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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Luther Vance
John L. Vance 005.png
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th district
In office
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877
Preceded byHezekiah S. Bundy
Succeeded byHenry S. Neal
Personal details
Born(1839-07-19)July 19, 1839
Gallipolis, Ohio
DiedJune 10, 1921(1921-06-10) (aged 81)
Gallipolis, Ohio
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Emily F. Shepard
Childrenfour
Alma materCincinnati Law School
Signature

John Luther Vance (July 19, 1839 – June 10, 1921) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Urbanization and the future of cities - Vance Kite
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Transcription

Today ,more than half of all people in the world live in an urban area. By mid-century, this will increase to 70%. But as recently as 100 years ago, only two out of ten people lived in a city, and before that, it was even less. How have we reached such a high degree of urbanization, and what does it mean for our future? In the earliest days of human history, humans were hunter-gatherers, often moving from place to place in search of food. But about 10,000 years ago, our ancestors began to learn the secrets of selective breeding and early agricultural techniques. For the first time, people could raise food rather than search for it, and this led to the development of semi-permanent villages for the first time in history. "Why only semi-permanent?" you might ask. Well, at first, the villages still had to relocate every few years as the soil became depleted. It was only with the advent of techniques like irrigation and soil tilling about 5,000 years ago that people could rely on a steady and long-term supply of food, making permanent settlements possible. And with the food surpluses that these techniques produced, it was no longer necessary for everyone to farm. This allowed the development of other specialized trades, and, by extension, cities. With cities now producing surplus food, as well as tools, crafts, and other goods, there was now the possibility of commerce and interaction over longer distances. And as trade flourished, so did technologies that facilitated it, like carts, ships, roads, and ports. Of course, these things required even more labor to build and maintain, so more people were drawn from the countryside to the cities as more jobs and opportunities became available. If you think modern cities are overcrowded, you may be surprised to learn that some cities in 2000 B.C. had population densities nearly twice as high as that of Shanghai or Calcutta. One reason for this was that transportation was not widely available, so everything had to be within walking distance, including the few sources of clean water that existed then. And the land area of the city was further restricted by the need for walls to defend against attacks. The Roman Empire was able to develop infrastructure to overcome these limitations, but other than that, modern cities as we know them, didn't really get their start until the Industrial Revolution, when new technology deployed on a mass scale allowed cities to expand and integrate further, establishing police, fire, and sanitation departments, as well as road networks, and later electricity distribution. So, what is the future of cities? Global population is currently more than 7 billion and is predicted to top out around 10 billion. Most of this growth will occur in the urban areas of the world's poorest countries. So, how will cities need to change to accommodate this growth? First, the world will need to seek ways to provide adequate food, sanitation, and education for all people. Second, growth will need to happen in a way that does not damage the land that provides us with the goods and services that support the human population. Food production might move to vertical farms and skyscrapers, rooftop gardens, or vacant lots in city centers, while power will increasingly come from multiple sources of renewable energy. Instead of single-family homes, more residences will be built vertically. We may see buildings that contain everything that people need for their daily life, as well as a smaller, self-sufficient cities focused on local and sustainable production. The future of cities is diverse, malleable, and creative, no longer built around a single industry, but reflecting an increasingly connected and global world.

Contents

Biography

Vance was born in Gallipolis, Ohio and attended the public schools and Gallia Academy, Ohio.

He graduated from the Cincinnati Law School in April 1861, and was admitted to the bar the same year.

Civil War service

He enlisted in April 1861 in the Union Army and served successively as captain, major, and lieutenant colonel in the 4th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment until he mustered out in December 1864.

Postbellum

After the war he established and published the Gallipolis Bulletin in 1867 and commenced the practice of law in Gallipolis, Ohio, in 1870.

He served as delegate to the 1872 Democratic National Convention and was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877).

He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1876 to the Forty-fifth Congress and resumed his former newspaper business.

He served as president of the Ohio River Improvement Association from shortly after 1877 until his death.

He died in Gallipolis, Ohio, on June 10, 1921, and was interred in Pine Street Cemetery.

Vance was married to Emily F. Shepard of Gallipolis on October 4, 1866. They had four children.[1]

Vance was a member of the Masonic fraternity, and the Grand Army of the Republic.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Reed, George Irving; Randall, Emilius Oviatt; Greve, Charles Theodore, eds. (1897). Bench and Bar of Ohio: a Compendium of History and Biography. 1. Chicago: Century Publishing and Engraving Company. pp. 465–467.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Hezekiah S. Bundy
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th congressional district

March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877
Succeeded by
Henry S. Neal
This page was last edited on 20 May 2019, at 05:15
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