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John Wesley Hoyt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Wesley Hoyt
John Wesley Hoyt.jpg
3rd Governor of Wyoming Territory
In office
April 10, 1878 – August 22, 1882
Preceded byJohn Milton Thayer
Succeeded byWilliam Hale
Personal details
Born(1831-10-13)October 13, 1831
Worthington, Ohio, U.S.
DiedMay 23, 1912(1912-05-23) (aged 80)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Resting placeWyuka Cemetery
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Orpha Sampson Hoyt

John Wesley Hoyt (October 13, 1831 – May 23, 1912) was an American politician and educator. Hoyt was the third Governor of Wyoming Territory.[1]

Early life

Hoyt was born in Worthington, Ohio and graduated from the Ohio Wesleyan University in 1849.[2] He attended the Cincinnati Law School and Ohio Medical College before attaining his medical degree from the Eclectic Medical Institute in Ohio in 1853.[3]


In 1857, Hoyt moved to Wisconsin and became active in politics. While in Wisconsin, he served as manager of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society and was editor for the Wisconsin Farmer and Northern Cultivator.[4] He served as United States and Wisconsin commissioner to the 1862 International Exhibition in London and again at the 1867 Exposition Universelle in Paris.[5] From 1874 to 1876, he was chairman of the Wisconsin Board of Railroad Commissioners.[6]

On April 10, 1878, President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Hoyt as governor of the Territory of Wyoming, replacing John Thayer. He served in that capacity until 1882.[7]

Hoyt was a strong supporter of education. Under the direction of Secretary of State William H. Seward he prepared a large study on education in America and Europe. In 1887, following a brief time living in California, Hoyt returned to Wyoming to become the first president of the University of Wyoming.[8] He later lobbied strongly for the creation of a national university. He died in Washington, D.C. on May 29, 1912.


John Wesley Hoyt is the namesake of Hoyt Peak in Yellowstone National Park.[9]


  1. ^ "Governors of Wyoming". State of Wyoming. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
  2. ^ "Term: Hoyt, John Wesley 1831 - 1912". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  3. ^ "Term: Hoyt, John Wesley 1831 - 1912". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved July 20, 2012.
  4. ^ "Term: Hoyt, John Wesley 1831 - 1912". Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
  5. ^ Larson, T.A. (1999). History of Wyoming. OECD Online Bookshop. pp. 133–134. ISBN 92-64-17123-1.
  6. ^ Bashford, R. M., ed. The Legislative Manual of the State of Wisconsin: Comprising the Constitutions of the United States and of the State of Wisconsin, Jefferson's Manual, Forms and Laws for the Regulation of Business; also, lists and tables for reference, etc. Fourteenth Annual Edition. Madison: Atwood and Culver, Printers and Stereotypers, 1875; p. 204
  7. ^ "Hoyt, John Wesley (1831-1912)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  8. ^ "Hoyt, John Welsley 1831-1912". Wisconsin Historical Society.
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 162.

Further reading

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
John Thayer
Governor of Wyoming Territory
Succeeded by
William Hale
This page was last edited on 27 April 2021, at 05:07
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