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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Hammill
John Hammill.png
24th Governor of Iowa
In office
January 15, 1925 – January 15, 1931
LieutenantClem F. Kimball
Arch W. McFarlane
Preceded byNathan E. Kendall
Succeeded byDaniel Webster Turner
Lieutenant Governor of Iowa
In office
January 13, 1921 – January 15, 1925
GovernorN. E. Kendall
Preceded byErnest Robert Moore
Succeeded byClem F. Kimball
Member of the Iowa Senate
In office
1908–1913
Personal details
Born(1875-10-14)October 14, 1875
Linden, Wisconsin
DiedApril 6, 1936(1936-04-06) (aged 60)
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Political partyRepublican

John Hammill (October 14, 1875 – April 6, 1936) served three terms as the 24th Governor of Iowa from 1925 to 1931.[1]

Biography

Hammill was born in Linden, Wisconsin.[2][3] He earned a law degree from the University of Iowa College of Law in 1897, and practiced law in Britt, Iowa.[3] After serving as a county attorney from 1902 to 1908, he was elected to the Iowa Senate where he served until 1913.[3] In 1920, he was elected the Lieutenant Governor of Iowa and was re-elected to that position in 1922.

In August 1923, Governor N. E. Kendall was sidelined because of a heart condition, which led to speculation that he would resign before the end of his term, thus leaving Hammill as Iowa's governor.[4] Although Kendall left the state for an extended stay in Hawaii to recuperate, leaving Hammill as Iowa's acting governor for several months, Kendall did not resign.[5] Kendall did not seek re-election in 1924, and Hammill announced his candidacy for the post.

Hammill won the 1924 Republican gubernatorial nomination, and defeated James C. Murtagh in the general election. He was sworn into the governor's office on January 15, 1925.[3] He won reelection to a second term in 1926 (defeating Democratic candidate Alex R. Miller), and to a third term in 1928 (defeating Democratic candidate L. W. Housel).

Hammill advocated for the sterilization of the unfit.[6]

The following changes occurred during his tenure:

  • an office of superintendent of child welfare was instituted;
  • banking laws were managed by a state banking board;
  • junior colleges were initiated into the public school system;
  • the state's highway system was expanded, updated and put under the management of the state highway commission; and
  • a constitutional amendment was sanctioned that allowed women to be elected to the General Assembly.[3]

Hammill did not run for reelection as governor in 1930, choosing instead to run for the United States Senate. He lost in the Republican primary to Lester J. Dickinson.

He died on April 6, 1936, of a heart attack in a Minneapolis hotel room[2][7] and was buried in Britt.

References

  1. ^ John Hammill, Iowa General Assembly Archived 2012-12-11 at Archive.today
  2. ^ a b "Former Iowa Governor Dead in Minneapolis". The Journal Times. April 7, 1936. p. 7. Retrieved June 16, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  3. ^ a b c d e National Governors Association profile Archived 2007-04-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "'Kendall to Quit Post,' is Story; Kendall says No", Waterloo Evening Courier, 1924-08-21 at 2.
  5. ^ "John Hammill Takes Governor's Office", Waterloo Evening Courier, 1924-08-27 at 1.
  6. ^ [https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=Ig1WAAAAIBAJ&sjid=IOIDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5568%2C3714290 Iowa Executive Urges Sterilization of Unfit to Avert Institutions Being Overcrowded Newspaper The Spokesman Review. Date November 22, 1928.]
  7. ^ "John Hammill, Former Iowa Governor, Dies". The Chippewa Herald. April 7, 1936. p. 3. Retrieved June 17, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. open access

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Nathan E. Kendall
Republican nominee Governor of Iowa
1924, 1926, 1928
Succeeded by
Dan W. Turner
Political offices
Preceded by
Ernest Robert Moore
Lieutenant Governor of Iowa
1921–1925
Succeeded by
Clem F. Kimball
Preceded by
Nathan E. Kendall
Governor of Iowa
1925–1931
Succeeded by
Daniel Webster Turner
This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 05:07
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