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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jugovizija, Cyrillic: Југовизија, English: Yugovision, was the Yugoslav national final to select their entry for the Eurovision Song Contest, organized by the Yugoslav broadcaster Yugoslav Radio Television (JRT) and its subnational public broadcasting centers based in the capitals of each of the constituent republics of the Yugoslav federation: SR Bosnia and Herzegovina (RTV Sarajevo), SR Croatia (RTV Zagreb and RTV Split), SR Macedonia (RTV Skopje), SR Montenegro (RTV Titograd), SR Serbia (RTV Belgrade) and SR Slovenia (RTV Ljubljana) and also the broadcasting services of the autonomous provinces within SR Serbia: SAP Kosovo (RTV Prishtina) and SAP Vojvodina (RTV Novi Sad). The first subnational public broadcasters to compete in 1961 were RTV Belgrade, RTV Ljubljana and RTV Zagreb, while the others joined in the following years.[1]

Jugovizija was the original title for the festival. But when the festival was staged in Opatija for several years in the 1970s, it began being known as Festival Opatija. In 1981, it began to be known in Serbian as Jugoslavenski izbor za Pesmu Evrovizije and in Croatian as Jugoslavenski izbor za Pjesmu Eurovizije.

Format of the contest

Year Date Host city and venue Host of the show Format of the contest Number of contestants Voting system
1961 16 February Ljubljana Slovene National Theatre Drama, Ljubljana (SLO) Milanka Bavcon Final only 9 Eight-member jury of experts, one juror for each of the six republics and the two autonomous provinces
1962 23 January RTV Zagreb Studios, Zagreb (CRO) Mladen Delić 12
1963 1 February Venue unknown, Belgrade (SRB) Host unknown 8
1964 5 February Delavski Dom, Trbovlje (SLO) Helena Koder
1965 6 February Radnički Dom, Zagreb (CRO) Željka Marković 14
1966 23 January Dom Sindikata, Belgrade (SRB) Mića Orlović 13
1967 19 February RTV Ljubljana Studios, Ljubljana (SLO) Tomaz Tercek 15 The winner was chosen by eight-member jury of experts, one juror from each of the subnational public broadcasters of JRT
1968 25 February RTV Skopje Studios, Skopje (MKD) Vesna Nestorović, Kristina Remskar, Dubravka Cecez, Snežana Lipkovska, Rosanda Kovijanić and Helga Vlahović The winner was chosen by the votes of a mixed jury of experts and citizens, one juror from each of the subnational public broadcasters of JRT, and three non-experts - citizens
1969 5 February RTV Zagreb Studios, Zagreb (CRO) Oliver Mlakar 17
1970 14 February RTV Belgrade Studios, Belgrade (SRB) Mića Orlović 15
1971 20 March Komunalni center Hall, Domžale (SLO) Helena Koder and Ljubo Jelčić 9 The winner was chosen by the votes of 10 juries in five cities and towns in each Yugoslav Republic, a total of 400 jurors
1972 12 Februaruy Skenderija Center, Sarajevo (BIH) Mirjana Jančić 12
1973 1-3 March Crystal Hall of the Hotel Kvarner, Opatija (CRO) Helga Vlahović and Oliver Mlakar 2 semi-finals and a final 12 finalists (36 semi-finalists) A 40-member jury from 5 cities and towns from each of the each of the six republics and the two autonomous provinces. In the semi-finals, jurys gave each song a "Yes" or "No", depending on whether they wanted to see the song qualify for the final. In the final, jurys gave each song points between 1–9.
1974 28 February-2 March Oliver Mlakar, Ljiljana Trajkovska, Milanka Bavcon and Mića Orlović The winner was chosen by eight-member jury of experts, one juror from each of the subnational public broadcasters of  JRT
1975 13-15 February Oliver Mlakar 14 finalists (33 semi-finalists)
1976 20-21 February 1 semifinal and a final 16 finalists and 21 semi-finalists
Jugovizija not held in 1977
1978 18 February Crystal Hall of the Hotel Kvarner, Opatija (CRO) Oliver Mlakar, Helga Vlahović, Milanka Bavcon and Mića Orlović Final only 16 Eight-member jury of, one juror from each of the subnational public broadcasters of  JRT
1979 3 March Oliver Mlakar and Helga Vlahović 18
1980 19 February
1981 28 February Studio IX - RTV Belgrade Studios, Belgrade (SRB) Minja Subota and Helga Vlahović 16 Eight seven-member regional juries, one jury for each of the subnational public broadcasters of  JRT. Jurors gave points on a scale 1 - 5 to their favourite songs, which then were converted into Eurovision style grading system with the ascending format of going from 1-8 points, 10 points and finally 12 points. The subnational public broadcasters could not vote for their own entries.
1982 12 March Studio 1 - RTV Ljubljana Studios, Ljubljana (SLO) Miša Molk Eight seven-member regional juries of non-experts, of age 16 - 50 (3-5 jurors over 50, and 3-4 under 25), one jury for each of the subnational public broadcasters of  JRT. Jurors gave points on a scale 1 - 5 to their favourite songs, which then were converted into Eurovision style grading system with the ascending format of going from 1-8 points, 10 points and finally 12 points.
1983 4 March Studio M - RTV Novi Sad Studios, Novi Sad (VOJ) Dina Čolić Eight seven-member regional juries, one jury for each of the subnational public broadcasters of  JRT. Juries vote according to the Eurovision style grading system with the ascending format of going from 1-8 points, 10 points and finally 12 points.
1984 23 March Universal Hall, Skopje (MKD) Marija Damjanovska Eight seven-member regional juries of non-experts, of different age and gender (in 3:4 ratio: younger - older, female - male), one jury for each of the subnational public broadcasters of  JRT. Jurors gave points on a scale 1 - 5 to their favourite songs, which then were converted into Eurovision style grading system with the ascending format of going from 1-8 points, 10 points and finally 12 points. The subnational public broadcasters could not vote for their own entries.
1985 2 March Studio 5 - RTV Zagreb Studios, Zagreb (CRO) Ana Brbora 15 Eight three-member regional juries, one jury for each of the participating subnational public broadcasters of  JRT.
1986 7 March Boro i Ramiz' Hall, Prishtina (KOS) Enver Petrovci 16 Eight regional juries, one jury for each of the subnational public broadcasters of  JRT. Juries vote according to the Eurovision style grading system with the ascending format of going from 1-8 points, 10 points and finally 12 points. The subnational public broadcasters could not vote for their own entries.
1987 7 March Sava Centar Congress Hall, Belgrade (SRB) Dubravka Milošević 24 Eight regional three-member juries, one jury for each of the subnational public broadcasters of  JRT. Each of the jurors, 24 in total, gave points to their favorite songs according to a system with the ascending format of going from 1–3, 5 and finally 7 points. The subnational public broadcasters could vote for their own entries.
1988 12 March Cankar Centre, Ljubljana (SLO) Miša Molk and Bogdan Barovič 15
1989 4 March Great Hall of the Serbian National Theatre, Novi Sad (VOJ) Dina Čolić and Boško Negovanović 16
1990 3 March Jazine Sports Hall, Zadar (CRO) Ana Brbora-Hum, Branko Uvodić Eight regional three-member juries, one jury for each of the subnational public broadcasters of JRT. At least two professionals within the music industry, and one under age of 30. Each of the jurors, 24 in total, gave points to their favorite songs according to a system with the ascending format of going from 1–3, 5 and finally 7 points. The subnational public broadcasters could vote for their own entries.
1991 9 March Studio 7 - RTV Sarajevo Studios, Sarajevo (BIH) Draginja Balac, Senad Hadžifejzović
1992 28 March RTV Belgrade Studios, Belgrade (SRB) Radoš Bajić 20 15-member jury of experts of  JRT. Each of the jurors gave points to their favorite songs according to a system with the ascending format of going from 1–3, 5 and finally 7 points.

List of winners

Table key
1
Winner
13
Last place
DNP
Entry selected but did not compete
DNP
National final not held, did not compete
Year Host city Winner Artist Song Language Eurovision
1961 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Ljubljana (SLO) Socialist Republic of Slovenia RTV Ljubljana Ljiljana Petrović "Neke davne zvezde" Serbo-Croatian 8th
1962 Socialist Republic of Croatia Zagreb (CRO) Socialist Republic of Slovenia RTV Ljubljana Lola Novaković "Ne pali svetlo u sumrak" Serbo-Croatian 4th
1963 Socialist Republic of Serbia Belgrade (SRB) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Vice Vukov "Brodovi" Serbo-Croatian 11th
1964 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Trbovlje (SLO) Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina RTV Sarajevo Sabahudin Kurt "Život je sklopio krug" Serbo-Croatian 13th
1965 Socialist Republic of Croatia Zagreb (CRO) Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina RTV Sarajevo Vice Vukov "Čežnja" Serbo-Croatian 12th
1966 Socialist Republic of Serbia Belgrade (SRB) Socialist Republic of Slovenia RTV Ljubljana Berta Ambrož "Brez Besed" Slovene 7th
1967 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Ljubljana (SLO) Socialist Republic of Slovenia RTV Ljubljana Lado Leskovar "Vse rože sveta" Slovene 8th
1968 Socialist Republic of Macedonia Skopje (MKD) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Dubrovački trubaduri "Jedan dan" Serbo-Croatian 7th
1969 Socialist Republic of Croatia Zagreb (CRO) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb 4M "Pozdrav svijetu" Serbo-Croatian 13th
1970 Socialist Republic of Serbia Belgrade (SRB) Socialist Republic of Slovenia RTV Ljubljana Eva Sršen "Pridi, dala ti bom cvet" Slovene 11th
1971 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Domžale (SLO) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Krunoslav Slabinac "Tvoj dječak je tužan" Serbo-Croatian 9th
1973 Socialist Republic of Croatia Opatija (CRO) Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina RTV Sarajevo Zdravko Čolić "Gori vatra" Serbo-Croatian 15th
1974 Socialist Republic of Croatia Opatija (CRO) Socialist Republic of Serbia RTV Belgrade Korni Grupa "Moja generacija" Serbo-Croatian 12th
1975 Socialist Republic of Croatia Opatija (CRO) Socialist Republic of Slovenia RTV Ljubljana Pepel in Kri "Dan ljubezni" Slovene 13th
1976 Socialist Republic of Croatia Opatija (CRO) Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina RTV Sarajevo Ambasadori "Ne mogu skriti svoju bol" Serbo-Croatian 17th
Jugovizija not held in 1977 DNP
1978 Socialist Republic of Croatia Opatija (CRO) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Oliver Dragojević "Zbogom ostaj ljubavi" Serbo-Croatian DNP
1979 Socialist Republic of Croatia Opatija (CRO) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Tereza Kesovija "Disco" Serbo-Croatian DNP
1980 Socialist Republic of Croatia Opatija (CRO) Socialist Republic of Macedonia RTV Skopje Maja Odžaklijevska "Vraćam se" Serbo-Croatian DNP
1981 Socialist Republic of Serbia Belgrade (SRB) Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina RTV Sarajevo Seid Memić "Vajta" "Lejla" Serbo-Croatian 15th
1982 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Ljubljana (SLO) Socialist Republic of Serbia RTV Belgrade Aska "Halo, Halo" Serbo-Croatian 14th
1983 Socialist Republic of Serbia Novi Sad (VOJ) Socialist Republic of Montenegro RTV Titograd Danijel "Džuli" Serbo-Croatian 4th
1984 Socialist Republic of Macedonia Skopje (MKD) Socialist Republic of Montenegro RTV Titograd Vlado & Isolda "Ciao, amore" Serbo-Croatian 18th
1985 Socialist Republic of Croatia Zagreb (CRO) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Zorica Kondža & Josip Genda Pokora Serbo-Croatian DNP
1986 Socialist Republic of Serbia Prishtina (KOS) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Doris Dragović "Željo moja" Serbo-Croatian 11th
1987 Socialist Republic of Serbia Belgrade (SRB) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Novi Fosili "Ja sam za ples" Serbo-Croatian 4th
1988 Socialist Republic of Slovenia Ljubljana (SLO) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Srebrna Krila "Mangup" Serbo-Croatian 6th
1989 Socialist Republic of Serbia Novi Sad (VOJ) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Riva "Rock Me" Serbo-Croatian 1st
1990 Socialist Republic of Croatia Zadar (CRO) Socialist Republic of Croatia RTV Zagreb Tajči "Hajde da ludujemo" Serbo-Croatian 7th
1991 Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo (BIH) Socialist Republic of Serbia RTV Belgrade Bebi Dol "Brazil" Serbo-Croatian 21st
1992 Socialist Republic of Serbia Belgrade (SRB) Socialist Republic of Serbia RTV Belgrade Extra Nena "Ljubim te pesmama" Serbo-Croatian 13th

The two Yugoslav socialist autonomous provinces; SAP Kosovo (RTV Prishtina) and SAP Vojvodina (RTV Novi Sad) have never won the Jugovizija. SR Croatia were the most successful constituent republic, as its performers won the national contest 13 out of the 31 times, all from RTV Zagreb. They have also hosted 12 national finals.[2]

From 1977 to 1980, and again in 1985, Yugoslavia did not participate in the contest. Yugoslavia intended to enter the contest in 1985. However, due to the Contest being held on the national memorial day marking the fifth anniversary of former Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito's death, broadcasting any musical program wasn't allowed and JRT was forced to withdraw.[3] In 1977 the national final was not held.

Language of the winning entry

Language Years
Croatian 15 (1963, 1965, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1978, 1979, 1983, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990)
Serbian 7 (1961, 1962, 1974, 1980, 1982, 1991, 1992)
Serbo-Croatian 5 (1964, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1984)
Slovene 4 (1966, 1967, 1970, 1975)

Hostings and victories

Broadcaster Federal Unit Hostings Victories
RTV Zagreb Socialist Republic of Croatia SR Croatia 12 (1962, 1965, 1969, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1985, 1990) 13 (1963, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1978, 1979, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990)
RTV Ljubljana Socialist Republic of Slovenia SR Slovenia 6 (1961, 1964, 1967, 1971, 1982, 1988) 6 (1961, 1962, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1975)
RTV Belgrade Socialist Republic of Serbia SR Serbia 6 (1963, 1966, 1970, 1981, 1987, 1992) 4 (1974, 1982, 1991, 1992)
RTV Sarajevo Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina SR Bosnia and Herzegovina 2 (1972, 1991) 5 (1964, 1965, 1973, 1976, 1981)
RTV Skopje Socialist Republic of Macedonia SR Macedonia 2 (1968, 1984) 1 (1980)
RTV Titograd Socialist Republic of Montenegro SR Montenegro 0 2 (1983, 1984)
RTV Novi Sad Socialist Republic of Serbia SAP Vojvodina 2 (1983, 1989) 0
RTV Prishtina Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo SAP Kosovo 1 (1986) 0
RTV Split Socialist Republic of Croatia SR Croatia 1980 0

Appearances and entries

Broadcaster Federal Unit Appearances Appearances in the final First Appearance Last Appearance Entries Entries in the final
RTV Zagreb Socialist Republic of Croatia SR Croatia 30 30 1961 1991 92 87
RTV Belgrade Socialist Republic of Serbia SR Serbia 30 30 1961 1992 84 79
RTV Ljubljana Socialist Republic of Slovenia SR Slovenia 30 30 1961 1991 82 76
RTV Sarajevo Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina SR Bosnia and Herzegovina 29 29 1962 1992 73 65
RTV Skopje Socialist Republic of Macedonia SR Macedonia 24 22 (1963) 1965 1991 60 51
RTV Titograd Socialist Republic of Montenegro SR Montenegro 21 19 (1963) 1968 1992 37 34
RTV Novi Sad Socialist Republic of Serbia SAP Vojvodina 19 18 (1963) 1974 1992 34 31
RTV Prishtina Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo SAP Kosovo 18 16 (1963) 1974 1992 34 28
RTV Split Socialist Republic of Croatia SR Croatia 2 2 1979 1980 4 4

Host cities

Contests City Federal Unit Venue Years
7 Opatija Socialist Republic of Croatia SR Croatia Hotel Kvarner 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980
6 Belgrade Socialist Republic of Serbia SR Serbia RTV Belgrade Studios
Sava Centar
Dom Sindikata
Venue unknown
1970, 1981, 1992
1987
1966
1963
4 Zagreb Socialist Republic of Croatia SR Croatia RTV Zagreb Studios
Radnički Dom
1962, 1969, 1985
1965
4 Ljubljana Socialist Republic of Slovenia SR Slovenia RTV Ljubljana Studios
Ljubljana Slovene National Theatre Drama
Cankar Centre
1967, 1982
1961
1988
2 Sarajevo Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina SR Bosnia and Herzegovina Skenderija Center
RTV Sarajevo Studios
1972
1991
2 Skopje Socialist Republic of Macedonia SR Macedonia Universal Hall
RTV Skopje Studios
1984
1968
2 Novi Sad Socialist Republic of Serbia SAP Vojvodina Serbian National Theatre
RTV Novi Sad Studios
1989
1983
1 Prishtina Socialist Republic of Serbia SAP Kosovo Boro i Ramiz' Hall 1986
1 Zadar Socialist Republic of Croatia SR Croatia Jazine Sports Hall 1990
1 Domžale Socialist Republic of Slovenia SR Slovenia Komunalni center Hall 1971
1 Trbovlje Socialist Republic of Slovenia SR Slovenia Delavski Dom 1964

Hosts

Contests Host Years
8 Oliver Mlakar 1969, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980
6 Helga Vlahović 1968, 1973, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981
4 Mića Orlović 1966, 1970, 1974, 1978
3 Milanka Bavcon 1961, 1974, 1978
2 Helena Koder 1964, 1971
Miša Molk 1982, 1988
Dina Čolić 1983, 1989
1 Mladen Delić 1962
Host unknown 1963
Željka Marković 1965
Tomaz Tercek 1967
Vesna Nestorović 1968
Kristina Remskar 1968
Dubravka Cecez 1968
Snežana Lipkovska 1968
Rosanda Kovijanić 1968
Ljubo Jelčić 1971
Mirjana Jančić 1972
Ljiljana Trajkovska 1974
Minja Subota 1981
Marija Damjanovska 1984
Ana Brbora-Hum 1985
Enver Petrovci 1986
Dubravka Milošević 1987
Bogdan Barovič 1988
Branko Uvodić 1990
Draginja Balac 1991
Senad Hadžifejzović 1991
Radoš Bajić 1992

References

  1. ^ "Yugoslavian National Finals at Eurodalmatia official ESC club". Archived from the original on 26 February 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Yugoslavian National Finals at Eurodalmatia official ESC club". Archived from the original on 26 February 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  3. ^ "History – Eurovision Song Contest 1985". Eurovision.tv. Archived from the original on 26 September 2008.

External links

This page was last edited on 17 September 2020, at 22:40
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