To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

John Cunningham (explorer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Cunningham (Danish: Hans Kønig; c. 1575 – 9 December 1651) was a Scottish nobleman, explorer, Dano-Norwegian naval captain, and Governor of Finnmark.


In 1605, Cunningham became captain of the 60-ton Danish naval ship Trost.[1] Along with the 70-ton Den Røde Løve and the 20-ton Katten, the ships were directed by the Danish King, Christian IV, to re-establish contact with the Norse settlements in Greenland, the first of three annual expeditions sent between 1605 and 1607. Cunningham served as the chief commander, following the piloting of James Hall and commanding Godske Lindenov in the Løven and John Knight in the Katten.

During the Lindenov expedition of 1606, Cunningham served as the captain of the Løven under Lindenov's command. In 1615, Cunningham was among the commanders aboard the naval expedition under Gabriel Kruse sent to Spitsbergen to demand tolls from foreign whalers. There, Cunningham encountered Robert Fotherby, Thomas Edge, and Adriaen Block. The following year, he captained the Gabriel as part of the naval expedition under Jørgen Daa sent to rid the coasts of Norway, the Faeroes, and Iceland of illegal whalers and pirates.

In 1619, Cunningham was made Governor of Finnmark in the far north, a post he retained until his death in 1651. There, he presided over 52 witch trials, nine of which afflicted the Sami population.[2]




  • Blix Hagen, R. (2012). "John Cunningham: en skotte i Finnmark" (PDF). Ottar. Vol. 5 no. 293. pp. 26–33. ISSN 1501-6986.
  • Brica, C. F. (1890). "Cunningham, John". Dansk Biografisk Leksikon (in Danish). 4. Gyldendalske Boghandel.
  • Conway, W. M. (1906). No Man's Land: a history of Spitsbergen. Cambridge University Press. OCLC 1117546969.
  • Dalgård, S. (1962). Dansk-Norsk Hvalfangst, 1615–1660 (in Danish). Copenhagen: G. E. C. Gad. OCLC 774215654.
  • Gosch, C. C. A., ed. (1897). Danish Arctic expeditions, 1605 to 1620. 1. London: Hakluyt Society. OCLC 2580745.
  • MacKillop, A.; Murdoch, S. (2003). Military Governors and Imperial Frontiers, c. 1600–1800. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 9789004129702.
  • Oleson, T. J. (1966). "Cunningham, John". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. 1. University of Toronto.

External links

This page was last edited on 10 December 2019, at 19:15
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.