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José Manuel de Herrera

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

José Manuel de Herrera
José de Herrera.jpg
1st First Minister of Mexico
In office
May 19, 1822 – March 19, 1823
MonarchAgustín I
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byJosé María Lacunza (Second Mexican Empire)
Minister of Justice
In office
April 8, 1829 – December 18, 1829
PresidentVicente Guerrero
Preceded byJoaquín de Iturbide
Succeeded byJoaquín de Iturbide
Member of the Congress of Chilpancingo
In office
September 13, 1813 – December 15, 1815
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice abolished
President of the Chamber of Deputies (Mexico)
In office
Preceded byJosé María Tornel
Succeeded byJosé María Gil y Camino
In office
Preceded byJuan Cayetano Portugal
Succeeded byJosé Ignacio Basadre
Personal details
BornMarch 27, 1776
Tlaxcala, New Spain
DiedSeptember 17, 1831
Puebla, Mexico
Political partyLiberal

José Manuel de Herrera was a Mexican catholic priest, writer, politician and professor of New Spain. He joined the insurgents during the Mexican War of Independence.[1] He directed the newspaper Correo Americano del Sur.


He studied at the Carolino College of Puebla, where he obtained a bachelor's and a doctorate. He was priest of Santa Ana Acatlán and Huamuxtitlán. He served as chaplain of the royalist army commanded by Mateo Musitu in Chiautla de la Sal. At the end of 1811, when José María Morelos took the place, he was apprehended along with the rest of the royalist soldiers. However, he decided to go over to the insurgent side, being appointed military vicar.[2]

After the capture of Oaxaca in 1812, he gave a solemn mass in the Oaxaca Cathedral to celebrate the occasion. Two months later, Morelos commissioned him to found and direct the Correo Americano del Sur newspaper, in this publication he collaborated with Carlos María de Bustamante. In September 1813, he was a deputy of the Chilpancingo Congress representing the Tecpan province. He collaborated in the drafting of the Constitutional Decree for the Liberty of Mexican America, he was a signatory to it, as well as the Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of North America.[3]

In 1815, Morelos appointed him plenipotentiary to negotiate with the United States government in Washington D.C. the supply of arms and ammunition. For this trip, Morelos entrusted him with the custody of his son Juan Nepomuceno Almonte, however they only managed to reach New Orleans. After the death of Morelos, Herrera returned to Puebla, where he accepted the pardon offered by the viceroy Juan Ruiz de Apodaca.

At the instructions of Bishop Antonio Joaquín Pérez, he taught a Chair in Philosophy at his alma mater. In 1821, after the independence of Mexico had been consummated, Agustín de Iturbide appointed him Minister of Foreign and Internal Relations of the First Mexican Empire.[2] During Vicente Guerrero's government, he was appointed Minister of Justice and Ecclesiastical Business.[4]

He was the President of the Chamber of Deputies in 1828 and 1829.[5]


  1. ^ González Cosío, Bertha (1992). "José Manuel de Herrera". En Galeana, Patricia. Cancilleres de México. Tomo I. 1821–1911 (1a. edición). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Mexico. pp. 10–35.
  2. ^ a b Henríquez Ureña, Pedro (1985). "José Manuel de Herrera. Escritor político y religioso". Antología del Centenario. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. ISBN 968-837-513-6.
  3. ^ Torre Villar, Ernesto de la (2000). Temas de la insurgencia. Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. ISBN 968-36-7804-1.
  4. ^ Olavarría y Ferrari, Enrique de (1880). México a través de los siglos. Mexico: Ballescá y Cía.
  5. ^ Enciclopedia Política de México 9 Tomo V. (PDF). Senado de la República - Instituto Belisario Domínguez. 2010.
This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 12:23
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