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Junkers Ju 488

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ju 488
Junkers Ju 488 sketch.jpg
Sketch of the Ju 488
Role Heavy bomber
Manufacturer Junkers
Primary user Luftwaffe
Number built incomplete prototype only
Developed from Junkers Ju 188
Junkers Ju 288
Junkers Ju 388

The Junkers Ju 488 was a proposed heavy strategic bomber, to be used by Nazi Germany in World War II but the project never got past the prototype, which was destroyed in a raid by the French Resistance.[1]

To produce an advanced four engined strategic bomber for the Luftwaffe, a proposal was made in 1944 by Junkers to create a simplified design by combining sub-assemblies of the Ju 188, Ju 288, and Ju 388 (especially its cockpit) to new inner wing panels and midsection fuselage assemblies. This would result in a sleek aircraft with a length of almost 20.4 m (67 ft) and a wingspan of nearly 31.4 m (103 ft). The Ju 488 was to be initially powered by four BMW 801J radial engines, with each engine nacelle having a standard Ju 88-style rearwards-retracting single strut main landing gear unit, rotating through 90° to lie flat (with the main wheel above the end of the strut) within each of the nacelles. Later versions — as with a growing number of late-war German twin and multi-engined combat aircraft design proposals — were to be powered by four of the very troublesome 24-cylinder Jumo 222 liquid-cooled multibank inline engines. The first two prototypes, Ju 488 V401 and V402 had fuselage sections constructed at the Latécoère factory in France, while the other components were being prepared at Junkers factories in Germany.

The Junkers Ju 488 represented the last, and most serious, challenge to Heinkel, in that German aviation's firm efforts to promote the Heinkel He 277 to production status as the Amerika Bomber, and on which all design work stopped early in April 1944, with the Ju 488 being abandoned later that year.

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Transcription

Contents

Specifications (Ju 488A - estimated)

Data from War Planes of the Second World War: Volume Ten Bombers and Reconnaissance Aircraft[2]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 20 mm MG 151 cannons in Fernbedienbare Drehlafette FDL 151Z remotely operated dorsal turret, and 2 × 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns in Hecklafette HDL 131Z remote tail turret
  • Bombs: up to 5,000 kg (11,023 lb) of disposable stores in internal bay

References

  1. ^ Luftwaffe, Secret Bombers of the Third Reich by Dan Sharp. published by Mortons Media Group Ltd
  2. ^ Green 1968, p. 175.

Sources

  • Filly, Brian. Junkers Ju 88 in Action, part 2. Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1991.
  • Green, William. War Planes of the Second World War:Volume Ten Bombers and Reconnaissance Aircraft. London:Macdonald, 1968.
  • Green, William. Warplanes of the Third Reich. London: Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., 1970. ISBN 0-356-02382-6.
  • Smith, J.R. and Kay, Anthony. German Aircraft of the Second World War. London: Putnam and Company, Ltd., 1972. ISBN 0-370-00024-2.

External links

This page was last edited on 8 September 2019, at 09:00
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