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Jefferson County, Nebraska

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jefferson County
Jefferson County Courthouse in Fairbury
Jefferson County Courthouse in Fairbury
Map of Nebraska highlighting Jefferson County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°10′N 97°09′W / 40.17°N 97.15°W / 40.17; -97.15
Country United States
State Nebraska
Founded26 January 1856 (founded
1864 (organized)
Named forThomas Jefferson
SeatFairbury
Largest cityFairbury
Area
 • Total576 sq mi (1,490 km2)
 • Land570 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Water5.5 sq mi (14 km2)  1.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
7,097
 • Density12.6/sq mi (4.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.co.jefferson.ne.us

Jefferson County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 7,547.[1] Its county seat is Fairbury.[2] The county was named for Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America.

In the Nebraska license plate system, Jefferson County is represented by the prefix 33 (it had the thirty-third-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

History

Jefferson County was founded on 26 January 1856, and its governing structure was organized in 1864.[3][4] It was named for Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States.[5]

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed south out of Jefferson County.

Geography

Jefferson County lies on the south line of Nebraska. Its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of the state of Kansas. The terrain of Jefferson County consists of low rolling hills, whose leveled tops are largely used for agriculture. The Little Blue River flows southeastward through the southwestern-middle of the county. The county has a total area of 576 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 570 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (1.0%) is water.[6]

Major highways

Protected areas

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18702,440
18808,096231.8%
189014,85083.4%
190015,1962.3%
191016,85210.9%
192016,140−4.2%
193016,4091.7%
194015,532−5.3%
195013,623−12.3%
196011,620−14.7%
197010,436−10.2%
19809,817−5.9%
19908,759−10.8%
20008,333−4.9%
20107,547−9.4%
2018 (est.)7,097[10]−6.0%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[15] there were 8,333 people, 3,527 households, and 2,352 families in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 3,942 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.42% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,527 households, out of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 5.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 29.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.85.

The county population contained 23.30% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 22.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,629, and the median income for a family was $40,747. Males had a median income of $26,929 versus $18,594 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,380. About 8.00% of families and 8.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.20% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Politics

Jefferson County is strongly Republican, having only backed the Democratic Party presidential candidate four times since 1900, all in years which the party won nationally by a landslide.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.7% 2,399 24.0% 837 7.4% 258
2012 62.9% 2,166 34.7% 1,195 2.5% 85
2008 56.9% 2,103 41.1% 1,520 2.0% 74
2004 64.8% 2,600 33.7% 1,352 1.5% 59
2000 61.1% 2,351 35.4% 1,361 3.5% 135
1996 49.2% 1,979 37.8% 1,520 13.1% 526
1992 39.7% 1,783 33.5% 1,506 26.8% 1,202
1988 57.2% 2,471 42.1% 1,819 0.8% 33
1984 68.9% 3,116 30.2% 1,367 0.9% 40
1980 67.6% 3,090 24.6% 1,125 7.8% 357
1976 54.9% 2,628 43.2% 2,068 1.9% 93
1972 67.1% 3,008 32.9% 1,476
1968 60.2% 2,793 33.9% 1,572 5.9% 272
1964 44.8% 2,275 55.2% 2,804
1960 68.1% 4,047 31.9% 1,895
1956 71.3% 4,267 28.8% 1,722
1952 76.1% 4,941 23.9% 1,550
1948 60.3% 3,352 39.7% 2,208
1944 66.1% 4,257 33.9% 2,187
1940 64.4% 4,980 35.7% 2,759
1936 40.0% 3,048 59.4% 4,526 0.7% 50
1932 33.1% 2,453 65.1% 4,819 1.8% 130
1928 66.0% 4,359 33.2% 2,193 0.9% 57
1924 48.1% 2,752 31.9% 1,824 20.0% 1,143
1920 67.9% 3,488 27.4% 1,408 4.6% 238
1916 46.9% 1,813 47.6% 1,841 5.6% 216
1912 18.6% 655 39.6% 1,396 41.8% 1,474[17]
1908 50.5% 1,941 46.5% 1,787 3.0% 116
1904 66.6% 2,067 21.2% 659 12.1% 376
1900 53.1% 1,862 45.3% 1,587 1.7% 58

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lilian Linder (1925). Nebraska Place-Names. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Studies in Language, Literature, and Criticism. p. 81. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  4. ^ Andreas, A. T. (1882). "Andreas' History of the State of Nebraska". The Kansas Collection. Archived from the original on 2003-03-24. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
  5. ^ History of Nebraska
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  7. ^ Alexandria State Recreation Area, Alexandria NE  Google Maps (accessed 23 January 2019)
  8. ^ Buckley State Recreation Area  Google Maps (accessed 23 January 2019)
  9. ^ Rock Glen SWMA, Jefferson County NE  Google Maps (accessed 23 January 2019)
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  16. ^ Election Results
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 1,205 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 226 votes and Prohibition Eugene Chafin received 43 votes.

External links

Official website

This page was last edited on 30 March 2021, at 08:47
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