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Jimena de la Frontera

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jimena de la Frontera
View of the medieval castle of Jimena de la Frontera as seen from one of its streets.
View of the medieval castle of Jimena de la Frontera as seen from one of its streets.
Flag of Jimena de la Frontera

Flag
Coat of arms of Jimena de la Frontera

Coat of arms
Jimena de la Frontera is located in Province of Cádiz
Jimena de la Frontera
Jimena de la Frontera
Location in the Province of Cádiz
Jimena de la Frontera is located in Andalusia
Jimena de la Frontera
Jimena de la Frontera
Jimena de la Frontera (Andalusia)
Jimena de la Frontera is located in Spain
Jimena de la Frontera
Jimena de la Frontera
Jimena de la Frontera (Spain)
Coordinates: 36°26′N 5°27′W / 36.433°N 5.450°W / 36.433; -5.450
Country Spain
Autonomous community Andalusia
Province Cádiz
Comarca Campo de Gibraltar
Judicial districtSan Roque
Government
 • MayorFrancisco José Gómez Pérez (2015) (IU)
Area
 • Total345.66 km2 (133.46 sq mi)
Elevation
99 m (325 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total9,773
 • Density28/km2 (73/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Jimenato, ta
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
11330
11339 (Estación de Jimena)
Dialing code(+34) 956
Websitejimenadelafrontera.es

Jimena de la Frontera is a historic town and municipality located in the province of Cádiz, Spain. According to estimates made by the National Statistics Institute of Spain (INE), the municipality has a population of 9,773 inhabitants in 2018. It is surrounded by the Los Alcornocales Natural Park.

The municipality contains three major towns, Jimena de la Frontera, Estación and San Pablo de Buceite.

History

The town has been inhabited by the Phoenicians, Iberians, Carthaginians, and the Romans. The Moors used the town's position on the hill to their advantage, using it as a strategic military position.

The village of Jimena de la Frontera became a town in 1879, during the reign of Alfonso XII.[2]

In its past it was most likely a very important trade hub as the Roman coins have script in both Latin and Phoenician.[citation needed]

Today

Today, Jimena's population of around 10,000 has been made up of an increasing number of British ex-pats.

The town is served by road and rail. The main road stretches north to Ronda, and south to San Roque. The railway station is situated just outside the town in nearby Estación de Jimena. Several trains a day stop at Jimena on the line between Algeciras and Granada.

Castle

The castle was built on the hill by the Moors around 750 A.D. as part of making Jimena a strategic military position, today it is known as Castle of Jimena de la Frontera. Views stretch as far Gibraltar to the south. It is believed that the castle was built on Roman ruins, constructed using locally sourced limestone.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19999,127—    
20009,109−0.2%
20019,182+0.8%
20029,200+0.2%
20039,343+1.6%
20049,355+0.1%
20059,754+4.3%
20069,893+1.4%
200710,025+1.3%
200810,330+3.0%
200910,431+1.0%
201010,440+0.1%
201110,447+0.1%
201210,480+0.3%
201310,412−0.6%
20149,710−6.7%
20159,772+0.6%
20169,756−0.2%
20179,685−0.7%
20189,773+0.9%
Source: INE (Spain)

Festivals

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Jimena". andalucia.com. Retrieved Mar 2010. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. ^ Jimena Music Festival

External links

This page was last edited on 12 July 2019, at 07:45
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