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José, Prince of Brazil

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Prince José
Prince of Brazil, Duke of Braganza (more...)
D. José, Príncipe da Beira e do Brasil.jpg
Portrait at age 12 by Miguel António do Amaral, 1773
Born(1761-08-20)20 August 1761
Real Barraca, Ajuda, Kingdom of Portugal
Died11 September 1788(1788-09-11) (aged 27)
Real Barraca, Ajuda, Portugal
SpouseInfanta Benedita of Portugal
José Francisco Xavier de Paula Domingos António Agostinho Anastácio
HouseHouse of Braganza
FatherPedro III of Portugal
MotherMaria I of Portugal
ReligionRoman Catholicism

D. José, Prince of Brazil, Duke of Braganza (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒuˈzɛ]; 20 August 1761 – 11 September 1788) was the heir apparent to the Kingdom of Portugal until his death in 1788, as the eldest child of Queen Maria I of Portugal and King Pedro III of Portugal,[a] members of the House of Braganza.

José died of smallpox at the age of 27, causing his younger and ill-prepared brother,[1] Infante João, to become heir-apparent and eventually King. João's reign would be a turbulent one, seeing the Napoleonic invasion of Portugal and the loss of the Portuguese Empire's largest and wealthiest colony, Brazil.

Early life

José at the age of 13 (1774)
José at the age of 13 (1774)

José was born at the Real Barraca where the Palace of Ajuda in Lisbon stands today. He was named after his grandfather who was the ruling King of Portugal at the time of his birth. His grandfather created him Prince of Beira, this being the first time when the title was given to a male.

At the time of his birth, his parents were the Prince and Princess of Brazil, his mother the Heir presumptive of the king.


On 21 February 1777, when he was 15 years old, he married his 30-year-old aunt the Infanta Benedita of Portugal. Benedita was an attractive woman and the main candidate for the wife of José. The marriage was the express wish of the dying king, Dom José.

They had no children, however she miscarried twice: in 1781 and in 1786. Three days after their wedding, José's grandfather and Benedita's father the old King José died, and his mother succeeded as queen regnant. Infante José became the new crown prince, being accorded the titles Prince of Brazil and 14th Duke of Braganza.

Death and legacy

Royal styles of
José, Prince of Brazil
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Portugal (1640-1910).png
Reference styleHis Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Royal Highness

José died at the age of 27 of smallpox. Upon José's death, his younger brother Infante John became heir-apparent to the throne and thus the new Prince of Brazil. José died on the Ajuda Royal Complex in Lisbon. His mother and wife were very badly affected by his death. His wife would be known as the "Dowager Princess of Brazil" till her death in 1829.

José is buried in the Pantheon of the House of Braganza in Lisbon, the resting place for most of the members of the House of Braganza.




  1. ^ When José was born, his parents were not King and Queen yet, but the Prince and Princess of Brazil


  1. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 444.
  2. ^ Albano da Silveira Pinto. "Serenissima Casa de Bragança". Resenha das Familias Titulares e Grandes des Portugal (in Portuguese). Lisbon. p. xlv.
  3. ^ "Caballeros Existentes en la Insignie Orden del Toison de Oro", Calendario Manual y Guía de Forasteros en Madrid (in Spanish): 41, 1787, retrieved 23 August 2020
  4. ^ Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 15.


External links

Media related to José, Prince of Beira and Brazil at Wikimedia Commons

José, Prince of Brazil
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 20 August 1761 Died: 11 September 1788
Portuguese royalty
Preceded by
Maria Francisca
Prince of Beira
Duke of Barcelos

20 August 1761— 24 February 1777
Succeeded by
Maria Teresa
Preceded by
Maria I
Prince of Brazil
Duke of Braganza

24 February 1777— 11 September 1788
Succeeded by
John VI
This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 20:21
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