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John Lucas (painter)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Lindsay Lucas (1807–1874) was an English portrait painter.

Life

Born in London on 4 July 1807, he was son of William Lucas, from a King's Lynn family, originally in the Royal Navy, then a writer and journalist; his mother was a Miss Callcott. He was apprenticed to Samuel William Reynolds, the mezzotint engraver, where Samuel Cousins was his fellow-pupil. At the end of his apprenticeship he set up as a portrait-painter.[1]

Lucas was a member of the Clipstone Street academy, where he worked with William Etty and other artists. One of his earliest patrons and sitters was Henry Milton, who introduced him to Mary Russell Mitford, whose portrait he painted, and exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1829. He then substituted a portrait of her father. A further portrait of her, he kept in his studio, and it was purchased after his death for the National Portrait Gallery.[1]

One of the fashionable portrait-painters of his time, Lucas had a successful career. He died at his residence in St John's Wood, London, on 30 April 1874. Works in his possession at his death went to auction by Messrs. Christie, Manson, & Wood's, on 25 February 1875.[1]

Works

Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess of Kent, 1841 portrait by John Lucas
Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Duchess of Kent, 1841 portrait by John Lucas

Lucas exhibited 96 portraits at the Royal Academy, 13 at the British Institution, and eight at the Suffolk Street Gallery, between 1828 and his death. Those sat who sat for him included Queen Adelaide, Albert, Prince Consort (four times), the Princess Royal, the Duke of Wellington (eight times), Lord and Lady Palmerston, William Ewart Gladstone, Lord and Lady Mahon, and many court beauties. He contributed to Sir Robert Peel's gallery of contemporary portraits.[1]

Conference of Engineers at the Menai Straits Preparatory to Floating one of the Tubes of the Britannia Bridge, 1868 engraving by James Scott, after John Lucas,  portrait group of Robert Stephenson, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and other engineers, consulting over the Menai Bridge[1]
Conference of Engineers at the Menai Straits Preparatory to Floating one of the Tubes of the Britannia Bridge, 1868 engraving by James Scott, after John Lucas, portrait group of Robert Stephenson, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and other engineers, consulting over the Menai Bridge[1]

Many of Lucas's portraits were engraved, some, like that of Nicholas Conyngham Tindal, by himself in mezzotint. He also engraved a few portraits after Sir Thomas Lawrence, including one of the Queen of Portugal.[1]

Family

Lucas married early in life Miss Milborough Morgan, and left three sons and two daughters. The eldest son, John Templeton Lucas (1836–1880), was an artist; William Lucas became a water-colour painter; and Arthur Lucas became an art publisher in New Bond Street, London. John Seymour Lucas was a nephew and pupil.[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Lee, Sidney, ed. (1893). "Lucas, John" . Dictionary of National Biography. 34. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

External links

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainLee, Sidney, ed. (1893). "Lucas, John". Dictionary of National Biography. 34. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

This page was last edited on 29 September 2019, at 21:21
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