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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 1/4-ton cargo trailer was first created for the World War II jeep
The 1/4-ton cargo trailer was first created for the World War II jeep
1941 jeep with trailer – rear
1941 jeep with trailer – rear

The Jeep trailer was a small, 1/4-ton payload rated, cargo trailer, designed in World War II, tailored to be towed by 1/4-ton U.S. Army jeeps. Versions of the quarter-ton jeep trailer remained in military use, by the U.S. or other countries, at least through to the 1990s.

History

When the U.S. Army developed the World War II jeep, it needed a cargo trailer that would track behind the vehicle. The first trailer was called the "Trailer, 1/4-ton, 2-Wheel, Cargo, Amphibian". More than 150,000 jeep trailers were built by over ten different companies, during World War II alone.[1] American Bantam built some 75,000 of their T-3, and kept building jeep trailers after the war.[2] Willys-Overland also built more than 60,000 of their MBT units (Willys MB Trailers). Other manufacturers contributed only hundreds, or just a few thousand units. A special trailer was the Converto (Airborne) Dump Trailer, of which several thousand were built.[1]

Later versions of the trailer were the M100 trailer[3] for the Willys M38 jeep and the M416 trailer [4] for the M151 jeep.

The World War II quarter-ton jeep trailer (picture 1 and 2 from manual; photo is WWII Bantam original)
The 1945 Converto T6/T7 Airborne Dump Trailer for Willys MB Jeeps, was made in limited numbers.
The 1945 Converto T6/T7 Airborne Dump Trailer for Willys MB Jeeps, was made in limited numbers.

Versions

  • The World War II version came in both the standard, and K-38A versions. the K-38A was a modification of the K-38 trailer for the U.S. Army Signal Corps
  • The Korean War version, or M100 was also modified into the M367 trailer for the Signal corps. and also came in a plain chassis the M116.
  • The Canadian Army version, or M101CDN very closely resembles the M100, except it was manufactured in Winnipeg at Motor Coach Industries (MCI) for the Canadian Armed Forces.
  • The Vietnam War version, or M416 came in the following variants: M416 and M416A1 with square fenders, dedicated for the M151 jeep; the M416B1 towed by the USMC M422 'Mighty Mite' helicopter liftable jeep, the M569 chassis, and the V-498 trailer for AN/TTC-41.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Jeep Bantam-Willys-Ford 1940-1945, by Emile Becker & Guy Dentzer, (1994), see Recognizing WWII Jeep Trailers (in Dutch)
  2. ^ "Austin, Bantam, and Willys: Birth of the Jeep". www.allpar.com. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  3. ^ "Department of the Army Technical Manual TM 9-2330-201-14" (PDF). April 1972. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  4. ^ "Department of the Army Technical Manual TM 9-2330-251-14" (PDF). October 6, 1970. Retrieved September 6, 2018.

External links


This page was last edited on 16 September 2020, at 14:33
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