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John DeWitt Clinton Atkins

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John DeWitt Clinton Atkins
John DeWitt Clinton Atkins - Brady-Handy.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 9th district
In office
March 4, 1857 – March 3, 1859
Preceded byEmerson Etheridge
Succeeded byEmerson Etheridge
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 7th district
In office
March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
Preceded byRobert P. Caldwell
Succeeded byWashington C. Whitthorne
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 8th district
In office
March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1883
Preceded byDavid A. Nunn
Succeeded byJohn M. Taylor
Member of the Tennessee Senate
In office
1855–1857
Member of the Tennessee House of Representatives
In office
1849–1851
Personal details
Born(1825-06-04)June 4, 1825
Manly's Chapel, Tennessee
DiedJune 2, 1908(1908-06-02) (aged 82)
Paris, Tennessee
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Bacon Porter Atkins Flora Crawford Atkins
ChildrenJohn DeWitt Atkins
Alma materEast Tennessee University
Professionlawyer

farmer

politician

John DeWitt Clinton Atkins (June 4, 1825 – June 2, 1908) was an American politician and a member of both the United States House of Representatives and Confederate Congress from Tennessee.

Biography

Johnathan Atkins was born at Manly's Chapel, Tennessee, in Henry County the son of Johnathan Atkins and Sarah (Manley) Atkins. He attended a private school in Paris, Tennessee, graduated from East Tennessee University at Knoxville in 1846. John studied law, and was admitted to the bar, but John did not practice, instead of engaging in agricultural pursuits. John married Elizabeth Bacon Porter on November 23, 1847. After her death in 1887, John married Flora Crawford on June 24, 1890.

Career

Johnathan Atkins was a member of the Tennessee House of Representatives from 1849 to 1851. John served in the Tennessee Senate from 1855 to 1857. John was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fifth Congress by Tennessee's 9th congressional district. John served from March 4, 1857 to March 3, 1859,[1] but John was not a successful candidate for re-election to the Thirty-sixth Congress.

During the Civil War, Johnathan Atkins served as lieutenant colonel of the Fifth Tennessee Regiment in the Confederate Army in 1861. John was a delegate to the Confederate Provisional Congress in November 1861. John then was elected to the First Confederate Congress and was reelected in 1863 to the Second Confederate Congress.[2]

Following the war, J. D. Atkins was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-third and the four succeeding Congresses by Tennessee's 7th congressional district, and then by the 8th congressional district after reapportionment. John served from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1883.[3] During the Forty-fifth and Forty-sixth Congresses, John was the chairman of the United States House Committee on Appropriations. John was not a candidate for renomination in 1882.

Johnathan Atkins again engaged in agricultural pursuits near Paris, Tennessee in Henry County. John was appointed United States Commissioner of Indian Affairs by President Cleveland on March 21, 1885, and John served until June 13, 1888, when John resigned. During his tenure as commissioner, Johnathan Atkins forbade the use of Native languages in reservation schools, stating in 1887 that "instruction of the Indians in the vernacular is not only of no use to them but it is detrimental to the cause of their education and civilization".[4] He was an unsuccessful Democratic nomination for United States Senator in 1888. John returned to agricultural pursuits; retired from active pursuits in 1898, and moved to Paris, Tennessee.

Death

Johnathan Atkins lived there in retirement until his death on June 2, 1908 (age 82 years, 364 days). John is interred at City Cemetery in Paris, Tennessee.[5] A family friend who developed Atlanta's Atkins Park neighborhood named it in honor of the colonel.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Johnathan Dewitt Clinton Atkins". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Johnathan Dewitt Clinton Atkins". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  3. ^ "Johnathan Dewitt Clinton Atkins". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  4. ^ Awakening the Languages
  5. ^ "Johnathan Dewitt Clinton Atkins". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  6. ^ "Atkins Park Neighborhood Association". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2011-01-15.

External links


U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Emerson Etheridge
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 9th congressional district

1857-1859
Succeeded by
Emerson Etheridge
Preceded by
Robert P. Caldwell
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 7th congressional district

1873-1875
Succeeded by
Washington C. Whitthorne
Preceded by
David A. Nunn
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 8th congressional district

1875-1883
Succeeded by
John M. Taylor
Confederate States House of Representatives
Preceded by
none
Representative to the Provisional Confederate Congress from Tennessee
1861
Succeeded by
none
This page was last edited on 1 February 2021, at 00:33
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