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Kirknewton, Northumberland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kirknewton
Kirknewton - geograph.org.uk - 1600622.jpg

Kirknewton from Yeavering Bell
Kirknewton is located in Northumberland
Kirknewton
Kirknewton
Location within Northumberland
Population108 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid referenceNT912303
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWooler
Postcode districtNE71
Dialling code01668
PoliceNorthumbria
FireNorthumberland
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Northumberland
55°34′01″N 2°08′24″W / 55.5670°N 2.1400°W / 55.5670; -2.1400

Kirknewton is a Northumbrian village in the north of the county of Northumberland, about 6 miles (10 km) from the town of Wooler and roughly the same distance to the Scottish Borders. The village lies in the valley of Glendale, which takes its name from the River Glen, whose source at the confluence of the Bowmont Water and the College Burn lies at the west end of the village. The population as taken at the 2011 Census was less than 100. Details are maintained in the parish of Akeld.

Demography

The parish of Kirknewton was one of the geographically largest in the United Kingdom, but one of the smallest in terms of population, with a count of 108 residents (56 female, 52 male) in the 2001 UK Census. Most residents live in the villages of Kirknewton, Westnewton and Hethpool, with the remainder scattered in remote farms and steadings, many of which are now holiday properties. Prior to the 2011 Census, the parish merged with neighbouring Akeld.

Hethpool

The name Hethpool derives from "Pool at Hetha", from the name of Great Heath, a nearby hill rising to 343 metres (1,125 ft) OD. Alternatively, 'heath pool'.[2] A suburb of Adelaide, South Australia, is known as Heathpool after the first European settler in that area, George Reed, who came from Hethpool/Heathpool in Northumberland.[3]

Economy

Employment in Kirknewton is mainly based around agriculture, although following decline in this industry, most residents either work in the local towns of Wooler or Berwick-upon-Tweed or are retired. The area has a reasonable tourist industry due to the Northumberland National Park which borders the village, and the area's outstanding natural beauty.

Transport

The village of Kirknewton used to be a station on the Alnwick to Cornhill railway, run by the LNER. This branchline carried passengers and goods until the 1950s, when it became uneconomical to run due to dwindling passenger numbers, a competing bus service, and a number of storms which had destroyed parts of the line. The station itself and the station master's house still stand and are used as private residences.

Today, Glen Valley Tours operate the 266 bus service every Wednesday (2 buses per day) from Wooler to Kirknewton and other surrounding villages.[4]

Education

Kirknewton School originally stood near the church. It was one of the earliest schools to be purpose built in Northumberland. It dated from 1794 (the vestry minutes showing the decision to build the school can be viewed in the archives at Woodhorn) and enabled some education to be available for young children. The school was enlarged in 1886, possibly to cater for the larger numbers of children who would need places after the railway came through Kirknewton. There was a stationmaster with his family and three railway cottages together with a railway cottage at Yeavering, all with families and within the school catchment. Built on part of the glebe land in the late 18th century, the school always had connections with the church. In 1964 a new school opened and the old school became the village hall. The new school operated as a Church of England Aided Primary School for 4-11 year olds until 1981, after which – in the county of Northumberland's shift to a three-tier education system – it became a 'First' School, for 4-9 year olds, causing a sudden and dramatic fall in pupil numbers. The old school was eventually knocked down in 1999 and replaced with a new hall which opened in 2001. The school, sadly, did not survive much longer. Despite campaigning by parents, the school eventually closed in 2004, with the four remaining pupils going to nearby Ford First School. The school building has since been demolished, however the site still serves young people as an outdoor centre for the Girl Guides.

The original school building, which became the Village Hall, was itself demolished and replaced with a new purpose-build hall in the early 2000s. This is used for village events on a regular basis, and by a number of local groups and societies.[5]

Religious sites

The church of St Gregory the Great is situated in the middle of the village. Parts of the church date back to Norman times, and it is famous for a carving of the Adoration of the Magi. The carving, on the wall of one of the oldest parts of the church, depicts the Magi, apparently in kilts. However, Christianity has been practised here long before this. In the 7th century, Saint Paulinus baptised Anglo-Saxon King Edwin of Northumbria at York, and subsequently many of his followers in the River Glen at Gefrin, nearby. A monument known as the Gefrin Stone is erected at this location.

Notable people

  • Ann Lambton, usually known as A.K.S. Lambton or "Nancy" Lambton, the historian of medieval and early modern Persia lived in the village.[7]

References

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood Statistics Archived 2011-06-13 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Hethpool". Key to English placenames. University of Notthingham. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  3. ^ "For the Wealthy and Industrious". The Observer (Adelaide). LXXX (5, 960). South Australia. 21 April 1923. p. 40. Retrieved 26 July 2019 – via National Library of Australia.
  4. ^ "266 - Wooler - Kirknewton (Northumberland) – Glen Valley Travel – Bus Times". bustimes.org. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Kirknewton Northumberland". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  6. ^ Ridley, Nancy (1966). Portrait of Northumberland. London: Robert Hale.
  7. ^ "Professor Ann Lambton: Persian scholar". Times, The (London). 23 July 2008. Retrieved 27 July 2008.

External links

This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 10:58
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