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John Cavendish

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


John Cavendish
Bornc. 1346
Cavendish, Suffolk, England
Died15 June 1381
NationalityEnglish
OccupationJudge and Politician
TitleSir
Spouse(s)Alice de Odingsells
ChildrenJohn Cavendish
Parent(s)Robert de Gernon of Grimston Hall, Suffolk
RelativesRobert de Gernon (grandfather)
Sir William Cavendish and George Cavendish (great-grandsons)

Sir John Cavendish (before 1340 – 15 June 1381) was an English judge and politician from Cavendish, Suffolk, England. He and the village gave the name Cavendish to the aristocratic families of the Dukedoms of Devonshire, Newcastle and Portland.

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Transcription

Contents

Biography

John Cavendish was descended from the Norman Robert de Gernon, who lived during the reign of Henry I and who gave a large amount of property to the Abbey of Gloucester.[1] Robert's son, Roger de Gernon, of Grimston Hall, in Trimley St Martin, Suffolk, married the heiress of John Potton of Cavendish and obtained a landed estate in the lordship and manor of Cavendish. In consequence, his four sons exchanged their father's name for that of the estate each inherited. Until about 1500 this family are recorded as Gernon alias Cavendish.[2][3]

Sir John Cavendish married Alice de Odingsells, became a lawyer and was appointed as a Justice of the Common Pleas in 1371 and Chief Justice of the King's Bench in 1372.[4]

Wat Tyler's death (left to right: Sir William Walworth, Mayor of London (wielding sword); Wat Tyler; King Richard II; and Sir John Cavendish, esquire to the King (bearing lance} Froissart's Chroniques
Wat Tyler's death (left to right: Sir William Walworth, Mayor of London (wielding sword); Wat Tyler; King Richard II; and Sir John Cavendish, esquire to the King (bearing lance} Froissart's Chroniques

As Chief Justice he was obliged to suppress the Peasants' Revolt in 1381. Although Wat Tyler, the leader of the revolt was struck down by William Walworth, mayor of London, during negotiations on 15 June, John Cavendish, the second son of the Chief Justice, gave the finishing stroke to Wat Tyler, the lord mayor having only wounded him in the neck.[5]

References

  • "Cavendish, John (d.1381)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

Notes

  1. ^ "The Cavendish Family- Dukes of Devonshire". www.cheshirenow.co.uk. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
  2. ^ The Visitation of Suffolk 1561, made by William Hervey, Clarenceux King of Arms, edited by Joan Corder, F.S.A., Harleian Society, London, 1984, part 2, p.209.
  3. ^ The father of Sir John Cavendish (senior) was not Robert de Gernon, it was Roger Gernon of Grimston Hall. Roger Gernon was born in Stansted, Essex, in 1274. His father Geoffrey was born at the Gernon Lordship of Bakewell, Derbyshire, in 1231. The first family seat of the Gernons was at Stansted Mountfitchet in Essex. They held the Lordship of Bakewell. Chatsworth which became the seat of the Dukes of Devonshire, ran adjacent to Bakewell. The Gernons also held the Lordship of Lexden in Essex. Sir John Cavendish was born long before 1346, it was more likely his son, John who was born then.
  4. ^ Sir John Sainty (comp.) The Judges of England, 1272-1990: a list of the judges of the Superior courts (Selden Society: Supplementary Series 1993), 88.
  5. ^ Notices of the Manor of Cavendish, in Suffolk, and of the Cavendish Family while possessed of that Manor. By Thomas Ruggles, Esq. F. A. S. Read 3 May 1792. in Archaeologia, or, Miscellaneous tracts relating to antiquity, Volume XI

External links


This page was last edited on 3 August 2019, at 09:53
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