Kitanemuk." Four Directions Institute. Retrieved 28 Nov 2012.
  2. ^ Anderton, Alice J. (1988). The language of the Kitanemuks of California (Ph.D.). University of California, Los Angeles.

References

This page was last edited on 16 June 2020, at 13:09
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.