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Junius F. Wells

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Junius Free Wells (June 1, 1854 – April 15, 1930)[1] was the first head of the Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association, an organization which is today the Young Men organization of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). He also was a magazine founder, an author, and the chief organizer of the LDS Church's efforts to build a number of historical monuments in the early 1900s.

Early Life and education

Born in Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, Wells was the son of LDS Church leader Daniel H. Wells and his fourth wife, Hannah Corrilla Free. He studied at the University of Deseret.

On 17 June 1879 Wells married Helena Middleton Fobes.[2]

Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association leadership

In 1875, church president Brigham Young organized the Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association. The first implementation of the organization was in the Salt Lake 13th Ward, with Junius F. Wells as president.[3] Among his counselors was Heber J. Grant.

In 1876, Young selected Wells to lead the organization throughout the church. In 1880, John Taylor released Wells from his duties and revised the leadership of the YMMIA, appointing Wilford Woodruff as the general superintendent. After Wells's release, the church's organization for young men would be led by general authorities of the church until 1935.

The Contributor and other works

Wells was also the founding editor and publisher of The Contributor, an independent publication that sought to represent the YMMIA and the church's equivalent organization for young women. Wells continued in these roles until 1892, when the magazine was purchased by the Cannon family and Abraham H. Cannon became the editor and publisher. The Contributor ceased publication in 1896.

Wells was also the author of eleven biographies, including those of John C. Frémont, Thomas L. Kane, Charles C. Rich, James A. Garfield, and Orson Pratt.[4] He also authored numerous articles and short stories, the majority of which appeared in The Contributor.

Mormon historical monuments

In 1884, Wells visited the birthplace of church founder Joseph Smith in Sharon, Vermont, and conceived a plan to build a monument to the Mormon prophet.[5] Under the direction of Joseph F. Smith, Wells oversaw the construction of the Joseph Smith Birthplace Memorial in 1905. The monument was dedicated by Smith on December 23, 1905, the 100th anniversary of Joseph Smith's birth.[6] Wells also was the chief organizer in having a monument erected by the church to the Three Witnesses in Richmond, Missouri, in 1911.[7]

Other works created by Wells included the Hyrum Smith monument created in Salt Lake City in 1918.

From 1921 to 1930 Wells was Assistant Church historian. Among other works in this position he arranged for the purchase of the class plate negatives of George Edward Anderson's work.

Junius F. Wells Award

In 2005, the Mormon Historic Sites Foundation created the Junius F. Wells Award, to be awarded to individuals who promote the purposes of the Foundation.

Award recipients

Missionary service

As of 1919 Wells was serving as the chief assistant to George Albert Smith in running the British and European missions.[13] He also served another mission to Britain.


Wells died in the Hotel Utah in Salt Lake City, Utah, at age 75.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b State of Utah Death Certificate
  2. ^ Richard N. Holzapfel. "Junius F. Wells" in Arnold K. Garr, Donald Q. Cannon and Richard O. Cowan ed, Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History, p, 1326
  3. ^ "20. Tying It to the Priesthood: Harold B. Lee's Restructuring of the Young Men Organization | Religious Studies Center". Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  4. ^ Mormon Literature Database: Junius Free Wells.
  5. ^ Susa Young Gates, "Memorial Monument Dedication", Improvement Era, Feb. 1906.
  6. ^ Mormon Historic Sites Registry: Joseph Smith Monument Archived 2006-11-09 at
  7. ^ Junius F. Wells, "The Oliver Cowdery Monument at Richmond, Missouri," Improvement Era, Vol. 15, No. 3, Jan. 1912.
  8. ^ Junius F. Wells Award.
  9. ^ Shaun D. Stahle, "Preserving the past: President Hinckley honored with Junius F. Wells Award", Church News, 2005-05-21.
  10. ^ R. Scott Lloyd, "Anderson pillars: Brothers honored for pivotal work in history, research", Church News, 2006-11-18.
  11. ^ R. Scott Lloyd, "Elder Ballard given history award: Loss of Church's pioneer legacy would be 'irreplacable,' he says", Church News, 2007-10-20. p. 7.
  12. ^ R. Scott Lloyd, "Life of building: Florence S. Jacobsen honored for preserving Church sites", Church News, 2010-05-01.
  13. ^ Woodger, Mary Jane. Against the Odds: The Life of George Albert Smith. p. 137
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles
First Superintendent of the
Young Men’s Mutual Improvement Association

Succeeded by
Wilford Woodruff
This page was last edited on 10 April 2020, at 19:37
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