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Jeter Connelly Pritchard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jeter Connelly Pritchard
Jeter Connelly Pritchard.jpg
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
In office
April 27, 1904 – April 10, 1921
Appointed byTheodore Roosevelt
Preceded byCharles Henry Simonton
Succeeded byEdmund Waddill Jr.
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the Fourth Circuit
In office
April 27, 1904 – December 31, 1911
Appointed byTheodore Roosevelt
Preceded byCharles Henry Simonton
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia
In office
November 16, 1903 – June 1, 1904
Appointed byTheodore Roosevelt
Preceded byHarry M. Clabaugh
Succeeded byWendell Phillips Stafford
United States Senator
from North Carolina
In office
January 23, 1895 – March 3, 1903
Preceded byThomas Jordan Jarvis
Succeeded byLee Slater Overman
Member of the
North Carolina House of Representatives
from Madison County
In office
1891–1893
Preceded byD.F. Lawson
Succeeded byCharles B. Mashburn
In office
1885–1889
Preceded byD.S Ball
Succeeded byD.F. Lawson
Personal details
Born
Jeter Connelly Pritchard

(1857-07-12)July 12, 1857
Jonesboro, Tennessee
DiedApril 10, 1921(1921-04-10) (aged 63)
Asheville, North Carolina
Resting placeRiverside Cemetery
Asheville, North Carolina
Political partyRepublican
ChildrenGeorge M. Pritchard
OccupationAttorney

Jeter Connelly Pritchard (July 12, 1857 – April 10, 1921) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and of the United States Circuit Courts for the Fourth Circuit and previously was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia.

Education and career

Born on July 12, 1857, in Jonesboro, Washington County, Tennessee,[1] Pritchard was apprenticed to the printer's trade, then moved to Bakersville, Mitchell County, North Carolina, in 1873.[2] He became joint editor and owner of the Roan Mountain Republican.[2] He attended the Martins Creek Academy in Tennessee.[2] He was a Presidential Elector on the Republican Party ticket in North Carolina in 1880.[2] He read law and was admitted to the bar in 1889.[1] He entered private practice in Marshall, North Carolina, starting in 1889.[1] He was a member of the North Carolina House of Representatives from 1885 to 1889, and from 1891 to 1893.[1] He was an unsuccessful candidate for Lieutenant Governor in 1888 and an unsuccessful candidate for United States Senator in 1891.[2] He was President of the North Carolina Protective Tariff League in 1891.[2] He was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States House of Representatives of the 53rd United States Congress in 1892.[2]

Congressional service

Pritchard was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1894 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of United States Senator Zebulon Baird Vance.[2] He was reelected in 1897 and served from January 23, 1895, to March 3, 1903.[2] The victory of the Republican-Populist alliance (or "fusion") in the 1894 legislative elections, and their subsequent domination of the North Carolina General Assembly was the key factor in Pritchard's initial election and subsequent reelection.[3][4] He was Chairman of the Committee on Civil Service and Retrenchment for the 54th and 55th United States Congresses and Chairman of the Committee on Patents for the 56th and 57th United States Congresses.[2]

On October 21 of 1898, Pritchard sent a letter to President William McKinley, requesting federal marshals to protect black voters in the upcoming election. He warned that Democrats were stockpiling weapons and threatening black voters, and said that Democrat claims of "Negro domination" were without basis. The letter was discussed by McKinley and his cabinet on October 24, but federal marshals were not sent as Governor Daniel Lindsay Russell had not made the request. As a result, intimidation by Red Shirts kept black voters away from the polls, resulting in a sweeping Democrat victory. On the day following the election, the Wilmington insurrection of 1898 broke out.[5]

Federal judicial service

Pritchard was nominated by President Theodore Roosevelt on November 10, 1903, to an Associate Justice seat on the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia (now the United States District Court for the District of Columbia) vacated by Associate Justice Harry M. Clabaugh.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on November 16, 1903, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on June 1, 1904, due to his elevation to the Fourth Circuit.[1] While in office Pritchard twice offered resolutions demanding that the Senate declare the grandfather clause a violation of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, but both attempts failed.[6]

Pritchard was nominated by President Roosevelt on April 27, 1904, to a joint seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit and the United States Circuit Courts for the Fourth Circuit vacated by Judge Charles Henry Simonton.[1] He was confirmed by the Senate on April 27, 1904, and received his commission the same day.[1] On December 31, 1911, the Circuit Courts were abolished and he thereafter served only on the Court of Appeals.[1] His service terminated on April 10, 1921, due to his death in Asheville, North Carolina.[1] He was interred in the Riverside Cemetery in Asheville,[2] near fellow North Carolina Senators Thomas Lanier Clingman and Zebulon Baird Vance.[7]

Family

Mrs Jeter Connelly Pritchard
Mrs Jeter Connelly Pritchard

Pritchard was the father of George M. Pritchard, who also became a politician in the Republican Party.[2]

Honor

Pritchard Park in downtown Asheville is named in Pritchard's memory.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Jeter Connelly Pritchard at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Jeter Connelly Pritchard". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ "Our Campaigns - NC US Senate - Special Election Race - Jan 23, 1895". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  4. ^ "Our Campaigns - NC US Senate Race - Jan 20, 1897". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  5. ^ Zucchino, pp. 132-134
  6. ^ Zucchino, pp. 312
  7. ^ "Riverside Cemetery". nps.gov. National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2008-02-25.

Sources

External links

North Carolina House of Representatives
Preceded by
D.S Ball
Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives
from Madison County

1885–1889
Succeeded by
D.F. Lawson
Preceded by
D.F. Lawson
Member of the North Carolina House of Representatives
from Madison County

1891–1893
Succeeded by
Charles B. Mashburn
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Thomas Jordan Jarvis
 U.S. senator (Class 3) from North Carolina
1895–1903
Served alongside: Matt Whitaker Ransom, Marion Butler, Furnifold McLendel Simmons
Succeeded by
Lee Slater Overman
Legal offices
Preceded by
Harry M. Clabaugh
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia
1903–1904
Succeeded by
Wendell Phillips Stafford
Preceded by
Charles Henry Simonton
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the Fourth Circuit
1904–1911
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Charles Henry Simonton
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit
1904–1921
Succeeded by
Edmund Waddill Jr.
This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 20:25
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