To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

John Eisenhower

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John S. D. Eisenhower
Eisenhower on-board the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1990
Eisenhower in 1990
45th United States Ambassador to Belgium
In office
May 14, 1969 – September 28, 1971
PresidentRichard Nixon
Preceded byRidgway B. Knight
Succeeded byRobert Strausz-Hupe
Personal details
John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower

(1922-08-03)August 3, 1922
Denver, Colorado, U.S.
DiedDecember 21, 2013(2013-12-21) (aged 91)
Trappe, Maryland, U.S.
Resting placeWest Point Cemetery
Political partyRepublican
Barbara Thompson
(m. 1947; div. 1986)
Joanne Thompson
(m. 1988)
Alma materUnited States Military Academy (BS)
Columbia University (MA)
United States Army Command and General Staff College (MMAS)
Military service
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Years of service1944–1963 (active)
1963–1974 (reserve)
Brigadier general

John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower (August 3, 1922 – December 21, 2013) was a United States Army officer, diplomat, and military historian. He was the second son of President Dwight D. Eisenhower and First Lady Mamie Eisenhower. His military career spanned from before, during, and after his father's presidency, and he left active duty in 1963 and then retired in 1974. From 1969 to 1971, Eisenhower served as United States Ambassador to Belgium during the administration of President Richard Nixon, who was previously his father's vice president and also father to Eisenhower's daughter-in-law.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    1 348
    1 034
    1 064
    11 814
  • John Eisenhower Returns To Korea (1953)
  • A Day With The President (1957)
  • General Eisenhower And Grandson. (1948)
  • John Eisenhower
  • Kennedy Has Meeting With Eisenhower (1961)


Early life and education

John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower was born on August 3, 1922, at Denver General Hospital in Denver, Colorado,[1] to future U.S. President and United States Army General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower and his wife, Mamie; he was their second child. Their elder son, Doud, known affectionately as "Icky", died in 1921, at age three, after contracting scarlet fever. Eisenhower, like his father, attended the United States Military Academy, graduating on June 6, 1944, the day of the Normandy landings, which his father was commanding.[2] He later earned an M.A. degree in English and comparative literature from Columbia University in 1950, and taught in the English Department at West Point from 1948 to 1951.[2][3] Eisenhower graduated from the Army Command and General Staff College in 1955.[4]

Military career

Eisenhower served in the U.S. Army during World War II and the Korean War, remaining on active duty until 1963; then serving in the U.S. Army Reserve until retirement in 1975 – attaining the rank of brigadier general.[5] A decorated soldier, Eisenhower found his World War II military career thwarted by fears for his safety and concern from the top brass that his death or capture would be a distraction to his father, the Supreme Allied Commander. During World War II, he was assigned to intelligence and administrative duties. This issue arose again in 1952 when Major Eisenhower was assigned to fight in a combat unit in Korea while his father ran for president. But unlike World War II, John was able to see combat in Korea.[6] After seeing combat with an infantry battalion, he was reassigned to the 3rd Division headquarters.

Government career

During his father's presidency, Eisenhower served as Assistant Staff Secretary in the White House, on the Army's General Staff, and in the White House as assistant to General Andrew Goodpaster.

In the administration of President Richard Nixon, who had been his father's vice president, he served as U.S. Ambassador to Belgium from 1969 to 1971. In 1972, President Nixon appointed Eisenhower chairman of the Interagency Classification Review Committee.[7] In 1975, he served President Gerald Ford as chairman of the President's Advisory Committee on Refugees.[8]

Later life and writing

Eisenhower with his father and wife (left) and Pope John XXIII in 1959.

As a military historian, Eisenhower wrote several books, including The Bitter Woods, a study of the Battle of the Bulge, and So Far from God, a history of the Mexican–American War. In a New York Times review of the latter, historian Stephen W. Sears remarked that Eisenhower "writes briskly and authoritatively, and his judgments are worth reading."[9] Eisenhower wrote Zachary Taylor: The American Presidents Series: The 12th President, 1849–1850 (2008).[10][11] He also wrote the forewords to Borrowed Soldiers, by Mitchell Yockelson of the U.S. National Archives, and to Kenneth W. Rendell's Politics, War and Personality: 50 Iconic Documents of World War II.

In later years, he had been an opponent of Frank Gehry's proposed design for the National Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial, which he said was "too extravagant" and "attempts to do too much."[12]

Presidential elections

A lifelong Republican, Eisenhower voted for Democrat John Kerry in the 2004 Presidential election, citing dissatisfaction with Republican incumbent George W. Bush's management of U.S. foreign policy.[13]

During the 2008 presidential election, in which presidential candidate John McCain and vice presidential candidates Sarah Palin and Joe Biden all had children serving in the armed forces, Eisenhower wrote about his wartime experience as the son of a sitting president in a cautionary opinion piece in The New York Times entitled "Presidential Children Don't Belong in Battle".[14]


Eisenhower died at Trappe, Maryland, on December 21, 2013.[15] From the death of Elizabeth Ann Blaesing in 2005 until his own death, Eisenhower was the oldest living presidential child;[16] on his death that distinction passed to Lynda Bird Johnson, who still holds it as of 2023.[17] His burial was at West Point Cemetery on the grounds of the United States Military Academy.

Marriage and children

Eisenhower married Barbara Jean Thompson on June 10, 1947, only a few days before her twenty-first birthday. Barbara was born on June 15, 1926, in Fort Knox, Kentucky, into an Army family. She was the daughter of Col. Percy Walter Thompson (1898–1974) and his wife Beatrice (née Birchfield). Col. Thompson was commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces. The Eisenhowers had four children:

All of his daughters were presented as debutantes to high society at the prestigious International Debutante Ball at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City.[18]

John and Barbara divorced in 1986 after thirty-nine years of marriage. In 1988, Barbara married widower Edwin J. Foltz, a former vice president at the Campbell Soup Company. She died on September 19, 2014, in Gladwyne, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.

In 1988, Eisenhower married Joanne Thompson. He lived in Trappe, Maryland, after moving there from Kimberton, Pennsylvania.[19]

Military awards and decorations

U.S. military decorations
Bronze Star Medal
Army Commendation Medal
U.S. service medals
American Defense Service Medal
American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal w/ 2 bronze service stars
World War II Victory Medal
Army of Occupation Medal w/ "Germany" Clasp
National Defense Service Medal
Korean Service Medal w/ 3 bronze service stars
Foreign unit awards
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation
Non-U.S. service awards
United Nations Service Medal
Republic of Korea War Service Medal
U.S. Army badges
Combat Infantryman Badge
Glider Badge

Other honors

The city of Marshfield, Missouri, chose Eisenhower as a 2008 honoree of the Edwin P. Hubble Medal of Initiative.[20] His grandson, Merrill Eisenhower Atwater, spoke on his behalf at Marshfield's annual Cherry Blossom Festival. The medal recognizes individuals who demonstrate great initiative in their chosen field.

Dates of rank

Insignia Rank Component Date
Second lieutenant Regular Army June 6, 1944
 First lieutenant Army of the United States January 23, 1945
 Captain Army of the United States March 16, 1946
 First lieutenant Regular Army June 6, 1947
 Captain Regular Army May 14, 1951
 Major Army of the United States August 16, 1951
 Major Regular Army September 4, 1957
 Lieutenant colonel Army of the United States May 31, 1960
 Lieutenant colonel Army Reserve July 1, 1963
 Colonel Army Reserve July 1, 1967
 Brigadier general Army Reserve July 29, 1970
 Brigadier general Retired August 31, 1975


Family tree

Dwight D. Eisenhower
Mamie Doud
Richard Nixon
Pat Ryan
Doud Eisenhower
John Eisenhower
Barbara Thompson
Edward Cox
Tricia Nixon
Julie Nixon
David Eisenhower
Anne Eisenhower
Susan Eisenhower
John MahonMary Eisenhower
Ralph Atwater
Andrea Catsimatidis
Christopher Cox
Anthony Cheslock
Jennie Eisenhower
Alex Eisenhower
Tara Brennan
Melanie Eisenhower
Adriana Echavarria
Amelia Eisenhower Mahon
Merrill Eisenhower Atwater


Title Year ISBN Publisher Subject matter Interviews, presentations, and reviews Comments
The Bitter Woods 1969 ISBN 9780898391060 Battery Classics Battle of the Bulge The original subtitle was The Bitter Woods: The Dramatic Story, Told At All Echelons - From Supreme Command to Squad Leader - of the Crisis That Shock the Western Coalition: Hilter's Surprise Ardennes Offensive; In a 1995 edition, the subtitle was simplified to The Battle of the Bulge.
Strictly Personal: A Memoir 1974 ISBN 9780385070713 Doubleday
Allies, Pearl Harbor to D–Day 1982 ISBN 9780385114790 Doubleday United Kingdom–United States relations in World War II
So Far from God: The U.S. War with Mexico, 1846–1848 1989 ISBN 9780394560519 Random House Mexican–American War
Intervention!: The United States Involvement in the Mexican Revolution, 1913–1917 1993 ISBN 9780393313185 W. W. Norton & Company United States involvement in the Mexican Revolution
Agent of Destiny: The Life and Times of General Winfield Scott 1997 ISBN 9780684844510 Free Press Winfield Scott Booknotes interview with Eisenhower on Agent of Destiny: The Life and Times of General Winfield Scott, April 19, 1998.
Yanks: The Epic Story of the American Army in World War I 2001 ISBN 9780743216371 Simon and Schuster United States in World War I, American Expeditionary Forces
General Ike: A Personal Reminiscence 2003 ISBN 9780743255721 Simon and Schuster Dwight D. Eisenhower
Zachary Taylor 2008 ISBN 9780805082371 Macmillan Zachary Taylor
Soldiers and Statesmen: Reflections on Leadership 2012 ISBN 9780826219701 University of Missouri Press Winston Churchill, John Foster Dulles, Harry S. Truman, Mark Wayne Clark, George S. Patton Jr., Terry Allen and Theodore Roosevelt Jr., Douglas MacArthur, Omar Nelson Bradley, and Matthew B. Ridgeway

See also


  1. ^ Perret, Geoffrey (March 2, 2000). Eisenhower. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-375-50470-9.
  2. ^ a b 'John Eisenhower, Military Historian and Son of the President, Dies at 91,' The New York Times, Richard Goldstein, December 22. 2013
  3. ^ "Class of 1944—Register of Graduates". Register of Graduates and Former Cadets 1802–1971 of the United States Military Academy. The West Point Alumni Foundation Inc. 1971. p. 535. Retrieved July 9, 2022.
  4. ^ U. S. Army Register: United States Army Active and Retired Lists. Vol. I. U.S. Government Printing Office. January 1, 1957. p. 250. Retrieved July 9, 2022.
  5. ^ "John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower". Internet Accuracy Project.
  6. ^ "Obituary: Eisenhower's son John, at 91". New York Times. December 22, 2013. Retrieved November 27, 2017 – via Times Union.
  7. ^ "History of the Information Security Oversight Office". The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved March 23, 2009.
  8. ^ Woolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks Upon Establishing the President's Advisory Committee on Refugees". The American Presidency Project. Santa Barbara, California: University of California. Retrieved March 23, 2009.
  9. ^ Stephen W. Sears (April 2, 1989). "Land Grab on the Rio Grande". New York Times.
  10. ^ Eisenhower, John S. D. (2008). Jr, Arthur M. Schlesinger; Wilentz, Sean (eds.). Zachary Taylor: The American Presidents Series: The 12th President, 1849–1850. New York: Times Books. ISBN 9780805082371.
  11. ^ Eisenhower, John S. D. (September 27, 2008). "Opinion | The children of presidents and vice presidents shouldn't be in combat". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  12. ^ Zongker, Brett (November 16, 2013). "Eisenhower Memorial Approval Delayed Into 2013". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 10, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
  13. ^ Eisenhower, John (September 28, 2004). "Why I Will Vote for John Kerry for President". The Manchester Union Leader. Archived from the original on December 15, 2006. Retrieved May 19, 2007.
  14. ^ Eisenhower, John (September 27, 2008). "Presidential Children Don't Belong in Battle". The New York Times. Retrieved September 28, 2008.
  15. ^ Goldstein, Richard (December 22, 2013). "John Eisenhower, Military Historian and Son of the President, Dies at 91". The New York Times. New York.
  16. ^ "Former President John Tyler's (1790–1862) grandchildren still alive". January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 25, 2012. If Elizabeth Ann Harding Blaesing was actually Warren Harding's daughter, she would have been the oldest surviving presidential child from 1995 to her death in 2005, at which point John Eisenhower would have become the oldest.
  17. ^ Pasley, James (July 3, 2019). "Where Are They Now: First kids of the United States". Business Insider. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  18. ^ Times, NY (December 29, 1973). "Eisenhower Gathering Marks Debutante Ball". New York Times. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  19. ^ "John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower". Internet Accuracy Project. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
  20. ^ "Hubble Medal of Initiative." Marshfield Missouri Cherry Blossom Festival. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  21. ^ Official Register of Commissioned Officers of the United States Army, 1948. Vol. I. p. 528.


External links

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by United States Ambassador to Belgium
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 16 April 2024, at 22:24
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.