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John Quincy Smith

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Quincy Smith
John Quincy Smith from findagrave.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Preceded byLewis D. Campbell
Succeeded byJohn S. Savage
Commissioner of Indian Affairs
In office
November 12, 1875 – September 27, 1877
Preceded byEdward Parmelee Smith
Succeeded byEzra A. Hayt
Member of the Ohio Senate
from the 5th district
In office
January 2, 1860 – January 5, 1862
Preceded byJames J. Winans
Succeeded byMills Gardner
In office
January 1, 1872 – January 4, 1874
Preceded byMoses D. Gatch
Succeeded bySamuel N. Yeoman
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the Clinton County district
In office
January 6, 1862 – January 3, 1864
Preceded byBebee Truesdale
Succeeded byStephen Evans
Personal details
Born(1824-11-05)November 5, 1824
Waynesville, Ohio
DiedDecember 30, 1901(1901-12-30) (aged 77)
Clinton County, Ohio
Resting placeMiami Cemetery, Waynesville
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Lydia Emeline Evans
Alma materMiami University

John Quincy Smith (November 5, 1824 – December 30, 1901) was an American farmer, politician and legislator from Ohio.

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Life and career

John Q. Smith was born to Thomas Edward Smith (1783–1841) and Mary Kennedy Whitehill (1788–1849), natives of Virginia, on their Warren County, Ohio, farm near Waynesville. A voracious reader, his early schooling was limited because of his duties on the family farm, but his father believed in the advantages of an education, so that John Quincy was able to spend a short time at Miami University.

In July 1852, Smith married Lydia Emeline Evans, a native of Warren county. They had six children, one of whom died in childhood. In 1854, he relocated his young family to Clinton County, Ohio.

He was elected to the Ohio Senate in 1859 as a Republican. In Columbus, during the legislative sessions, Smith's roommate was James A. Garfield, who was just starting out on his public career, and other intimate acquaintances were John Sherman and Ulysses S. Grant. In 1861, he was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives and served two years. In 1870, he was elected as a member of the Ohio State Board of Equalization. He was again elected State Senator in 1871.

In 1872, Smith was elected to Congress from Ohio's Third Congressional District. In 1874, he was renominated for Congress, but defeated by John S. Savage.

Smith was appointed Commissioner of Indian Affairs in the Grant Administration on December 11, 1875.[1] His administration saw several controversies, including the Great Sioux War of 1876-77 (including the Battle of the Little Bighorn), the removal of the Ponca Indians to Indian Territory and charges of corruption against his chief clerk, Samuel Galpin. He was removed from office on September 27, 1877.[2]

President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Smith as United States consul general to Montreal, Quebec, Canada, serving from 1878 until he resigned in 1882.

He remained an ardent Republican until President Grover Cleveland's first administration, when he allied himself with the Democratic party because of his views on tariff reform, and thereafter he remained a Democrat. His published articles on tariff in the New York Evening Post attracted wide attention throughout the country and were extensively quoted by the press and on the stump.

Smith left public life and retired to his farm, "Sycamores", in Oakland where he died. He is buried in Miami Cemetery, Waynesville, Ohio.


  1. ^ Poore 1878 : 235
  2. ^ Edward E. Hill, "John Q. Smith, 1875-77", in Robert M. Kvasnicka and Herman J. Viola (eds.), The Commissioners of Indian Affairs from 1824 to 1977, pp. 149-153.


  • United States Congress. "John Quincy Smith (id: S000574)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Taylor, William A. Ohio in Congress from 1803 to 1901. Columbus, Ohio: The XX Century Publishing Company, 1901.
  • History of Clinton County, Ohio. Chicago: W. H. Beers & Co., 1882.
  • Poore, Benjamin Perley (1878). The political register and congressional directory: a statistical record of the Federal Officials...1776-1878. Boston: Houghton, Osgood and Company.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Lewis D. Campbell
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 3rd congressional district

1873 - 1875
Succeeded by
John S. Savage
This page was last edited on 10 January 2020, at 21:11
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