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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kastamonu
Kastamonu Panaroma Saat Kulesi.jpg
Kastamonu is located in Turkey
Kastamonu
Kastamonu
Coordinates: 41°22′35″N 33°46′35″E / 41.37639°N 33.77639°E / 41.37639; 33.77639
CountryTurkey
ProvinceKastamonu Province
Government
 • MayorTahsin BABAŞ (AKP)
Area
 • District1,834.04 km2 (708.13 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
96,217
 • District
128,537
 • District density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
ClimateCfb
Websitewww.kastamonu.bel.tr

Kastamonu is the capital district of the Kastamonu Province, Turkey. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 102,059 of which 64,606 live in the urban center of Kastamonu.[3][4] (Population of the urban center in 2010 is 91,012.[5]) The district covers an area of 1,834 km2 (708 sq mi),[6] and the town lies at an elevation of 904 m (2,966 ft). It is located to the south of the province.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Kastamonu Gezisi (Kültür Başkenti 2018)
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  • ✪ Kastamonu Kraliçe mezarı definesi böyle tespit edilir 0546 729 31 09 alan tarama

Transcription

One, two, three. Welcome to Kastamonu. Good job guys. Hello everyone from Kastamonu. I am in Kastamonu as a guest of Kastamonu Municipality. I will visit Kastamonu. I will try to show the history, culture, pastırma, "tirit" (boiled minced meat sauce poured on diced stale bread ) and other delicious food. I will spend an amazing 3 days here. Well, why am I in Kastamonu? I will explain that as well. Kastamonu was selected 2018 Culture Capital by International Turkish Culture Organisation (TÜRKSOY). For those who don't know, I will give brief information. TÜRKSOY was found in 1993 by Turkish Republics, Republic of Turkey, and works to transfer Turkish culture, Turkish customs, and Turkish traditions to next generations. I don't want to talk too much. Because there are various places to see in Kastamonu. Then, let's go. Now, we are Mahmutbey Mosque in village region. This is an amazing piece of work. But, I will not explain this place and leave it to Mr. Zühtü. Built during Çandarlıoğlu reign, 7th ruler Adil Bey's son Emir Mahmut time, this mosque is a great example for wooded mosques. There is a simple stone work on the outside and there is an amazing wood and paint work inside. Inside of the mosque is amazing indeed. And this mosque is one of the mosques included in the Heritage List of UNESCO. This is the only work on the list in Kastamonu. Now, in our Kastamonu trip, we are in an old mansion. This place is a handicraft centre and shop. But, inside of the building has a decoration that shows old lifestyle of people in Kastamonu. Let's see this mansion. In our Kastamonu trip, now I am at İsmail Bey Islamic social complex. İsmail Bey is the last ruler of Çandaroğulları. He is the uncle of Mehmet the Conqueror. There, he has an Islamic complex. Behind me, you can see the mosque. I believe, there is also the tomb of his wife and children. Now, we are in tomb of Şeyh Şabani. While we are walking around with our guide, he also told me that Şeyh Şabani Veli of Kastamonu is equavilant of Mevlana in Konya. I think, we will go and see those mausoleum. From mausoleum, we will continue to see Kastamonu and complete the first day. Now, we are at the centre of Kastamonu in "Ev Kaya" Mausoleum. Mausoleum behind me dates back to 7th century B.C to Phyrigians. And therefore, there should be, I will look with the drone as well, a Godess embossment here. Due to that embossment, it is believed that this place is a religous area. There are six stone tombs inside and it is an amazing structure inside the city. Hello to everyone on the second day of our Kastamonu trip. We woke up to a sunny and beautiful day. I took my camera in early morning and head to streets. Today, it is Saturday, I wanted to see Watch Tower and Castle before it gets crowded. I want to show the view from there. I will also give this information about Kastamonu. Augsut 24, 1925. Atatürk visits Kastamonu. And during this visit, he welcomes the public with his hat. He knows that most important indicator of civilisation is cloths. Atatürk says in his speech here: To be completely civilised, we need to change our cloths, our ideas, and our minds. First steps to hat and cloths revolution were taken in Kastamonu. I don't want to talk too much. Let's start our second day with Watch Tower. This building behind me is Watch Tower of Kastamonu. It is approximately 12-meters long. And it is believed that dial on the tower were send by Abdülhamit II. It has an amazing view. There you have a café where you can drink tea. And you can see all Kastamonu up from here. Taste of coffee and tea will be better. If you happen to pass, have a cup of coffee here. And try to come early in the morning. Today, it is Saturday. And I believe it will be crowded in the afternoon. Now, I am planning to go to the Castle, that has the most amazing view of the city. I will go to the castle from here. Let's see on the castle. We continue our trip in Kastamonu. Now, we are visiting Kastamonu, that was selected as 2018 Culture Capital. We are seeing all mansions, streets. But I also want to give brief information of the role of Kastamonu in Çanakkale War. During Çanakkale War, which took place during WWI, and during War of Independence, Kastamonu is one of the cities with highest martyrs. So, I am praying for all our ancestors who died in those wars. Thanks to them, we can freely walk on these lands. So, I would like to add this information about Kastamonu in addition to all others. Role of Kastamonu in our Indepence is extremely important. Known history of Kastamonu dates to Hittite. Phyrigians, Lidians, Persian, Alexander the Great, Romans, Pontus Rum, and Candaroğulları Reign, and in 1460, Mehmet the Conquerer conquers Sinop and Kastamonu and the city is included in Ottomon land. This city has a deep history. So, I am now in the castle. This is a beautifyl castle. The entrance is free. You can take videos, pictures, and visit the castle for free. You can watch Kastamonu from up here. Now, I visited Watch Tower and the Castle. I will go back city and eat something. Let's head back to the city. Now, I want to try pastirma. How much will be enough? 100g, 200g. 100g. I will try 100g. You adviced me to try pastirma. And I want to taste it now. Pastirma looks delicious. Amazing. You can eat this like chips while watching TV shows. Now, I will eat this delicious pastirma while you watch the remaining part of the video. Now, we are in Kastamonu Archeology Museum. We will witness the history of Kastamonu. I told you in the castle as well. The history of Kastamonu dates to Hittite. In this case, it would be a waste to go back without seeing artifacts in the museum. But, before getting inside the museum, I would like to say something to you. Atatürk started hat revolution in Kastamonu. This building behind me is the first place where Atatürk expressed hat revolution. It is inside the museum. They also added an information card here. I wanted to show that. Then, I will get inside the museum. Now, we are in stone works in the museum. This statue behind me is Satin statue. There are amazing statues but I want to show you something here. This behind me is a clay tomb. There are bones inside the tomb. It is interesting. But more interestingly, maybe you saw in Kastamonu pictures. This tomb behind me, the clay tomb, here there is the cap. They are placing the body inside. And there are holes. They are pulling the body and closing the tomb. They made a tomb with cap. These are from Roman period. I also want to show another tomb here. Look. This is a tomb from Roman period. The body of the dead person is still there. Henna, colours, and teardrop bottles are all there. All the personal belonging are here. They are preserved well and restorated. Entrance to Kastamonu Museum is also free. I visited various museums in Turkey. And this is the first time I saw such a museum is free. So, if you are in Kastamonu, I think you should spend one hour in Kastamonu Museum. And witness the history of this beautiful city. Last night, we were guests of Mr. Cem. We ate delicious food. This place here is Kurşunlu Inn. This is one of the most beautiful inns in Kastamonu with delicious food and history. Mr. Cem will explain the history and food. Thank you for visiting Kastamonu and Kurşunlu Inn. Thank you. This place, this inn we are in, was built between 1400 and 1440, by Mr. Kemalettin İsmail, last ruler of Candaroğulları and uncle of Mehmet the Conquerer. This is a hotel with 600-years-old natural look. It is both a hotel and center of Kastamonu gastronomy. Can you talk about your cuisine? We are staying here and the architecture is good. But the foods are amazing as well. Thank you for your kindness. We would like to make better things everyday. Because Kastamonu gastronomy is rich. This cuisine has 840-types of unique dishes. It is a diverse cuisine. Kastamonu is the other face of heaven. If you haven't seen Kastamonu, there is something missing. So, we are inviting you to Kastamonu. You can say hello to Mr. Cem in Kurşunlu Inn. You can taste delicious food here. Thank you very much Mr. Cem. For your time. Thank you. See you later. Now, it is the end of my Kastamonu trip. I spend amazing 2-days. I really enjoyed here. I could stay for another day. There are lots of things to explain in the videos. I was in Kastamonu before. Those who watch me know. I was in Valla Canyon for trekking. Valla Canyon and the nature, actually nature of Kastamonu is one topic. Kastamonu city center is another one. The nature is amazing. Valla Canyon is the second deepest Canyon. Ilgarini Cave. Pınarbaşı Village. Amazing places. I really enjoyed. I really enjoyed Kastamonu city centre. Because this city has lively culture. You can trace the history of the city back to Hittite. And they kept that historical texture. Ottoman mansions, Byzenthium castle, Ev Kaya tombs from Phyrigs. An amazing place. I enjoyed this trip. And I enjoy the food as well. As I have said. It is an amazing escape route from cities like İstanbul and Ankara for the weeked. Kastamonu is an ideal place for that. I don't want to be wordy. Thank you for watching me. Also, I would like to thank Kastamonu Municipality that invited me here. I hope to see you in another trip and in another video. Take care. While I am visiting Kastamonu, I saw three handsome boys. Yasin, Mustafa, and Mikael. How are you guys? Come on. Why don't you talk?

Contents

History

Governor's historical office
Governor's historical office
Kastamonu city center and Nasrullah Bridge.
Kastamonu city center and Nasrullah Bridge.

The city is believed to have been founded in the 18th century BC. The town was known as Timonion (Τιμόνιον in Greek) during the Roman period.[citation needed]

The change of name of the town dates to the 10th century AD. Manuel Erotikos Komnenos, a Thracian soldier who became a prominent general and the father of the Byzantine emperor Isaac I Komnenos, was given lands around Kastamonu by Emperor Basil II and built a fortress there named Kastra Komnenon (Κάστρα Κομνηνών). Manuel came to the notice of Basil II because of his defence, in 978, of Nicaea against the rebel Bardas Skleros.[7] The name Kastra Komnenon was shortened to Kastamone, and later turkified to Kastamoni and Kastamonu.

Ibn Battuta visited the city, noting it as "one of the largest and finest cities, where commodities are abundant and prices low." He stayed there forty days.[8]

The Dress Code Revolution started at Kastamonu by Atatürk on August 23, 1925. Atatürk made his historical speech concerning about the "Hat and Dress Revolution" in 1925 at his visit to Kastamonu at Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi building.[9] The building is now used as Archeological Museum. The materials used by Atatürk in his Kastamonu visit are also exhibited in the museum.

Cuisine

Typical country fare in Kastamonu includes a quick rose jam made with sugared water, citric acid and gül mayası - the latter is a preparation of culinary-grade rose petals with sugar and citric acid that preserves them and brings out their flavor and fragrance. Homemade hot sauce is made by simmering grated tomato, garlic, Turkish red pepper, hot peppers, sunflower oil, salt and pepper on the stove. Sweet katmer is made by preparing a simple unleavened dough of flour, salt and water that is smeared with a tahini and sunflower oil mixture as it is folded.[10]

Breakfast might include farm made cheese, olives, pekmez, fried potatoes, rose jam homemade hot sauce, eggs served hot in the pan (called sahanda yumurta), folded unleavened bread called katmer, fresh farm milk and black tea.[10]

A speciality of Taşköprü, Kastamonu is freshly slaughtered whole lamb slow-cooked over the glowing embers of wood in a sealed, airtight "well" — this regional specialty is called kuyu kebab in Turkish. A little water added to a tray ensures that steam keeps the meat moist throughout the cooking process.[10]

Economic history

In the early 20th century, nickel was mined in the area around Kastamonu.[11]

Education

Kastamonu is home to Kastamonu University, which was established in 2006 by incorporating existing colleges, schools, and institutes that were previously under Ankara University and Gazi University. Notable high schools in Kastamonu are: Abdurrahman Paşa Lisesi, also known as Kastamonu Lisesi, the first modern high school that was established in Anatolia in late Ottoman Empire. Kastamonu Mustafa Kaya Lisesi, an Anatolian high school, one of the most successful high schools in Turkey outside Istanbul, Ankara and İzmir.

Climate

Kastamonu has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb) using the 32 degree isotherm, with cold winters and warm summers. The average annual precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, with spring being the wettest season.

Climate data for Kastamonu (1930–2017)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
21.1
(70.0)
27.8
(82.0)
31.4
(88.5)
35.1
(95.2)
37.5
(99.5)
42.2
(108.0)
40.2
(104.4)
36.5
(97.7)
32.5
(90.5)
24.7
(76.5)
21.1
(70.0)
42.2
(108.0)
Average high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
6.0
(42.8)
10.8
(51.4)
16.5
(61.7)
21.1
(70.0)
24.6
(76.3)
27.8
(82.0)
28.0
(82.4)
23.8
(74.8)
18.0
(64.4)
10.9
(51.6)
4.7
(40.5)
16.3
(61.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.1
(30.0)
0.7
(33.3)
4.3
(39.7)
9.5
(49.1)
14.2
(57.6)
17.6
(63.7)
20.3
(68.5)
20.0
(68.0)
15.7
(60.3)
10.7
(51.3)
5.1
(41.2)
0.8
(33.4)
9.8
(49.6)
Average low °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.3
(37.9)
7.5
(45.5)
10.4
(50.7)
12.3
(54.1)
12.2
(54.0)
8.8
(47.8)
5.1
(41.2)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
4.1
(39.4)
Record low °C (°F) −26.9
(−16.4)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−8.5
(16.7)
−3.6
(25.5)
0.2
(32.4)
3.8
(38.8)
0.9
(33.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
−7.5
(18.5)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−23.7
(−10.7)
−26.9
(−16.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29.9
(1.18)
27.0
(1.06)
34.5
(1.36)
51.8
(2.04)
74.1
(2.92)
71.4
(2.81)
31.8
(1.25)
31.2
(1.23)
30.1
(1.19)
35.3
(1.39)
29.1
(1.15)
33.8
(1.33)
480.0
(18.90)
Average precipitation days 12.4 11.3 12.0 12.9 14.5 11.8 6.2 5.7 6.5 9.1 9.6 11.9 123.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 71.3 101.7 142.6 174.0 226.3 258.0 306.9 294.5 222.0 173.6 114.0 62.0 2,146.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 2.3 3.6 4.6 5.8 7.3 8.6 9.9 9.5 7.4 5.6 3.8 2.0 5.9
Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service[12]

Transport

Kastamonu Airport
Kastamonu Airport

The main bus station has bus links to most major Turkish cities. Kastamonu Airport is active. Kastamonu is also the main railroad endpoint for the West Black Sea region.

Notable natives

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute. "Census 2000, Key statistics for urban areas of Turkey" (in Turkish). Archived from the original (XLS) on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
  4. ^ GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units". Retrieved 2008-11-22.
  5. ^ Statistical Institute[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Statoids. "Statistical information on districts of Turkey". Retrieved 2008-11-22.
  7. ^ Runciman, pp. 54-55
  8. ^ Battutah, Ibn (2002). The Travels of Ibn Battutah. London: Picador. p. 117. ISBN 9780330418799.
  9. ^ İğdemir, Uluğ (1963). Atatürk. Mango, Andrew (trans.). Ankara: Turkish National Commission for UNESCO. pp. 165–170. OCLC 75604149.
  10. ^ a b c Lezzet Haritası - Kastamonu /29 Kasım. Show TV. Retrieved 2018-07-30.
  11. ^ Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 106.
  12. ^ "Resmi İstatistikler: İllerimize Ait Genel İstatistik Verileri" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Archived from the original on 22 February 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2019.

References

Further reading

  • Boğaç A. Ergene: Local Court, Provincial Society and Justice in the Ottoman Empire, Legal Practice and Dispute Resolution in Çankırı and Kastamonu (1652-1744). Studies in Islamic Law and Society, volume 17, Brill, Leiden, 2003. ISBN 90-04-12609-0.

External links

This page was last edited on 21 September 2019, at 21:54
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