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John H. Kerr Dam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John H. Kerr Dam
USACE John H Kerr Dam and Lake.jpg
John H. Kerr Dam
LocationMecklenburg County, Virginia, USA
Coordinates36°35′53″N 78°17′55″W / 36.59806°N 78.29861°W / 36.59806; -78.29861
Construction began1947 (1947)
Opening date1953 (1953)
Operator(s)U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Dam and spillways
Type of damConcrete gravity
ImpoundsRoanoke River
Height144 ft (44 m)
Length2,785 ft (849 m)
Reservoir
CreatesKerr Lake
Surface area50,000 acres (20,000 ha)
Power Station
Turbines7 Francis units
Installed capacity227 MW
Annual generation426.749 GWh

John H. Kerr Dam is concrete gravity-dam located on the Roanoke River in Virginia, creating Kerr Lake. The dam was built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1947 and 1953 for the purposes of flood control, and hydropower. The dam also serves wildlife resources, forest conservation, and public recreational uses. The John H. Kerr Dam currently produces over 426 GWh of electricity annually and has prevented over $385 million in flood damage since completion. The dam is named after John H. Kerr, a Congressman from North Carolina who was instrumental in authorizing the construction.[1]

Background and construction

Tainter gate from the back, or spillway, on the John H. Kerr Dam, Boydton, Virginia (USACE)
Tainter gate from the back, or spillway, on the John H. Kerr Dam, Boydton, Virginia (USACE)

Construction of the John H. Kerr dam was authorized by the 78th United States Congress in 1944 with the Flood Control Act of 1944 but did not commence until 1947. The site was selected because of the granite in the area that could support a large concrete dam. During early construction, the project was called Buggs Island Lake after a downstream island which was named after Samuel Bugg, an 18th-century early pioneer. The 82nd United States Congress renamed the project the John H. Kerr Dam later in 1951. [1]

The John H. Kerr Dam Project consisted of a dam, powerhouse and switchyard. The dam was built in 53 sections called monoliths. A grouting tunnel or gallery was built in order to fill gaps between the dam and foundation with concrete. The spillway consists of 22-tainter gates for overflow and at the base of the dam, 6-sluice gates were installed to maintain downstream flows. Construction was completed and the dam was opened in 1953.[1]

Hydro power-plant

The hydro-power plant within the John H. Kerr Dam contains 7 vertical Francis units capable of producing 227 MW. Six large generators within the power-plant produce 32 MW each and one smaller unit produces 12 MW. The hydro-power plant operates at about 83% efficiency.[1]

58% of the power sold is transmitted to Dominion Energy and 42% to the Progress Energy. Overall, the power is regulated by the Southeastern Power Administration and about one half of the power is transmitted to various government preference customers such as rural Cooperatives.[1]

Climate

Climate data for John H. Kerr Dam, Virginia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(27)
83
(28)
90
(32)
94
(34)
99
(37)
107
(42)
106
(41)
108
(42)
103
(39)
102
(39)
90
(32)
81
(27)
108
(42)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 69
(21)
72
(22)
81
(27)
87
(31)
91
(33)
96
(36)
98
(37)
98
(37)
93
(34)
87
(31)
78
(26)
71
(22)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 49.7
(9.8)
53.5
(11.9)
61.5
(16.4)
71.6
(22.0)
79.3
(26.3)
87.4
(30.8)
90.9
(32.7)
89.4
(31.9)
83.1
(28.4)
73.3
(22.9)
63.6
(17.6)
52.9
(11.6)
71.4
(21.9)
Average low °F (°C) 28.3
(−2.1)
30.3
(−0.9)
36.7
(2.6)
45.9
(7.7)
55.4
(13.0)
64.8
(18.2)
69.3
(20.7)
67.2
(19.6)
60.2
(15.7)
47.6
(8.7)
39.2
(4.0)
31.2
(−0.4)
48.1
(8.9)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 11
(−12)
17
(−8)
21
(−6)
30
(−1)
40
(4)
51
(11)
58
(14)
57
(14)
45
(7)
32
(0)
24
(−4)
16
(−9)
9
(−13)
Record low °F (°C) −5
(−21)
0
(−18)
7
(−14)
21
(−6)
27
(−3)
37
(3)
47
(8)
44
(7)
33
(1)
19
(−7)
13
(−11)
5
(−15)
−5
(−21)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.29
(84)
2.75
(70)
4.20
(107)
3.30
(84)
3.58
(91)
3.53
(90)
5.10
(130)
3.93
(100)
3.47
(88)
3.33
(85)
3.09
(78)
3.24
(82)
42.81
(1,087)
Source: xmACIS2 (Monthly Climate Normals)[2]

Other links

References

  1. ^ a b c d e John H. Kerr Project Archived 2009-12-19 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "NOAA 1981-2010 Climate Normals". NOAA Regional Climate Centers. Retrieved 2019-12-24.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 December 2019, at 21:09
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.