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John Edwards (Arkansas politician)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Edwards
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1871 – February 9, 1872
Preceded byThomas Boles
Succeeded byThomas Boles
Member of the Indiana Senate
from Lawrence County
In office
November 3, 1852 – November 8, 1854
Preceded byBenjamin Newland[1]
Succeeded byAbraham Jonathan Hostetler
Member of the
Indiana House of Representatives
from Lawrence County
In office
December 1, 1845 – December 7, 1846
Preceded byLucian Q. Hoggatt[2]
Succeeded bySamuel W. Short
Personal details
BornOctober 24, 1815 (1815-10-24)
Louisville, Kentucky
DiedApril 8, 1894 (1894-04-09) (aged 78)
Washington, D.C.
Spouse(s)Mary Bevens Edwards
Military service
AllegianceUnited States of America
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Union Army
Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg
Brevet Brigadier General
Commands18th Iowa Volunteer Infantry
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

John Edwards (October 24, 1815 – April 8, 1894) was an American Civil War brigadier general in the Union Army, an American politician and a U.S. Representative from Arkansas.


Born in Louisville, Kentucky, Edwards received a limited schooling, but he studied law and was admitted to the bar. He married Eliza Jane Knight on July 8, 1834 in, Lawrence, Indiana, and they had seven children: Eugene Edgar, John, Marcus, Mary W., Susan Huldah, William T., and Montgomery Gray. His second wife was Catherine Whisenand, and they were married on May 8, 1854 in Chariton, Iowa. They had three children: Nancy, Clarence B., and Alfred. On April 28, 1880, he married Mary Burland Bevans in Washington, D.C., and they had two daughters: Frances Sterling ("Fanny") and Mary Ellen ("Mamie").[3]


In order to live in a free state, Edwards moved to Indiana, where he served in the Indiana House of Representatives in 1845 and 1846. He had inherited slaves from his father's estate in Kentucky but freed them and gave them property with which to begin a new life in Indiana.[4] He moved to California, and in 1849 was elected an alcalde.

Edwards returned to Indiana in 1852, and as a Whig, he served as member of the Indiana State Senate in 1853. In 1853 he moved to Chariton, Iowa, where he began the practice of law. In 1856 he was chosen a member of the convention which framed the new state constitution which was adopted the following year. He was founder in 1857 of the Patriot newspaper, and became a Republican when that party was organized. In 1858 he was a member of the House of the Seventh General Assembly. He was reelected and in 1860 was chosen Speaker of the House of the Eighth General Assembly.[5]

When the Civil War began Edwards was appointed as lieutenant colonel May 21, 1861 and served as aide on the staff of Governor Kirkwood of Iowa protecting the Missouri border from invasion. On August 8, 1862 he was commissioned colonel of the 18th Iowa Volunteer Infantry, serving through the war, after which he was brevetted brigadier general of volunteers to date from September 26, 1864.

After the war Edwards settled at Fort Smith, Arkansas, and was appointed by President Johnson as Assessor of Internal Revenue and served from August 15, 1866 to May 31, 1869. He was presented credentials of election as a Liberal Republican to the Forty-second Congress and served from March 4, 1871, to February 9, 1872, when he was succeeded by Thomas Boles, who contested the election.[6] Not a candidate for renomination, he settled in Washington, D.C..


Edwards died in Washington, D.C., on April 8, 1894. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.[7]

See also


  1. ^ "Check back soon". Archived from the original on 2018-04-08. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  2. ^ "Check back soon". Archived from the original on 2018-04-08. Retrieved 2018-04-08.
  3. ^ "John Edwards". Archived from the original on 29 August 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  4. ^ "John Edwards". The Iowa Legislature. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  5. ^ "John Edwards". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  6. ^ "John Edwards". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  7. ^ "John Edwards". The Political Graveyard.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Thomas Boles
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by
Thomas Boles

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

This page was last edited on 6 February 2020, at 04:09
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