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John Garamendi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Garamendi
John Garamendi official photo.jpg
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from California
Assumed office
November 5, 2009
Preceded byEllen Tauscher
Constituency10th district (2009–2013)
3rd district (2013–present)
46th Lieutenant Governor of California
In office
January 8, 2007 – November 3, 2009
GovernorArnold Schwarzenegger
Preceded byCruz Bustamante
Succeeded byMona Pasquil (acting)
1st and 5th Insurance Commissioner of California
In office
January 6, 2003 – January 8, 2007
GovernorGray Davis
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Preceded byHarry Low
Succeeded bySteve Poizner
In office
January 7, 1991 – January 2, 1995
GovernorPete Wilson
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byChuck Quackenbush
1st United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
In office
August 15, 1995 – April 1998
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byDavid J. Hayes
Member of the California Senate
In office
December 3, 1976 – November 30, 1990
Preceded byAl Alquist
Succeeded byPatrick Johnston
Constituency13th district (1976–1984)
5th district (1984–1990)
Member of the California State Assembly
from the 7th district
In office
December 7, 1974 – November 30, 1976
Preceded byBill Bagley
Succeeded byNorman S. Waters
Personal details
Born
John Raymond Garamendi

(1945-01-24) January 24, 1945 (age 76)
Camp Blanding, Florida, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Patricia Wilkinson
(m. 1965)
Children6
ResidenceWalnut Grove, California, U.S.
EducationUniversity of California, Berkeley (BA)
Harvard University (MBA)
WebsiteHouse website

John Raymond Garamendi (/ˌɡærəˈmɛndi/; born January 24, 1945) is an American businessman, politician, and member of the Democratic Party who has represented areas of Northern California between San Francisco and Sacramento, including the cities of Fairfield and Suisun City, in the United States House of Representatives since 2009. Garamendi was the California Insurance Commissioner from 1991 to 1995 and 2003 to 2007, the U.S. Deputy Secretary of the Interior from 1995 to 1998, and the 46th lieutenant governor of California from 2007 until his election to Congress in late 2009.[1]

Garamendi was born in Camp Blanding, Florida, and raised in Mokelumne Hill, California. He earned a B.A. in business from the University of California, Berkeley, and an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School, then served in the Peace Corps in Ethiopia from 1966 to 1968. He was elected to the California State Assembly in 1974, serving a single term before being elected in 1976 to the California State Senate, where he served four terms until 1990. During this time he had a spell as Majority Leader and ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nominations for governor of California in 1982 and California State Controller in 1986.

In 1990, Garamendi became the first elected California Insurance Commissioner, serving from 1991 to 1995. He ran for governor in the 1994 election, losing in the Democratic primary. He left public office and served as President Bill Clinton's Deputy Secretary of the Interior from 1995 to 1998, then worked for the Peace Corps again. He was elected insurance commissioner again in 2002 and briefly ran for governor again in the 2003 recall, before dropping out to support Lieutenant Governor Cruz Bustamante.[2] In 2006, he was elected lieutenant governor to succeed the term-limited Bustamante.

Garamendi had planned to run for governor a fourth time in 2010,[3] but after U.S. Representative Ellen Tauscher of California's 10th congressional district resigned to become Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security,[4] Garamendi won the November 2009 special election to succeed her.[5][6]

Early life and education

Garamendi was born in Camp Blanding, Florida, and was raised in Mokelumne Hill, California, the son of Mary Jane (née McSorley) and Raymond V. Garamendi. His paternal grandparents were Basque immigrants from Spain and his mother was of half Irish and half Italian ancestry.[7][8] Garamendi received a Bachelor of Arts in business from the University of California, Berkeley, where he was a football player and wrestler, and a Master of Business Administration degree from Harvard Business School.[9] He served in the Peace Corps in Ethiopia from 1966 to 1968.[10] Garamendi is an Eagle Scout and a member of Sigma Chi, as a brother of the Alpha Beta Chapter at Berkeley.[11]

California legislature (1977–1991)

State Assembly

In 1974, Garamendi decided to run for California's 7th State Assembly district. Six-term Republican incumbent William T. Bagley did not run for reelection, instead running for California State Controller. In the election to succeed Bagley, Garamendi faced Republican State Assemblyman Douglas F. Carter. Carter had won a special election in the 12th Assembly district in July 1973 to succeed Robert T. Monagan. In the general election, Garamendi defeated Carter, 60,380 votes (64.08%) to 33,842 (35.92%), as Democrats won a supermajority in the California State Assembly for the first time since the 1800s.[12][13]

State Senate

In 1976, Garamendi decided to retire after one term to run in California's 13th State Senate district. He defeated Republican Bob Whitten, 53%-47%.[14] He was reelected in 1980 (60%),[15] 1984 (69%),[16] and 1988 (69%).[17]

While in the California Senate, Garamendi served as Majority Leader. He chaired the Joint Committee on Science and Technology, the Senate Health and Welfare Committee, and the Senate Revenue and Taxation Committee.[18]

1982 gubernatorial election

Garamendi first ran for governor of California in 1982. In the Democratic primary, Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley defeated him, 61%-25%.[19]

1986 controller election

In the 1986 Democratic primary for California State Controller, Garamendi lost to Assemblyman Gray Davis, 50%-38%.[20]

Insurance commissioner (1991–1995)

Garamendi as California Insurance Commissioner
Garamendi as California Insurance Commissioner

1990 election

Garamendi first ran for California Insurance Commissioner in 1990. He won the Democratic primary with a plurality of 36% of the vote. His closest challenger was radio talk show host Bill Press, who got 28% of the vote.[21] In the general election, he defeated Republican Wes Bannister, 52%-38%.[22]

Tenure

In 1991, while serving as California Insurance Commissioner, Garamendi seized Executive Life, a failing life insurance company, and resold it to French investors who turned out to be fronts for a government-owned French bank. They made billions of dollars selling off the company's portfolio of junk bonds while the Californians with Executive Life policies were very negatively affected. This became a scandal in both the U.S. and France, with the U.S. government filing criminal charges, because it was illegal for a government-owned bank to own a U.S. insurer. Policyholders blamed Garamendi for putting them in this position.[23][24]

Eventually the U.S. government reached a settlement with the French bankers, and in 2005 Garamendi agreed to a settlement, the terms of which further angered Executive Life policyholders, who, according to the Sacramento Bee, "had been damaged to the tune of perhaps $5 billion." A leader of the policyholders' interest group, Sue Watson, said, "We are shocked and outraged that the largest financial fraud in California history would be settled for so little and without even a fight." The Bee editorialized that "Garamendi cannot simultaneously assert that the sale was a good deal and a multibillion-dollar fraud, and then defend a cents-on-the-dollar settlement that left the buyers with billions of dollars in windfall profits. It just does not make sense."[25][26]

1994 gubernatorial election

Garamendi ran for California governor a second time in 1994. In the Democratic primary, State Treasurer Kathleen Brown defeated him, 48%-33%.[27][28]

1995–2003

After Garamendi's tenure as insurance commissioner, President Bill Clinton appointed him Deputy Secretary of the Interior, the second-highest post in the U.S. Department of the Interior. He resigned in 1998 and worked with the Peace Corps.[citation needed] He then spent time in the private sector.[citation needed]

Insurance commissioner (2003–2007)

2002 election

Garamendi ran for California insurance commissioner for a second time in 2002. He won the Democratic primary with 39% of the vote.[29] In the general election, he defeated Republican Gary Mendoza 46%-42%.[30]

2003 gubernatorial election

On August 7, 2003, Garamendi announced his candidacy for governor a third time in the gubernatorial recall election, but dropped out two days later to endorse Lieutenant Governor Cruz Bustamante.[citation needed]

Lieutenant governor (2007–2009)

2006 election

On July 16, 2004, Garamendi announced his candidacy for lieutenant governor of California. He was endorsed by former Vice President Al Gore, the Sierra Club, the California Teachers Association, the California League of Conservation Voters, the Peace Officers Research Association of California, the California Professional Firefighters Association, former U.S. Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, and former U.S. Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt. Garamendi won the Democratic primary by defeating state senators Jackie Speier and Liz Figueroa 43%-40%-18%.[31] In the general election, he defeated Republican State Senator Tom McClintock 49%-45%.[32]

U.S. House of Representatives (2009–present)

2009


In the September election, no candidate reached the 50% threshold to avoid a runoff. Garamendi ranked first among Democrats with 26% of the vote, defeating State Senator Mark DeSaulnier (18%) and Assemblymember Joan Buchanan (12%). In the November runoff, Garamendi defeated Republican nominee David Harmer 53%-43%.[33][34] Garamendi was sworn in as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives on November 5, 2009.[35]

2010

Garamendi was reelected to his first full term, defeating Republican nominee Gary Clift 59%-38%.[36]

2012

After redistricting, Garamendi filed papers in March 2012 to run in the newly redrawn 3rd district.[37][38]

Garamendi was running in a district that was over 77% new to him. While the old 10th district traditionally favored Democrats, the new 3rd was somewhat more of a swing district.[39] Buy the bulk of its vote was in Democratic-leaning territory between the Bay Area and Sacramento, Garamendi's base. Garamendi defeated Republican Kim Vann 54.2%-45.8%.

2014

Garamendi was reelected.

Political positions

Donald Trump

Garamendi was critical of President Donald Trump, suggesting in December 2016 that because of his international real-estate business, Trump was weighed down by conflicts of interest. He also said he was disturbed by the placement of "generals, ex-generals in every one of the key positions dealing with the military, dealing with international affairs."[40]

At a July 2017 town hall in Davis, Garamendi said that developments in the Trump administration were "far more serious" than Watergate.[41]

In July 2017, Garamendi said that during recent visits to Vietnam, South Korea, and Australia, he had encountered "angst, worry and concern about what's happening in America."[41]

Garamendi said in January 2018 that he was "angry" when Trump referred to certain Third World nations as "shithole countries."[42]

Joe Biden

As of August 2021, Garamendi had voted in line with President Joe Biden's stated position 100% of the time.[43]

Economic policy

In January 2018, Garamendi called the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 a "tax scam" that would primarily benefit the so-called "1 percent." He asserted that House "deficit hawks" wanted to "cut out the social safety net" to pay for the bill.[44]

In a January 2018 interview, Garamendi said of the U.S. treasury: "There's no money. They gave it all away." He complained that current economic policies, including the large 2017 tax cuts, benefited the rich and corporations, not the middle class.[42]

Immigration

In January 2018, Garamendi expressed the desire to "make sure every person is identified" and charged that E-Verify, a system intended to curtail undocumented employment, had "not really been enforced." He said that it was possible to compromise on the issue between conservative and progressive House members, and expressed concern about the fate of "undocumented immigrants who are not considered Dreamers."[42]

Internet privacy

After Mark Zuckerberg's April 2018 testimony before a joint Senate committee, Garamendi called for a privacy law that would cover social media.[45]

Military

Garamendi speaks with generals during the District Commanders Course, 2015
Garamendi speaks with generals during the District Commanders Course, 2015

In May 2011, by a vote of 60–1, the House Armed Services Committee approved a $553 billion military funding bill that would increase pay and fund new aircraft, ships, and submarines. Garamendi cast the sole "no" vote.[46] The same month, he introduced an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act that would withdraw 90% of troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2013. Along with eight other members of Congress he wrote a letter to President Obama asking him to end the war.[47][48]

With Dianne Feinstein and Martin Heinrich, Garamendi sponsored the Due Process Guarantee Act, a 2012 bill pushed by the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) that would bar the military from indefinitely detaining U.S. citizens or residents within the country without charge or trial.[49][50]

Garmendi actively opposed a GOP-backed construction of a missile defense site on the East Coast, saying it was fiscally irresponsible to be "spending up to $5 billion in the next three years on a missile defense system that doesn't work."[51]

He voted against extending the Patriot Act.[52]

National security

In a May 2011 article, Garamendi wrote, "our national security is much more dependent on ending desperate poverty, funding good schools, and empowering women in the developing world while eradicating international terrorist networks like al Qaeda. With bin Laden dead and al Qaeda in Afghanistan largely extinguished, it's time we revisited the wisdom of continuing the war in Afghanistan."[53]

In April 2018, he expressed opposition to building a border wall and said, "If you want to go where the problem is, fund the Coast Guard."[54]

Student loans

In the fall of 2017, Garamendi and Brian Fitzpatrick co-introduced H.R. 4001, the Student Loan Refinancing and Recalculating Act. "For many Americans, the price of a college education is too high," he said.[55]

Syria

On November 19, 2015, Garamendi voted for HR 4038, legislation that would effectively halt the resettlement of refugees from Syria and Iraq to the United States.[56]

On March 31, 2018, he described Trump's approach to Syria as "helter-skelter" and "chaos."[57] In April 2018, he expressed opposition to a military strike on Syria. "You have to have a strategy. This president doesn't have a clue about how to build a strategy."[45]

Water supply

In a June 2017 article, Garamendi rejected the proposal known as California WaterFix, calling it an "expensive boondoggle," and instead expressed support for Proposition 1.[58]

Committee assignments

[59]

Caucus memberships

[59]

Electoral history

Public offices
Office Type Location Elected Term began Term ended
State assemblyman Legislature Sacramento 1974 December 7, 1974 December 2, 1976
State senator Legislature Sacramento 1976 December 2, 1976 December 8, 1980
State senator Legislature Sacramento 1980 December 8, 1980 December 3, 1984
State senator Legislature Sacramento 1984 December 3, 1984 December 5, 1988
State senator Legislature Sacramento 1988 December 5, 1988 December 3, 1990
Insurance commissioner Executive Sacramento 1990 January 7, 1991 January 2, 1995
Insurance commissioner Executive Sacramento 2002 January 6, 2003 January 8, 2007
Lieutenant governor Executive Sacramento 2006 January 8, 2007 November 3, 2009
U.S. Representative Legislative Washington, D.C. 2009 November 3, 2009 January 3, 2011
U.S. Representative Legislative Washington, D.C. 2010 January 3, 2011 Present
California State Legislature service
Years Chamber Majority Governor Committees District
1975–1976 Assembly Democratic Jerry Brown 7
1977–1978 Senate Democratic Jerry Brown 13
1979–1980 Senate Democratic Jerry Brown 13
1981–1982 Senate Democratic Jerry Brown 13
1983–1984 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
1985–1986 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
1987–1988 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
1989–1990 Senate Democratic George Deukmejian 5
California Insurance Commissioner general election, 1990
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Garamendi 3,770,717 52.2
Republican Wes Bannister 2,736,577 37.9
Libertarian Ted Brown 431,317 6.0
Peace and Freedom Tom Condit 281,276 3.9
Total votes 7,220,508
Majority 1,034,140 14.3
Turnout
Democratic win (new seat)
California Insurance Commissioner general election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Garamendi 3,346,937 46.5
Republican Gary Mendoza 2,998,243 41.6
Green David Ishmael Sheidlower 277,667 3.9
Libertarian Dale F. Ogden 236,688 3.3
Natural Law Raul Calderon 192,001 2.7
American Independent Steven A. Klein 148,893 2.1
Total votes 7,200,429
Majority 348,694 4.9
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing
California Lieutenant Governor primary election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Garamendi 1,045,097 42.5
Democratic Jackie Speier 975,530 39.7
Democratic Liz Figueroa 436,849 17.8
Total votes 2,457,476
Majority 69,567 2.8
Turnout
California Lieutenant Governor general election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Garamendi 4,189,584 49.1
Republican Tom McClintock 3,845,858 45.1
Green Donna J. Warren 239,107 2.8
Libertarian Lynnete Shaw 142,851 1.7
American Independent Jim King 68,446 0.8
Peace and Freedom Tom Condit 43,319 0.5
Total votes 8,529,165
Majority 343,726 4.0
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing
California's 10th congressional district special primary, 2009[62]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi 27,580 25.70
Republican David Harmer 22,582 21.05
Democratic Mark DeSaulnier 18,888 17.60
Democratic Joan Buchanan 12,896 12.02
Democratic Anthony Woods 9,388 8.75
Republican Chris Bunch 4,871 4.54
Republican Gary Clift 4,158 3.88
Republican John Toth 3,340 3.11
Republican David Peterson 1,671 1.56
Green Jeremy Cloward 552 0.51
Republican Mark Loos 418 0.39
Democratic Adriel Hampton 376 0.35
American Independent Jerome Denham 309 0.29
Peace and Freedom Mary McIlroy 272 0.25
Democratic Tiffany Attwood (write-in) 2 0.00
Total votes 107,303 100.00
Turnout   29.39
California's 10th congressional district special election, 2009[63]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi 72,817 52.85
Republican David Harmer 59,017 42.83
Green Jeremy Cloward 2,515 1.83
Peace and Freedom Mary McIlroy 1,846 1.34
American Independent Jerome Denham 1,591 1.15
Total votes 137,786 100.00
Turnout   35.33
Democratic hold
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[64]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 137,578 58.9
Republican Gary Clift 88,512 37.8
Green Jeremy Cloward 7,716 3.3
Total votes 233,806 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold
California's 3rd Congressional District Primary election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 59,546 51.5
Republican Kim Vann 30,254 26.2
Republican Rick Tubbs 17,902 15.5
Republican Tony Carlos 5,541 4.8
Republican Eugene Ray 2,438 2.1
Total votes 115,681 100.0
Voter turnout %
United States House of Representatives elections, 2012[65]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 126,882 54.2
Republican Kim Vann 107,086 45.8
Total votes 233,968 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold
Congressional 3rd Congressional District election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 79,224 52.7
Republican Dan Logue 71,036 47.3
Total votes 150,260 100.0
Voter turnout %
Democratic hold
California 3rd Congressional District primary election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 98,430 63.1
Republican Eugene Cleek 37,843 24.3
Republican Ryan Detert 19,699 12.6
Total votes 155,972 100.0
Voter turnout %
California 3rd Congressional District general election, 2016[66]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Garamendi (incumbent) 152,513 59.4%
Republican Eugene Cleek 104,453 40.6
Total votes 256,966 100.0
Voter turnout %
Democratic hold

Personal life

Garamendi is married to Patricia Wilkinson, who has worked as agriculture specialist for the California Exposition and State Fair and as deputy secretary of California's Business, Transportation and Housing Agency. President Clinton appointed her to serve as associate director of the Peace Corps in 1993 and as deputy administrator in the Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agricultural Service in 1998. Garamendi and Wilkinson live in Walnut Grove and have six children and 13 grandchildren.[67]

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Garamendi for Congress". Garamendi.org. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  3. ^ Stephen D. Cummings; Patrick B. Reddy (2009). California After Arnold. p. 182. ISBN 9780875867403. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  4. ^ "Tauscher accepts State Department post - San Jose Mercury News". Mercurynews.com. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
  5. ^ [1] Archived July 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "NationalJournal". NationalJournal.com. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  7. ^ [2] Archived May 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "John Garamendi ancestry". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  9. ^ "Biography". US House of Representatives. Archived from the original on January 6, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
  10. ^ "Work for the World". www.peacecorps.gov. Archived from the original on September 29, 2006.
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  12. ^ "Our Campaigns - CA State Assembly 07 1974". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
  13. ^ "The Times Standard from Eureka, California · Page 18". The Times Standard. November 7, 1974. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns - CA Senate 13". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 15, 2013.
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  18. ^ "Candidate - John Garamendi". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  19. ^ "CA Governor - D Primary Race - Jun 08, 1982". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  20. ^ "CA Controller - D Primary Race - Jun 03, 1986". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  21. ^ "CA Insurance Commissioner - D Primary Race - Jun 05, 1990". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  22. ^ "CA Insurance Commissioner Race - Nov 06, 1990". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  23. ^ Kristof, KATHY M. "Executive Life Buyout Rejected by Garamendi". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  24. ^ Hiltzik, Michael. "Exec Life Saga Still Shadows Garamendi". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  25. ^ Walters, Dan. "Investigate a shameful insurance deal". San Diego Tribune. The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  26. ^ McMenamin, Brigid. "Executive Life". Forbes. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  27. ^ "CA Governor - D Primary Race - Jun 07, 1994". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  28. ^ [4] Archived April 19, 2005, at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ "CA Insurance Commissioner - D Primary Race - Mar 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  30. ^ "CA Insurance Commissioner Race - Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  31. ^ "CA Lieutenant Governor - D Primary Race - Jun 06, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  32. ^ "CA Lieutenant Governor Race - Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  33. ^ "CA - District 10 - Special Election Runoff Race - Nov 03, 2009". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  34. ^ [5] Archived September 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^ [6] Archived October 6, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ "CA - District 10 Race - Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  37. ^ "Solano County's Congressman John Garamendi files election papers". Thereporter.com. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  38. ^ "Garamendi is a candidate for new third congressional district". Woodlandrecord.com. July 15, 2009. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  39. ^ "California Redistricting: The Democrats' Proposal". Swing State Project. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
  40. ^ Blitzer, Wolf. "The Situation Room - Interview With California Congressman John Garamendi". CNN. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  41. ^ a b Ternus-Bellamy, Anne. "Garamendi talks Trump, partisan gridlock and more during Davis town hall". Davis Enterprise. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  42. ^ a b c Bammer, Richard. "Congressman John Garamendi says feds have 'no money'". Daily Democrat. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  43. ^ Bycoffe, Anna Wiederkehr and Aaron (April 22, 2021). "Does Your Member Of Congress Vote With Or Against Biden?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved August 26, 2021.
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  45. ^ a b "Rep. Garamendi Says Trump 'Doesn't Have a Clue' on Syria Strategy". Bloomberg. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  46. ^ Wolf, Jim. "House panel OKs $690 billion in 2012 military spending". Reuters. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  47. ^ Hotakainen, Rob. "California Democrat Garamendi takes on Obama over taxes". McClatchy. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  48. ^ "Garamendi & Bipartisan Congressional Coalition Send Letter to President Obama Urging an End to War in Afghanistan". garamendi.house.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  49. ^ Johnson, Robert. "This Is How You Can Tell Congress To Undo The NDAA". Business Insider. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  50. ^ Cassata, Donna (May 16, 2012). "Bipartisan House group wants end to indefinite detention, without trial, for terror suspects". Associated Press. Retrieved June 7, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  51. ^ Cassata, Donna; Burns, Robert (May 9, 2012). "House panel OKs missile defense site on East Coast". San Diego Union Tribune: Associated Press. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
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  53. ^ Garamendi, John. "Bin Laden's Death and the Future of Afghanistan". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  54. ^ Krawczyk, Kathryn. "Trump jokes about a 16-year presidency and his 'despotic tendencies'". The Week. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  55. ^ Bammer, Richard. "Congressman John Garamendi's bill to ease student loan debt awaits committee action". The Reporter. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  56. ^ "Inside the Syrian refugee vote: California representatives explain what shaped their votes". LA Times. November 20, 2015. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  57. ^ "Rep. Garamendi: John Bolton is 'downright dangerous'". MSNBC. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  58. ^ Garamendi, John. "There's no green light for terrible Delta tunnels". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  59. ^ a b "Committees and Caucuses". Congressman John Garamendi. December 13, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  60. ^ "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Archived from the original on August 1, 2018. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
  61. ^ "Members of the Veterinary Medicine Caucus". Veterinary Medicine Caucus. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  62. ^ "Official Canvass: United States Representative 10th Congressional District Special Primary Election, September 1, 2009" (PDF). Secretary of State of California. September 9, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 24, 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2009.
  63. ^ "Official Canvass: United States Representative 10th Congressional District Special General Election, November 3, 2009" (PDF). Secretary of State of California. November 16, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 19, 2009. Retrieved November 16, 2009.
  64. ^ [7] Archived May 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  65. ^ [8] Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  66. ^ "Official Canvass: United States Representative 3rd Congressional District Special General Election, November 8, 2016" (PDF). Secretary of State of California. Retrieved January 12, 2017.
  67. ^ "Representative John Garamendi (CA)". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved November 21, 2010.

External links

California Assembly
Preceded by
William Bagley
Member of the California Assembly
from the 7th district

1974–1976
Succeeded by
Norman Waters
California Senate
Preceded by
Al Alquist
Member of the California Senate
from the 13th district

1976–1984
Succeeded by
Al Alquist
Preceded by
Milton Marks
Member of the California Senate
from the 5th district

1984–1990
Succeeded by
Patrick Johnston
Political offices
New office Insurance Commissioner of California
1991–1995
Succeeded by
Chuck Quackenbush
United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
1995–1998
Succeeded by
David Hayes
Preceded by
Harry Low
Insurance Commissioner of California
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Steve Poizner
Preceded by
Cruz Bustamante
Lieutenant Governor of California
2007–2009
Succeeded by
Mona Pasquil
Acting
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ellen Tauscher
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 10th congressional district

2009–2013
Succeeded by
Jeff Denham
Preceded by
Dan Lungren
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 3rd congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Judy Chu
United States representatives by seniority
121st
Succeeded by
Ted Deutch
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