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John I, Count of Holland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John I
Jean Ier de Hollande.png
John I as imagined in the 16th century
Count of Holland
ReignCount of Holland: 1296–1299
PredecessorFloris V
SuccessorJohn II
Born1284
Died10 November 1299
Haarlem
SpouseElizabeth of England
HouseHouse of Holland
FatherFloris V, Count of Holland
MotherBeatrice of Flanders
Coat of arms of Holland
Coat of arms of Holland
Holland, penny or 'kopje' with portrait of John I, Count of Holland.
Holland, penny or 'kopje' with portrait of John I, Count of Holland.

John I (1284 – 10 November 1299) was Count of Holland and son of Count Floris V. John inherited the county in 1296 after the murder of his father.

Shortly after his birth, after negotiations between Floris and King Edward I of England in April 1285, he was betrothed to Elizabeth, a daughter of Edward and Eleanor of Castile. Soon after this the infant John was sent to England to be raised and educated there at Edward's court. In 1296, after the murder of John's father Count Floris V, King Edward invited a number of nobles from Holland with English sympathies, amongst whom were John III, Lord of Renesse, and Wolfert I of Borselen [nl]. On 7 January 1297 John married Edward's daughter Elizabeth at Ipswich. Soon after this, he was allowed to return to Holland, although being made to promise to heed the council of Renesse and Borselen. Elizabeth was expected to go to Holland with her husband, but did not wish to go, leaving her husband to go alone. After some delay and spending Christmas 1297 with part of her family in Ghent, Elizabeth did join her husband in Holland in 1298.

At first Renesse acted as regent, but on 30 April 1297, John had appointed Wolfert van Borselen regent in his stead, until his fifteenth birthday. As regent, Wolfert van Borselen, pursued a policy of neutrality towards Flanders and England. He came into conflict with the city of Dordrecht and was killed there by a mob on 30 August 1299. After this Count John II of the house of Avesnes took over the regency, for a few months. Count John I of Holland died at Haarlem in the same year, on 10 November, childless and only fifteen years old, reportedly of dysentery, but there were suspicions he was murdered.

With his death without descendants, and all his siblings having died young, the heirs to the county of Holland were his father's cousins of Hainaut, sons of John's grandaunt Adelaide of Holland. From this time to the extinction of Hainaut as an independent county, Holland was in personal union with Hainaut.

Three years after John's death, his young widow remarried to Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford.

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  • ✪ Where is Scandinavia?
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Transcription

Scan-duh-nay-ve-a! Look at this Arctic wonderland -- fjords, saunas, fjords, lutefisk, blondes, vikings, blond vikings?, fjords, Ikea, babies in government issued boxes, Santa, death metal, and fjords. But like, where exactly are the borders of Scandinavia -- because not off of this stuff is in it. Scandinavia is just three countries exactly: Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Three kingdoms to be more precise, all of which are on the Scandinavian peninsula -- well, except Denmark, and errrr plus Finland. Wait, this doesn't help at all. Forget that. The three countries on this peninsula can be collectively called Fennoscandia -- but if you do everyone will look at you weird because no one except the nerdiest of geography nerds uses that word. *Fennoscandia*. So, Scandinavia is a term that's one part geography, one part history, and one part linguistics -- which is why people will argue about who exactly is included. Finland is normally excluded because she used to be considered one of the Baltic sisters with historical ties to mother Russia. And Denmark, though on the other side of the sea is included because of her relationship 'it's complicated' with Sweden. They've had something like 15 to 21 wars between them depending on how you want to count it. And it's complicated-er because they mostly fought over Norway. And who wouldn't? She beautiful -- and rich. Anyway, when outsiders say Scandinavia they probably mean The Nordic Countries. That's these three *plus* Finland *and* Iceland. Though you can hardly blame people for confusion when organizations like the American Scandinavia Foundation lists everyone as members. And all the Nordic Countries sometimes advertise abroad under the banner of Scandinavia anyway. This is the 'Holland' approach to international relations: if there is a fun name that everyone likes and keeps using wrongly, just go with it. The Nordic countries get along well enough that they've made an official union: The Nordic Council, a Viking cool kids club, that other Northern European places occasionally unrealistically dream of joining. Though the Baltic sisters do get to sit with them, but not actually vote on anything. The Nordic Council is largely a collection of committees that tries to get its members to cooperate on common problems like the Arctic environment and social welfare, and business in the region. And also finds time to make a surprisingly long and hilariously specific list rules for how their logo can be used. Including a 'respect distance' the sovereignty of which must not be violated. But the biggest deal of the Nordic Council is that citizens of these five countries get to live and work in any of the others. (Which, if you've seen the EU video -- adds yet another semi-overlapping bubble of complexity to an already complex region) The immigration rule, however, doesn't apply to Icelandic horses which are 1. Super adorables And 2. Banished from returning to Iceland should they ever leave. But that's a story for another time. Now, it wouldn't be a political union in Europe without some special territorial weirdness to mention, mainly: - Aland: an autonomous region of Finland, that speaks Swedish. - And The Faeroe Islands and Greenland, both countries in the Kingdom of Denmark. Greenland is really the odd girl out in the Nordic club, given that she's in the wrong hemisphere and that Greenlanders aren't historically or linguistically related to Nords. Also, her flag ruins the otherwise consistent design motif. But she's part of Denmark because Vikings. Lastly there's Svalbard, an unincorporated territory of Norway, that must be mentioned because it has prepared for the apocalypse with a seed bank of every plant to rebuild all of agriculture should it be necessary. And it's also guarded by armored bears. So that's that -- next time you say Scandinavia, and you're not 100% sure who that includes, just say the The Nordic Countries instead. # Sponsor Squarespace # Credits Special thanks Scandanavia and the World card. # Post Credits Oh how will I spend all my money? Teslas for everyone!

Ancestors

See also

External links and sources

John I, Count of Holland
Born: 1284 Died: 10 November 1299
Preceded by
Floris V
Count of Holland and Zeeland
1296–1299
Succeeded by
John II
This page was last edited on 4 April 2019, at 15:57
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