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Judy Woodruff
Judy Woodruff in 2012.jpg
Woodruff in 2012
Born Judith Woodruff
(1946-11-20) November 20, 1946 (age 70)
Tulsa, Oklahoma, U.S.
Residence Washington, D.C.
Nationality American
Alma mater Meredith College
Duke University
Occupation Journalist
Television anchor
Writer
Years active 1970 - present
Spouse(s) Al Hunt
Children 3

Judith "Judy" Woodruff (born November 20, 1946) is anchor of PBS NewsHour. She is also a journalist and writer.

Woodruff has worked for several television organizations, including CNN, NBC News, and PBS. She is a board member of the International Women's Media Foundation[1] and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.[2]

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  • Radcliffe Day 2017 | Honoring Gwen Ifill and Judy Woodruff || Radcliffe Institute
  • Message from Judy Woodruff
  • SmartTALK with Judy Woodruff & Al Hunt
  • News: All in the Family

Transcription

[MUSIC PLAYING] - Welcome, friends and colleagues, to Radcliffe Day 2017. As many of you know, if you were across the street with us, I'm Liz Cohen. I'm Dean of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard. And it is a pleasure to have you all here with us under this big tent. Years ago, the size of this tent was aspirational. We imagined that one day, it would be absolutely filled with Radcliffe and Harvard graduates, institute fellows, university friends, and participants in our many programs. Today, we don't have to imagine it. Attendance here at Radcliffe Yard has doubled in just the past five years. And we are joined by a global online audience as well. I am especially pleased to welcome Drew Gilpin Faust, Harvard President and Founding Dean of the Radcliffe Institute; [APPLAUSE] Provost Alan Garber; numerous deans and other university leaders; and Bill Lee, Senior Fellow of the Harvard Corporation; along with many other members of Harvard's governing boards. A warm welcome to the Harvard Alumni Association, the Radcliffe Dean's Advisory Council, the Schlesinger Library Council, the Radcliffe Associates Program, the Anne Radcliffe's Society, as well as past members of the Radcliffe College, Board of Trustees, and Alumni Association. And we are thrilled to have the honorable Maura Healy joining us as well. [APPLAUSE, CHEERING] Just in case you didn't know, she is the attorney general of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, a member of the class of 1992, and Chief Marshall of yesterday's commencement ceremonies. And of course, a special welcome to Radcliffe medalist Judy Woodruff, our afternoon speakers-- [APPLAUSE] --our afternoon speakers, Walter Isaacson and Michele Norris, and all of the participants in this morning's excellent discussion. I am also delighted to welcome back everyone who is here to attend college reunion, including the reunion classes of 1942 and '47, '52 and '57, '62 and '67, '72 and '77, '82 and '87, '92 and '97, 2002, 2007, 2012, and we have some newest graduates in the class of 2017. [APPLAUSE] In addition, we welcome Bunting fellows, Radcliffe fellows, and our Radcliffe research partners who are undergraduates who work closely with our fellows on their research. Please join me in congratulating the members of the earliest class represented here today, the great class of 1941. [APPLAUSE] When so many of us are gathered together, our thoughts turn to members of our Radcliffe community who are no longer with us. This year, we experienced the loss of Mary Maples Dunn who directed the Schlesinger Library and then led Radcliffe as interim head while Radcliffe College made the transition to the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. We also lost Susan Story Lyman who served as chair of the board of trustees, among many other roles in her decades of service to Radcliffe College. For them and for the many others who are missed and in our thoughts today, please join me in a moment of silence. The Radcliffe Institute is devoted to the pursuit of new knowledge wherever it may be found by whomever is seeking it, whether fellows, students, faculty, or public audiences. That new idea might lie in medieval history or in the observation of a black hole. It might be found in the pages of a diary at the Schlesinger Library or on the walls of the Johnson-Kulukundis Family Art Gallery. We believe, as an institute for advanced study, that it is our responsibility to be both timely and timeless and that our support of inquiry is even more necessary in tumultuous times. You can see this conviction in Radcliffe's offerings this past year, from our current exhibition about the history of Title IX to our science symposium on the impact of climate change on the world's oceans to our conference on universities and slavery. In the year ahead, we will launch a major programming initiative on citizenship, celebrate the Schlesinger Library's 75th anniversary, and welcome a fellowship class that includes a former UN ambassador, a Turing Award-winning scientist, and a Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist. I hope that many of you will join us next fall for an exciting calendar of events. In just the first few months, we will mount a panel on the present and future of Boston's art museums, a lecture by physicist Brian Greene, a day-long science symposium on epidemics, and much, much more. You can get details at our website. Radcliffe is a very busy, dynamic place where all that we do is made possible by support from so many of you here today. In fact, we have set a new record. I am thrilled to announce that the Radcliffe campaign has just surpassed its $70 million goal. [APPLAUSE] We have already received over 20,000 gifts, attracted more than 1,000 first-time donors, and diversified our support base. And fortunately, we still have a year to go before the campaign ends. Please join me in expressing appreciation to members of our Dean's Advisory Council and Schlesinger Library Council and to Sid Knafel and Susan Wallach for their extraordinary leadership as campaign co-chairs. [APPLAUSE] Will those members please stand? [APPLAUSE] We're asking our council members please to stand. [APPLAUSE] I cannot possibly cover here every accomplishment made possible by the campaign. But I'll just share a few highlights. We have built up a robust public programming wing of the institute-- you experienced some of that this morning-- what we call Academic Ventures, as our wing to complement the Schlesinger Library and the fellowship program as the three pillars of the Radcliffe Institute. We have expanded the Schlesinger's undergraduate teaching activities. We have established directorships, fellowships, and professorships. We have launched a major campus renewal project. We have initiated a university-wide student public art competition and created flexible funds for the sciences, the arts, the library, and much more. I am absolutely delighted with our progress, but we are not done yet. The campaign concludes in June of 2018. And we will continue to pursue our aspirations as Harvard's Institute for Advanced Study and to increase our impact in the world. Going forward, we will focus our energies on raising funds for unmet campaign priorities. We aim to fully endow the fellowship program to provide our 50 talented fellows a year with the highest quality of experience, regardless of their personal resources. We intend to diversify the Schlesinger Library's collections to broaden and deepen the history of American women that library researchers are able to write today and tomorrow. We will grow the Exploratory and Advanced Seminars program run by academic ventures to meet increasing demand from Harvard faculty and Radcliffe fellows who wish to pursue collaborative research and explore even more deeply in their areas of expertise. And we plan to renovate Radcliffe's buildings to provide state of the art facilities to make possible the highest level of scholarly and artistic work and public events. It is fitting that today, Radcliffe Day 2017, we are celebrating this campaign success and our continued ambitions with all of you. Thank you for helping us to reach this milestone and for your continued enthusiasm for the Radcliffe Institute. [APPLAUSE] The Radcliffe Campaign has reached one kind of milestone. But our society has been living through a pivotal time of a different sort. In recent years, the American media has undergone dramatic shifts. And all of us here have experienced some elements of that transition. To get our news, we used to snap open a newspaper or tune the radio dial. Now we might turn on a television or, increasingly, swipe a screen for a headline. Unlike some evolutions, in this case, the new hasn't eclipsed the old. These various forms of media co-exist together. With all the options, it turns out that Americans, on a weekly basis, now follow the news most on television, followed by their computers and other electronic devices, then radio, and then finally, print publications. I was going to express condolences to the print journalists in the room. But after hearing Jonah remind us that it all comes down to print, I feel better. In other words, television is number one when it comes to shaping what we know, when we know it, and whom we trust. It is especially important in this context to recognize that it was only four years ago that the United States gained its first all-female TV news team when Gwen Ifill and Judy Woodruff were named co-anchors of the PBS News Hour. [APPLAUSE] In covering the news, they made the news. Judy and Gwen weren't just a stellar team of journalists with decades of combined experience on camera and in print. They became part of the history of American journalism. The importance of an all-women news team is perhaps best summed up in Gwen's own words. She said, and I quote her, "When I was a little girl watching programs like this, because that's the kind of nerdy family we were, I would look up and not see anyone who looked like me in any way-- no women, no people of color. I'm very keen about the fact that a little girl now watching the news, when they see me and Judy sitting side by side, it will occur to them that that's perfectly normal-- that it won't seem like any big breakthrough at all." Well, maybe someday, a team like Judy and Gwen won't seem like a major change. But we who have been watching the news longer know that we actually have witnessed two big breakthroughs-- Judy's and Gwen's. Neither had an easy start in journalism. They experienced resistance and rejection. Like a certain current Massachusetts senator, they were warned. They were given explanations. Nevertheless, they persisted. [APPLAUSE] Judy is a proud graduate of Duke where she was active, not surprisingly, in publications, the student union, and student government. She followed her interest in politics to an internship in Washington where her enthusiasm collided with warnings against women pursuing political careers. So she decided instead to cover politics and applied for jobs at local television stations back home in Atlanta. One station turned her down because, and I quote, "we already have a woman reporter." She could, however, be a secretary. Judy remained undeterred. She worked her way up by reporting on stories across Georgia, including covering Jimmy Carter's presidential campaign. She served as a White House correspondent, the anchor of a PBS documentary series, and a senior correspondent at CNN. Longtime News Hour colleague Jim Lehrer offered an insight into Judy's success when he said, "No matter how hard everyone else was working, Judy was working harder." Her young colleagues today still agree. In a recent New York Times profile, a 27-year-old politics producer said about Judy, "We all struggle just to keep up with her. She's just such a workhorse." And she has worked everywhere. We saw her reporting in Washington just after the assassination attempt on President Reagan, from outside the Murrah Federal building in Oklahoma City, on the ground in Chechnya, and in Chicago on the night President Obama was first elected. Wherever she is, Judy delivers first-rate reporting and smart, incisive interviews. Because she asks better questions, she gets better answers. When Susan Rice, President Obama's White House National Security Adviser, was ready to give her first interview after leaving office, it was with Judy. When Vice President Mike Pence gave his first television interview after taking office, it was with Judy. Now there may not be much else that Mike Pence and Susan Rice agree on. But they both trust Judy Woodruff to communicate their views to the American public. Judy has also won the trust of the many journalists whose careers she has helped launch and support as founding co-chair of the International Women's Media Foundation. The reason why so many professionals admire Judy is the same reason viewers do and why we are honoring her today. We respect her intelligence, and we rely on her integrity. Gwen's career, like Judy's, began with some bumps. Gwen was interning at the Boston Herald at the height of the Boston busing crisis of the 1970s when she found a threatening racist note on her desk. Given that climate, it is no surprise that she was initially reluctant to accept the job offer from the Herald upon her graduation from Simmons College a year later. But she did need a job. So she returned to the Herald after all. Years later, she said about that decision, and I quote, "I knew if I got my foot in the door, I could do it." And Gwen did far more than get her foot in the door. She went on to report for the Baltimore Sun, The Washington Post, and The New York Times, as a White House correspondent, and then to NBC television. Even as the news cycle sped up, Gwen never stopped being respected as an impeccable writer, a sharp analyst, and a caring colleague. When Gwen became the moderator of the PBS program Washington Week in Review in 1999, she also became the first black woman to host a national political talk show on television. Along with her professional expertise, she brought her dinner table experiences, growing up as one of six children in a family where every evening's conversation drew on knowledge of current events and honed sharp critical thinking. Holding her own among her siblings trained her to set high standards for the level of discourse and to manage her guests masterfully. With Gwen running the show, there were disagreements, but tough exchanges were not disagreeable. Over the decades, millions of Americans came to rely on the information Gwen provided and the discussions she led. That trust was born from one of Gwen's cardinal rules, no predictions. Guests on Washington Week who trafficked in theories or speculation were not invited back. She kept her focus and ours on what was known, how we knew it, and why it mattered. When we think about Gwen and Judy as individuals, we find insight, persistence, achievement, and personal and professional integrity. Both were recognized for those qualities when assigned to moderate presidential and vice presidential debates, interview world leaders, and report on the most important stories of the day. But what we saw when they came together as co-anchors of PBS News Hour was capability and chemistry at the highest levels. And the connection that Gwen and Judy shared extended to the entire News Hour family of correspondents and commentators, so much so that we, as audience members, felt a part of it as well. We are pleased to be joined here today by some of the many journalists that Gwen and Judy have inspired and championed over the years as mentors and colleagues, as well as with their friends and family. It is hard to imagine anyone better-suited to converse with Judy than Walter Isaacson. His omnivorous intellect has led to an impressive journalism career, leadership of the Aspen Institute, and the award-winning biographies of leading figures from the 18th through the 21st centuries, including Benjamin Franklin, Albert Einstein, and Steve Jobs. Who better to help us examine the state of journalism at present? Who better to shed light on the contributions of our honorees? And who better, if it's not too much to ask, Walter, to give us some hope for the future? Please join me in welcoming Walter Isaacson and Judy Woodruff to the stage. [APPLAUSE] - Thank you. - Thank you, Dean. Thank you, Liz. Congratulations, Judy. This is a huge honor, and I cannot think of anybody who deserves this honor, or to share with the memory of Gwen, than you. So congratulations. - Thank you. I am humble. Thank you. [APPLAUSE] - Our panel this morning spent a lot of time talking about truth-- in a place where Veritas is revered, how we've lost that as the true north of all journalism in our political discourse. One of the things that you and Gwen shared so much was an intellectual honesty. And there are very few people we could look at and say, if they are saying it, they believe it to be true. Tell us about the quality in Gwen and how that helped shape your journalism. - Well, first of all, I'm just incredibly honored to be here. This is just a moment. I know Gwen is looking down on all of us right now, so sorry that she can't be here, but thrilled that she is represented by her amazing mentees and her close friends, who we're going to hear from a little bit later. And Walter, you knew Gwen very well. So you know, as I do, she really wanted to be here today. So I think of her as sitting right next to me. - She's certainly smiling with that amazing smile down upon us. - She is. How to begin about Gwen is, she represented-- you all know what an incredible journalist she was. The thing was, when we came together at the News Hour, she had been there since 1999. I came back to the News Hour in 2007. And we knew each other. We were friendly. But we hadn't been colleagues. And I was thinking about this a lot last night. We probably regarded each other a little carefully in the beginning. We're both competitive. We both had been doing. We've had heads down for years and years. And so it took a few months-- maybe a year or so-- for us to be really comfortable with each other in the newsroom. But once we got to know each other-- once we knew that we both believed in the same things-- and Walter, this comes to your question-- and once I saw up close all the things that I had heard about Gwen, knew about Gwen, I recognized that I was in the presence of somebody who was emblematic of the kind of journalism that I believe in, that should be the journalism that persists. She was absolutely relentless in pursuit of facts. She was bold in the way she approached people, fearless in the way she talked about the kind of stories we were going to do. I'll just tell you, in a morning meeting, we're discussing what to put on the News Hour that night. We might go around the table and everybody would chime in, this is a great idea, that's a great idea. And Gwen would be the one to say, you know, that's really a terrible idea, and here's why. And she would go on and explain it. And so it was that quality of Gwen-- it was getting right to the heart of the matter. And it was always thinking of everybody else in the room. She was always the one who was looking to the younger staff, to the desk assistant who had just come on our team and was there and was quiet and holding back. Gwen would be the first one to know that young man or young woman's name, to pull them out, and to recognize that her role-- that our role, eventually, as we were named anchors and managing editors-- was to model for them what's important about journalism. - Tell me about y'all being named managing editors. Jim Lehrer decides to step down. Did this come as a surprise that they were going to pull the two of you together? - Well, when Jim first stepped down, we had a rotating set of anchors there, because we had an amazing team of correspondents. All of you who watched the News Hour know this. But Margaret Warner, Jeffrey Brown, Ray Suarez was with us at the time. And of course, we have some incredible journalists who have joined us since then. But in the beginning, there was a rotation system. And then in 2013, the decision was made to name Gwen and me co-anchors. We had already worked together the year before, co-anchoring and sitting at the conventions-- the Democratic and Republican conventions. In 2012, we had anchored election night together. We were working very closely together at that time. And Walter, what I'll tell you was when we were named and when it was clear that this was really going to happen, we had a long, private talk together. And we decided that what was the most important thing of all was that not only-- I already knew what an incredible journalist Gwen is, I know what a friend she was to me and to so many others. But more than anything, we knew that we had each other's back. I knew if I messed up on the air, said something, she was going to be the one to gently correct it. She didn't make mistakes, so I didn't have to worry about doing that. But quite seriously, we had each other's backs. - Well, wait, tell me more about that conversation. This was a real, physical, a dinner or something? And what did you all say? - Well, it was actually a number of dinners and lunches and conversation that just went on for days and days. But this was after knew we were taking over the show. And what Gwen always said to me-- and I want to say this again, because I think it came up in the panel earlier this morning-- we view our role at the News Hour as the custodians of something that's been handed to us. What Robin MacNeil and Jim Lehrer started in 1975 after the Watergate hearings-- they came together to create MacNeil-Lehrer Report. The kind of journalism they believe in is the kind of journalism we believe in-- journalism that is about informing and, when we can, analyzing and clarifying and bringing light and not heat. And I know that's become a cliche. You hear it all the time. But we really do mean it. And we really do mean that we're not here to have a noisy argument. It's got to remain civil. But it has to also remain vital. People have to feel when they're watching, when they're engaging in whatever we're doing, whether it's online or even in social media, that we're doing something that they understand matters to them. So Gwen and I were committed to that and that we were really just the temporary custodians of the News Hour. We want the News Hour to be passed on to-- I think Jonah Goldberg said this earlier-- we want the journalism we do to be passed on to the next generation and the next one. And so whatever we do right now, we knew was going to set an example for the young people around us. - Well, that's what it is to be part of an institution is to realize it's larger than just yourself. And one of the things you brought to it-- I know we're celebrating Gwen-- but very much you personally brought to it, too, was that deeply earnest honesty. And I remember when we were young and in our salad days and you were covering Jimmy Carter and then you and Al and I doing Reagan, there was just no question of having a private or secret agenda. How do you bring that into a world today? - Well, again, this came out in the panel this morning, and I think everybody was there. No politician wants to bring bad news. No politician wants to share the worst things that are going on in his or her life or his or her career or whatever battle he or she is engaged in. So you don't expect you go to a politician and they're going to bare their soul. You go into covering politics, understanding that they want to give you-- they're always going to want to give you the best side. Having said that, you do expect them to level with you at ground level-- that they're not going to mislead you about the fundamentals of what they believe in. And that is what I think we want to preserve in this country that-- - Has that changed? - Well, I think in some respects, it has, because I think today-- I think because of this crazy, complicated media environment we're in-- and we can talk about this-- I think it's easier for politicians to skirt around what is the core that they're working on, what is the core of their belief. And when they do that, they don't necessarily want to come clean. They don't feel it's in their interest to be straight. But we, as reporters, have to constantly ask those questions. - But one of the things about the media landscape is that the balkanization of it has led to so much more opinions but now, as we heard this morning, also different sets of facts. How do we fight against that? - Well, first of all, there's a place for opinion journalism. Again, I'm going to quote Jonah Goldberg again. There is a place for opinion journalism in our great democratic society. We are all about debate and argument. That's what makes us the great country that we are. But I came along with the old-fashioned kind of journalism in which you have to base the opinion on an agreed set of facts. And yes, you can debate around the margins. But to say, I'm going to ignore an entire set of data that has been clearly backed up, and say, we're not going to look at that, we're going to go in another direction, because it doesn't suit our argument-- I don't think that serves us as a democracy. - And do we have the right-- I say "we," been a while since I've been a journalist-- the right to now say, that's just a lie? Because we used to not say that. - You're right. We didn't. I'm pretty careful about calling something a lie, because to me, a lie gets at the motivation behind what somebody-- I think we can comfortably say, if we know what someone has said is false-- if we know demonstrably that this happened-- that A happened and the person said B happened, we can point that out. Absolutely, we can. We should. Calling someone a liar or saying, that is a lie, you're ascribing a motive to them. I don't think we need to do that. I think our viewers, the people who follow us, follow any news organization-- you're smart enough to know if-- you know what happened if you've seen it reported, if you've read enough about it. And if the politician or whomever you're talking to is telling it a completely different way, or the journalist, you see the difference. And so it's self-evident. - Those of you who were at the panel this morning know by quoting Jonah Goldberg a few times, we're trying to destroy his career by having him favorably accepted in Cambridge, Massachusetts. And we're waiting for Breitbart to come down on him. But one of the things he also said was that we totally missed it-- that it wasn't just about Donald Trump, and it wasn't just that we didn't quite understand Donald Trump-- that for the past 10 to 15 years, we have missed what's happening that's not on the coast. - Oh, I think there is an absolute truth to that, Walter. I think for all the good things that have happened in the media, we've got more smart, young people coming in. We've got reporters today who've been to law school. They've been to graduate school. They're much more steeped in science or whatever the subject matter that they're covering. So we've got smarter reporters than we've ever had. We've got more sources of information. But I would also argue that we have climbed into our little comfortable places. And much of it, as we know, is right here on the east coast, separated only by a few hours on the Acela. Between Washington and New York and Boston, we're here. We're doing great work. But what about the rest of the country? What about places like Pennsylvania, like Michigan, like my birth state of Oklahoma, like Colorado, New Mexico where yes, there's some journalism, but there isn't enough of the kind of journalism to really understand what people's lives are. - So what are you doing at the News Hour to try to remedy this? - Well, we are doing everything we can to talk to people, to send reporters out, to get a sense of America, whether the subject is health care, education, science, politics-- to talk to Americans in all walks of life, no matter where they live. But you know what, Walter? It gets at the business model of journalism. Everybody here knows newspapers have closed down by the hundreds and hundreds over the last decade, 15 years. We've lost tens of thousands of reporters. We don't have as many people out asking questions, doing the kind of deep, dirty, hard work, document reporting that we need to understand this country. And without that and without people getting out into these places, whether it's Michigan, Oregon, you name it, and talking, again, to real people on the ground, understanding their lives, we can't reflect this country back to-- my view of what journalism is, is we should be holding a mirror up to the American people. We should be saying, here's where we're doing well, and here's where we need work, and here's what you need to know to be a good citizen, to make decisions about not just how you're going to vote, but how to think about the people who are making decisions for you in Washington. And unless we are out there talking to those people, getting their view, hearing from them, and, frankly, respecting that view, even when it differs from ours, and giving it equal time or more time, then I don't think-- we're not doing our job holding up a mirror to this country. I think we've done a lot of things really well. But I also think we've got a lot of work to do when it comes to that mirror. And I mean that in every regard. We've done a much better job, I think, of including women in the work that we do, of including minorities, although, goodness knows, we've got so much more work to do there. But we also need to get out and cover people who live in rural areas and cover the industries that we don't see on the east coast. - Also, the destruction of the business model for journalism-- EJ said it's the best and worst of times. It's, in some ways, the best of times for a lot of journalism but the worst of times for a business model. That's decimated international reporting. How do you try to keep that in the forefront? - Well, what we've done, I can just tell you, at the News Hour-- and I know other news organizations are committed to this. They've deployed correspondents. Between the Associated Press, The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, and so many other organizations that have just absolutely remained committed to covering the world, despite the resource challenges that we all face, what we've had to do is work more and more in partnership. We have partnership with the Pulitzer Center, for example-- the Pulitzer Center for Crisis Reporting-- with other, frankly, new organizations that have cropped up that are able to get correspondents, reporters into countries that we otherwise wouldn't be in. We had a reporter, for example, in South Sudan doing several pieces for us just a few days ago. We've had reporters in Iraq and other places. We don't have the wherewithal on the News Hour budget to go cover these places and cover them all the time. So we have to enter into these partnership agreements. And we're trying to do that all the time-- to get people into whether it's China, Korea, Taiwan. There are so many parts of the planet that I think go uncovered, or it's insufficiently covered right now. - What do you say to those who say that the News Hour and the mainstream press, in general, is just too elite, too aimed at a certain group-- aging, elite group. I'm speaking to a tent full of the aging elites. So we're not necessarily against that. - You're not going to let him get away with it, are you? - But isn't there an elitism to some of what you've just said-- that people don't want this, but we're going to still try to do it? - Well, in terms of age, this is anecdotal. But last night, as I'm waiting at the Washington National Airport to fly to Boston, a couple of 20-somethings came up to me with their boyfriends and said, we never miss the News Hour, we watch it together. They-- [APPLAUSE] - Good. - We did selfies. And I expected them to say they listened to us on podcast or on their wristwatch. They said, no, we sit in front of a television and watch. But to get to your question, sure, our audience skews older. Those are the folks who grew up with Walter Cronkite, Huntley-Brinkley, John Chancellor, who was a mentor of mine when I was at NBC, and others. And that's perfectly fine. But we also have to be madly figuring out-- and we are-- how to reach the younger generation. And that means being available wherever they are. And so without getting into all the nitty gritty of it, if you've checked out our web page PBS.org/NewsHour, you will see there are many, many more stories there than we possibly would have room to put on the program. But again, Walter, to your point about being elite-- and I think it reflects back to what I said a moment ago-- this is something we have to worry about. I looked around our newsroom the other day. We've all gone to good colleges. We've gotten a great education. We live in Washington or New York or one of these great, amazing centers of higher education on the east coast. Are we really in touch with most Americans? And I don't want to repeat myself. But we've got to work at that. We've got to bring journalists into the newsroom who come from outside of Washington and New York. As I said, I was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma. I grew up as an army brat living all over the world. I lived in Missouri and New Jersey and back in Oklahoma and Georgia-- Augusta, Georgia-- for a number of years. So I bring a little of that. But it was a long time ago. We need young people coming in from all parts of this country and internationally who can reflect the different backgrounds that they bring. In fact, it's something Gwen and I used to talk about all the time. We have to have a diversity of backgrounds in this newsroom, or we're not doing our job. We're not reflecting this country. We have to do that. And we have to guard against that elite mindset that only those folks who went to good colleges-- they have a reservoir, and they know everything. And yes, they're smart. And gosh knows, they bring great ideas to what we do. And we need to broaden it out. - One of the things you and Gwen broadened out was the talking heads on your show. Suddenly, they looked different, IE, they weren't all just white, male elite. Was that a conscious effort? How did you do that? - It was a conscious effort. It is a conscious effort. It started under Jim Lehrer and even before that. As you may remember, the first sidekick, if you will, for Jim Lehrer and Robert MacNeil was Charlayne Hunter-Gault who was a remarkable-- [APPLAUSE] - Still is. - Give her a hand. Still is. Remarkable pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement, integrated the University of Georgia-- she's still involved in the program. She still does special reporting for us. And of course, Charlayne was with the program for I think 15 years and then with NPR. So Jim and Robin, from the very beginning, have had a commitment to women, have had a commitment to diversity. I joined the program first in 1983. They wanted a Washington correspondent. I left NBC to come to the program, because Jim and Robin told me specifically, we want a woman to have an important role in the program. And when I was off wandering in the wilderness, as Jim used to say, of cable television-- - Wait, wait, wait. We worked together. - --where at one point, Walter Isaacson was my boss as president of CNN. He knows where all the bodies are buried. But at that point when I was away from the News Hour was, of course, when Gwen came in. And it was because Jim wanted somebody, of course, with the amazing journalist that Gwen is. But it was the commitment to making that newsroom look more like the country. - You've talked about a couple of mentors already-- John Chancellor and now Jim Lehrer. Tell me about the role of mentors when you were a woman coming up in the business. - Well, I would love to tell you that there were very many women mentors. The truth is, there weren't any, because-- I think you heard the story from Dean Cohen a minute ago-- when I applied for a job as a-- actually, I was applying for a job as a secretary, because they told me there were no jobs for reporters. The answer was, I guess we'll hire you, but, as you said, we already have a woman reporter, how could you possibly be interested? After I went to work as a reporter, one of the men in the newsroom said, we've already got one blonde reporter, why do we need anybody else here who wears skirts? It was this kind of open attitude, if you will. But you know what? It never deterred me. I have to give credit to my amazing mother who passed away four years ago. She not only didn't go to college, she couldn't finish high school. She barely was able to finish 10th grade. Her father passed away. She stayed home to take care of her siblings. And she always said to me, get your education, diapers and dishes can wait, get your education, get your education. And so I-- [APPLAUSE] I carry that with me every single day. And when you ask, who are my role models, my mother was a role model, even though she did not-- - From Oklahoma. - She was born in Missouri, grew up in Tulsa, Oklahoma. She is my principal role model. And beyond that, in this career, there were women. There was a woman named Cassie Mackin who covered politics for NBC-- - What a tragic tale. - --who went out of her way-- who died tragically at such a young age. She went out of her way to welcome me when I joined NBC after I'd been in local news in Atlanta. And there have been others along the way who have been incredible. - Well, Pauline Frederick, Nancy Dickerson [INAUDIBLE]. - Nancy Dickerson, Pauline Fred-- you've done your homework. - No, no. I'm just old. I remember them all. - And then of course, along the way, to be able to work with the greats-- you can go down the list, the women of my generation-- Lesley Stahl, Connie Chung, Diane Sawyer-- the women who came in about the same time I have. And today, look around-- not just in television, but in print. Look at the people who are breaking news right now in The New York Times and The Washington Post-- Karen Tumulty at The Washington Post, Ashley Parker-- the names come. - Don't forget Maggie Haberman. - I'm saying at The New York Times, Maggie Haberman these are reporters who are young and doing remarkable work at all these news organizations. They're making a difference. I have to say, Walter, though, we are not doing a good enough job with women in management of news. Not a single head-- [APPLAUSE] We are blessed at the News Hour. Our executive producer is a woman, Sara Just, who succeeded another woman executive producer, Linda Winslow-- two phenomenal journalists. The person who runs the station that sponsors the News Hour, Sharon Rockefeller-- she's the president of WETA, our sponsoring station. So we have amazing women role model. - And PBS. - And PBS-- Paula Kerger is the president, PBS. So we're doing well. We don't take anything for granted. But I will tell you, as I look around the landscape, there's not a woman running a commercial broadcast network news division, unless something changed in the last few minutes. Look at the newspapers in this country. We don't have enough women editors. We need more Ann Marie Lipinskis. We need more Jill Abramsons. We need more Amanda Bennetts-- the women who have run great newspapers, been newspaper editors. So we've come a long way. But we have to keep pushing. Why do you think, Walter? I'm going to turn the tables on you. Why don't we have more women bosses at these great news organizations? - It's endemic in our society. I worry about it even more in tech companies, in Silicon Valley, and innovation. And I think it's still a basic level of discrimination. I think people-- one cut below taking them as seriously as you would a man saying-- you have seen it, and I have seen it now that I've tried to be attuned to it. Go around the table. People have different ideas. And yet, all the sudden, a good idea gets attributed to a man who didn't actually say it. - And yet, you have you have multiple women presidents of great universities-- Drew Faust, Nan Keohane who's sitting right here, who was president of Duke University, my alma mater. So we know there's a lot of female talent out there. But it's a complicated-- - So let me go back to Gwen. Do you think that she felt more of an obstacle being a woman or being black? - We had this conversation on several occasions. I know that she felt being a person of color was harder. But it was the dual package that made it really hard for her. Gwen didn't go around with a chip on her shoulder. She didn't go around complaining. That was not who she was. But she was informed and shaped by her own experiences. And that's what made her the remarkable, path-breaking, relentless, never-say-die journalist that she was, because she had been through what she went through at the Boston Herald-- because she experienced so much of that on the campaign trail following presidential candidates-- senatorial, gubernatorial candidates-- interviewing people, having people mistake her for something else-- the maid in the hotel, rather than the person who was there to interview the candidate. She rose above all that. And we would joke about it. She was a PK, she called it-- Preacher's Kid. I was an army brat, so we would talk about the experience. But there's no question that her experience growing up in the life that she had, the obstacles she had overcome helped to make her the pioneer, the extraordinary journalist that she was. It shaped her. And it made her more powerful as a presence. And we have to give her more credit as a result of that. She deserves-- [APPLAUSE] I speak of her in the present tense, because, like I said, she's sitting right here. She deserves much more credit because of what she and other journalists of color go through every day-- people of color in this country go through every day, still. Here we are, how many hundred and so many years past the Civil War, and we're still fighting. And decades past the Civil Rights Movement, we still are fighting these battles. We are still on the front lines, if you will. And all of us have to come together to talk about it openly and to confront it and to get ahead of it, because if we don't, we are hurting the next generation and the generation after them. [APPLAUSE] - I never heard her be bitter or complain. She was always-- almost made light and up about it. But you were in a special bond with her. What did you all talk about when it got bad? - Well, I haven't even shared with you the really important link that we had. I told this story at Gwen's service after she died. And that is that we realized that if it had been two guys sitting next to each other, you wouldn't have to worry about two guys, two suits, two ties. But with women, we couldn't show up both wearing red, both wearing yellow. So we would email each other each night, wearing green, wearing pink. But what we laughed about was after a few months of doing this, we just kind of intuited what the other one was going to wear. We didn't even have to do the emails anymore. We just knew. It. There was one day when we both showed up in blue. And it was OK. But when the going got tough, we confided in each other. I'd go into her office. She would come into mine. They were right next to each other. And we would say, oh, my gosh, what are we going to do, or we're going to get through this together. You can't work that-- - You have an example? - No, I'm not going to share this. - Just with them. - Office politics. No, seriously. No, what I'll say is that what really matters in a team, whether you're a television anchor team or whether you're together running-- I'm sure this is the case-- running a business or running a university is that the people at the top, the team have to be able to trust each other. And we knew we had to trust each other, as I said a minute ago, have each other's backs, or we couldn't convey. We couldn't do our work and project it for the audience. When you're sitting there on election night or at a debate or at a convention-- for example, as we did just last summer, the Republican and Democratic National conventions-- and it's spontaneous-- you don't know what's going to happen-- you have to be able to trust, to know that if you say something stupid, that the other person is going to carefully, or sometimes not so carefully, correct you. - Bring you back. - But we had that kind of a relationship. And I give her almost all the credit for that, because she was the generous human being that she was. - Let me interrupt there, because I know how generous you've been to so many people. So I know you share that generosity, and it's important. Let me end-- [APPLAUSE] And I do think that you all are the two most intellectually honest people I know. But you both, with the spirit you had, were the two most generous people I know in the business. The traditional last question-- - I'm going to start to believe all this is, so he's got to stop. - It has the added virtue of being true. The traditional last question for this awardee is, what advice would you give to a young person coming up in your field? We'll end with this. - Jump in. We need more good, smart journalists today than we have ever needed. And this happens all the time. They come up to me in our newsroom and as I move around Washington and other places. They come up and they say, should I really go into journalism, what's happening to journalism? And I say, look, I can't tell you where we're going to be in 10 years. I can't even tell you where we're going to be next year. But what I can tell you is that the American people are always going to need reporters who are prepared to put themselves on the line, to go out there with an insatiable curiosity, find stories, find answers to tough questions, hold our public leaders accountable. We need the next generation and the generation after that to do that. Jump in. The water's great. We need you. We've never needed you more than now. So if you have the curiosity-- if you don't care what kind of hours you keep-- if you can live on a little bit of sleep and you love-- journalism is the most, to me-- I can't imagine doing anything other than journalism. What more interesting field can there be? You are constantly in contact with interesting people. So what I say to young journalists is, jump in, don't hesitate, get your good liberal arts education, and then think about what part of journalism you want to work in. But there's always going to be a need in our democracy for great reporting. - President Faust, in her baccalaureate, talked about the moral imperative of noticing. And you have been an exemplar of that. Thank you, Judy. - Thank you. I'm going to get this. - Thank you so much. - Bravo. - OK. Thank you. OK. - Thank you so much, Walter and Judy, for this illuminating conversation. Anyone who watched Judy and Gwen could not help but notice the true friendship that they seemed to share. And I think we got a very good look at that this afternoon. A gift for friendship was one of Gwen's many talents. So I would like to invite another of Gwen's closest friends to the podium. Please welcome journalist and author Michele Norris who will accept Gwen's Radcliffe Medal and share a few words. [APPLAUSE] Now I will read the citation for Gwen's Radcliffe Medal. "She raised tough questions, told hard truths, and held fiercely to fact. She illuminated the news to inform the public, strengthen civil society, and inspire future journalists." Thank you, Michele Norris, for accepting Gwen Ifill's Radcliffe Medal, given with our greatest admiration for her excellence in journalism. [APPLAUSE] - It is my great honor to accept this award for my dear friend. She so badly wanted to be here today. She was very humble, as you've heard, in taking her laurels. But she also enjoyed it. She had a special place in her home where she posted all of her awards and her mini hoods. And she knew, in part, that when she was able to accept an award like this, she was able to shine her light in a special way so those who came behind her could see it. You've heard over and over and over again, mentoring was important to Gwen. Telling hard truths was important. But holding those truths up was important, but also holding her life up as an example was important. She would have loved that this happened here in Boston, because her road to journalism began here in Boston. And Dean, you talked about the story-- what happened in the newsroom, the horrible thing that was written at her desk. You saw the beginnings of who she became as a journalist and as a person in how she responded to that. She thought that, that can't possibly be for me. And she just kept going. She would have loved that this was in an institution of learning, because she felt so strongly that she wanted to spend time. And even when she was struggling with her illness, she still made time to be with mentors and to be with young people, because she wanted them to follow her into the role of journalism. As a woman of color-- I'm not going to share her age, because she would fuss at me for doing something like that at a podium-- but as a woman of her generation, it meant that she was often the first. She rolled the mantle of being the first person-- the first person to host a presidential debate as a woman of color, the first person to host a major political program. And that helps you understand who she was as a journalist. But I want to talk a little bit, if I can, in just a few moments about the first that she represented that also helped us understand who she was as a human being. Yes, she was the first person to ask a tough question. She was the first person to see holes in a story. She was the first person to submit copy. She was a wicked fast writer. She was the first person often to spot trends or to push boundaries and enforce standards. But she was also the first person, as Judy mentioned, to help a young reporter. She was the first person to make herself available to someone new in the newsroom. She was the first, and sometimes the only, person to take the time to greet the security guards every day. She knew their names. She knew their birthdays. She knew when their kids were graduating from college. She was the first to sing "Happy Birthday" to the woman who answered the phones at The Washington Post when we first worked together. I met Gwen at The Washington Post. And it was almost 30 years ago. And for the past 30 years, we've lived about five blocks from each other. She was my best friend. She was the maid of honor in my wedding. She is godmother to my children. And I got to know her well. And so I also understood that she knew that if you exercised power in small ways, you could more easily claim the mantle in other ways. And so she was the first to call someone during tough times, the first to arrive to help lay out the hors d'oeuvres for a nervous host, because she could spot that. She was the first to understand and enforce the first rule of friendship-- no competition. We remained friends, even though we often competed with each other in the newsroom. Our career paths followed a similar trajectory. We met at The Washington Post. She went to NBC. I went to ABC. She went to PBS. I went to NPR. And Judy, you should know that we were informed by watching you and your years-long and lovely and very strong friendship with Andrea Mitchell. We knew that we would be stronger if we held together. And we decided not to compete against each other. She was the first, as one of our dear friends told us, to know what you needed before you knew what you needed, the first to say "yes" to be by your side. Ertharin Cousin is in the audience. And she, for a number of years, was Director of the World Food Program in Italy. And when Gwen figured that she was lonely, she was the first to say, you know what, I think you need someone by your side, even if it meant jumping the pond and going to visit her in Italy. She was the first, as [INAUDIBLE] told me today, to tell us that it's going to be OK, even when she wasn't even sure of it of herself. But she could help us understand that. She was OK with being the first. But she always wanted to make sure that she was not the last. So she knew that she couldn't just bust down doors but that she had to hold them open. You see, it's easier to bust down a door than to actually hold it open. You can muscle your way through a door. But if you hold the door open, it means that you have to stay at that door sometimes when other people-- you can hear them in the distance having fun, moving on, doing other things. To hold the door open, you have to lift while you climb. You have to always be thinking of the people who are coming behind you. And so maybe we can think about that, particularly in a room full of so many accomplished women. What are we doing not just to open the door-- [APPLAUSE] --but to hold the door open? Gwen used to talk about colored girl moments. We were brown girls raised in a country that didn't imagine these kinds of jobs for us. And on big days, she would call and she would say, I had a colored girl moment today, I interviewed Elton John, I interviewed Colin Powell. This would have been a colored girl moment. She would have loved this moment. I'm wearing a very bright jacket today. My husband said that if I wore this, I would look like a walking highlighter. [LAUGHTER] But I share this because it reflects a colored girl moment for Gwen. You will remember her from hosting a series of vice presidential debates and, not long ago with Judy, a presidential debate in Milwaukee with Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders. When she first did the first vice presidential debate with Dick Cheney and John Edwards, she was told by the vice presidential committee that maybe she should wear a demure jacket, because that's what the guys always do. They wore something dark. And it would make her look more authoritative, they said. I went shopping with Gwen when she decided what she was going to wear for that first debate. And if you remember her picture-- and again, when she was portrayed by Queen Latifah, she also wore the same color jacket-- and it was a very bright and resplendent blue. She was not going to wear something dark. And you know why she decided-- at least one reason why she decided-- to wear that bright colored jacket? She said, I want to make sure the ancestors can see me. [LAUGHTER, APPLAUSE] And so when she hosted her second debate, she wore turquoise, doing that with a broken ankle, as we remember. And when she did the debate in Milwaukee, she was resplendent in purple. She wanted the ancestors to see her, but she also wanted people who were coming behind her to see her as well. She's forever holding open doors, even now, through her legacy, which we uphold through our work and which Radcliffe upholds with this award. I loved being her friend. I am only now getting used to saying that in the past tense. It will never feel right. I cherished being her colleague. And I am so very honored to accept this award on her behalf. From the entire Ifill family, thank you very, very much. [APPLAUSE] - And now Judy, finally, the time has come to award your Radcliffe Medal. And I will now read the citation we've written for you. "She exemplifies intelligence, integrity, and determination. She pursues truth with courage and conviction. She inspires us all to safeguard freedom of the press as an essential foundation of our democracy." Judy Woodruff, I bestow upon you, and if you would come forward, this Radcliffe Medal, with the deepest admiration for a lifetime of excellence in journalism. [APPLAUSE] - Thank you. This is so special. Thank you, Liz. - And then this is your-- - Thank you. Thank you. Wow. - And I'll give you the little box. So you can take that. - Oh, good. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. I'm very touched. - Well, it's been quite a day. Thank you, of course, to Judy and to Michele and to Walter and to our wonderful panelists this morning for giving us an incredible experience. And I just want to thank all of you here in the audience for helping to make today's Radcliffe Day so special. So thank you for joining us for Radcliffe Day 2017. [APPLAUSE] [MUSIC PLAYING]

Contents

Early life and education

Woodruff was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma, to Anna Lee (Payne) Woodruff and U.S. Army Chief Warrant Officer William H. Woodruff. She has one sister, Anita.[3] At 17, she won a beauty pageant in Augusta, Georgia, and was crowned Young Miss Augusta 1963.[4] Woodruff graduated from the Academy of Richmond County, then attended Meredith College before transferring to Duke University, where she earned a degree in Political Science.[4][5]

Career

Woodruff began her career in 1970 as a news anchor at then-CBS affiliate WAGA-TV in Atlanta, Georgia (WAGA-TV is now a Fox affiliate). In 1975, she joined NBC News, and was originally based in Atlanta where she covered the 1976 U.S. Presidential Campaign of then-governor of Georgia Jimmy Carter.[6] She was the Chief White House Correspondent for NBC News (1977–82) and covered Washington for NBC's The Today Show (1982–83).

In 1983, Woodruff moved to PBS, where for 10 years she was chief Washington correspondent for The MacNeil/Lehrer NewsHour. She also hosted the PBS documentary series Frontline with Judy Woodruff (1984–90).

In 1993, she joined CNN, where for 12 years she hosted Inside Politics.[7] Woodruff stayed with CNN until 2005, when she decided not to renew her contract, looking toward teaching, writing, and working on documentaries. CNN founder Ted Turner stated in an interview on The Diane Rehm Show on May 7, 2009, that he was upset that CNN had let Woodruff go.[8]

In August 2005, Woodruff was named a visiting fellow for the fall semester at the Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard University. She had previously taught a course in media and politics at the Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University.[when?]

In 2006, she returned to PBS to work on Generation Next, a documentary about American young people and their characteristics, values, and thoughts on family, faith, politics, and world events—produced in conjunction with MacNeil/Lehrer Productions. Generation Next partnered with USA Today, Yahoo! News, and NPR. Also in 2006, Woodruff contributed as a guest correspondent to the National Public Radio (NPR) Morning Edition week-long series "Muslims in America", as part of NPR's fifth-year observance of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.

On February 5, 2007, Woodruff returned to PBS on The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer full-time as senior correspondent, editor of 2008 political coverage, and substitute anchor. As of early 2007, she was also working on Part 2 of the Generation Next documentary for PBS.[9]

Since 2006, she has also anchored a weekly program, Conversations with Judy Woodruff, for Bloomberg Television. Streaming video podcasts of her monthly interviews are available at Bloomberg.com.[10]

Woodruff was selected to present the 2007 Red Smith Lecture in Journalism at the University of Notre Dame. The Red Smith lectureship annually selects renowned journalists to speak at the university to foster good writing and honor high journalistic standards.[11]

On August 6, 2013, the PBS NewsHour named Woodruff and Gwen Ifill as co-anchors and co-managing editors of the broadcast. They were to share anchor duties Monday through Thursday with Woodruff going it alone on Friday.[12]

Other activities

Woodruff has written several books, including This Is Judy Woodruff at the White House (1982)[13] and The Theodore H. White lecture with Judy Woodruff[14]

She is a founding co-chairperson of the International Women's Media Foundation. She serves on the boards of trustees of the Freedom Forum and of the Freedom Forum's Newseum and is a member of the steering committee of the Reporters' Committee for Freedom of the Press. She sits on the advisory board for America Abroad Media, a nonprofit organization [15] which produces the America Abroad radio show. In 2013, Woodruff, along with PBS NewsHour co-anchor Gwen Ifill, received an award from the Women’s Media Center.

Personal life

Woodruff is married to Al Hunt, formerly of CNN and The Wall Street Journal, now an executive editor of the Washington, D.C., bureau of Bloomberg News.[6] They have three children.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Board of Directors of the IWMF" Archived 2010-08-04 at the Wayback Machine.. International Women's Media Foundation.
  2. ^ "Membership Roster (as of December 09, 2016)". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 2016-12-09. 
  3. ^ Obituary: Anna Lee Woodruff, January 2013.
  4. ^ a b Perry, Jill (October 11, 2006). "TV News Journalist Judy Woodruff at Caltech". Caltech. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "Judy Woodruff Joins Duke Endowment Board". Duke Chronicle. January 14, 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c Mitchell, Andrea (October 2, 2013). "An Unflappable Anchor with a Huge Heart". Politico. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Judy Woodruff, 'Inside Politics' Anchor, Leaving CNN". USA Today. Associated Press. April 28, 2005. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  8. ^ Thursday, May 7, 2009 | The Diane Rehm Show from WAMU and NPR. The Diane Rehm Show. May 7, 2009.
  9. ^ "The Online NewsHour: About Us". PBS.
  10. ^ Video podcasts of "Conversations with Judy Woodruff" are at Bloomberg.com.
  11. ^ [dead link] "PBS Journalist Judy Woodruff to Deliver Red Smith Lecture" Archived 2007-06-17 at the Wayback Machine.. University of Notre Dame.
  12. ^ "Gwen Ifill, Judy Woodruff to Co-Anchor 'NewsHour'". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 10 August 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  13. ^ Woodruff, Judy; Maxa, Kathleen (1982-01-01). "This is Judy Woodruff at the White House". Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co. ISBN 0201088509. 
  14. ^ Woodruff, Judy; Joan Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics, and Public Policy (2001-01-01). The Theodore H. White lecture with Judy Woodruff. Cambridge, Mass.: Joan Shorenstein Center, Press, Politics, Public Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-16. Retrieved 2014-06-16. 

External links

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