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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jose Canseco
Jose Canseco 2009.jpg
Canseco in 2009
Outfielder / Designated hitter
Born: (1964-07-02) July 2, 1964 (age 57)
Havana, Cuba
Batted: Right
Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 2, 1985, for the Oakland Athletics
Last MLB appearance
October 6, 2001, for the Chicago White Sox
MLB statistics
Batting average.266
Home runs462
Runs batted in1,407
Teams
Career highlights and awards

José Canseco Capas Jr. (born July 2, 1964),[1] nicknamed Parkway Jose, Mr. 40-40 and El Cañonero Cubano (The Cuban Cannon), is a Cuban-American former Major League Baseball (MLB) outfielder and designated hitter. During his time with the Oakland Athletics, he established himself as one of the premier power hitters in the game. He won the Rookie of the Year (1986), and Most Valuable Player award (1988), and was a six-time All-Star. Canseco is a two-time World Series champion with the Oakland A's (1989) and the New York Yankees (2000).

In 1988 Canseco became the first player to hit 40 home runs and steal 40 bases in one season. He won the Silver Slugger award four times: three as an AL outfielder (1988, 1990, 1991), and once as a designated hitter (1998). He ranks 4th all time in A's history with 254 home runs and is one of 14 players in MLB history with 400 home runs and 200 stolen bases. Despite his many injuries during the later part of his career, Canseco averaged 40 home runs, 120 RBIs and 102 runs scored every 162 games, playing a total of 1887 games in 17 seasons with 7 different teams.

As of 2021, Canseco's 462 career home runs rank him 37th on the MLB all-time list, among active players, slugger Nelson Cruz is the closest to Canseco on the list, with 449 home runs. At one time Canseco was the all-time leader in home runs among Latino players; but was later surpassed by Manny Ramirez, Albert Pujols, David Ortiz, Carlos Delgado, Rafael Palmeiro, Alex Rodriguez, Sammy Sosa, and Miguel Cabrera. He was the first player to hit 30 home runs for four different teams: Oakland (1986–88, 1990, 1991), Texas (1994), Toronto (1998), and Tampa Bay (1999). This record was later surpassed by Fred McGriff and Gary Sheffield who did it for five different teams.

Canseco admitted using performance-enhancing drugs during his major-league playing career, and in 2005 wrote a tell-all book, Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big, in which he claimed that the vast majority of MLB players use steroids. After retiring from Major League Baseball, he also competed in boxing and mixed martial arts.

Early life

Canseco was born in Havana, Cuba, the son of Jose Sr. and Barbara Canseco. He has a twin brother Ozzie Canseco, who is also a former major league player. When Fidel Castro came into power in 1959, Jose Sr., a territory manager for the oil and gasoline corporation Esso as well as a part-time English teacher, lost his job and eventually his home. The family was allowed to leave Cuba in 1965, when the twins were barely 1 year old, and settled in the Miami area, where Jose Sr. became a territory manager for another oil and gasoline concern, Amoco, and a part-time security guard.[citation needed]

The younger Jose Canseco played baseball at Miami Coral Park High School, where he failed to make the varsity team until his senior year. He was named Most Valuable Player of the junior varsity team in his junior year, and of the varsity team the following year. He graduated in 1982.[1]

Baseball career (1982–2001)

Minor League Baseball (1982–1985)

The Oakland Athletics drafted Canseco in the 15th round of the 1982 Major League Baseball draft. He made his professional baseball debut with the Miami Marlins of the Florida State League and also played Minor League Baseball with the Medford A's, Madison Muskies, Idaho Falls A's, and the Modesto A's, along with the Tacoma Tigers. Canseco started the 1985 season with the Class-AA Huntsville Stars and became known as "Parkway Jose" for his long home runs (25 in half a season) that went close to the Memorial Parkway behind Joe Davis Stadium.[2] Canseco was nicknamed "The Natural", with some analysts saying he was the best prospect since Willie Mays. Oakland A's hitting coach Bob Watson said that Canseco was a mixture of Roberto Clemente, Dale Murphy, and Reggie Jackson. Others touted Canseco as the next Mickey Mantle.[3][4][5]

Major League Baseball (1985–2001)

Oakland Athletics (1985–92)

In 1985, Canseco won the Baseball America Minor League Player of the Year Award, and was a late "September call-up" for the Oakland Athletics. He made his Major League debut on September 2 and struck out in his one at-bat against the Baltimore Orioles. His first hit was off Ron Guidry of the New York Yankees on September 7.[6] and his first home run was off Jeff Russell of the Texas Rangers on September 9.[7] He played in 29 games in the major leagues in 1985, batting .302 with 5 home runs and 13 RBIs in 96 at bats. He was named Player of the Week from September 23rd to 29th with a .481 BA (13 for 27), 3 HRs and 7 RBIs in 7 games. After being named Minor League Baseball Player of the Year and a good September call-up the prior year, Canseco was the favorite to win the American League's Rookie of the Year in 1986. He established himself that year in his first full season as the starting left fielder, finishing the year with 33 home runs (4th in the AL) and 117 RBIs (2nd), winning the award as the best rookie of the American League. He was also selected to his first All Star Game.

In 1987, Mark McGwire joined Canseco on the Athletics; McGwire hit 49 home runs that year and was also named the American League Rookie of the Year. Together, Canseco and McGwire formed a fearsome offensive tandem, later known as the "Bash Brothers". He followed his rookie season with an equal performance in 1987, his sophomore year. He improved his batting average from .240 in '86 to .257 in '87, hitting 31 home runs, 113 runs batted in (6th in the AL), 35 doubles (10th) in 691 at bats (9th), while missing only 3 games the entire season. He was also 5th in the league with 157 strike outs. He finished 23rd in the MVP ballot. He combined with Mark McGwire for a total of 80 home runs and 236 runs batted in, making the young pair (Canseco was 22 years old and McGwire 23) the most dangerous in years to come, drawing comparisons to the likes of Mickey Mantle/Roger Maris and Hank Aaron/Eddie Mathews.

Canseco with the A's in 1989
Canseco with the A's in 1989

In April 1988, Canseco guaranteed he would hit at least 40 home runs and steal at least 40 bases in the upcoming season.[8] He went on to record 42 home runs and 40 steals becoming the first player in MLB history to hit the 40–40 mark in a single season (a fact unknown to him at that time). In recognition of his record, the street in front of his former high school was named after him but was later rescinded in 2008 after he admitted to previously using drugs throughout his career.[9][10] That same year the Athletics swept the Boston Red Sox in 4 games in the ALCS, for the series Canseco had a .313 batting average with 3 home runs in 4 games. The A's met the Los Angeles Dodgers in the World Series, a matchup that would feature the leading candidate to win the American League MVP Award, facing the best pitcher and eventual National League Cy Young Award winner Orel Hershiser. The Dodgers prevailed, upsetting the A's in five games. Canseco hit a grand slam in Game 1 on his first official World Series at-bat (second plate appearance, he was hit by a pitch in the first inning) but it would be his only hit in the Series. He was unanimously named the American League's Most Valuable Player in 1988 (7th player in league history to win the award unanimously) with a .307 batting average, 120 runs scored, 124 RBIs, 42 home runs a .569 Slugging Percentage and 40 stolen bases. He also won his first Silver Slugger Award and was a starter in the outfield in the All Star Game, batting 4th in the lineup.

In 1989, Canseco missed 97 games of the regular season, most of them because of a broken wrist during the preseason. Despite not playing a single game in the first half of year, he was voted as one of the starting outfielders for the American League All-Star squad (replaced in the lineup by Rangers outfielder Ruben Sierra). Canseco returned immediately after the All Star Break, hitting an opposite-field home run against the Toronto Blue Jay on his first game of the season. He managed to hit 17 home runs with 57 RBIs in barely 65 games played (equivalent to 40+ home runs and 130+ RBIs had he played a full season) as the Athletics won the AL West and their first World Series since 1974, beating the San Francisco Giants in four games. Canseco had a solid postseason hitting for a .323 batting average and 2 home runs including one in the ALCS against the Blue Jays that reached the upper deck of the SkyDome. Against the Giants, in the World Series, he hit for a .357 average with a home run in Game 3. The 1989 Series was interrupted before Game 3 by a major earthquake in the San Francisco Bay Area.

As the reigning World Series Champs, the Oakland Athletics were favorites to repeat, and they were hopeful that Canseco would remain healthy throughout the 1990 season. Canseco started to have back problems, an issue that would become recurrent in his career. Despite missing over 20 games due to injury during the first part of the season, he received a then-record 5-year, $23.5 million dollar contract, making him the highest paid player in Major League history. By the All Star Break, he had played only in 64 games, hitting .258 with 18 home runs (10 behind the American League leader Cecil Fielder). Despite a subpar first half, Canseco was elected to start in the All Star Game for the 3rd consecutive year, with the most votes in the American League. He finished 3rd in the league with 37 home runs, behind Fielder (51) and teammate Mark McGwire (39). In 131 games he had 101 runs batted in and 19 stolen bases. It was the 4th time in 5 years that he had 100+ RBIs. The Oakland A's won their division with a league-best 103 wins and were the favorites to win the World Series. Canseco had a discrete ALCS, hitting .182 (2 for 11) with 5 strikeouts, but the A's swept the Boston Red Sox 4 games to 0, and moved on to play in their third World Series in a row, this time against the Cincinnati Reds. Canseco struggled both at the plate and in the outfield, missing on two key plays in game 2. In the same game, he had his only hit of the series, a 2-run home run against Danny Jackson. After going 0 for 4 in game 3, and 1 for 11 in the series, Canseco was benched in game 4. Manager Tony LaRussa cited Jose's sore back and an injured middle finger as the reasons for taking him out of the lineup, but there was speculation that his own teammates requested LaRussa to bench Canseco due to his poor outfield performance. Down 2 runs to 1 and facing elimination in game 4, Canseco entered as a pinch-hitter in the bottom of the 9th, but he grounded out to third for the second out of the inning. One batter later, the Reds completed the sweep over a heavily-favored Oakland team. At the end of the year, Canseco won his second Silver Slugger award and finished 12th in the AL MVP ballot.

Canseco continued to be productive the following year; by the All-Star break of the '91 season he was leading the league with 21 home runs (tied with Cecil Fielder) and had 63 RBIs but inexplicably did not receive All-Star Game considerations by either the fans or as a back up, as his own A's skipper Tony LaRussa, managing the AL for the 3rd straight year, did not selected Jose as a substitute. Fans instead voted Athletics outfielder Dave Henderson, who had lesser offensive numbers than Jose, and LaRussa selected Kirby Puckett, Joe Carter and Ruben Sierra as reserve outfielders. Canseco not being selected by his own manager despite leading the league in home runs, lead many to believe that the relationship between Canseco and LaRussa had started to deteriorate. His best month that season was July, hitting 10 home runs in 27 games (1 every 11.1 at bats) with a .315 batting average. He finished the 1991 season batting .266 with 44 home runs earning the second home run crown of his career (tied with Detroit's Cecil Fielder), 122 RBI, 26 stolen bases and a .556 slugging while finishing 4th in the MVP ballot. He won his 3rd Silver Slugger Award in 4 years. Towards the end of the season, there were mixed opinions from the Oakland fans in regards to Jose, some would boo him and some would cheer. On a home game on September 20th and after rumors that Jose was on his way out from Oakland, he received a standing ovation by the fans. Canseco responded with his 42nd home run of the season against the Toronto Blue Jays, tying his career-best. The Athletics however missed the playoffs for the first time in three years, finishing 4th in the AL West.

The Athletics returned to contention in 1992 and with 18 home runs by the All-Star break, Canseco was voted to start his 4th Mid Summer Classic in 5 years but he was unable to play due to injury (sore right shoulder) and was replaced with Joe Carter.

From 1986 to 1992 with the A's and despite missing roughly 120 games between 1989 and 1990 and about 20 more during the first half of the 1992 season, Canseco averaged 32 home runs a year, had 100+ RBIs 5 times, also averaged 40 Home Runs, 125 RBI and 22 Stolen Bases per every 162 games played, captured AL Rookie of the Year honors, 2 home run titles, an MVP award, 3 Silver Slugger Awards, 3 American League Pennants, a World Series ring, and was selected to 5 All-Star Games in his first 7 full Major League seasons. His 7 career postseason home runs are the all-time record for the Athletics franchise (1901–2021)

Texas Rangers (1992–94)

On August 31, 1992, in the middle of a game and while Canseco was in the on-deck circle, the A's traded him to the Texas Rangers for Rubén Sierra, Jeff Russell, Bobby Witt, and cash. At the moment of the trade, the A's were leading the American League West Division by 6 1/2 games, and the Oakland front office was looking to fortify their pitching down the stretch. A's general manager Sandy Alderson announced the trade while the Athletics were still playing the Orioles that night. The trade caught fans, the media and people throughout Major League Baseball by surprise, as Canseco was considered at the time the best player in MLB, but also the most scrutinized. From 1986 until the date of the trade no other player had hit more home runs (226) in the major leagues. In Texas Canseco joined Latino stars Rafael Palmeiro, Juan González and Iván Rodríguez. He had a good start with the Rangers, hitting .367 (11 of 30) with 3 home runs and 11 RBI in his first 8 games, but had only 6 hits in his last 43 at bats (.140) and one home run. Despite injuries and the trade to the Rangers, Canseco managed to hit 26 home runs (9th in the AL) and had 87 runs batted in, playing 115 games in 1992 for the Athletics and the Rangers. From 1986 until the end of 1992 Canseco’s 230 home runs were the most by any major league player in that span.

Jose started the 1993 relatively healthy, playing in all of the games of the first quarter of the season (45 games). Although hitting for a low average (.254) he had 17 RBIs in the first 17 games. On April 25th he became the first player since Ted Williams in 1947 to get to 750 RBIs in less than 1,000 games played. On May 26, 1993, during a game against the Cleveland Indians, Carlos Martínez hit a fly ball that Canseco lost sight of as he was crossing the warning track. The ball hit him in the head and bounced over the wall for a home run.[11] The cap Canseco was wearing on that play, which This Week in Baseball rated in 1998 as the greatest blooper of the show's first 21 years, is in the collection of ESPN journalist Keith Olbermann. Three days later, on May 29th, Canseco asked his manager, Kevin Kennedy, to let him pitch the eighth inning of a runaway loss to the Boston Red Sox. In his inning-long pitching appearance, he injured his arm. He was out of the lineup from May 31st until June 10th. He played 15 games after pitching against the Red Sox but he was shutdown on June 23rd due to arm discomfort, requiring Tommy John surgery, missing the remainder of the season. He finished the '93 season hitting .256 with 10 home runs and 46 RBIs in 60 games.

In the 1994 strike-shortened season, Canseco again returned to his former status of a power hitter. Throughout the season, Jose was amongst the American League leaders in home runs, while playing exclusively as a designated hitter. On April 20th, he hit the 250th home run of his career, making him the 16th player with that total before age 30. From June 3rd to the 13th hit for a .559 batting average (19 of 34) with 8 home rus, and 20 runs batted in. In the last game of that span he set career-highs for a single game with 5 hits and 8 RBIs, had 3 home runs (tying a career-high), including a Grand Slam against the Seattle Mariners. During Kenny Rogers Perfect Game on July 28th, Canseco went 2 for 4 with 2 solo home runs in the 4-0 victory over the California Angels. He finished the season with 31 home runs (4th on the AL) and 90 RBIs in 111 games. He also stole 15 bases, posted a .282 batting average and led the league with 20 GIDP (ground into double-play). He was named The Sporting News Comeback Player of the Year in 1994 and finished in 11th place in the American League Most Valuable Player voting.

Boston Red Sox (1995–1996)

After playing with the Rangers for little over 2 years, Canseco was traded on December 9th to the Boston Red Sox for Otis Nixon and Luis Ortiz, where he joined 1986 AL MVP Roger Clemens and eventual 1995 MVP Mo Vaughn. Jose once again battled with injuries, missing 50 games during the first half of the year. However, from July 1st until the end of the season, he had a .387 batting average (122 of 315) with 21 home runs and 66 runs batted in 79 games. From August 27th to September 15th he had the longest hitting streak of his career, hitting safely in 17 games, (he had a hit on 24 of his last 28 games of the year). At the end of the regular season, Jose had 24 home runs with a .306 batting average, his highest since 1988. His last home run of the '95 season against Jesse Orosco was the 300th of his career. The Red Sox captured the AL East Division title to advance to the ALDS, making it Canseco's first postseason in 5 years. The Red Sox were swept by the Cleveland Indians in the American League Division Series 3 games to 0. In Game 2, Canseco once again faced Orel Hershiser, going 0 for 3 with a strikeout. Dating back to the ‘88 World Series, Canseco was 0 for 11 with 3 strikeouts against Hershiser lifetime in 3 postseason matchups. After playing the entire '94 and (all but one game in) the '95 season as a designated hitter, Canseco was the starting right fielder during game 3 of American League Division Series. According to baseball-reference.com it was during the 1995 season that Canseco had the highest yearly salary of his career, making, including incentives, a total of $5.8 million

Canseco had a great first half to the 1996 season, hitting 26 home runs by the All-Star break (3rd in the league at that point). In a span of the season from May 18th to June 29th had a .306 BA with 19 homeruns and 44 RBI in only 39 games. He was sidelined on July 25th once again due to injury, missing nearly 50 games. He returned to the lineup on September 17th and hit only 2 home runs the rest of the season. He finished the year with a .289/.400/.589 slash line with 28 home runs, 82 runs batted in and 22 doubles in 96 games.

Although he was productive when he was in the lineup, Canseco missed over 120 games during his 2-year tenure with Boston, playing in only 102 and 96 games in the ‘95 and ‘96 seasons. He averaged 43 home runs, 134 RBIs, 108 runs, 39 doubles and a .289 batting average per every 162 games played with the Red Sox.

Return to Oakland (1997)

In January 1997, he was traded to the Oakland Athletics for pitcher John Wasdin. The day after the news of his return to Oakland, the P.R. office of the A's informed that ticket sales for the day were the highest in over 3 years, mainly because of the Bash Brothers reunion. Regarding his health, Jose had a promising first half of the season, playing in 83 games hitting 18 home runs and 57 RBIs by the All-Star break but he suffered a back injury yet again, keeping him in the disabled list and missing 15 games in July and August. He returned to action on August 20th, but the Athletics organization wanted to focus on developing young talent and, along with the trade of Mark McGwire to the St. Louis Cardinals at the Trading Deadline, the Bash Brothers reunion appeal was lost and Canseco ended his season on August 26th missing the last 30 games of the season. In Canseco's eyes, he was shut down by the front office to prevent him from getting the minimum plate appearances that would trigger the renewal of his contract for the following year. He finished the season with 23 home runs and 74 runs batted in in 388 at bats. His home run against the Red Sox on August 8th gave Jose a career total of 254 in the Athletics uniform, placing him 4th all-time behind Reggie Jackson (269), Jimmie Foxx (302) and McGwire (363). After three seasons of playing exclusively as a DH, Canseco saw considerably more action in the outfield since the 1993 season, playing 46 of his 108 games in left or right field.

Toronto Blue Jays (1998)

In 1998 Jose signed a $2.125 million dollar contract on February 4th with the Toronto Blue Jays. He continued to have more action in the outfield, playing a total of 76 games in both left and right field, finishing the season with a .960 fielding average and committing 5 errors in 126 chances. At the plate Canseco had a productive season again, finishing the first half of the season with 24 home runs, 21 stolen bases and 48 RBIs. For the first time in his career he was issued a number other than his traditional 33, using number 44 for the first part of the season. After Ed Sprague was traded to Oakland, Canseco switch to #33. During the second half of the season, the Blue Jays instructed Jose to reduce the attempts to steal bases, finishing one steal shy of another 30-30 season. On July 19th hit home runs number 25 and 26 against the Yankees and Andy Pettitte, including the 6th grand slam of his career. He finished the season playing 151 games, his highest in 6 years, with a career-high 46 home runs (3rd in the AL), 107 RBIs, 29 stolen bases, 98 runs scored but with a .237 batting average. He also led the league with 159 strike outs. He earned his 4th career Silver Slugger Award (first as a DH). The Blue Jays made a small effort to retain Canseco after the season and they offered a one-year contract barely north of a million dollars for the following season. Canseco declined the offer and became a free agent on October 22nd.

Final seasons (1999–2001)

Despite hitting a career-high 46 home runs in 1998, Canseco drew minimal attention in the free agent market. In 1999, he signed a one-year contract with the Tampa Bay Devil Rays worth $3.325 million with incentives. According to Canseco, the contract included a clause that if he were to be elected to the Hall of Fame he would be depicted as a member of the Devil Rays. That year he came out of the gate swinging, hitting a home run on Opening Day and had a total of 10 home runs by the end of April. In April 14th he hit home run number 400 of his career against Toronto's Kelvim Escobar. From May 16th to the 21st, he hit a home run in 5 consecutive games, the second longest streak in Tampa Bay history. On his first 60 games played he hit 25 home runs, batting .306 with a .690 slugging percentage. On pace for 60+ homers for the season, he was voted to the AL All-Star team as the starting DH for the American League (Tampa Bay's first position player ever to be selected to the All Star Game), making it his first selection in 7 years. By the All Star Break Canseco was leading the American League with 31 home runs, while playing in 82 games during the first half of the season, and became the 14th player in MLB history to hit 30+ Home Runs before the All Star Break (After Shohei Ohtani did it in 2021, there are now 31 players to do so). However, he injured his back days before the mid-summer classic and missed the game (replaced by Rafael Palmeiro). He also missed the Home Run Derby at Boston's Fenway Park and the chance to compete against 'Bash Brother' Mark McGwire. He had back surgery and was expected to miss the rest of the season. With a remarkable recovery, he came back on August 20th, less than month-and-a-half after his back operation. He finished the season with 34 home runs (but with only 3 on his last 119 at bats), 95 RBIs with a .276 batting average and a .563 slugging.

Despite missing around 350 games since 1990 mostly due to injuries, by the end of 1999 Canseco had a total of 303 home runs (in 1145 games), which placed him 8th in the majors during the 90’s decade.

In February 2000 before the start of spring training for the following MLB season, Canseco played in the MLBPA organized Big League Challenge home run derby in Las Vegas at Cashman Field. He competed against a field of 12 that included notable sluggers such as Mark McGwire, Barry Bonds, Sammy Sosa, and Mike Piazza.[12] Canseco won the tournament, defeating Rafael Palmeiro in the final.[13]

The Devil Rays re-signed Canseco for the 2000 season, giving him a $3 million contract. The Devil Rays traded for third baseman Vinny Castilla and signed Greg Vaughn as a free agent to complement Fred McGriff and Canseco. However injuries caused the Tampa Bay front office to disband the quartet after the trading deadline. The first half of season was one of the most difficult in Canseco's career. Bothered by a foot injury, he missed 41 of the team's 85 games up to the All Star Break. Canseco ended his Tampa Bay tenure on August 7th when he was claimed off waivers by the New York Yankees. In one and a half seasons with the Devil Rays, Canseco had a slash line of .272/.373/.525 with 43 home runs, 33 doubles, 125 runs batted in and 176 hits on 174 games. At the time of the waivers claim, Canseco's 440 career home runs were the most ever for any player acquired by the Yankees. The move to the Yankees which caught many, including Yankees manager Joe Torre, off guard, as by then the Yankees had four other players who fulfilled a similar role as Canseco, such as Dave Justice and Glenallen Hill.[14] Yankees General Manager Brian Cashman made the claim to prevent the Athletics, Red Sox and Blue Jays, who were in a close race with the Yankees, from acquiring Canseco.[15]

On August 10th during his first game in the starting lineup with the Yankees (batting 4th) and playing DH, Canseco went 2 for 2 with a walk, a home run, 2 sacrifice flies and 3 RBIs. He finished the season hitting .243 with 6 home runs and 19 RBIs in 37 games for the Yankees, splitting duties as a DH, outfielder and pinch hitter. For the season, he had 15 home runs and 49 RBIs in 329 at bats. The Yankees won the AL West, but Canseco was not active for the Division Series or the ALCS. He was however, included in the final roster for the World Series against the New York Mets. During the 6th inning of Game 4 of the World Series, manager Joe Torre noticed that no right-handed pitcher was warming up in the Mets bullpen, and with pitcher David Cone next to bat, Torre sent Canseco to the plate to face left-handed Glendon Rusch as a pinch hitter (his most recent World Series at-bat was also as a pinch hitter in game 4 of the 1990 World Series, 10 years prior). The game was the first Jose saw action at in 24 days and he struck out. The Yankees won the series 4 games to 1 and Canseco earned his second World Series ring. Despite this achievement Canseco later called his Yankees tenure "the worst time of [his] life" due to receiving limited playing time.[15] His short stint with the Yankees marked the third time he was Roger Clemens's teammate, a fact later magnified by the media due to the steroid controversy, the Mitchell Report and the infamous pool party at Canseco's house two years prior while both played with the Blue Jays. In November, the Yankees declined on Canseco's $5-million option and paid the $500,000 buyout and became a free agent.

On January 16th of 2001 the Anaheim Angels sign Canseco to a incentive-landed deal heavily based on plate appearances. After only 39 spring training at-bats, in which he hit .231 and no home runs, the Angels cut Canseco. Coincidentally, he lost the Anaheim DH spot to Glenallen Hill, with whom he shared at-bats with the Yankees. Hill was released by the Angels on June, after hitting .136, with 1 Home Run in 16 games for the 2001 season, his last in the majors. Canseco spent half of the season with the Newark Bears of the independent Atlantic League, alongside his twin brother Ozzie Canseco, before joining the Chicago White Sox on June 21st. On his first game back in the majors since the 2000 World Series, he went 1 for 5 with a double as the DH, hitting 5th in the lineup. He had 3 RBIs on his second game of the season. His first home run came on June 26th against the Minnesota Twins, and on the season he had two 2-homer games, one on July 8th and another on August 1st. He finished the season playing in 76 games hitting 16 home runs and 49 RBI in only 256 at-bats (a rate of 30+ home runs and 100+ RBIs had he played the entire season). His last home run of the season was the 462nd for Jose's career, and came against Mike Mussina of the New York Yankees, putting him at 38 to reach the 500-Home Run milestone at 37 years old.

In 2002, Canseco was signed by the Montreal Expos, at the time owned by Major League Baseball and had Omar Minaya as General Manager and Frank Robinson as Manager. Despite only having 13 appearances in the outfield in the previous 3 years, he was expected to be the Expos left fielder, and the designated hitter during inter-league play, in what would have been Canseco's first time playing for a National League club. He played 14 preseason games, batting .200 with 3 home runs (tied for the team lead) and 5 RBIs. However he was again released prior to the regular season beginning, this time on March 27th. The Expos invited Jose to be part of their Triple-A team, but decline the offer. With Opening Day scheduled for March 31st, Canseco didn't find a team looking for a DH and signed a minor league contract with the White Sox affiliate Charlotte Knights, where he hit .172 with 5 home runs in 18 minor league games. 38 home runs shy of 500 for his career, Canseco officially announced his retirement from Major League Baseball on May 13th, 2002.

At 39 years old he made a brief comeback attempt in 2004, attending a Dodgers open tryout, but was not offered a spot with the Los Angeles Dodgers.[16][17] or any of their minor league affiliates.

Independent League career (2006–present)

Canseco pitching for the Yuma Scorpions
Canseco pitching for the Yuma Scorpions

On June 29, 2006, the independent Golden Baseball League announced Canseco had agreed to a one-year contract to play with the San Diego Surf Dawgs. The League said Canseco had agreed to be subjected to its drug-testing policy "that immediately expels any players found using steroids or illegal drugs."[18] After playing one game for the Surf Dawgs, Canseco was traded to the Long Beach Armada on July 5, 2006. He requested the trade due to "family obligations."[19] On July 31, 2006, Canseco won the Golden Baseball League's Home Run Derby.[20]

Canseco signed a short team deal with the Laredo Broncos of the United Baseball League on August 14, 2010. He served as bench coach and designated hitter.[21]

On April 11, 2011, Canseco signed a deal as a player/manager for the Yuma Scorpions of the North American League.[21] At the age of 46, he played 64 out of 88 games and batted .258 with 8 home runs and 46 RBI. He was not the oldest player on the team: his twin brother Ozzie appeared in 12 games, mostly as a designated hitter, and 52-year-old Tony Phillips appeared in 24 games, mostly as a third baseman.

Canseco joined the Quintana Roo Tigres of the Mexican League in 2012, but was reportedly banned for using testosterone.[22]

On April 20, 2012, the Worcester Tornadoes, of the Canadian American Association of Professional Baseball, announced that they had signed Canseco to a one-season contract[23] for a salary of one thousand dollars a month.[24] In the beginning of August 2012, Canseco left the Tornadoes due to concerns of not receiving his salary, a conflict which led him to sue the team.[25] Canseco quickly signed with the Rio Grande Valley WhiteWings of the North American League. However, his debut was delayed due to a family emergency.[26]

In early 2013 Canseco played in the Texas Winter League but was only 3 for 16 at the plate.[27] He signed with the Fort Worth Cats of the United League to start the 2013 season.[28]

In 2015, 2016 and 2017, Canseco had short playing stints in the Pacific Association, mostly with the Pittsburg Diamonds.[29] Although he has not played Major League Baseball since 2001, Canseco has played for numerous minor-league teams over the years, most recently in 2018, when he was 53 years of age, for the Normal CornBelters of the Independent Frontier League. In recent years, he has usually played just a few games per season, but in 2011, he played 64 out of 88 games for the Yuma Scorpions of the North American League. Canseco has played 30 seasons of professional baseball over a span of 36 years between 1982 and 2018.

Amateur Adult Baseball (2011 and 2016)

In March 2011, Canseco played a few games with the Valley Rays in the Pacific Coast Baseball League in Los Angeles.[30]

In May 2016, Canseco made an appearance for the SoCal Glory in the 35+ MSBL Las Vegas Open – National Tournament.[citation needed]

Performance-enhancing drugs

In 2005, Canseco admitted to using anabolic steroids with Jorge Delgado, Damaso Moreno, and Manuel Collado in a tell-all book, Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big. Canseco also claimed that up to 85% of major league players took steroids, a figure disputed by many in the game. In the book, Canseco specifically identified former teammates Mark McGwire, Rafael Palmeiro, Jason Giambi, Iván Rodríguez, and Juan González as fellow steroid users, and admitted that he injected them.[31] Most of the players named in the book initially denied steroid use, though Giambi admitted to steroid use in testimony before a grand jury investigating the BALCO case and on January 11, 2010, McGwire admitted publicly to using steroids.

At a Congressional hearing on the subject of steroids in sports, Palmeiro categorically denied using performance-enhancing drugs, while McGwire repeatedly refused to answer questions on his own suspected use, saying he "didn't want to talk about the past." Canseco's book became a New York Times bestseller. On August 1, 2005, Palmeiro was suspended for 10 days by Major League Baseball after testing positive for steroids.

On December 13, 2007, José Canseco and Jorge Delgado were cited in the Mitchell Report (The Report to the Commissioner of Baseball of an Independent Investigation into the Illegal Use of Steroids and Other Performance Enhancing Substances by Players in Major League Baseball).[32] On December 20, 2007, Canseco was also named in Jason Grimsley's unsealed affidavit as a user of steroids. Canseco and Grimsley were teammates on the 2000 New York Yankees.[33]

On December 30, 2007, it was announced that Canseco had reached a deal for his sequel to Juiced. The sequel is titled Vindicated, which hit bookstores by Opening Day 2008. This book has information on Alex Rodriguez and Albert Belle, as suggested by Canseco. The book was a "clarification" of names that should've been mentioned in the Mitchell Report.

In 2010 Canseco spoke out against PEDs that was covered by ESPN and other news outlets by advocating baseball's youth to not try them and criticized their effectiveness overall:

"These kids don't need steroids to become players... we overemphasize the steroids and not the athletic ability and skills of these people. We're taking away the hard work the athlete puts in and saying he became great just because of steroids. Let me give you a perfect example. I have an identical twin brother, Ozzie. He is the closest thing to me genetically. And in my prime I was a super athlete". "My twin brother used the same chemicals, same workouts, the same nutrition. Why didn't he make it in the big leagues? That is the perfect example that we are giving steroids way too much credit. If steroids are that great it would have made him a superstar."[34]

In a 2012 Sportsnet Interview article, Canseco said one of his only seasons without performance-enhancing drugs was in 1998 with the Toronto Blue Jays because he was in the process of a divorce and "didn't want to use steroids while handling breakup-induced depression".[35]

Outside baseball

While still a player, he was a guest star on The Simpsons and Nash Bridges. Since his retirement, Canseco has appeared on Late Show with David Letterman, 60 Minutes, The Big Idea with Donny Deutsch, "Boomer and Carton", Howard Stern, Jimmy Kimmel Live!, CMI: The Chris Myers Interview, and Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List. In 2003, he was featured in the reality-TV special Stripper's Ball: Jenna Jameson with Dennis Rodman and Magic Johnson.[36] He was a cast member in Season 5 of The Surreal Life with Janice Dickinson, Pepa of Salt-N-Pepa, Bronson Pinchot, Omarosa Manigault-Stallworth, Caprice Bourret, and Carey Hart.[37] Canseco has a film cameo playing himself in the 2017 basketball drama Slamma Jamma as a judge in a slam dunk competition.

In 2007, he received 6 Hall of Fame votes. This accounted for 1.1% of the ballots, failing to reach the 5% threshold necessary to stay on the ballot for another year. However, he can be elected to the Hall of Fame by the Committee of Baseball Veterans.

In May 2008, Philadelphia sportscaster and former NFL football player Vai Sikahema accepted a challenge from Canseco to fight him for $30,000. Canseco claims to have earned black belts in kung fu and taekwondo, while Sikahema fought in the Golden Gloves tournament won by Sugar Ray Leonard. The fight took place on July 12 in Atlantic City at the Bernie Robbins stadium.[38] The 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m) Sikahema knocked out the 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) Canseco in the first round.

On January 24, 2009, Canseco fought radio personality and former child actor Danny Bonaduce in Aston Township, Pennsylvania; the three-round match ended in a majority draw.[39][40]

Canseco claims to hold black belts in karate and taekwondo, and to practice Muay Thai, as well as describing himself as "an expert with nunchakus".[41] He made his mixed martial arts debut at Dream 9 on May 26, 2009, where he fought 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m) kickboxer Hong-man Choi as part of Dream's Super Hulk Tournament. Canseco would lose the fight after slipping, and tapping out to Choi's ground and pound.[42][43]

On November 6, 2009, Canseco defeated Todd Poulton in a Celebrity Boxing Federation bout in Springfield, Massachusetts.[44] As of December 2010, he had launched a Twitter campaign in hopes of getting invited to spring training by Mets GM Sandy Alderson.

Beginning March 6, 2011, Canseco was a contestant on The Celebrity Apprentice. He quit the show on the April 3, 2011, citing his father's ailing health. Canseco later announced on Twitter that his father died shortly after he left the show. Canseco did earn $25,000 for his charity, the Baseball Assistance Team.

In 2012, Canseco accepted a home run derby challenge by Canadian Twitter user Evan Malamud, father of an autistic child, as part of a fundraiser for an initiative called Home Runs For Autism.[45] Canseco still remains[when?] active with the charity as their spokesperson.[citation needed]

He is also a columnist for Vice magazine.

Lane Patorti and Edward Stoney Landon finished a reality show concept based on former professional athletes being placed into smalltown sports leagues. TMZ reported Canseco was in talks to star in the show, A League of His Own.

In May 2013, Canseco provided the foreword to the novel Air Force Gator 2: Scales of Justice by Dan Ryckert.[46] In it, he claims the book about the alcoholic alligator pilot is a "weakly veiled" metaphor for his own life.[47]

On October 28, 2014, Canseco accidentally shot himself on his left hand injuring one of his fingers while attempting to clean his gun at home in Las Vegas. After having surgery performed he was able to recover the full use of the hand.[48]

Canseco was also portrayed by Andy Samberg in The Unauthorized Bash Brothers Experience alongside Mark McGwire (portrayed by Akiva Schaffer). The visual poem describes the two baseball players' careers and rampant steroid use in the 1980s.

On October 26, 2019, Canseco opened up his own car wash in Las Vegas, Nevada, where he signs autographs every Wednesday.[49]

Canseco fought Billy Football from Barstool Sports in a boxing match on February 5, 2021, and was knocked out in the first round.[50]

Legal issues and controversies

On February 10, 1989, Canseco was arrested in Florida for reckless driving after allegedly leading an officer on a 15-mile chase. He was found guilty and fined $500.[51]

On April 11, 1989, Canseco was arrested in California for carrying a loaded semi-automatic pistol in his car.[52] He was released on $2,500 bail and pleaded no contest.[53][54]

On February 13, 1992, Canseco was charged with aggravated battery for ramming his Porsche into a BMW driven by his then-wife Esther Canseco after a verbal altercation.[52] [55]On March 19, 1992, Canseco pleaded not guilty to charges of aggravated assault and later underwent counseling and fulfilled a community-service requirement.[56]

In November 1997, Canseco was arrested for beating his then-wife Jessica Canseco.[57] In January 1998, he pleaded no contest and was sentenced to one year of probation and required to attend counseling.[58]

In October 2001, Canseco and his brother, Ozzie, got into a fight with two men at a Miami Beach nightclub that left one man with a broken nose and another needing 20 stitches in his lip; both were charged with two counts of aggravated battery. The brothers both pleaded guilty and received both probation and community service.[59]

Following his retirement in May 2002, Canseco speculated about having been "blackballed" from Major League Baseball; it was then he announced he was writing a tell-all book about his baseball career and the increasing usage of anabolic steroids in baseball.

In March 2003, Canseco missed a court appearance while in California working out a custody dispute over his 6-year-old. The judge revoked his probation and sentenced him to two years under house arrest followed by three years' probation.[60]

In June 2003, Canseco was arrested at his home for probation violation after he tested positive for steroids. Canseco spent a month in jail without bail.[61]

In May 2008, Canseco revealed that he had lost his house in Encino, California to foreclosure saying his two divorces had cost him $7 to $8 million each.[62]

On October 10, 2008, Canseco was detained by immigration officials at a San Diego border crossing as he tried to bring a fertility drug from Mexico. He stated the drug was to help with his hormone replacement therapy, needed due to his use of steroids.[63] On November 4, 2008, Canseco pleaded guilty in Federal court and was sentenced to 12 months' unsupervised probation by U.S. Magistrate Judge Ruben B. Brooks.[64]

The 2008 A&E Network documentary Jose Canseco: Last Shot chronicles Canseco's attempts to end his steroid use. In it he also regrets ever writing his tell-all books and naming former teammates as steroid users, as he was never given the opportunity to participate in MLB-affiliated baseball. Since, he has tried unsuccessfully to reach out to former Bash Brother Mark McGwire and other ex-teammates.[65] In 2014, he returned to the Oakland Coliseum to take part in the reunion celebrating the 25th anniversary of the 1989 World Series championship team; this marked the first time Canseco took part in an official Major League Baseball event in almost 13 years. Mark McGwire, at the time coach for the Los Angeles Dodgers, did not attend the event.

On May 22, 2013, Canseco was named as a suspect in a rape allegation in Las Vegas. He broke the news himself on Twitter, denying the allegations and posting pictures and defamatory information about his accuser. On June 7, 2013, Canseco was cleared of any wrongdoing following an investigation. He was never charged.[66]

Mixed martial arts record

Professional record breakdown
1 match 0 wins 1 loss
By knockout 0 1
By submission 0 0
By decision 0 0
Res. Record Opponent Method Event Date Round Time Location Notes
Loss 0–1 Hong Man Choi TKO (submission to punches) Dream 9 May 26, 2009 1 1:17 Yokohama, Japan DREAM Hulk Grand Prix Quarterfinal

See also

References

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  2. ^ Sullivan, Paul (July 3, 1989). "Huntsville Goes Ga-ga Over Canseco's Return". Chicago Tribune.
  3. ^ Anderson, Dave (March 9, 1986). "Sports of the Times; a Rookie to Remember". The New York Times.
  4. ^ International, United Press (April 20, 1986). "Mantle Understands Canseco's Drive for Fences : 'Tape Measure' Home Run Was Invented to Describe Former Yankee's Blasts" – via LA Times.
  5. ^ "Jose Canseco bats over .500, hits 500-foot home runs..." UPI.
  6. ^ "September 7, 1985 Oakland Athletics at New York Yankees Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
  7. ^ "September 9, 1985 Texas Rangers at Oakland Athletics Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
  8. ^ Boswell, Thomas (August 19, 1988). "Jose Canseco's 40–40 Vision Starting to Come Into Focus". Los Angeles Times.
  9. ^ "Legislative Matter". miami-dade.fl.us. Archived from the original on February 16, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
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  11. ^ The Ballplayers – Jose Canseco Archived September 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
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  13. ^ Orl, Joe; March 17, o-; 2000. "Heavy Hitters Going Deep for Charity". www.psacard.com.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
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  38. ^ [1][dead link] Philly.com
  39. ^ Ryan Yamamoto. "Bonaduce Makes Sacramento His Training Ground". News10. Archived from the original on January 27, 2012. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
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  48. ^ [2] Archived October 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
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  52. ^ a b David Hancock. "Jose Canseco: 'Juiced'". CBS News.
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  54. ^ Times wire services (June 9, 1989). "THE SIDELINES: Canseco Won't Fight Gun Charge". Los Angeles Times.
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External links

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