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Karluk languages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Karluk (Qarluq)
Southeastern Turkic
Geographic
distribution
Central Asia
Linguistic classificationTurkic
Early form
Subdivisions
  • Western Turki
  • Eastern Turki
GlottologNone
uygh1240  (Eastern Karluk (Uyghur))[1]
uzbe1247  (Western Karluk (Uzbek))[2]
Lenguas karluk.png
  Western Karluk     Eastern Karluk

The Karluk languages (also known as the Qarluq or Southeastern Common Turkic languages) are a sub-branch of the Turkic language family that developed from the varieties once spoken by Karluks.[3]

Many Middle Turkic works were written in these languages. The language of the Kara-Khanid Khanate was known as Turki, Ferghani, Kashgari or Khaqani. The language of the Chagatai Khanate was the Chagatai language.

Karluk Turkic was spoken in the Kara-Khanid Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Yarkent Khanate and the Uzbek speaking Khanate of Bukhara, Emirate of Bukhara, Khanate of Khiva and Kokand Khanate.

Karluk languages by native speakers

The Turkic languages are a language family of at least 35 [4] documented languages, spoken by the Turkic peoples. The number of speakers derived from statistics or estimates (2019) and were rounded:[5] [6]

Number Name Status Native Speakers Main Country
1 Uzbek language Normal 27,000,000  Uzbekistan
2 Uyghur language Normal 11,000,000  China
3 Äynu language Critically endangered 6,000  China
4 Ili Turki language Severely endangered 100  China
Total Karluk languages Normal 38,000,000  Uzbekistan

Classification

Proto-Turkic Common Turkic Karluk Western
Eastern

List of languages

References

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Modern Uyghur-Uzbek". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Uzbek". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ 1000 languages: living, endangered, and lost. By Peter K. Austin
  4. ^ Dybo A.V., Chronology of Türkic languages and linguistic contacts of early Türks, Moscow, 2007, p. 766, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-03-11. Retrieved 2005-03-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) (In Russian)
  5. ^ https://www.ethnologue.com/
  6. ^ https://glottolog.org/


This page was last edited on 3 January 2020, at 15:45
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