To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

John Garamendi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Garamendi
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from California
Assumed office
November 5, 2009
Preceded byEllen Tauscher
Constituency10th district (2009–2013)
3rd district (2013–2023)
8th district (2023–present)
46th Lieutenant Governor of California
In office
January 8, 2007 – November 3, 2009
GovernorArnold Schwarzenegger
Preceded byCruz Bustamante
Succeeded byMona Pasquil (acting)
1st and 5th Insurance Commissioner of California
In office
January 6, 2003 – January 8, 2007
GovernorGray Davis
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Preceded byHarry Low
Succeeded bySteve Poizner
In office
January 7, 1991 – January 2, 1995
GovernorPete Wilson
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byChuck Quackenbush
1st United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
In office
August 15, 1995 – April 1998
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byDavid J. Hayes
Member of the California Senate
In office
December 3, 1976 – November 30, 1990
Preceded byAl Alquist
Succeeded byPatrick Johnston
Constituency13th district (1976–1984)
5th district (1984–1990)
Member of the California State Assembly
from the 7th district
In office
December 7, 1974 – November 30, 1976
Preceded byBill Bagley
Succeeded byNorman S. Waters
Personal details
John Raymond Garamendi

(1945-01-24) January 24, 1945 (age 79)
Camp Blanding, Florida, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Patricia Wilkinson
(m. 1965)
Residence(s)Walnut Grove, California, U.S.
EducationUniversity of California, Berkeley (BA)
Harvard University (MBA)
WebsiteHouse website

John Raymond Garamendi (/ˌɡærəˈmɛndi/ GARR-ə-MEN-dee; born January 24, 1945) is an American businessman, politician, and member of the Democratic Party who has represented areas of Northern California between San Francisco and Sacramento, including the cities of Fairfield and Vacaville, in the United States House of Representatives since 2009. Garamendi was the California insurance commissioner from 1991 to 1995 and 2003 to 2007, the U.S. Deputy Secretary of the Interior from 1995 to 1998, and the 46th lieutenant governor of California from 2007 until his election to Congress in late 2009.[1]

Garamendi was born in Camp Blanding, Florida, and raised in Mokelumne Hill, California. He earned a B.A. in business from the University of California, Berkeley, and an MBA from Harvard Business School, then served in the Peace Corps in Ethiopia from 1966 to 1968. He was elected to the California State Assembly in 1974, serving a single term before being elected in 1976 to the California State Senate, where he served four terms until 1990. During this time he had a spell as Majority Leader and ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nominations for governor of California in 1982 and California State Controller in 1986.

In 1990, Garamendi became the first elected California insurance commissioner, serving from 1991 to 1995. He ran for governor in the 1994 election, losing in the Democratic primary. He left public office and served as President Bill Clinton's deputy secretary of the interior from 1995 to 1998, then worked for the Peace Corps again. He was elected insurance commissioner again in 2002 and briefly ran for governor again in the 2003 recall, before dropping out to support Lieutenant Governor Cruz Bustamante.[2] In 2006, he was elected lieutenant governor to succeed the term-limited Bustamante.

Garamendi had planned to run for governor a fourth time in 2010,[3] but after U.S. Representative Ellen Tauscher of California's 10th congressional district resigned to become under secretary of state for arms control and international security,[4] Garamendi won the November 2009 special election to succeed her.[5][6]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/1
  • John Garamendi on his Peace Corps Experience in Ethiopia


Early life and education

Garamendi was born in Camp Blanding, Florida, and was raised in Mokelumne Hill, California, the son of Mary Jane (née McSorley) and Raymond V. Garamendi. His paternal grandparents were Basque immigrants from Spain and his mother was of half Irish and half Italian ancestry.[7][8] Both his paternal grandfather and his grandfather ultimately moved back to the Basque Country in the 1960s.[9]

Garamendi received a Bachelor of Arts in business from the University of California, Berkeley, where he was a football player and wrestler, and a Master of Business Administration degree from Harvard Business School.[10] He served in the Peace Corps in Ethiopia from 1966 to 1968.[11] Garamendi is an Eagle Scout and a member of Sigma Chi, as a brother of the Alpha Beta Chapter at Berkeley.[12]

California legislature (1974–1991)

Garamendi in the State Assembly in 1975.

State Assembly

In 1974, Garamendi decided to run for California's 7th State Assembly district. Six-term Republican incumbent William T. Bagley did not run for reelection, instead running for California State Controller. In the election to succeed Bagley, Garamendi faced Republican State Assemblyman Douglas F. Carter. Carter had won a special election in the 12th Assembly district in July 1973 to succeed Robert T. Monagan. In the general election, Garamendi defeated Carter, 60,380 votes (64.08%) to 33,842 (35.92%), as Democrats won a supermajority in the California State Assembly for the first time since the 1800s.[13][14]

State Senate

In 1976, Garamendi decided to retire after one term to run in California's 13th State Senate district. He defeated Republican Bob Whitten, 53% to 47%.[15] He was reelected in 1980 (60%),[16] 1984 (69%),[17] and 1988 (69%).[18]

While in the California Senate, Garamendi served as Majority Leader. He chaired the Joint Committee on Science and Technology, the Senate Health and Welfare Committee, and the Senate Revenue and Taxation Committee.[19]

1982 gubernatorial election

Garamendi first ran for governor of California in 1982. In the Democratic primary, Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley defeated him, 61% to 25%.[20]

1986 controller election

In the 1986 Democratic primary for California State Controller, Garamendi lost to Assemblyman Gray Davis, 50% to 38%.[21]

Insurance commissioner (1991–1995)

Garamendi as California Insurance Commissioner

1990 election

Garamendi first ran for California Insurance Commissioner in 1990. He won the Democratic primary with a plurality of 36% of the vote. His closest challenger was radio talk show host Bill Press, who got 28% of the vote.[22] In the general election, he defeated Republican Wes Bannister, 52% to 38%.[23]


In 1991, while serving as California Insurance Commissioner, Garamendi seized Executive Life, a failing life insurance company, and resold it to French investors who turned out to be fronts for a government-owned French bank. They made billions of dollars selling off the company's portfolio of junk bonds while the Californians with Executive Life policies were very negatively affected. This became a scandal in both the U.S. and France, with the U.S. government filing criminal charges, because it was illegal for a government-owned bank to own a U.S. insurer. Policyholders blamed Garamendi for putting them in this position.[24][25][26]

Eventually the U.S. government reached a settlement with the French bankers, and in 2005 Garamendi agreed to a settlement, the terms of which further angered Executive Life policyholders, who, according to the Sacramento Bee, "had been damaged to the tune of perhaps $5 billion." A leader of the policyholders' interest group, Sue Watson, said, "We are shocked and outraged that the largest financial fraud in California history would be settled for so little and without even a fight." The Bee editorialized that "Garamendi cannot simultaneously assert that the sale was a good deal and a multibillion-dollar fraud, and then defend a cents-on-the-dollar settlement that left the buyers with billions of dollars in windfall profits. It just does not make sense."[27][28]

1994 gubernatorial election

Garamendi ran for California governor a second time in 1994. In the Democratic primary, State Treasurer Kathleen Brown defeated him, 48% to 33%.[29][30]


After Garamendi's tenure as insurance commissioner, President Bill Clinton appointed him Deputy Secretary of the Interior, the second-highest post in the U.S. Department of the Interior. He resigned in 1998 and worked with the Peace Corps.[citation needed] He then spent time in the private sector. In 1998, he was a partner at Yucaipa Companies, which had deals financed by Leon Black.[28][26]

Insurance commissioner (2003–2007)

2002 election

Garamendi ran for California insurance commissioner for a second time in 2002. He won the Democratic primary with 39% of the vote.[31] In the general election, he defeated Republican Gary Mendoza 46% to 42%.[32]

2003 gubernatorial election

On August 7, 2003, Garamendi announced his candidacy for governor a third time in the gubernatorial recall election, but dropped out two days later to endorse Lieutenant Governor Cruz Bustamante.[citation needed]

Lieutenant governor (2007–2009)

2006 election

On July 16, 2004, Garamendi announced his candidacy for lieutenant governor of California. He was endorsed by former Vice President Al Gore, the Sierra Club, the California Teachers Association, the California League of Conservation Voters, the Peace Officers Research Association of California, the California Professional Firefighters Association, former U.S. Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, and former U.S. Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt. Garamendi won the Democratic primary by defeating state senators Jackie Speier and Liz Figueroa 43% to 40% to 18%.[33] In the general election, he defeated Republican state senator Tom McClintock 49% to 45%.[34]

U.S. House of Representatives (2009–present)


2009 special

Despite living outside California's 10th congressional district, Garamendi announced his intention to run for the 2009 special election there after Representative Ellen Tauscher vacated her seat. There was some confusion about the location of Garamendi's residence. Garamendi said: "My front yard is in the district, our bedroom is not."[35] He continued to fuel speculation about his residence when he said the same thing to The New York Times in July.[36] The Sacramento Board of Elections later confirmed that no part of Garamendi's property is within the 10th congressional district.

In the September election, no candidate reached the 50% threshold to avoid a runoff. Garamendi ranked first among Democrats with 26% of the vote, defeating State Senator Mark DeSaulnier (18%) and Assemblymember Joan Buchanan (12%). In the November runoff, Garamendi defeated Republican nominee David Harmer, 53% to 43%.[37][38] Garamendi was sworn in as a member of the House of Representatives on November 5, 2009.[39]


Garamendi was reelected to his first full term, defeating Republican nominee Gary Clift 59% to 38%.[40]


After redistricting, Garamendi filed papers in March 2012 to run in the newly redrawn 3rd district.[41][42]

Garamendi was running in a district that was over 77% new to him. While the old 10th district traditionally favored Democrats, the new 3rd was somewhat more of a swing district.[43] But the bulk of its vote was in Democratic-leaning territory between the Bay Area and Sacramento, Garamendi's base. Garamendi defeated Republican Kim Vann 54.2% to 45.8%.


Garamendi was reelected.

Political positions

Garamendi voted with President Joe Biden's stated position 100% of the time in the 117th Congress, according to a FiveThirtyEight analysis.[44]


Garamendi supports abortion access for everyone. He called Roe v. Wade a "fundamental human right to bodily autonomy". He opposed the 2022 overturning of Roe v. Wade, calling the decision "devastating".[45]

Donald Trump

Garamendi was critical of President Donald Trump, suggesting in December 2016 that because of his international real-estate business, Trump was weighed down by conflicts of interest. He also said he was disturbed by the placement of "generals, ex-generals in every one of the key positions dealing with the military, dealing with international affairs."[46]

At a July 2017 town hall in Davis, Garamendi said that developments in the Trump administration were "far more serious" than Watergate.[47]

In July 2017, Garamendi said that during recent visits to Vietnam, South Korea, and Australia, he had encountered "angst, worry and concern about what's happening in America."[47]

Garamendi said in January 2018 that he was "angry" when Trump referred to certain Third World nations as "shithole countries".[48]


On February 24, 2019, Garamendi announced on Facebook that he had become a co-sponsor of H.Res.109, also known as the Green New Deal. This decision came after pressure from community members. The post read, "I welcome the energy and commitment of the supporters of H.Res.109, and I join with them as I continue my decades-long effort to stop Climate Change and save our planet."[49]

In late 2022, Garamendi introduced a bill to strengthen the Jones Act when dismantling offshore oil&gas platforms and installing offshore wind farms. Industry commentators noted the risk of delaying such projects and/or increasing their costs due to lack of US vessels and personnel.[50][51]

Health care

On December 9, 2021, Garamendi became a cosponsor of H.R.1976, the Medicare for All Act of 2021.[52]

Joe Biden

As of November 2021, Garamendi had voted in line with President Joe Biden's stated position 100% of the time.[53]

Economic policy

In January 2018, Garamendi called the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 a "tax scam" that would primarily benefit the so-called "1 percent". He asserted that House "deficit hawks" wanted to "cut out the social safety net" to pay for the bill.[54]

In a January 2018 interview, Garamendi said of the U.S. treasury: "There's no money. They gave it all away." He complained that current economic policies, including the large 2017 tax cuts, benefited the rich and corporations, not the middle class.[48]


In January 2018, Garamendi expressed the desire to "make sure every person is identified" and charged that E-Verify, a system intended to curtail undocumented employment, had "not really been enforced". He said that it was possible to compromise on the issue between conservative and progressive House members, and expressed concern about the fate of "undocumented immigrants who are not considered Dreamers."[48]

Internet privacy

After Mark Zuckerberg's April 2018 testimony before a joint Senate committee, Garamendi called for a privacy law that would cover social media.[55]


Garamendi speaks with generals during the District Commanders Course, 2015.

In May 2011, by a vote of 60–1, the House Armed Services Committee approved a $553 billion military funding bill that would increase pay and fund new aircraft, ships, and submarines. Garamendi cast the sole "no" vote.[56] The same month, he introduced an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act that would withdraw 90% of troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2013. Along with eight other members of Congress he wrote a letter to President Obama asking him to end the war.[57][58]

With Dianne Feinstein and Martin Heinrich, Garamendi sponsored the Due Process Guarantee Act, a 2012 bill that would bar the military from indefinitely detaining U.S. citizens or residents within the country without charge or trial.[59][60]

Garmendi actively opposed a GOP-backed construction of a missile defense site on the East Coast, saying it was fiscally irresponsible to be "spending up to $5 billion in the next three years on a missile defense system that doesn't work."[61]

He voted against extending the Patriot Act.[62]

National security

In a May 2011 article, Garamendi wrote, "our national security is much more dependent on ending desperate poverty, funding good schools, and empowering women in the developing world while eradicating international terrorist networks like al Qaeda. With bin Laden dead and al Qaeda in Afghanistan largely extinguished, it's time we revisited the wisdom of continuing the war in Afghanistan."[63]

In April 2018, he expressed opposition to building a border wall and said, "If you want to go where the problem is, fund the Coast Guard."[64]

Student loans

In the fall of 2017, Garamendi and Brian Fitzpatrick co-introduced H.R. 4001, the Student Loan Refinancing and Recalculating Act. "For many Americans, the price of a college education is too high," he said.[65]


On November 19, 2015, Garamendi voted for HR 4038, legislation that would effectively halt the resettlement of refugees from Syria and Iraq to the United States.[66]

On March 31, 2018, he described Trump's approach to Syria as "helter-skelter" and "chaos".[67] In April 2018, he expressed opposition to a military strike on Syria. "You have to have a strategy. This president doesn't have a clue about how to build a strategy."[55]

Water supply

In a June 2017 article, Garamendi rejected the proposal known as California WaterFix, calling it an "expensive boondoggle", and instead expressed support for Proposition 1.[68]

Committee assignments

For the 118th Congress:[69]

Caucus memberships


Electoral history

Public offices
Office Type Location Elected Term began Term ended
State assemblyman Legislature Sacramento 1974 December 7, 1974 December 2, 1976
State senator Legislature Sacramento 1976 December 2, 1976 December 8, 1980
State senator Legislature Sacramento 1980 December 8, 1980 December 3, 1984
State senator Legislature Sacramento 1984 December 3, 1984 December 5, 1988
State senator Legislature Sacramento 1988 December 5, 1988 December 3, 1990
Insurance commissioner Executive Sacramento 1990 January 7, 1991 January 2, 1995
Insurance commissioner Executive Sacramento 2002 January 6, 2003 January 8, 2007
Lieutenant governor Executive Sacramento 2006 January 8, 2007 November 3, 2009
U.S. Representative Legislative Washington, D.C. 2009 November 3, 2009 January 3, 2011
U.S. Representative Legislative Washington, D.C. 2010 January 3, 2011 Present
California State Legislature service
Years Chamber Majority Governor Committees District
1975–1976 Assembly Democratic Jerry Brown 7
1977–1978 Senate Democratic Jerry Brown 13
1979–1980 Senate Democratic Jerry Brown 13
1981–1982 Senate Democratic Jerry Brown 13
1983–1984 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
1985–1986 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
1987–1988 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
1989–1990 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
California's 10th congressional district special primary, 2009[74]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi 27,580 25.70
Republican David Harmer 22,582 21.05
Democratic Mark DeSaulnier 18,888 17.60
Democratic Joan Buchanan 12,896 12.02
Democratic Anthony Woods 9,388 8.75
Republican Chris Bunch 4,871 4.54
Republican Gary Clift 4,158 3.88
Republican John Toth 3,340 3.11
Republican David Peterson 1,671 1.56
Green Jeremy Cloward 552 0.51
Republican Mark Loos 418 0.39
Democratic Adriel Hampton 376 0.35
American Independent Jerome Denham 309 0.29
Peace and Freedom Mary McIlroy 272 0.25
Democratic Tiffany Attwood (write-in) 2 0.00
Total votes 107,303 100.00
Turnout {{{votes}}} 29.39
California's 10th congressional district special election, 2009[75]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi 72,817 52.85
Republican David Harmer 59,017 42.83
Green Jeremy Cloward 2,515 1.83
Peace and Freedom Mary McIlroy 1,846 1.34
American Independent Jerome Denham 1,591 1.15
Total votes 137,786 100.00
Turnout {{{votes}}} 35.33
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[76]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 137,578 58.9
Republican Gary Clift 88,512 37.8
Green Jeremy Cloward 7,716 3.3
Total votes 233,806 100.0
Turnout {{{votes}}}
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2012[77]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 126,882 54.2
Republican Kim Vann 107,086 45.8
Total votes 233,968 100.0
Turnout {{{votes}}}
Democratic hold
California 3rd Congressional District general election, 2016[78]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 152,513 59.4%
Republican Eugene Cleek 104,453 40.6
Total votes 256,966 100.0
Voter turnout %
Democratic hold

Personal life

Garamendi is married to Patricia Wilkinson, who has worked as agriculture specialist for the California Exposition and State Fair and as deputy secretary of California's Business, Transportation and Housing Agency. President Clinton appointed her to serve as associate director of the Peace Corps in 1993 and as deputy administrator in the Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service in 1998. Garamendi and Wilkinson live in Walnut Grove and have six children and 13 grandchildren.[79]

See also


  1. ^ "Congressional District 10 Special General Election Results". Secretary of State of California. November 3, 2009. Archived from the original on October 19, 2009. Retrieved November 3, 2009.
  2. ^ "Garamendi for Congress". Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  3. ^ Stephen D. Cummings; Patrick B. Reddy (2009). California After Arnold. Algora. p. 182. ISBN 9780875867403. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  4. ^ "Tauscher accepts State Department post - San Jose Mercury News". March 18, 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
  5. ^ [1] Archived July 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "NationalJournal". Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  7. ^ [2] Archived May 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "John Garamendi ancestry". Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  9. ^ Wire, Sarah D. (July 2, 2016). "California congressman brings his Basque roots to Capitol Hill". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 12, 2024.
  10. ^ "Biography". US House of Representatives. Archived from the original on January 6, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
  11. ^ "Work for the World". Archived from the original on September 29, 2006.
  12. ^ [3] Archived July 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Our Campaigns - CA State Assembly 07 1974". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
  14. ^ "The Times Standard from Eureka, California · Page 18". The Times Standard. November 7, 1974. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
  15. ^ "Our Campaigns - CA Senate 13". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 15, 2013.
  16. ^ "CA State Senate 13 Race - Nov 04, 1980". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  17. ^ "CA State Senate 05 Race - Nov 06, 1984". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  18. ^ "CA State Senate 05 Race - Nov 08, 1988". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  19. ^ "Candidate - John Garamendi". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  20. ^ "CA Governor - D Primary Race - Jun 08, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  21. ^ "CA Controller - D Primary Race - Jun 03, 1986". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  22. ^ "CA Insurance Commissioner - D Primary Race - Jun 05, 1990". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  23. ^ "CA Insurance Commissioner Race - Nov 06, 1990". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  24. ^ Kristof, KATHY M. (November 7, 1991). "Executive Life Buyout Rejected by Garamendi". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  25. ^ Hiltzik, Michael (October 13, 2005). "Exec Life Saga Still Shadows Garamendi". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  26. ^ a b Morgenson, Gretchen; Rosner, Joshua (April 25, 2023). These are the Plunderers: How Private Equity Runs — and Wrecks — America (First ed.). New York, New York: Simon & Schuster (published May 2023). ISBN 978-1-9821-9130-6.
  27. ^ Walters, Dan (February 21, 2005). "Investigate a shameful insurance deal". San Diego Tribune. The Sacramento Bee. Archived from the original on July 22, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  28. ^ a b McMenamin, Brigid (December 27, 1999). "Executive Life". Forbes. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  29. ^ "CA Governor - D Primary Race - Jun 07, 1994". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  30. ^ [4] Archived April 19, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ "CA Insurance Commissioner - D Primary Race - Mar 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  32. ^ "CA Insurance Commissioner Race - Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  33. ^ "CA Lieutenant Governor - D Primary Race - Jun 06, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  34. ^ "CA Lieutenant Governor Race - Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  35. ^ Marinucci, Carla (April 23, 2009). "Garamendi changes course for Tauscher's seat". SF Gate. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
  36. ^ McKinley, Jesse (July 4, 2009). "Congressional Race in California Draws a High-Profile Cast". The New York Times. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
  37. ^ "CA - District 10 - Special Election Runoff Race - Nov 03, 2009". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  38. ^ [5] Archived September 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ [6] Archived October 6, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  40. ^ "CA - District 10 Race - Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  41. ^ "Solano County's Congressman John Garamendi files election papers". Retrieved January 14, 2016.[permanent dead link]
  42. ^ "Garamendi is a candidate for new third congressional district". July 15, 2009. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  43. ^ "California Redistricting: The Democrats' Proposal". Swing State Project. February 22, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
  44. ^ Bycoffe, Aaron; Wiederkehr, Anna (April 22, 2021). "Does Your Member Of Congress Vote With Or Against Biden?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved November 15, 2023.
  45. ^ Garamendi, John (June 24, 2022). "Today a radical faction on the Supreme Court has overturned decades of precedence and undermined the fundamental human right to bodily autonomy. While this decision is devastating and the challenge may feel overwhelming, I will never stop fighting for accessible abortion for all". Twitter. Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  46. ^ Blitzer, Wolf. "The Situation Room - Interview With California Congressman John Garamendi". CNN. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  47. ^ a b Ternus-Bellamy, Anne. "Garamendi talks Trump, partisan gridlock and more during Davis town hall". Davis Enterprise. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  48. ^ a b c Bammer, Richard (October 23, 2009). "Congressman John Garamendi says feds have 'no money'". Daily Democrat. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  49. ^ "Garamendi changes tack on Green New Deal". February 28, 2019. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
  50. ^ "Latest Jones Act legislation 'risks foreign trade retaliation'". Riviera. December 20, 2022.
  51. ^ Gallagher, John (December 15, 2022). "Bill aims to close Jones Act 'loopholes'". FreightWaves. Archived from the original on December 28, 2022.
  52. ^ "H.R.1976 - Medicare for All Act of 2021". May 18, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
  53. ^ Bycoffe, Anna Wiederkehr and Aaron (April 22, 2021). "Does Your Member Of Congress Vote With Or Against Biden?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
  54. ^ Bammer, Richard (October 23, 2009). "Congressman John Garamendi says feds have 'no money'". Daily Democrat. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  55. ^ a b "Rep. Garamendi Says Trump 'Doesn't Have a Clue' on Syria Strategy". Bloomberg. April 11, 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  56. ^ Wolf, Jim. "House panel OKs $690 billion in 2012 military spending". Reuters. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  57. ^ Hotakainen, Rob. "California Democrat Garamendi takes on Obama over taxes". McClatchy. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  58. ^ "Garamendi & Bipartisan Congressional Coalition Send Letter to President Obama Urging an End to War in Afghanistan". May 9, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  59. ^ Johnson, Robert. "This Is How You Can Tell Congress To Undo The NDAA". Business Insider. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  60. ^ Cassata, Donna (May 16, 2012). "Bipartisan House group wants end to indefinite detention, without trial, for terror suspects". Associated Press. Retrieved June 7, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  61. ^ Cassata, Donna; Burns, Robert (May 9, 2012). "House panel OKs missile defense site on East Coast". San Diego Union Tribune: Associated Press. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
  62. ^ "A 90-day extension of Patriot Act provisions | U.S. Congress Votes Database - The Washington PostThe Washington Post". Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  63. ^ Garamendi, John (May 2, 2011). "Bin Laden's Death and the Future of Afghanistan". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  64. ^ Krawczyk, Kathryn (April 12, 2018). "Trump jokes about a 16-year presidency and his 'despotic tendencies'". The Week. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  65. ^ Bammer, Richard. "Congressman John Garamendi's bill to ease student loan debt awaits committee action". The Reporter. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  66. ^ "Inside the Syrian refugee vote: California representatives explain what shaped their votes". LA Times. November 20, 2015. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  67. ^ "Rep. Garamendi: John Bolton is 'downright dangerous'". MSNBC. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  68. ^ Garamendi, John. "There's no green light for terrible Delta tunnels". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  69. ^ "John Garamendi". Clerk of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved April 13, 2023.
  70. ^ "Caucus Members".
  71. ^ "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Archived from the original on August 1, 2018. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  72. ^ "Members of the Veterinary Medicine Caucus". Veterinary Medicine Caucus. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  73. ^ "Committees and Caucuses". Congressman John Garamendi. December 13, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  74. ^ "Official Canvass: United States Representative 10th Congressional District Special Primary Election, September 1, 2009" (PDF). Secretary of State of California. September 9, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 24, 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  75. ^ "Official Canvass: United States Representative 10th Congressional District Special General Election, November 3, 2009" (PDF). Secretary of State of California. November 16, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 19, 2009. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  76. ^ [7] Archived May 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  77. ^ [8] Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  78. ^ "Official Canvass: United States Representative 3rd Congressional District Special General Election, November 8, 2016" (PDF). Secretary of State of California. Retrieved January 12, 2017.
  79. ^ "Representative John Garamendi (CA)". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved November 21, 2010.

External links

California Assembly
Preceded by Member of the California Assembly
from the 7th district

Succeeded by
California Senate
Preceded by Member of the California Senate
from the 13th district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the California Senate
from the 5th district

Succeeded by
Political offices
New office Insurance Commissioner of California
Succeeded by
United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Harry W. Low
Insurance Commissioner of California
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lieutenant Governor of California
Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 10th congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 8th congressional district

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by United States representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 26 March 2024, at 19:51
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.