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José Antonio de la Garza

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

José Antonio de la Garza
79th and 99th Mayor of San Antonio
In office
1813 – October 1813 (a year)
Preceded byClemente Delgado
Succeeded byJosé Antonio Saucedo
In office
1832–1833
Preceded byJosé María Salinas
Succeeded byJose Miguel de Arciniega
Personal details
BornMay 31, 1776 (1776-05-31)
San Antonio de Béjar, Texas
Died1851 (1852) (aged 75)
San Antonio de Béjar
NationalityAccording to the different countries to which Texas belonged, he was Spanish (1776-1821), Mexican (1821-1836), Tejano (1836-1845), and American (1845-1851?; his death)
Spouse(s)Maria Gertrudis de Jesus Rivas Irenaeus
ProfessionLandowner and politician

José Antonio de la Garza (May 31, 1776 – 1851?), was a Tejano who was the first landowner in San Antonio, Texas and the first man to create a coin in this state. Antonio de la Garza was elected mayor of San Antonio in 1813 and 1832.

Biography

Early years

Antonio de la Garza was born in San Antonio de Béjar, Texas, on May 31, 1776. His parents were Leonardo de la Garza and Magdalena Martinez. His ancestors came from Nuevo Leon (modern Mexico).[1] In 1813, he became the first elected mayor of San Antonio.[2]

The first coin in Texas

In 1818, after acquiring permission from the government of Texas, he created the first coin that existed in Texas. "On one side of the coin", de la Garza imprinted his initials "JAG" (José Antonio de la Garza) as well as, the year it was minted (1818). On the other side of the coin, he fixed a drawing of one star.

The importance of this event was not only the creation of the first coin of Texas, but also that the star symbol drawn in the currency is said to have served of inspiration to the symbol of modern State of Texas, the "Lone Star."

De la Garza used a building located between the Houston and Soledad streets for the minting of coins. He minted them for a year and a half.[1]

Landowner

In 1824, thanks to the success of its currency, de la Garza obtained a large extension of land (which consisted of two leagues) between San Antonio and Medina River. In doing so, he "became one of the largest landowners in Bexar County".[1]

Mayor

In 1832, de la Garza became Mayor of San Antonio.[2] That year he signed the articles from the Convention of 1832. Probably at the beginning of 1834 he bought the San Francisco de la Espada Mission. This purchase, however, was deemed illegal by some residents, leading to a rejection of him. This rejection was further strengthened when during the Texas Revolution (1835-1836), some Texas residents thought that his family defended the idea that Texas should remain Mexican (Texas was a province of Mexico previous to the Revolution).

In the 1840s, de la Garza and his family settled near Calaveras Lake. Their house there, "a two-story structure", had been built forty years earlier (1801) and had three functions: as a church, a school and a community centre.[1]

Personal life

José Antonio de la Garza married Maria Gertrudis de Jesus Rivas Irenaeus on October 21, 1813 at "La Villa de San Fernando de Béjar". They had 3 children; Carmen, Vicente and Rafael. Later, on July 20, 1824, he married María Josefa Menchaca and they had four children. One of his sons, Leonardo Garza, became a banker, business owner, and one of the wealthiest citizens of Bexar County in his time.[1] De la Garza died on May 5, 1851 in San Antonio, according to the State of Texas Bulletin.[1]

Legacy

In 1876 Garza County was named after the family of José Antonio de la Garza, which lived in San Antonio for more than two hundred years.[1][3]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Cynthia E. Orozco (November 26, 2008). "Handbook of Texas Online: De la Garza, José Antonio". Handbook of Texas Online. Consulted in May 22–26, 2010.
  2. ^ a b La Odisea de los canarios en Texas y Luisiana (The Odyssey of the canarians in Texas and Louisiana), by José Manuel Balbuena Castellano. Chapter IV. Organización de los isleños: Los Ediles de San Antonio (Of the Islanders organization: The city fathers of San Antonio), page 46. Anroart Ediciones, SL. 2007.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 135.
This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 12:34
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