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Kensington (Olympia) station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kensington (Olympia) London Underground London Overground National Rail
Kensington Olympia stn Overground look south.JPG
Southbound view from Platform 2
Kensington (Olympia) is located in Greater London
Kensington (Olympia)
Kensington (Olympia)
Location of Kensington (Olympia) in Greater London
Location Olympia
Local authority Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Managed by London Overground
Station code KPA
DfT category C2
Number of platforms 3 (2 National Rail)
(1 London Underground)
Accessible Yes[1]
Fare zone 2
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Increase 1.88 million[2]
2014 Increase 1.95 million[2]
2015 Increase 2.01 million[2]
2016 Increase 2.05 million[2]
2017 Decrease 2.01 million[2]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2012–13 Increase 5.291 million[3]
2013–14 Increase 7.291 million[3]
2014–15 Decrease 7.249 million[3]
2015–16 Increase 10.905 million[3]
2016–17 Decrease 4.118 million[3]
Railway companies
Original company West London Railway
Pre-grouping West London Railway
Post-grouping West London Railway
Key dates
27 May 1844 first station opened
1 Dec.1844 first station closed
2 June 1862 second (present) station opened
1940 station closed
1946 station reopened
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°29′55″N 0°12′39″W / 51.4986°N 0.2108°W / 51.4986; -0.2108
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg
London transport portal
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG
UK Railways portal

Kensington (Olympia) is a combined rail and Tube station between Kensington and West Kensington on the boundary of west and central London. It is managed and served by London Overground and served by Southern and London Underground. It is in Travelcard Zone 2. On the Underground it is the terminus of a short District line branch, built as part of the Middle Circle, from Earl's Court; on the main-line railway it is on the West London Line from Clapham Junction to Willesden Junction, by which many trains bypass Central London. The station's name is drawn from its location in Kensington and the adjacent Olympia exhibition centre.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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Transcription

Contents

History

Opening

A station was opened by the West London Railway as its southern terminus on 27 May 1844 as Kensington, just south of Hammersmith Road; it closed on 1 December that year[4] due to the losses made. A scant and erratic goods service continued,[citation needed] the line re-opened to passengers with a new station also called Kensington on 2 June 1862, to the north of Hammersmith Road.[4] Great Western Railway trains started serving the station in 1863, with London & North Western Railway trains arriving in 1872.[5] A link to the Hammersmith & City Railway enabled the Middle Circle service to operate via Paddington to the north and South Kensington to the south.[citation needed] The station was renamed Kensington Addison Road in 1868.[4]

From 1869, the London & South Western Railway operated trains from Richmond to London Waterloo via Addison Road, until their branch via Shepherd's Bush closed in 1916.[6] By 1907 the Middle Circle had been replaced by four Hammersmith & City line trains an hour. The station appears on the first 'London Underground' map in 1908 with Metropolitan and District Railway services.[7]

Decline

In 1940, Addison Road and the link to the Metropolitan line at Latimer Road closed along with the other West London Line stations after the line was bombed and not considered effective to rebuild.[8] Due to its ability to access all lines radiating from London, and its close location to SHAEF headquarters as well as its relative quietness compared to the main London termini, it became the preferred embarkation point for US Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower during World War II.[9]

On 19 December 1946, the station was renamed Kensington (Olympia)[4] and became the northern terminus of a peak-hour shuttle service to Clapham Junction, which was mainly for workers at the Post Office Savings Bank (later National Savings Bank) in nearby Blythe Road.[10][11] There was also a District line shuttle to Earl's Court. The current District line bay platform opened in 1958, but the 1872 connection between the District and the main line south of the station was not finally lifted until 1992.

The West London Line has always been a main freight route from north of London to the south-east of England, but passenger services at Kensington (Olympia) were minimal-although it was used briefly as a terminus for Western Region trains in 1967 during resignalling work at London Paddington. Until 1986, the only British Rail trains were the peak-hour shuttle service to Clapham Junction (operated by Western Region diesel trains) on the Southern Region and Motorail services; occasional inter-regional InterCity workings also ran through without stopping. London Underground ran a shuttle train from Earl's Court only when an exhibition was on at Olympia. In 1981 the Motorail facility was closed.[12]

Revival

From 12 May 1986, services at the station were greatly enhanced. The London Underground shuttle service started to run to a regular daily schedule, and the inter-regional services from the Midlands and northern England were increased in frequency and now stopped at the station. Southern Region destinations included Brighton, Newhaven Harbour and Dover Western Docks. As part of this the footbridge was painted in InterCity colours.[13][14][15] These were operated by the InterCity division of British Rail, then after privatisation by Virgin CrossCountry and later CrossCountry. Destinations included Birmingham New Street, Liverpool Lime Street, Manchester Piccadilly, Glasgow Central and Edinburgh Waverley, but by the time these services were withdrawn in October 2008 only two daily Brighton–Manchester journeys were operated.[16][17]

There were two bay platforms on the south-eastern side mainly used by services from Clapham Junction. In the early 1990s these were filled in and the southbound platform loop closed, with a shorter platform on the southbound main line built over the loop - longer southbound trains now cross to the northbound loop to stop. The land behind the southbound platform was sold for redevelopment.

There was an Express Dairies creamery and milk bottling plant close to the station served by milk trains from the Great Western Railway from Old Oak Common to a siding adjacent to the station.[18]

Kensington (Olympia) was included in Cold War plans to ensure continuity of government in the event of the Cold War taking a hot turn. If the government took the decision to active its Central Government War Headquarters in Wiltshire civil servants tasked with manning the facility would have been directed to join trains at this station; These trains would have connected with buses at Warminster for further transfer to the headquarters facility.[19]

In 1994, a full passenger service between Willesden Junction and Clapham Junction was reinstated after a gap of 54 years.[20]

Before Eurostar transferred in November 2007 to St Pancras International, Eurostar trains passed through the station going from Waterloo International station to North Pole depot, and the station was a backup terminus for the services should Waterloo International have become unusable with immigration facilities were maintained there.[21][22]

The planned Regional Eurostar and Nightstar services were to call at platform 2 to undertake border control procedures. The services to Plymouth and Swansea were scheduled to change motive power from a British Rail Class 92 to a Class 37/6 here.

The link to the Great Western Main Line at North Pole Junction, 3 miles (4.8 km) to the north, avoiding Paddington station, meant that the station was to play an important role in the Cold War should a nuclear exchange have seemed likely.[23] Secret plans entailed use of the station, in the prelude to a nuclear war, to evacuate several thousand civil servants to the Central Government War Headquarters underground bunker (codenamed "Burlington") in Wiltshire.[24][25][26]

The ticket office was refurbished in 2011 with the upholstered seating, plants and lighting removed. A new double door entrance directly from the ticket office to the platform was installed and the old adjoining covered entrance was bricked up. People were still able to reach the footbridge from the alleyway by the side of the building and through the metal gate adjacent to it, avoiding a longer walk via the platforms. In 2012 the refurbished ticket office was closed and the entrance to the toilets from there blocked off. A new ticket office resembling a small Portakabin was built on the platform opposite the District line platform and the gate to the footbrige padlocked. The public toilets were made accessible from the doors to platform 2.

In Summer 2012, Transport for London said they wanted to introduce ticket gates at the station to combat fare dodgers, which would remove access to the footbridge used by local residents for years.[27] Both the councils within whose boundaries this station falls have stated that they intend to challenge this loss of an established right of way.[28] The plan to remove access to the footbridge was abandoned in April 2013 and instead, ticket gates would be introduced to divide the station and bridge into two separate lanes.[29]

Motorail

The former Motorail terminal, seen here in 2009. Since Motorail services here ceased, the building has been designated "Olympia Motorail Car Park P4".
The former Motorail terminal, seen here in 2009. Since Motorail services here ceased, the building has been designated "Olympia Motorail Car Park P4".

Motorail trains, which carried passengers to many parts of the country, used to terminate here.[30] In the London Midland Region timetable for 1970-71 services are shown to Perth, Stirling, Carlisle, St Austell, Totnes, Newton Abbot and Fishguard (connecting with the ferry for Rosslare).[31] This facility closed in 1981 with operations transferred to Paddington, Euston and King's Cross.[12]

The car park for the service is now used by Earls Court Olympia for exhibition vehicles, and Europcar for car rental and is called "Olympia Motorail Car Park P4".[32][33]

Charter trains

In September 1999 the Kosovo Train for Life that had been loaded at Butterley had its formal send-off event at Kensington Olympia railway station, before continuing via the Channel Tunnel, to Kosovo in conjunction with the Kosovo Force peace-keeping efforts.

Location

The railway forms a borough boundary, with the southbound platform in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, the northbound and London Underground platforms in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.

Name

The station appears in some National Rail maps and timetables as Kensington Olympia but on London Underground and London Overground maps and station signage as Kensington (Olympia) (also used on the latest National Rail "London Connections" map).[34] The variant with brackets is in the London Railway Atlas, published by Ian Allan in 2009.[20] On the automated announcements[35] and the dot matrix indicators on District line trains, the station is shown as Olympia. 'Addison Road Station' appears sculpted into a wall on the eastern pedestrian exit from the station.

Services

National Rail

London Overground Class 378 at Kensington Olympia
London Overground Class 378 at Kensington Olympia

National Rail services are provided by London Overground and Southern.

The London Overground services in trains per hour are:

Southern operate between Milton Keynes Central and East Croydon, typically once an hour.[37]

District line

The District line shuttle to Earl's Court and High Street Kensington runs at weekends and a very limited service also operates during the early morning and evening each weekday. There is no service New Year's Eve or New Year's Day when these days fall on or partly on a weekend.[38]

For a period before December 2011 the District line had an irregular short shuttle service of two or three trains per hour to High Street Kensington via Earl's Court. One late evening train ran daily to Upminster.

Connections

London Buses routes 9, 10, 27, 28, 49, 391, C1; night routes N9, N28 and Green Line routes 701 and 702 serve and pass the station.

Gallery

References

Citations

  1. ^ "TFL: Standard Tube Map" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-02.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  4. ^ a b c d Butt 1995, p. 130.
  5. ^ Davies & Grant 1983, pp. 116-117.
  6. ^ Davies & Grant 1983, pp. 86,120.
  7. ^ For the 1908 London Underground Map see commons.
  8. ^ Davies & Grant 1983, p. 120.
  9. ^ https://museum.wales/industry/images/?action=show_item&item=2579
  10. ^ Glover 2012, pp. 35-36.
  11. ^ Cherry, B.; Pevsner, N. (2002). The Buildings of England, London 3: The North West. London: Yale University Press. p. 223.
  12. ^ a b "In brief" Railway Gazette International January 1982 page 20
  13. ^ "London Underground Ltd and Rapid Transit: Kensington Olympia". Journal of the Transport Ticket Society. Luton: Transport Ticket Society (266): 78. February 1986. ISSN 0144-347X.
  14. ^ "BR unveils InterCity Direct" Railway Gazette International January 1986 page 9
  15. ^ "InterCity Direct breaks the Thames Barrier" Railway Gazette International June 1986 page 395
  16. ^ Elliott, Emily-Ann (12 October 2008). "Train services from Brighton withdrawn". The Argus. Newsquest Media Group. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  17. ^ "The Rise and Fall of Cross Country Train Services to and from Brighton". Andy Gibbs. 15 December 2014. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  18. ^ "The Torrington Milk Train". SVS Films. 21 January 2012.
  19. ^ Government War Book (1962), volume 2, Appendix B. Available at the National Archives as CAB 175/13
  20. ^ a b London Railway Atlas, J. Brown (Ian Allan, 2009)
  21. ^ "Belgian Branch Line News 1996". Ccl.kuleuven.be. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
  22. ^ The Committee Office, House of Commons. "House of Commons - Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs - Fifth Report". Parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  23. ^ "1960s: Cold War cabinet seeks headquarters to withstand nuclear war". The Times. 30 December 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
  24. ^ "Page 5". Subbrit.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
  25. ^ U.K. Government War Book 1962 National Archives Reference CAB 175/13.
  26. ^ Hennessy, Peter (2010). The Secret State : Preparing for the Worst 1945-2010 (2nd ed.). London: Penguin Books. p. 275. ISBN 9780141044699.
  27. ^ https://www.lbhf.gov.uk/Directory/News/Hare_brained_plan_to_close_Olympia_footbridge.asp
  28. ^ https://www.lbhf.gov.uk/Directory/News/Lawyers_challenge_Olympia_bridge_closure.asp
  29. ^ "TfL backs down over plan to ban residents using footbridge". Retrieved 2013-04-28.
  30. ^ "Kensington Olympia Station". Disused Stations. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
  31. ^ London Midland Passenger Timetable 4 May 1970 – 2 May 1971, pp.51-53.
  32. ^ kpmarek No real name given + Add Contact (2 May 2009). "Olympia Motorail Car Park | Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
  33. ^ "London Kensington Car Rental". Europcar. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
  34. ^ "National Rail Enquiries — Maps". Nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
  35. ^ Brackschulze, Kai. "Announcements London Underground District line". haltestellenansage.de. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  36. ^ Table 59 & 176 National Rail timetable, May 2016
  37. ^ Table 66 & 176 National Rail timetable, May 2016
  38. ^ http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/livetravelnews/realtime/track.aspx?offset=weekend

Sources

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
  • Davies, R; Grant, M. D. (1983). London and its railways. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8107-5.
  • Glover, John (2012). London's Overground. Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-711-03524-9.

External links

Preceding station   Overground roundel (no text).svg National Rail logo.svg London Overground   Following station
West London Line
National Rail
National Rail
Shepherd's Bush   Southern
West London Route
  West Brompton
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
TerminusDistrict line
Olympia branch (limited)
  Disused Railways  
National Rail
National Rail
Uxbridge Road
Line open, station closed
  West London Line   West Brompton
Line and station open
Shepherd's Bush
Line and station closed
  L&SWR   West Brompton
Line and station open
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Uxbridge Road
towards Barking
  Metropolitan line   Terminus

This page was last edited on 30 October 2018, at 10:57
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