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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Chandler
Senator John Chandler.jpg
United States Senator
from Maine
In office
June 14, 1820 – March 3, 1829
Preceded byinaugural holder
Succeeded byPeleg Sprague
1st President of the Maine Senate
In office
March 15, 1820 – June 19, 1820
Preceded byinaugural holder
Succeeded byWilliam Moody
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 17th district
In office
March 4, 1805 – March 3, 1809
Preceded byPhineas Bruce
Succeeded byBarzillai Gannett
Member of the Massachusetts Senate
In office
1803-1805
Personal details
BornFebruary 1, 1762
Epping, New Hampshire
DiedSeptember 25, 1841(1841-09-25) (aged 79)
Augusta, Maine
Resting placeMount Pleasant Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic-Republican
Democratic
Military service
Allegiance Massachusetts
United States United States
Branch/serviceMassachusetts Massachusetts State Militia
Continental Army
United States Army
Rank
US-O8 insignia.svg
Major General (Mass. Militia)
US-O7 insignia.svg
Brigadier General (U.S. Army)
CommandsMassachusetts State Militia
17th Division
Battles/warsAmerican Revolutionary War
War of 1812

John Chandler (February 1, 1762 – September 25, 1841) was an American politician and soldier of Maine. The political career of Chandler, a Democratic-Republican, was interspersed with his involvement in the state militia during both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.

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Transcription

Contents

Biography

Family background

Chandler was born in Epping, New Hampshire. He was one of 10 children and the third-oldest son of Joseph Chandler (1725-1776) and his wife Lydia (née Eastman; 1726-1820). His father Joseph was a blacksmith. He fought in the French and Indian War and was a captain in the Revolutionary War. He died at Mount Independence in 1776.[1]

American Revolutionary War

Chandler was self-educated and enlisted in the Continental Army at age 15. In the same year he was captured by the British, but he soon escaped. In May 1779 he was captured again. In September, he was able to escape and made his way back to Epping. Immediately he reenlisted in the Continental Army.[2][3] During the war he had become the protégé of General Henry Dearborn, (1751-1829), a future fifth U.S. Secretary of War (1801-1809), who was also an important commander of the Northeast sector at Fort Detroit, in the Old Northwest Territory, but a terrible failure during the War of 1812.

On August 27, 1783, Chandler married Mary Whittier, with which he had seven children (three sons and four daughters).[4]

Politician in Massachusetts

After the end of the war, Chandler was both illiterate and without money. However, he borrowed money from Dearborn and bought a farm near Monmouth, Maine in Kennebec County, then a part of Massachusetts. He settled there with his family in 1784. A local schoolmaster gave him all the support he needed to catch up on his schooling quickly. He worked hard as a blacksmith, prospered over the years and became a respected member of the community.[5]

From 1803 to 1805, Chandler served in the Massachusetts Senate; he later was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Republican, serving from March 4, 1805 to March 3, 1809. Chandler was not a candidate for renomination in 1808. In the same year he was appointed Sheriff of Kennebec County. On 27 February 1812 he became major general of the Massachusetts Militia.[3]

War of 1812

At the outbreak of the War of 1812, President James Madison appointed Chandler to the command of the 17th division. This was a brigade of U.S. Volunteers, troops recruited for one years service. At this moment he was still major general of the Massachusetts Militia. On July 8, 1812, he resigned his militia office and was commissioned as a brigadier general of the United States Army.[2] The first part of the war he was serving under Major General Henry Dearborn as the commander of one of three brigades of the Army of the North.[6]

At the beginning of June 1813 he accompanied Brigadier General William H. Winder during the Niagara campaign on an advance into Canada. At the Battle of Stoney Creek Chandler was wounded, and both he and Winder were captured, when they wandered into the British line, thinking it was their own. In 1814 he was set free in an exchange of prisoners. Chandler subsequently served defending the coast of New Hampshire and Maine, coordinating efforts between the local militia and federal units. After the war ended, he returned to politics as a member of the Massachusetts General Court in 1819.

Late years

Chandler was the first president of the Maine Senate and a member of the Maine Constitutional Convention. Upon the admission of Maine to the Union, Chandler was elected to the U.S. Senate. Chandler began his term on June 14, 1820, and was reelected in 1823. During his time in the Senate, Chandler was the chairman of the Committee on Militia during the 18th through 20th Congresses and played a key role in establishing the arsenal at Augusta, as well as the construction of the military road from Bangor to Houlton. He resigned on March 3, 1829, to become the customs collector of Portland, a post he held until 1837. Chandler was a trustee of Bowdoin College from 1821 - 1838.[7] He died in Augusta at age 79 and was buried in Mount Pleasant Cemetery.

References

  1. ^ George Chandler: The Chandler family. The descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637 (1883)
  2. ^ a b Tucker, Spencer C. (Hrsg.): The Encyclopedia of the War of 1812, 3 Bände, ABC-Clio Inc., 2012. ISBN 978-1851099566 (Vol. 1, p. 118)
  3. ^ a b Collections of the Maine Historical Society, Maine Historical Society, 1887 (Band 9)
  4. ^ George Chandler: The Chandler family. The descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637; S. 184 (1883)
  5. ^ George Chandler: The Chandler family. The descendants of William and Annis Chandler who settled in Roxbury, Mass., 1637; p. 403 (1883)
  6. ^ David Stephen Heidler, Jeanne T. Heidler: Encyclopedia of the War of 1812, 2004. ISBN 978-1591143628. p.118
  7. ^ The Granite Monthly, a New Hampshire magazine, devoted to literature, history, and state progress (Vol. 7, 1884)

Further reading

  • George Foster Talbot: General John Chandler, of Monmouth, Me., with Extracts from his Autobiography. in Collections of the Maine Historical Society, Maine Historical Society, 1887 (Vol. 9)

External links


U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
none-new position
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 17th congressional district

(Maine district)
March 4, 1805 – March 3, 1809
Succeeded by
Barzillai Gannett
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
none-new office
 U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Maine
1820–1829
Served alongside: John Holmes, Albion K. Parris
Succeeded by
Peleg Sprague
Political offices
Preceded by
None
1st President of the Maine Senate
1820
Succeeded by
William Moody
This page was last edited on 2 May 2019, at 21:06
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