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John Montgomery (Maryland politician)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Montgomery
Mayor of Baltimore
In office
Preceded byEdward Johnson
Succeeded byJacob Small
In office
Preceded byEdward Johnson
Succeeded byEdward Johnson
Attorney General of Maryland
In office
Preceded byJohn Johnson Sr.
Succeeded byLuther Martin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 6th district
In office
Preceded byJohn Archer
Succeeded byStevenson Archer
Personal details
Carlisle, Pennsylvania, British America
DiedJuly 17, 1828(1828-07-17) (aged 63–64)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Spouse(s)Mary Hanes
Maria Nicholson
RelationsWilliam Few (brother-in-law)
Albert Gallatin (brother-in-law)
Joshua Seney (brother-in-law)
ParentsJohn Montgomery

John Montgomery (1764 – July 17, 1828) was an American lawyer from Baltimore, Maryland. He represented the sixth district of Maryland in the U.S. Congress from 1807 until 1811. He served as the Attorney General of Maryland from 1811 to 1818 and Mayor of Baltimore from 1820 to 1822 and 1824 to 1826.

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Early life

Montgomery was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania in 1764. He was the son of John Montgomery, a member of the Continental Congress during the American Revolution.[1]

Montgomery was educated in Carlisle, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1791 and moved to Harford County, Maryland to begin a practice.[1]


A Democratic-Republican, Montgomery served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1793 to 1798. From 1793 to 1796 he was Harford County's State's Attorney.[1]

In 1806, Montgomery was a successful candidate for Congress. He won reelection in 1808 and 1810, and served in the 10th, 11th, and 12th Congresses, holding office from March 4, 1807 until he resigned on April 29, 1811.[1]

Montgomery resigned from Congress and relocated to Baltimore in order to accept appointment as Attorney General of Maryland. He served from April 29, 1811 to February 11, 1818.[1]

During the War of 1812 Montgomery was appointed a captain in the militia and commanded the Baltimore Union Artillery, and he took part in the Battle of North Point.[1]

Montgomery served again in the House of Delegates in 1819. He was Mayor of Baltimore from 1820 to 1822 and again in 1824 to 1826.[1]

Personal life

Montgomery was married first to Mary Hanes or Harris, also called Polly. In 1809, he married Maria Nicholson (1775-1868).[2] Maria was the daughter of Commodore James Nicholson and was the sister of Catherine "Kitty" Nicholson (wife of William Few),[3] Hannah Nicholson (wife of Albert Gallatin),[4] Frances "Fanny" Nicholson (husband of Joshua Seney),[5] James Witter Nicholson (husband of Ann Griffin, daughter of Isaac Griffin),[6] and Jehoiadden Nicholson (wife of James Chrystie).[7][8] His children included sons John and James Nicholson Montgomery.[9]

He died in Baltimore on July 17, 1828. He was buried in the cemetery of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the Bel Air hamlet of Emmorton. This cemetery is also known as Mount Carmel Cemetery, Bel Air Methodist Episcopal Church Cemetery, and Mount Carmel Methodist Church Cemetery.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "MONTGOMERY, John - Biographical Information". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  2. ^ Brown, Charles Brockden (2013). Collected Writings of Charles Brockden Brown: Letters and early epistolary writings. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 598. ISBN 9781611484441. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  3. ^ Johnson, Dale T. (1990). American Portrait Miniatures in the Manney Collection. Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 183. ISBN 9780870995972. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  4. ^ Dungan, Nicholas (2010). Gallatin: America's Swiss Founding Father. NYU Press. pp. 51–52. ISBN 9780814721117. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  5. ^ Revolution, Daughters of the American (1921). Lineage Book. The Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. p. 73. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  6. ^ "James Witter Nicholson letters, 1792-1834". Columbia University. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  7. ^ Roosevelt, Hall; McCoy, Samuel Duff (1939). Odyssey of an American family: an account of the Roosevelt and their kin as travelers, from 1613 to 1938. Harper & brothers. p. 216. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  8. ^ Library, Columbia University Rare Book and Manuscript (1992). A guide to the manuscript collections in the Rare Book and Manuscript Library of Columbia University. G.K. Hall. pp. 180, 309. ISBN 9780816105168. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  9. ^ McKenney, Janice E. (2012). Women of the Constitution: Wives of the Signers. Scarecrow Press. pp. 59–60. ISBN 9780810884991. Retrieved April 1, 2019.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Archer
U.S. Congressman, Maryland's 6th District
Succeeded by
Stevenson Archer
Legal offices
Preceded by
John Johnson Sr.
Attorney General of Maryland
Succeeded by
Luther Martin
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Johnson
Mayor of Baltimore
Succeeded by
Edward Johnson
Preceded by
Edward Johnson
Mayor of Baltimore
Succeeded by
Jacob Small
This page was last edited on 27 November 2019, at 05:19
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